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Table 3 Evolution of kdr allele L1014S genotypes and frequencies in An. gambiae (s.l.) populations in the city of Yaoundé

From: Rapid evolution of insecticide resistance and patterns of pesticides usage in agriculture in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon

Years Genotypes Alleles
RS SS
n/N % [95% CI] n/N % [95% CI] f(R)
2017 2/68 2.9% [− 20.5; 26.4] 66/68 97.06% [93; 101.1] 0.01
2018 10/341 2.9% [− 7.5; 13.4] 331/341 97.07% [95.3; 98.9] 0.01
2019 0/116 0% 116/116 100% 0
  1. S wild type, R 1014S, SS susceptible homozygote, RR resistant homozygote, RS resistant heterozygote, F(R) frequency of the Kdr L1014S allele, n number of specimens with kdr allele, N total number of specimens processed 95% CI 95% confidence interval