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Table 1 Characteristics of the locations described in the seasonal dynamic studies (between 1990 and 2022) on Amblyomma sculptum included in this systematic review

From: Seasonal dynamics of Amblyomma sculptum: a review

State/provence and country Area characteristics Animal presence Occurrence of spotted fever Rickettsia or cases of BSF References
Domestic Wild
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Pastures of 2 farms located in distinct municipalities Cattle and horses Information not provided Information not provided Souza [43]
São Paulo, Brazil Pastures of 3 farms in the municipality of Pedreira Cattle, dogs and horses Capybaras, small rodents and opossums Endemic area for BSF Lemos et al. [31]
Minas Gerais, Brazil Pastures of an extensive production horse farm Horses Information not provided Information not provided Oliveira et al. [32]
São Paulo, Brazil Experimental veterinary faculty ranch; pasture with forage grasses, several bushes and shrub species Cattle and horses Information not provided Information not provided Labruna et al. [28]
Minas Gerais, Brazil Pastures of an extensive production horse farm Horses Information not provided Information not provided Oliveira et al. [29]
São Paulo, Brazil Farm with remnants of riparian forest Information not provided Capybaras Endemic area for BSF de Souza et al. [16]
São Paulo, Brazil Flooded or prone to flooding marsh areas and forest patches Horses, cattle and dogs Marsh deer, capybaras, small rodents, birds, opossums and tapirs Information not provided Szabó et al. [14]
Paraná, Brazil Municipal park in urban perimeter Information not provided Capybaras, monkeys, opossums, coatis, agouti and birds No confirmed case of BSF, but possible circulation of spotted fever Rickettsia in park workers Toledo et al. [38]
Minas Gerais, Brazil Experimental farm floodplain pasture Cattle, horses and dogs Capybaras One confirmed case of BSF Guedes and Cerqueira Leite [34]
Minas Gerais, Brazil Cerrado reserve neighboring agricultural fields Occasionally, dogs and cattle Sighting of > 24 different mammal species, including peccaries and capybaras Information not provided Veronez et al. [15]
São Paulo, Brazil Six different areas with characteristics not provided Horses in 3 areas Capybaras in all areas Confirmed cases of BSF Brites-Neto et al. [46]
Jujuy, Argentina Private reserve in rural perimeter Information not provided Information not provided Information not provided Tarragona et al. [7]
Minas Gerais, Brazil National park and in natural areas from neighboring properties Cattle, dogs and horses Capybaras Information not provided Szabó et al. [39]
Minas Gerais, Brazil Natural national park Cattle, horses and dogs Rich in large-, medium- and small-sized mammals Rickettsial infection in ticks and positive rickettsial serological analyses in small mammals Barbieri et al. [35]
Pernambuco, Brazil Rural areas with remnant forest patches and grazing pastures Horses and dogs Capybaras in low abundance, small-sized rodents and marsupials Information not provided Dantas-Torres et al. [36]
Goiás, Brazil University farm set in urban area with riparian forest, flooded areas and forest patches. Grazing pastures and crop fields Cattle and dogs Capybaras and coatis Notified BSF cases de Paula et al. [37]
Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Two permanent preservation areas with the presence of Cerrado vegetation: one located on a farm owned by Embrapa Beef Cattle, and the second belonging to the State University of Mato Grosso do Sul Cattle Not specified but the presence of wild animal trails is mentioned Information not provided Garcia et al. [40]
  1. BSF Brazilian spotted fever