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Dipteran vectors and associated diseases

Subject Editors 
Fredros Okumu, Ifakara Health Institute, Tanzania 
Marco Pombi, La Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

Associate Editors

Dr. Norbert Becker, PhD, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Gioia Bongiorno, PhD, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Italy
Luciano V. Cosme, PhD, Yale University, USA
Sara Epis, PhD, University of Milan, Italy
Josiane Etang, PhD, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany
Claudia Fortuna, PhD, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Italy
Bruno Gomes da Silva, PhD, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil
Camila González Rosas, PhD, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
Basile Kamgang, PhD, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine/OCEAC, Cameroon
N. Pradeep Kumar, PhD, lCMR - Vector Control Research Centre, India, (Emeritus)      
Camila Lorenz, PhD, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Marta Maia, PhD, University of Oxford, UK
Ademir Martins, PhD, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil
Pie Müller, PhD, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Switzerland
Ellie Sherrard-Smith, PhD, Imperial College London, UK
Sibao Wang, PhD, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Charles Wondji, PhD, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK

The Dipteran vectors and associated disease section publishes studies relating to the systematics, phylogenetics, identification (including new species descriptions), population genetics, bionomics, ecology, distribution, predictive mapping, diagnostics, surveillance and control of dipteran vectors and their associated diseases, particularly Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Glossina, Simulium, Culicoides and phlebotomines.

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  1. Dengue fever is a major public health concern in Cambodia, with thousands of cases every year in urban, suburban and rural areas of the country. The main vector of dengue fever in Cambodia is Aedes aegypti. The o...

    Authors: Sebastien Boyer, Pierre-Olivier Maquart, Kalyan Chhuoy, Kimhuor Suor, Moeun Chhum, Kimly Heng, Sokkeang Leng, Didier Fontenille and Sebastien Marcombe
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:44
  2. The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus is a competent vector of several viral arboviruses including yellow fever, dengue fever, and chikungunya. Several vital mosquito behaviors (e.g., feeding, host-seeking, m...

    Authors: Ru Yan, Zhanyi Xu, Jiali Qian, Qiaoling Zhou, Huiming Wu, Yahui Liu, Yirong Guo, Guonian Zhu and Mengli Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:43
  3. In Iran, both cutaneous leishmaniases (CL) and visceral leishmaniases (VL) are endemic, recording one of the 10 highest CL prevalence in the world. Parasites are transmitted by the bite of infected Phlebotomus sa...

    Authors: Yaser Salim Abadi, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Maryam Hakimi Parizi, Abass Aghaei Afshar, Iraj Sharifi, Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Leila Shirani-Bidabadi and Ismaeil Alizadeh
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:42
  4. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a tool that has revolutionised clinical microbiology and has recently been described as an innovative and effectiv...

    Authors: Ly Na Huynh, Adama Zan Diarra, Hong Sang Nguyen, Long Bien Tran, Van Nguyen Do, Tran Duc Anh Ly, Van Hoang Ho, Xuan Quang Nguyen and Philippe Parola
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:39
  5. Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus, two invasive mosquito species in the United States, are implicated in the transmission of arboviruses. Studies have shown interactions of these two mosquito species with a va...

    Authors: Eliza A. H. Little, Michael L. Hutchinson, Keith J. Price, Alyssa Marini, John J. Shepard and Goudarz Molaei
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:36
  6. Sensitive, reliable and fast diagnostic tools that are applicable in low-resource settings, at the point of care (PoC), are seen as crucial in the fight against visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous leishm...

    Authors: Astrid Christine Erber, Peter Julian Sandler, Daniel Moreira de Avelar, Ines Swoboda, Gláucia Cota and Julia Walochnik
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:34
  7. Yellow fever virus (YFV) is an arbovirus that, despite the existence of a safe and effective vaccine, continues to cause outbreaks of varying dimensions in the Americas and Africa. Between 2017 and 2019, Brazi...

