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Ticks and tick-borne diseases

Subject Editor
Martin Pfeffer, University of Leipzig, Germany

Associate Editors
Jairo Mendoza, University of Bari, Italy
Andrei Daniel Mihalca, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Sebastián Muñoz-Leal, University of Concepción, Chile
Cornelia Silaghi, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Germany
Laurence Vial, Centre of International Cooperation for Research in Agriculture Development (CIRAD), France
 

The Ticks and tick-borne diseases section publishes studies looking at all aspects of ticks, including systematics, phylogenetics, taxonomy (including new species descriptions), evolution, ecology, biology, physiology, biochemistry, genomics, proteomics, and control. Studies relating to tick-borne pathogens (e.g., occurrence and prevalence in ticks and vertebrate hosts, coinfections, transmission, pathogen interactions with ticks and vertebrate hosts at the molecular and cellular levels) and tick-borne diseases (e.g., epidemiology, diagnosis, immunology, treatment, prevention and control) in domestic animals, wildlife and humans are also welcome.

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  1. The tick Ixodes ricinus is an important vector of tick-borne diseases including Lyme borreliosis. In continental Europe, the nymphal stage of I. ricinus often has a bimodal phenology with a large spring peak and ...

    Authors: Cindy Bregnard, Olivier Rais, Coralie Herrmann, Olaf Kahl, Katharina Brugger and Maarten J. Voordouw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:570

    Content type: Research

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  2. Triatoma sordida is one of the main Chagas disease vectors in Brazil. In addition to Brazil, this species has already been reported in Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is hypothesized that the insect...

    Authors: Fernanda Fernandez Madeira, Luiza Maria Grzyb Delgado, Isadora de Freitas Bittinelli, Jader de Oliveira, Amanda Ravazi, Yago Visinho dos Reis, Ana Beatriz Bortolozo de Oliveira, Daniel Cesaretto Cristal, Cleber Galvão, Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo-Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa and Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:553

    Content type: Research

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  3. The ixodid tick genera Rhipicephalus and Haemaphysalis contain several species of medical and/or veterinary importance, but their diversity in some regions of the world remains under-explored. For instance, very ...

    Authors: Samia Q. Alghamdi, Van Lun Low, Hadil A. Alkathiry, Abdulaziz N. Alagaili, John W. McGarry and Benjamin L. Makepeace

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:541

    Content type: Research

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  4. Scrub typhus is an important neglected vector-borne zoonotic disease across the Asia–Pacific region, with an expanding known distribution. The disease ecology is poorly understood, despite the large global bur...

    Authors: Ivo Elliott, Neeranuch Thangnimitchok, Kittipong Chaisiri, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Piangnet Jaiboon, Nicholas P. J. Day, Daniel H. Paris, Paul N. Newton and Serge Morand

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:540

    Content type: Research

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  5. Two populations of Dermacentor reticulatus ticks (Western and Eastern) in Poland are among the most dynamic tick populations in Central Europe. Expansion and settlement of ticks in new localizations depend on the...

    Authors: Dorota Dwużnik-Szarek, Ewa Julia Mierzejewska and Anna Bajer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:536

    Content type: Research

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  6. Bartonella spp. are emerging pathogens transmitted by arthropod vectors, possibly including ticks. We have investigated signs of bartonellosis in Swedish patients with presumed tick-bite exposure and symptom dura...

    Authors: Marie Edvinsson, Camilla Norlander, Kenneth Nilsson, Andreas Mårtensson, Elisabet Skoog and Björn Olsen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:530

    Content type: Research

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  7. Identifying the mechanisms driving disease risk is challenging for multi-host pathogens, such as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), the tick-borne bacteria causing Lyme disease. Deer are tick reproduction ho...

    Authors: Sara Gandy, Elizabeth Kilbride, Roman Biek, Caroline Millins and Lucy Gilbert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:509

    Content type: Research

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  8. During the period of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, strong intervention measures, such as lockdown, travel restriction, and suspension of work and production, may have curbed the spread of o...

