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Table 1 Summary of Ancylostoma fecal positivity rate in dogs from studies in the Caribbean islands

From: Ancylostoma in dogs in the Caribbean: a review and study from St. Kitts, West Indies

Country/Island Yeara Percent positive for Ancylostoma spp.b Description Analysis method Reference
Aruba 1974 11.1 A. braziliense
18.5 A. caninum
27 dogsc Necropsy [23]
Bahamas 1957–1958 50.0 1–6 months 127 dogsc
36 dogs: 1 to 6 mo
New Providence and Grand Bahama
Necropsy [24]
84.3 Adult
Bonaire 1974 10.0 A. caninum 10 dogsc Necropsy [23]
Cuba 2005–2006 21.0 Overall 461 stray dogs
248 dogs: < 1 year of age
213 dogs: > 1 year of age
Havana
Necropsy [25]
14.5  < 1 year
26.6  > 1 year
2015 39.0 Urban 49 urban owned dogs
59 rural owned dogs
No age difference seen
Municipality Santa Clara
Preserved 10% phenol
Centrifugation with Sheather's sugar
[26]
40.0 Rural
2015 44.6 547 samples from the ground
Municipality Camagüey
Flotation in duplicate [20]
Curaçao 1974 90.7 A. caninum 54 dogsc Necropsy [23]
2011 21.0 Overall 157 dogs
6 months to 17 years of age
26 from a shelter, remainder owned and examined at a veterinary clinic
Centrifugation with sugar flotation solution [21]
22.1 Owned
15.4 Shelter
Dominican Republic 2018 58.0 113 dogs
Primarily free-roaming adult dogs
San Cristobal
McMaster; saturated salt solution [27]
Grenada 2007–2008 95.0 20 dogs
Free roaming
Double centrifugation; zinc sulfate spg 1.18–1.2 [28]
2008–2012 73.0 Overall 445 stray dogs
Age estimated
8 dogs: < 12 weeks of age
32 dogs: 12 to 24 weeks of age
405 dogs: adult
Stored 10% formalin
Flotation; saturated NaCl
[29]
87.5  < 12 weeks
52.2 12–24 wk
74.1 Adult
2019 68.8 154 dogs
Presenting for laboratories at St. George’s University, School of Veterinary Medicine
FecalDx® (fecal antigen), IDEXX Laboratories [30]
Guadeloupe 1982–1983 86.0 44 dogsc Necropsy and fecal examination (method not described) [31]
Jamaica 1986 22.7 141 dogs
Primarily adult and owned
Ritchie formol-ether in duplicate [32]
St. Lucia 1983 36.0 22 samples from the ground
Samples from free-roaming and non-free-roaming dogs
Modified Ritchie formol-ether [33]
Trinidad 2017 33.0 100 owned dogs Simple flotation; sodium nitrate [22]
  1. aYear of study; if study year was not specified, year of publication
  2. bSpecies of Ancylostoma indicated only if the study specified the species found
  3. cOwnership not specified