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Table 4 Association of socio-demographic characteristics with microscopic P. falciparum infection

From: Prevalence of non-Plasmodium falciparum species in southern districts of Brazzaville in The Republic of the Congo

Characteristics Total number Goma Tsé-Tsé P-value Total number Madibou P-value
P. falciparum infection P. falciparum infection
% (n) RR (95% CI) % (n) RR (95% CI)
Overall 573 34.4 (197) 200 20.5 (41)
Seasons
 Rainy 292 37.0 (108) 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 0.1821 88 33.0 (29) 3.1 (1.7–5.7) 0.0003
 Dry 281 31.7 (89) 112 12.0 (12)
Gender
 Female 312 29.5 (92) 1.4 (1.1–1.7) 0.0072 119 18.5 (22) 1.3 (0.7–2.2) 0.392
 Male 261 40.2 (105) 81 23.5 (19)
Age group (years)
 1–4 58 34.5 (20) 1.5 (1.0–2.2) 0.076 16 6.3 (1) Ref. group -
 5–9 126 34.9 (44) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 0.0192 37 29.7 (11) 4.8 (0.7–33.8) 0.1191
 10–14 102 58.8 (60) 2.5 (1.9–3.3)  < 0.0001 37 24.3 (9) 3.9 (0.5–28.2) 0.1788
 15–19 49 34.4 (17) 1.5 (0.9–2.3) 0.0888 19 31.6 (6) 5.1 (0.7–37.7) 0.1142
 ≥ 20 238 23.3 (56) Ref. group - 91 15.4 (14) 2.5 (0.3–17.4) 0.3672
Fever
 Yes (≥ 37.5 °C) 36 50.0 (18) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 0.0223 6 50.0 (3) 2.6 (1.1–6.0) 0.0306
 No (< 37.5 °C) 537 33.3 (179) 194 19.6 (38)
Bed net use
 Yes 558 34.2 (191) 1.2 (0.6–2.2) 0.6281 195 25.8 (40) 1.0 (0.2–6.1) 0.9777
 No 15 40.0 (6) 5 20.0 (1)
  1. RR (95%CI) relative risk (95% Confidence interval), n Number of participants, % percentage, Nber number