    Authors: Xiaoqing Cheng, Jianli Hu, Li Luo, Zeyu Zhao, Nan Zhang, Mikah Ngwanguong Hannah, Jia Rui, Shengnan Lin, Yuanzhao Zhu, Yao Wang, Meng Yang, Jingwen Xu, Xingchun Liu, Tianlong Yang, Weikang Liu, Peihua Li…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:483

    Content type: Research

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  9. Little information is available about malaria and scrub typhus co-infection. This study aimed to investigate the pooled prevalence of malaria and scrub typhus co-infection in febrile patients. Further, it aime...

    Authors: Polrat Wilairatana, Saruda Kuraeiad, Pongruj Rattaprasert and Manas Kotepui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:471

    Content type: Research

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  10. Anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis are tick-borne diseases affecting humans and livestock, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Animal husbandry is the main activity of people on the borders of Iran an...

    Authors: Nayyereh Choubdar, Fateh Karimian, Mona Koosha, Jalil Nejati and Mohammad Ali Oshaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:469

    Content type: Research

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  11. Canine babesiosis is a disease caused by a parasite of the genus Babesia which destroys red blood cells. Previous studies have shown the presence of Babesia vogeli in rural areas in Costa Rica using molecular tec...

    Authors: Andrea García-Quesada, Ana Jiménez-Rocha, Juan José Romero-Zuñiga and Gaby Dolz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:468

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Hepatozoon canis is a protozoan transmitted to dogs and other wild carnivores by the ingestion of ticks containing mature oocysts and is considered the principal cause of canine hepatozoonosis in the world. Here,...

    Authors: Antonio Acini Vásquez-Aguilar, Arturo Barbachano-Guerrero, Diego F. Angulo and Víctor Hugo Jarquín-Díaz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:467

    Content type: Research

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  13. Powassan virus (POWV; genus Flavivirus) is the sole North American member of the tick-borne encephalitis sero-complex and an increasing public health threat in the USA. Maintained in nature by Ixodes spp. ticks, ...

    Authors: Rohit Sharma, Duncan W. Cozens, Philip M. Armstrong and Douglas E. Brackney

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:466

    Content type: Research

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  14. Lyme disease, caused primarily by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, is the most prevalent vector-borne disease in the United States. Treatment of rodent pathogen reservoirs with an oral acaricide may suppress t...

    Authors: David M. Poché, Kelsey Dawson, Batchimeg Tseveenjav and Richard M. Poché

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:459

    Content type: Research

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  15. Complement has been considered as an important factor impacting the host–pathogen association of spirochetes belonging to the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, and may play a role in the spirochete’s ecolo...

    Authors: Valerie Sürth, Isabel Lopes de Carvalho, Maria Sofia Núncio, Ana Cláudia Norte and Peter Kraiczy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:451

    Content type: Short report

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  16. Lyme borreliosis and other tick-borne diseases emerge from increased interactions between humans, other animals, and infected ticks. The risk of acquiring a tick-borne infection varies across space and time, s...

    Authors: Fanny Olsthoorn, Hein Sprong, Manoj Fonville, Mara Rocchi, Jolyon Medlock, Lucy Gilbert and Jaboury Ghazoul

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:430

    Content type: Research

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  17. There has been a long-standing debate over the taxonomic status of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato. Different studies worldwide have reported the occurrence of different well-defined lineages, in addition to

    Authors: Luisa Páez-Triana, Marina Muñoz, Giovanny Herrera, Darwin A. Moreno-Pérez, Gabriel A. Tafur-Gómez, Diego Montenegro, Manuel A. Patarroyo, Alberto Paniz-Mondolfi and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:424

    Content type: Research

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  18. Gaining insight into the risk perceptions and the knowledge evolution of the public about emerging or changing health risks is vital for the improvement of health promotion activities. Currently, scientific ev...

