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Table 1 Overview of the 52 points of entry (PoEs) monitored in Belgium between 2007 and 2020, indicating the PoE type, municipality, geographical coordinates, risk scenario per year and invasive mosquito species (IMS) detected and number of years monitored

From: From a long-distance threat to the invasion front: a review of the invasive Aedes mosquito species in Belgium between 2007 and 2020

PoE code PoE type Municipality Latitude Longitude MODIRISK EXOSURV FASFC MEMO MEMO +2020/DiMoC IMS detected Total no. years monitored
2007 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
AL Airport (cargo) Grâce-Hollogne 50.637071 5.430389      SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1   SC1 SC1 SC1    7
AZ1 Airport (cargo) Zaventem 50.906050 4.463900 SC1     SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1   SC1      6
AO Airport (cargo) Ostend 51.204808 2.874425 SC1     SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1        5
AC Airport (passenger) Charleroi 50.469697 4.471293           SC1 SC1 SC1    3
AZ2 Airport (passenger) Zaventem 50.899057 4.483719            SC1 SC1    2
EU Allotment garden at border with Germany Eupen 50.632399 6.073232           (SC1)a SC1 INS SC1 INS   Ae. japonicus 3
RO Cemetery at border with Germany Büllingen 50.432761 6.294764           SC1 SC1 SC1    3
RA Cemetery at border with Germany Raeren 50.675553 6.110327           SC1      1
MM Industrial zone Maasmechelen 50.995255 5.621248   SC2 SC2   SC2 SC2 SC2 SC2   SC2 SC1/SC3 SC3b   Ae. koreicus, Ae. japonicus 9
IB Industrial zone Bastogne 49.988369 5.705020   SC1              1
IH Industrial zone Arlon 49.648972 5.828590   SC1              1
IF Industrial zone Floreffe 50.445179 4.776840   SC1              1
3R Industrial zone Dilsen-Stokkem 51.014159 5.697125      SC1           1
EB Lucky bamboo import company Lochristi 51.112279 3.836114 SC1 SC1    SC1 SC1 SC1 INS SC1 INS SC1 INS SC1 SC1 INS SC1 INS   Ae. albopictus 10
E7 Parking lot along highway Rekkem 50.764356 3.172908      SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1   SC1      5
E2 Parking lot along highway Messancy 49.643818 5.830286      SC1      SC1 SC1 INS SC1   Ae. albopictus 4
E4 Parking lot along highway Raeren 50.717536 6.117821           SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1   4
E6 Parking lot along highway Kortrijk 50.799111 3.252428            SC1 SC1 INS SC1 Ae. albopictus 3
E8 Parking lot along highway Saint-Ghislain 50.451261 3.804774            SC1 SC1 SC1   3
E12 Parking lot along highway Eghezée 50.600423 4.792036             SC1 SC1 INS Ae. albopictus 2
E3 Parking lot along highway Aubange 49.550703 5.808331      SC1      SC1      2
E5 Parking lot along highway Houyet 50.144183 5.079253            SC1 INS SC1 INS   Ae. albopictus 2
E0 Parking lot along highway Sprimont 50.524368 5.667709             SC1 INS   Ae. albopictus 1
E11 Parking lot along highway Arlon 49.676605 5.784327      SC1           1
E9 Parking lot along highway Hensies 50.438789 3.670263           SC1      1
P1 Parking lot along highway Hoogstraten 51.419962 4.707289              SC1   1
P2 Parking lot along highway Vosselaar 51.291587 4.872080              SC1   1
PG1 Port Ghent 51.108754 3.751126 SC1     SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1        5
A1 Port Antwerp 51.329414 4.345138 SC1     SC1           2
A2 Port Antwerp 51.252230 4.395134 SC1     SC1           2
PG2 Port Ghent 51.159808 3.780577            SC1c     1
PZ Port Zeebrugge 51.337907 3.203598           SC1      1
PA2 Port (left bank) Kallo 51.278834 4.276499           SC1 SC1c     2
PA1 Port (right bank) Antwerp 51.263685 4.360237       SC1 SC1 SC1       Ae. albopictus 3
AR Recycling area Achêne 50.260330 5.063560   SC1              1
RM Recycling area Monceau-sur-Sambre 50.431431 4.389880   SC1              1
EV Shelter for imported cutting plants Brussels 50.888243 4.382161      SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1     SC1    5
EP Shelter for imported cutting plants Wevelgem 50.815885 3.211485      SC1           1
PE Shelter for imported cutting plants Sint-Katelijne-Waver 51.055363 4.507212      SC1           1
AT Used tyre import company Vrasene 51.213511 4.193505 SC1 SC1 SC1   SC1 SC1 INS SC1 SC1 SC1 INS SC1 SC1 SC1   Ae. albopictus 11
MB Used tyre import company Dilsen-Stokkem 51.016332 5.695365   SC1   SC1    SC1 SC1   SC1 SC1 SC1   Ae. koreicus 7
VP Used tyre import company Villers-Le-Bouillet 50.585328 5.259748      SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1   SC1 SC1 SC1    7
HA Used tyre import company Natoye 50.338961 5.045369 SC2   SC2 SC2 SC2      SC2 SC2b SC2b SC2b Ae. japonicus 8
BA Used tyre import company Frameries 50.412026 3.924913          SC1 INS SC1 SC1 INS SC1   Ae. albopictus 4
SP Used tyre import company Natoye 50.335863 5.071636   SC2    SC2b      SC1 SC1    Ae. japonicus 4
AB Used tyre import company Kallo 51.251563 4.217950           SC1 SC1 INS SC1   Ae. albopictus 3
DI Used tyre import company Houthalen-Helchteren 51.038874 5.398481   SC1 SC1   SC1           3
TR Used tyre import company La Louvière 50.472498 4.141277      SC1 SC1          2
IN Used tyre import company Hamme 51.094059 4.146750   SC1              1
EC Wholesale market Brussels 50.878371 4.371272      SC1 SC1 SC1 SC1        4
ET Wholesale market Liège 50.648771 5.621613           SC1 SC1c     2
MC Wholesale market Charleroi 50.390757 4.451212           SC1 SC1c     2
Total # PoE's monitored      8 12 4 2 23 13 13 13 3 23 23 21 7   
  1. SC1 = scenario 1 (no establishment), SC1 INS = scenario 1 with IMS introduction followed by intensive survey (INS), SC2 = scenario 2 (locally established, < 25 km2), SC3 = scenario 3 (widely established, > 25 km2)
  2. aMonitoring activities at EU in 2017 were part of the monitoring at and around RA
  3. bAlthough the IMS is locally (scenario 2) or widely (scenario 3) established, a scenario 1 monitoring was implemented. At MM no spread was detected outside the 6-km buffer zone and control measures were implemented at the hotspot in 2019. At HA no spread was detected outside the used tyre import company in 2017 and in 2020 control measures were ongoing. SP belonged to the scenario 2 monitoring of HA
  4. cMonitoring activities were stopped in June 2018