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Table 6 Case reports and case series included in systematic review

From: Systematic review to evaluate a potential association between helminth infection and physical stunting in children

Authors Year Country Helminth type Population of interest ROB—overall grade Association found between helminth infection and stunting?
Ben-Chetrit et al. 2015 Israel schisto PW High Possibly
Callender et al. 1994 Jamaica STHs PSAC + SAC High Possibly
Cooper et al. 1990 Jamaica STHs PSAC + SAC High Possibly
Cooper et al. 1995 Jamaica STHs PSAC + SAC High Possibly
Intra et al. 2019 Italy STHs I High Possibly
Kaminsky et al. 2015 Honduras STHs PSAC + SAC High Possibly
Zanwar et al. 2016 India STHs SAC High Possibly
  1. BFW: breast-feeding women, I: infants (0-1 year old), Possibly: some association between helminth infection and stunting may have been found, or a suggestion of benefit with anthelmintic treatment, but no statistically significant association was found. Also applies when a suspected association was found in case reports and case series, as these study designs provide a weaker level of evidence. (Age group category thresholds for children as defined by WHO [16]), PSAC: pre-school age children (1-5 year olds), PW: pregnant women, ROB: risk of bias, SAC: school age children (5+ to 20 year olds), schisto: schistosomes, STH: soil-transmitted helminths