    Authors: Silvia-Diana Borșan, Sabina Ramona Trif and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:423

    Content type: Research

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  19. We evaluated the efficiency of an ex vivo feeding technique using a silicone membrane-based feeding chamber to (i) assess the anti-feeding and acaricidal efficacy of a spot-on combination of dinotefuran, pyrip...

    Authors: Djamel Tahir, Btissam Asri, Leon Nicolaas Meyer, Alec Evans, Thomas Mather, Byron Blagburn, Reinhard K. Straubinger, Valérie Choumet, Frans Jongejan and Marie Varloud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:416

    Content type: Research

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  20. Ticks are common on horses, but recent publications characterizing equine tick infestations in North America are lacking.

    Authors: Kellee D. Sundstrom, Megan W. Lineberry, Amber N. Grant, Kathryn T. Duncan, Michelle M. Ientile and Susan E. Little

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:404

    Content type: Research

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  21. The argasid tick Ornithodoros moubata is the main vector in mainland Africa of African swine fever virus and the spirochete Borrelia duttoni, which causes human relapsing fever. The elimination of populations of

    Authors: Ana Oleaga, Angel Carnero-Morán, M. Luz Valero and Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:396

    Content type: Research

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  22. Invasive arthropod vectors and the range expansions of native vectors can lead to public and veterinary health concerns, as these vectors may introduce novel pathogens or spread endemic pathogens to new locati...

    Authors: Danielle M. Tufts and Maria A. Diuk-Wasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:394

    Content type: Research

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  23. The salivary glands of female ticks degenerate rapidly by apoptosis and autophagy after feeding. Bcl-2 family proteins play an important role in the apoptosis pathways, but the functions of these proteins in t...

    Authors: Shanming Hu, Yanan Wang, Zhengmao Xu, Yongzhi Zhou, Jie Cao, Houshuang Zhang and Jinlin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:386

    Content type: Research

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  24. Borrelia miyamotoi is a newly described relapsing fever spirochete transmitted by ixodid tick species. Little is known about the prevalence of B. miyamotoi infections in humans and ticks in Inner Mongolia, China....

    Authors: Gaowa, Wulantuya, Kozue Sato, Dan Liu, Yunhong Cui, Xuhong Yin, Lihua Zhang, Hong Li, Tingfu Wang, Rongxin Liu, Lijing Wu, Saixia Lu, Ting Gao, Zitong Zhang, Minzhi Cao, Guodong Wang…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:368

    Content type: Research

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  25. Cryptosporidium is an opportunistic pathogen that infects a wide variety of vertebrates. The aim of the present study was to characterize Cryptosporidium spp. isolates from Bactrian camels and to foster further u...

    Authors: Luyang Wang, Letian Cao, Shuangjian Zheng, Yankai Chang, Kaihui Zhang, Sumei Zhang and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:365

    Content type: Research

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  26. Studies on ticks infesting equids are lacking in various parts of the world, including Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The aim of this study was to investigate the diversity of ticks infesting equids, assoc...

    Authors: Abid Ali, Hafsa Zahid, Ismail Zeb, Muhammad Tufail, Sulaiman Khan, Muhammad Haroon, Muhammad Tufail, Muhammad Bilal, Majid Hussain, Abdulaziz S. Alouffi, Sebastián Muñoz-Leal and Marcelo B. Labruna

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:363

    Content type: Research

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  27. Several ungulate species are feeding and propagation hosts for the tick Ixodes ricinus as well as hosts to a wide range of zoonotic pathogens. Here, we focus on Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi ...

    Authors: Nannet D. Fabri, Hein Sprong, Tim R. Hofmeester, Hans Heesterbeek, Björn F. Donnars, Fredrik Widemo, Frauke Ecke and Joris P. G. M. Cromsigt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:360

    Content type: Research

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  28. Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common vector-borne disease in Europe. Monitoring changes in the prevalence of different Borrelia species in ticks may be an important indicator of risk assessment and of differe...