    Authors: Filipe Vieira Santos de Abreu, Cecilia Siliansky de Andreazzi, Maycon Sebastião Alberto Santos Neves, Patrícia Soares Meneguete, Mário Sérgio Ribeiro, Cristina Maria Giordano Dias, Monique de Albuquerque Motta, Christovam Barcellos, Anselmo Rocha Romão, Mônica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães and Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:23
  8. Malaria constitutes one of the largest public health burdens faced by humanity. Malaria control has to be an efficient balance between diagnosis, treatment and vector control strategies. The World Health Organ...

    Authors: Sundus Shafat Ahmad, Manju Rahi, Poonam Saroha and Amit Sharma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:20
  9. Dogs are the reservoir host of Leishmania infantum, the agent of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL), which is transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies. The sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus is the main...

    Authors: Gioia Bongiorno, Leon Meyer, Alec Evans, Nouha Lekouch, Padraig Doherty, Rafael Chiummo and Luigi Gradoni
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:18
  10. The invasive species Aedes albopictus, commonly known as the Asian tiger mosquito, has undergone extreme range expansion by means of steady introductions as blind passengers in vehicles traveling from the Mediter...

    Authors: Norbert Becker, Sophie Min Langentepe-Kong, Artin Tokatlian Rodriguez, Thin Thin Oo, Dirk Reichle, Renke Lühken, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Peter Lüthy, Arianna Puggioli and Romeo Bellini
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:9

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:60

  11. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) play important roles in many physiological processes of mosquitoes. Previous high-throughput sequencing studies have revealed that some OBPs of Culex quinquefasciatus might be invo...

    Authors: Rui-xin Shen, Yi-ting Wang, Jia-hong Wu, Ning Zhang, Heng-duan Zhang, Dan Xing, Yan Chen, Chun-xiao Li and Tong-yan Zhao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:2
  12. Spatial and temporal changes in the dengue incidence are associated with multiple factors, such as climate, immunity among a population against dengue viruses (DENV), circulating DENV serotypes and vertical tr...

    Authors: Chandana Wijesinghe, Jagath Gunatilake, P. H. D. Kusumawathie, P. D. N. N. Sirisena, S. W. P. L. Daulagala, Bushran N. Iqbal and Faseeha Noordeen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:614
  13. Vector-borne diseases, especially arboviruses transmitted by Aedes sp. mosquitos, should be a health policy priority in Brazil. Despite this urgency, there are significant limitations in the traditional surveilla...

    Authors: Paulo Rufalco-Moutinho, Lorena Aparecida Gonçalves de Noronha, Tatyane de Souza Cardoso Quintão, Tayane Ferreira Nobre, Ana Paula Sampaio Cardoso, Daiani Cristina Cilião-Alves, Marco Aurélio Bellocchio Júnior, Mateus de Paula von Glehn, Rodrigo Haddad, Gustavo Adolfo Sierra Romero and Wildo Navegantes de Araújo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:610
  14. Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) is the main vector of dengue virus in China. The resistance to insecticides is a huge obstacle for the control of this species, and determining its resistance status and...

    Authors: Yong Wei, Xueli Zheng, Song He, Xuli Xin, Jiachun Zhang, Ke Hu, Guofa Zhou and Daibin Zhong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:609
  15. Culicoides kingi and Culicoides oxystoma belong to the Schultzei group of biting midges. These two species are vectors of disease in livestock of economic importance. As described in the literature, morphological...

    Authors: Darine Slama, Rihab Baraket, Latifa Remadi, Emna Chaker and Hamouda Babba
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:607
  16. Entomological surveillance is an important means of assessing the efficacy of insect vector management programs and estimating disease transmission thresholds. Among baited traps, Biogents’ BG-Sentinel (BGS) t...

    Authors: Dae-Yun Kim, Theerachart Leepasert, Michael J. Bangs and Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:606
  17. Mosquito-borne diseases have a devastating impact on human civilization. A few species of Anopheles mosquitoes are responsible for malaria transmission, and while there has been a reduction in malaria-related dea...

    Authors: Soumyananda Chakraborti, Jyoti Chhibber-Goel and Amit Sharma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:605
  18. The recent detection of the South Asian malaria vector Anopheles stephensi in the Horn of Africa (HOA) raises concerns about the impact of this mosquito on malaria transmission in the region. Analysis of An. step...

