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Table 8 Association of socio-demographic characteristics and sub-microscopic P. ovale infection detected by PCR

From: Prevalence of non-Plasmodium falciparum species in southern districts of Brazzaville in The Republic of the Congo

Characteristics Total number Goma Tsé-Tsé P-value Total number Madibou P-value
P. ovale infection P. ovale infection
% (n) RR (95% CI) % (n) RR(95% CI)
Overall 373 5.9 (22)   159 3.8 (6)  
Seasons
 Rainy 180 5.0 (9) 0.7 (0.3–1.7) 0.479 59 3.4 (2) 0.8 (0.2–4.5) 0.845
 Dry 193 6.7 (13) 100 4.0 (4)
Gender
 Female 220 6.4 (14) 0.8 (0.4–1.9) 0.648 97 1.0 (1) 7.8 (0.9–65.4) 0.058
 Male 153 5.2 (8) 62 8.1 (5)
Age group (years)
 1–4 38 5.3 (2) 1.1 (0.2–7.3) 0.078 15 6.7(1) 2.6 (0.–59.4) 0.544
 5–9 81 4.9 (4) 1.0 (0.2–5.3) 0.988 26 3.8 (1) 1.6 (0.–35.8) 0.782
 10–14 41 4.9 (2) Ref. group 28 0.0 (0) 0.5 (0.–23.1) 0.712
 15–19 31 6.5 (2) 1.3 (0.2–8.9) 0.774 13 0.0 (0) Ref. group -
 ≥ 20 182 6.6 (12) 1.4 (0.3–5.8) 0.685 77 5.2 (4) 0.–28.4) 0.743
Fever
 Yes (≥ 37.5 °C) 17 0.0 (0) 0.4 (0.0–7.0) 0.560 3 0.0 (0) 3.0 (0.2–44.9) 0.422
No (< 37.5 °C) 356 6.2 (22) 156 3.8 (6)
Bed net use
 Yes 364 6.0 (22) 1.2 (0.1–18.9) 0.881 155 (6) 0.4 (0.0 –6.4) 0.530
 No 9 0.0 (0) 4 0.0 (0)
  1. n Number of participants