    Authors: Agnieszka Pawełczyk, Małgorzata Bednarska, Adrianna Hamera, Emilia Religa, Milena Poryszewska, Ewa J. Mierzejewska and Renata Welc-Falęciak

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:348

    Content type: Research

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  29. Ticks are blood-sucking ectoparasites that play a pivotal role in the transmission of various pathogens to humans and animals. In Korea, Haemaphysalis longicornis is the predominant tick species and is recognized...

    Authors: Ju Yeong Kim, Myung-hee Yi, Alghurabi Areej Sabri Mahdi and Tai-Soon Yong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:346

    Content type: Research

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  30. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) belongs to the genus Orthonairovirus (Nairovididae) and is a (re)emerging tick-borne pathogen. It is endemic in most parts of Africa, Asia and southern Europe, and ca...

    Authors: A. Schulz, Y. Barry, F. Stoek, M. J. Pickin, A. Ba, L. Chitimia-Dobler, M. L. Haki, B. A. Doumbia, A. Eisenbarth, A. Diambar, M. Y. Bah, M. Eiden and M. H. Groschup

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:342

    Content type: Research

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  31. Birds are major hosts for many tick species (Acari: Ixodidae, Argasidae), and their role is especially important in transporting ticks over large distances along their seasonal migratory routes. Accordingly, m...

    Authors: Attila D. Sándor, Boyan Milchev, Nóra Takács, Jenő Kontschán, Sándor Szekeres and Sándor Hornok

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:334

    Content type: Research

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  32. The tick Haemaphysalis longicornis (Neumann) is a well-known vector of numerous pathogens of veterinary and medical importance. Various control strategies, including the use of synthetic pesticides, have been dev...

    Authors: Chuks F. Nwanade, Min Wang, Tianhong Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Can Wang, Zhijun Yu and Jingze Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:330

    Content type: Research

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  33. Improved knowledge on vector-borne pathogens in wildlife will help determine their effect on host species at the population and individual level and whether these are affected by anthropogenic factors such as ...

    Authors: Jürgen Krücken, Gábor Á. Czirják, Sabrina Ramünke, Maria Serocki, Sonja K. Heinrich, Jörg Melzheimer, M. Carolina Costa, Heribert Hofer, Ortwin H. K. Aschenborn, Nancy A. Barker, Stefano Capodanno, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Marion L. East and Bettina Wachter

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:328

    Content type: Research

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  34. The speed with which acaricides paralyze and kill ticks is relevant to impeding pathogen transmission. The objective of this study was to assess early-onset lotilaner effects on the motility and weights of Amblyo...

    Authors: Martha J. Wenger, Todd M. Kollasch, Madeline C. Burke, Livvy Jones, Casey Locklear, Makaela Hedberg, Lauren Miller, Sydnie Reeves, Debra Ritchie, Anthony J. Rumschlag, William G. Ryan, Vicki Smith, Cameron Sutherland, Kathryn E. Reif and Brian H. Herrin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:322

    Content type: Research

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  35. Theileria annulata is a protozoan parasite that can infect and transform bovine B cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The mechanism of the transformation is still not well understood, and some parasite molec...

    Authors: Zhi Li, Junlong Liu, Quanying Ma, Aihong Liu, Youquan Li, Guiquan Guan, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:319

    Content type: Research

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  36. Haemaphysalis longicornis is an obligate hematophagous ectoparasite that transmits a variety of pathogens causing life-threatening diseases in humans and animals. Paramyosin (Pmy) is not only an invertebrate-spec...

    Authors: Pin-Xing Wu, Xue-Jiao Cui, Mi-Xue Cao, Li-Hong Lv, Hong-Meng Dong, Shu-Wen Xiao, Jing-Ze Liu and Yong-Hong Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:309

    Content type: Short report

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  37. Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) associated to ticks are among the most important health issues affecting dogs. In Italy, Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma spp., Rickettsia conorii and Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) ha...