    Authors: Tamar E. Carter, Solomon Yared, Dejene Getachew, Joseph Spear, Sae Hee Choi, Jeanne N. Samake, Peter Mumba, Dereje Dengela, Gedeon Yohannes, Sheleme Chibsa, Matthew Murphy, Gunawardena Dissanayake, Cecilia Flately, Karen Lopez, Daniel Janies, Sarah Zohdy…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:602
  19. As a pervasive insect that transmits a variety of pathogens to humans and animals, the housefly has abundant and diverse microbial communities in its intestines. These gut microbes play an important role in th...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Shumin Wang, Xinyu Zhang, Kexin Zhang, Wenjuan Liu, Ruiling Zhang and Zhong Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:598
  20. Mosquitoes transmit a variety of diseases. Due to widespread insecticide resistance, new effective pesticides are urgently needed. Entomopathogenic fungi are widely utilized to control pest insects in agricult...

    Authors: Liang Jin, Guodong Niu, Limei Guan, Julian Ramelow, Zhigao Zhan, Xi Zhou and Jun Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:595
  21. Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus are vectors of numerous arboviruses that adversely affect human health. In mosquito vectors of disease, the bacterial microbiota influence several physiological processes, includi...

    Authors: Sebastián Díaz, Carolina Camargo and Frank W. Avila
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:592
  22. Mosquito assemblages are organized along an ecological gradient, including small habitats where interspecific competition predominates and large permanent habitats where predation predominates. This study aime...

    Authors: Amanda Queiroz Bastos, Paulo José Leite, Jacenir Reis dos Santos-Mallet, Cecilia Ferreira de Mello, Michele Serdeiro, Júlia Santos dos Silva, Ronaldo Figueiró, Tatiana Docile and Jeronimo Alencar
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:591
  23. Some of the most important malaria vectors in South America belong to the Albitarsis Complex (Culicidae; Anophelinae; Anopheles). Understanding the origin, nature, and geographical distribution of species diversi...

    Authors: Brian P. Bourke, Silvia A. Justi, Laura Caicedo-Quiroga, David B. Pecor, Richard C. Wilkerson and Yvonne-Marie Linton
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:589
  24. This letter comments on the article “Emergence of the invasive malaria vector Anopheles stephensi in Khartoum State, Central Sudan” published in Parasites and Vectors 2021, 14:511. Here we aim of provide a respon...

    Authors: Jan Kolaczinski, Samira Al-Eryani, Emmanuel Chanda and Lucia Fernandez-Montoya
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:588
  25. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are invasive mosquito species and significantly impact human health in southern China. Microbiota are confirmed to affect the development and immunity of mosquitoes. However, sc...

    Authors: Datao Lin, Xiaoying Zheng, Benjamin Sanogo, Tao Ding, Xi Sun and Zhongdao Wu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:586
  26. Clip domain serine proteases (CLIPs), a very diverse group of proteolytic enzymes, play a crucial role in the innate immunity of insects. Innate immune responses are the first line of defense in mosquitoes aga...

    Authors: Hao-Cheng Wang, Qiu-Hui Wang, Biswajit Bhowmick, Yi-Xun Li and Qian Han
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:584
  27. Due to the lack of vaccines, malaria control mainly involves the control of anopheline vectors (Anopheles spp.) using chemical insecticides. However, the prolonged and indiscriminate use of these compounds has le...

    Authors: Derciliano Lopes da Cruz, Marcelo Henrique Santos Paiva, Duschinka Ribeiro Duarte Guedes, Elainne Christine de Souza Gomes, Silvia Gonçalves Pires, Lara Ferrero Gomez and Constância Flávia Junqueira Ayres
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:582
  28. There is evidence that the knockdown resistance gene (Kdr) L1014F and acetylcholinesterase-1 gene (Ace-1R) G119S mutations involved in pyrethroid and carbamate resistance in Anopheles gambiae influence malaria tr...

