Skip to main content

Table 2 Seasonal dynamic studies on Amblyomma sculptum (between 1990 and 2022) and their methodologies

From: Seasonal dynamics of Amblyomma sculptum: a review

Biome State/provence and country Duration Collection frequency Methodology References
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2 years (November 1986–October 1988) Every 14 days (specified only for tick count on horses) Cloth dragging; cloth trap; tick count on horses Souza [43]
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest São Paulo, Brazil 1 year (October 1993–October 1994) Monthly Removal of feeding ticks from their hosts (human, domestic and wild animals); flagging Lemos et al. [31]
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest Minas Gerais, Brazil 2 years (July 1995–July 1997) Every 14 days (between 10 and 12 a.m.) Cloth dragging; CO2 traps (dry ice) Oliveira et al. [32]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna São Paulo, Brazil 2 years (October 15, 1997 to September 29, 1999) Every 14 days Tick count on 10 horses Labruna et al. [28]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna Minas Gerais, Brazil 2 years (July 1995–July 1997) Every 14 days Tick count on 20 horses Oliveira et al. [29]
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest São Paulo, Brazil 2 years (November 2000–October 2002) Every 15 days CO2 traps (dry ice) in patches of riparian forest for 1 h/day de Souza et al. [16]
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest São Paulo, Brazil 22 months (January 2002–November 2003 Approximately every 3 months (8 collections per season) CO2 traps (dry ice); cloth dragging; visual search; inspection of 16 horses Szabó et al. [14]
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest Paraná, Brazil 1 year (August 2006–July 2007) Monthly Cloth dragging; CO2 traps (dry ice) Toledo et al. [38]
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest Minas Gerais, Brazil 2 years (May 2006–April 2008) Every 14 days Cloth dragging; CO2 traps (one with dry ice and two with chemicals) Guedes and Cerqueira Leite [34]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna Minas Gerais, Brazil 2 years (June 2006–December 2008) Every 3 months (13 collections per season) Cloth dragging (diurnal and nocturnal); CO2 traps (dry ice); visual search; domestic animal sampling; tree and nest sampling Veronez et al. [15]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna and Moist Broadleaf Forest São Paulo, Brazil 1 year (July 2009–June 2010) Monthly CO2 traps (dry ice) Brites-Neto et al. [46]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna Jujuy, Argentina 2 years (October 2013–October 2015) Monthly Cloth dragging; Tarragona et al. [7]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna Minas Gerais, Brazil 2 years (April 2007–November 2009) Every 3 months (8 collections per season) Cloth dragging; CO2 traps; visual search; domestic animal sampling Szabó et al. [39]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna Minas Gerais, Brazil 21 months (May 2012–February 2014) Approximately every 3 months (1 expedition per season = 8 expeditions in total) CO2 traps (dry ice); scarce cloth dragging Barbieri et al. [35]
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest Pernambuco, Brazil 2 years (January 2015–December Monthly CO2 traps (dry ice) Dantas-Torres et al. [36]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna Goiás, Brazil 2 years (January 2018–December 2019) Every 14 days Cloth dragging; visual search de Paula et al. [37]
Tropical and Subtropical Grassland Savanna Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil 2 years (February 2014–December 2015) Once every season, specifically February, May, August and December Cloth dragging; CO2 traps (dry ice); visual search Garcia et al. [40]