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Table 5 Association of socio-demographic characteristics with microscopic P. malariae infection

From: Prevalence of non-Plasmodium falciparum species in southern districts of Brazzaville in The Republic of the Congo

Characteristics Total number Goma Tsé-Tsé P-value Total number Madibou P-value
P. malariae infection P. malariae infection
% (n) RR (95% CI) % (n) RR (95% CI)
Overall 573 1.4(8)   200 1.0 (2)  
Seasons
 Rainy 292 2.1 (6) 2.9 (0.5–14.2) 0.1918 88 0.0 (0) 0.3 (0.0 –5.2) 0.374
 Dry 281 0.7 (2) 112 1.8 (2)
Gender
 Female 312 1.6 (5) 1.4 (0.3–5.8) 0.6469 119 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.0 –2.8) 0.197
 Male 261 1.1 (3) 81 2.5 (2)
Age group (years)
 1–4 58 0.0 (0) Ref. group 16 6.3 (1) 3.5 (0.2–81.1) 0.430
 5–9 126 1.6 (2) 2.3 (0.1–47.6) 0.585 37 0.0 (0) 0.5 (0.0–25.5) 0.746
 10–14 102 2.9 (3) 4.0 (0.2–76.3) 0.355 37 0.0 (0) 0.5 (0.0–25.5) 0.746
 15–19 49 4.1 (2) 5.9 (0.3–120.0) 0.248 19 0.0 (0) Ref. group -
 ≥ 20 238 0.4 (1) 0.7 (0.0–17.9) 0.853 91 1.1 (1) 0.7 (0.0–15.4) 0.791
Fever
 Yes (≥ 37.5 °C) 36 2.8 (1) 2.1 (0.3–16.8) 0.473 6 0.0 (0) 5.6 (0.3–105.5) 0.252
 No (< 37.5 °C) 537 1.3 (7) 194 1.0 (2)
Bed net use
 Yes 558 1.4 (8) 0.5 (0.0 –8.1) 0.615 195 1.0 (2) 0.2 (0.0 –2.9) 0.209
 No 15 0.0 (0) 5 0.0 (0)
  1. n Number of participants