    Authors: Rosine Z. Wolie, Alphonsine A. Koffi, Ludovic P. Ahoua Alou, Eleanore D. Sternberg, Oulo N’Nan-Alla, Amal Dahounto, Florent H. A. Yapo, Kpahe M. H. Kanh, Soromane Camara, Welbeck A. Oumbouke, Innocent Z. Tia, Simon-Pierre A. Nguetta, Matthew B. Thomas and Raphael NGuessan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:581
  29. Vector-borne pathogens must survive and replicate in the hostile environment of an insect’s midgut before successful dissemination. Midgut microbiota interfere with pathogen infection by activating the basal i...

    Authors: Maria G. Onyango, Rachel Lange, Sean Bialosuknia, Anne Payne, Nicholas Mathias, Lili Kuo, Aurelien Vigneron, Dilip Nag, Laura D. Kramer and Alexander T. Ciota
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:573
  30. Invasive mosquitoes of the genus Aedes are quickly spreading around the world. The presence of these alien species is concerning for both their impact on the native biodiversity and their high vector competence. ...

    Authors: Viktória Čabanová, Kristína Boršová, Marek Svitok, Jozef Oboňa, Ivana Svitková, Eva Barbušinová, Tomáš Derka, Monika Sláviková and Boris Klempa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:572
  31. The distribution of phlebotomine sand flies is changing rapidly due to climate change. This issue has implications for the epidemiology of sand fly-borne diseases, especially sand fly-associated viruses. Few s...

    Authors: Atchara Phumee, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Sininat Petcharat and Padet Siriyasatien
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:569
  32. A number of zoonotic mosquito-borne viruses have emerged in Europe in recent decades. Batai virus (BATV), a member of the genus Orthobunyavirus, is one example of a relatively newly emerged mosquito-borne virus, ...

    Authors: Luis M. Hernández-Triana, Arran J. Folly, Elsa Barrero, Sarah Lumley, Maria del Mar Fernández de Marco, Sanam Sewgobind, Lorraine M. McElhinney, Anthony R. Fooks and Nicholas Johnson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:566
  33. In Europe, Aedes albopictus is an important vector of chikungunya virus and Dirofilaria nematodes and has been involved in local autochthonous circulation of dengue and Zika viruses. Due to the ongoing spread, ta...

    Authors: Tatiana Șuleșco, Galina Bușmachiu, Unchana Lange, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit and Renke Lühken
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:565
  34. Bluetongue virus (BTV) and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) are orbiviruses that can cause fatal vector-borne diseases in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Trapping methods for collecting pote...

    Authors: Michael Becker, Jeong-Seok Park, Glen Gentry, Claudia Husseneder and Lane Foil
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:564
  35. The onchocerciasis focus surrounding the lower Mbam and Sanaga rivers, where Onchocerca volvulus is transmitted by Simulium damnosum s.l. (Diptera: Simuliidae), was historically the largest in the southern region...

    Authors: Adam Hendy, Meryam Krit, Kenneth Pfarr, Christine Laemmer, Jacobus De Witte, Philippe Nwane, Joseph Kamgno, Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga, Michel Boussinesq, Jean-Claude Dujardin, Rory Post, Robert Colebunders, Sarah O’Neill, Peter Enyong and Alfred K. Njamnshi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:563
  36. Tahyna orthobunyavirus (TAHV) is a mosquito-borne virus that may cause mild flu-like symptoms or neurological symptoms in humans. It is historically associated with floodplain habitats in Central Europe, and the ...

    Authors: Jeremy V. Camp, Edwin Kniha, Adelheid G. Obwaller, Julia Walochnik and Norbert Nowotny
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:561
  37. Despite concerns regarding increasingly frequent and intense heat waves due to global warming, there is still a lack of information on the effects of extremely high temperatures on the adult abundance of mosqu...

    Authors: Ah-Young Lim, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Yeonseung Chung, Kisung Sim and Jong-Hun Kim
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:559
  38. Culex quinquefasciatus is not only a biting nuisance but also an important vector of fatal diseases. In Saudi Arabia, management measures to control this mosquito and thereby prevent associated disease transmissi...

