Skip to main content

Table 6 Association of socio-demographic characteristics with sub-microscopic P. falciparum infection detected by PCR

From: Prevalence of non-Plasmodium falciparum species in southern districts of Brazzaville in The Republic of the Congo

Characteristics Total number Goma Tsé-Tsé P-value Total number Madibou P-value
P. falciparum infection P. falciparum infection
% (n) RR (95% CI) % (n) RR (95% CI)
Overall 373 53.4 (199)   159 69.2 (110)  
Seasons
 Rainy 180 48.3 (87) 0.8 (0.–1.0) 0.063 59 79.7 (47) 1.3 (1.–1.5) 0.020
 Dry 193 58.0 (112) 100 63.0 (63)
Gender
 Female 220 50.9 (112) 1.1 (0.–1.3) 0.252 97 71.1 (69) 0.9 (0.–1.2) 0.513
 Male 153 56.9 (87) 62 66.1 (41)
Age group (years)
 1–4 38 47.4 (18) 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 0.763 15 46.7 (7) Reference group
 5–9 81 44.4 (36) Reference group 26 76.9 (20) 1.6 (0.–2.9) 0.092
 10–14 41 56.1 (23) 1.3 (0.–1.8) 0.210 28 67.9 (19) 1.5 (0.–2.6) 0.220
 15–19 31 64.5 (20) 1.5 (1.–2.1) 0.041 13 76.9 (10) 1.6 (0.–3.1) 0.113
 ≥ 20 182 56.0 (102) 1.3 (1.–1.7) 0.099 77 68.8 (53) 1.5 (0.–2.6) 0.175
Fever
 Yes (≥ 37.5 °C) 17 52.9 (9) 1.0 (0.–1.6) 0.972 3 (1) 0.5 (0.–2.4) 0.366
 No (< 37.5 °C) 356 53.4 (190) 156 (109)
Bed net use
 Yes 364 (194) 1.0 (0.–1.7) 0.891 155 68.4 (106) 1.5 (1.–1.6)  < 0.0001
 No 9 (5) 4 100 (4)
  1. n Number of participants