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Table 7 Association of socio-demographic characteristics and sub-microscopic P. malariae infection detected by PCR

From: Prevalence of non-Plasmodium falciparum species in southern districts of Brazzaville in The Republic of the Congo

Characteristics Total number Goma Tsé-Tsé P-value Total number Madibou P-value
P. malariae Infection P. malariae Infection
%(n) RR (95% CI) %(n) RR (95% CI)
Overall 373 15.0 (56)   159 77.3 (123)  
Seasons
 Rainy 180 11.1 (20) 1.7 (1.0–2.8) 0.045 59 18.6 (11) 1.6 (0.7–3.3) 0.251
 Dry 193 18.7 (36) 100 12.0 (12)
Gender
 Female 220 14.5 (32) 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 0.761 97 14.4 (14) 1.0 (0.5–2.2) 0.988
 Male 153 15.7 (24) 62 14.5 (9)
Age group (years)
 1–4 38 10.5 (4) 1.0 (0.3 –2.9) 0.924 15 13.3 (2) 1.7 (0.3–11.1) 0.561
 5–9 81 11.1 (9) Ref. group - 26 7.7 (2) Ref. group
 10–14 41 12.2 (5) 1.1 (0.4–3.1) 0.859 28 10.7 (3) 1.4 (0.3–7.7) 0.704
 15–19 31 22.6 (7) 2.0 (0.8–5.0) 0.121 13 23.1 (3) 3.0 (0.6–15.8) 0.195
 ≥ 20 182 17.0 (31) 1.5 (0.8 –3.1) 0.228 77 16.9 (13) 2.2 (0.5–9.1) 0.278
Fever
 Yes (≥ 37.5 °C) 17 17.6 (3) 1.2 (0.4–3.4) 0.752 3 0.0 (0) 0.8 (0.1–11.5) 0.893
 No (< 37.5 °C) 356 14.9 (53) 156 14.7 (23)
Bed net use
 Yes 364 14.8 (54) 0.7 (0.2–2.3) 0.525 155 14.8 (23) 1.5 (0.1–21.4) 0.762
 No 9 22.2 (2) 4 0.0 (0)
  1. n Number of participants