    Authors: Abdulwahab M. Hafez and Naeem Abbas
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:558
  39. The use of entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) for the control of adult mosquitoes is a promising alternative to synthetic insecticides. Previous studies have only evaluated conidiospores against adult mosquitoes. Ho...

    Authors: Adriano Rodrigues de Paula, Leila Eid Imad Silva, Anderson Ribeiro, Gerson Adriano da Silva, Carlos Peres Silva, Tariq M. Butt and Richard Ian Samuels
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:555
  40. Understanding the ecology and behaviour of disease vectors, including the olfactory cues used to orient and select hosts and egg-laying sites, are essential for the development of novel, insecticide-free contr...

    Authors: Getachew E. Bokore, Linus Svenberg, Richard Tamre, Patrick Onyango, Tullu Bukhari, Åsa Emmer and Ulrike Fillinger
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:552
  41. Estimates of the geographical distribution of Culex mosquitoes in the Americas have been limited to state and provincial levels in the United States and Canada and based on data from the 1980s. Since these estima...

    Authors: Morgan E. Gorris, Andrew W. Bartlow, Seth D. Temple, Daniel Romero-Alvarez, Deborah P. Shutt, Jeanne M. Fair, Kimberly A. Kaufeld, Sara Y. Del Valle and Carrie A. Manore
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:547
  42. A field survey was performed to investigate local environmental factors promoting occurrence and abundance of Aedes aegypti and Ae. bromeliae mosquitoes at hotel compounds in the south-east coastal region of Zanz...

    Authors: Ayubo Kampango, Peter Furu, Divakara L. Sarath, Khamis A. Haji, Flemming Konradsen, Karin L. Schiøler, Michael Alifrangis, Fatma Saleh and Christopher W. Weldon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:544
  43. Aedes koreicus is a mosquito species characterized by marked anthropophilic behavior, and a potential vector of nematodes and viruses. It is native to East Asia, but its presence has recently been reported in man...

    Authors: Agata Negri, Irene Arnoldi, Matteo Brilli, Claudio Bandi, Paolo Gabrieli and Sara Epis
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:534
  44. The diseases for which Aedes aegypti is a vector are worrisome. The high vector competence of this mosquito, as well as its anthropophilia and ability to adapt to the urban environment, allows it to exploit many ...

    Authors: Ana Paula Miranda Mundim-Pombo, Hianka Jasmyne Costa de Carvalho, Rafaela Rodrigues Ribeiro, Marisol León, Durvanei Augusto Maria and Maria Angélica Miglino
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:531
  45. The overuse of insecticides to control insect vectors has promoted extensive insecticide resistance in mosquitoes. In this study, the functions of microRNA (miR)-279-3p and its target CYP325BB1 in the regulation ...

    Authors: Xixi Li, Shengli Hu, Hongbo Zhang, Haitao Yin, Huan Wang, Dan Zhou, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Bo Shen and Changliang Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:528
  46. The expansion of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya in the past 15 years has ignited the need for active surveillance of common and neglected mosquito-borne infectious diseas...

    Authors: Roland Bamou, Marie Paul Audrey Mayi, Borel Djiappi-Tchamen, Stella Mariette Nana-Ndjangwo, Elysée Nchoutpouen, Antony John Cornel, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Phillipe Parola, Timoléon Tchuinkam and Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:527
  47. Culicoides insignis is a confirmed vector of bluetongue virus (BTV) throughout the American tropics and a possible vector of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) in Florida. Despite its importance, fundamen...

    Authors: Dinesh Erram and Nathan Burkett-Cadena
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:522
  48. Sugar feeding is a fundamental behaviour of many mosquito species. For Aedes albopictus, an important vector of dengue virus and chikungunya virus, little is known about its sugar-feeding behaviour, and no studie...

    Authors: T. Swan, E. Ritmejerytė, B. Sebayang, R. Jones, G. Devine, M. Graham, F. A. Zich, K. M. Staunton, T. L. Russell and T. R. Burkot
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:520