    Authors: Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Giovanni Benelli, Marcos Antonio Bezerra-Santos, Viet-Linh Nguyen, Giuseppe Conte, Roberta Iatta, Tommaso Furlanello and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:292

    Content type: Research

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  38. Various tick-borne infections like borreliosis and rickettsiosis pose a health risk to humans in many parts of the world. We investigated seroprevalence of and seroconversion to Borrelia burgdorferi and Rickettsi...

    Authors: Bo Bødker Jensen, Mie Topholm Bruun, Per Moestrup Jensen, Andreas Kristian Pedersen, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Sigurdur Skarphedinsson and Ming Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:289

    Content type: Research

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  39. Hard ticks act as arthropod vectors in the transmission of human and animal pathogens and are widely distributed in northern China. The aim of this study is to screen the important tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) ...

    Authors: Jun Jiao, Zhiyu Lu, Yonghui Yu, Yangxuan Ou, Mengjiao Fu, Yuee Zhao, Nier Wu, Mingliang Zhao, Yan Liu, Yi Sun, Bohai Wen, Dongsheng Zhou, Qinghong Yuan and Xiaolu Xiong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:287

    Content type: Research

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  40. The emergence of tick-borne disease is increasing because of the effects of the temperature rise driven by global warming. In Turkey, 19 pathogens transmitted by ticks to humans and animals have been reported....

    Authors: Ahmet Efe Köseoğlu, Hüseyin Can, Mervenur Güvendi, Sedef Erkunt Alak, Çağrı Kandemir, Turğay Taşkın, Samiye Demir, Gülşah Akgül, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Muhammet Karakavuk, Mert Döşkaya, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz and Cemal Ün

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:270

    Content type: Research

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  41. The significance of tick-borne diseases has increased considerably in recent years. Because of the unique distribution of the tick species Dermacentor reticulatus in Poland, comprising two expanding populations, ...

    Authors: Dorota Dwużnik-Szarek, Ewa J. Mierzejewska, Anna Rodo, Katarzyna Goździk, Jolanta Behnke-Borowczyk, Dorota Kiewra, Natalia Kartawik and Anna Bajer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:267

    Content type: Research

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  42. Canine babesiosis and anaplasmosis, caused by Babesia canis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, respectively, are significant tick-borne diseases in Baltic countries. Both diseases can be diagnosed on the basis of cli...

    Authors: Agnija Kivrane, Agne Namina, Maija Seleznova, Sarmite Akopjana, Valentina Capligina and Renate Ranka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:266

    Content type: Research

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  43. The universal nature of the human–companion animal relationship and their shared ticks and tick-borne pathogens offers an opportunity for improving public and veterinary health surveillance. With this in mind,...

    Authors: Mark P. Nelder, Curtis B. Russell, Antonia Dibernardo, Katie M. Clow, Steven Johnson, Kirby Cronin, Samir N. Patel and L. Robbin Lindsay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:260

    Content type: Research

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  44. In Europe, the generalist tick, Ixodes ricinus, is the main vector of several tick-borne pathogens causing diseases in humans and livestock. Understanding how different species of hosts limit the tick population ...

    Authors: Atle Mysterud, Christian Hügli and Hildegunn Viljugrein

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:254

    Content type: Short report

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  45. Ticks of the genus Hyalomma, which are vectors for several tick-borne diseases, are occasionally found in areas outside their endemic range including northern parts of Europe. The objective of this study was to a...

    Authors: Mathilde Uiterwijk, Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia, Bart van de Vossenberg, Frans Jacobs, Paul Overgaauw, Rolf Nijsse, Charlotte Dabekaussen, Arjan Stroo and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:244

    Content type: Research

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  46. Q fever, a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii, has adverse effects on public health. Ticks are vectors of C. burnetii and they contribute to the transmission of the pathogen. A tool for rapid, sensitive, and ac...

    Authors: A.-Tai Truong, Bo-Ram Yun, Jiyeon Lim, Subin Min, Mi-Sun Yoo, Soon-Seek Yoon, Young-Min Yun, Jong-Taek Kim and Yun Sang Cho

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:239

    Content type: Research

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  47. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease that is regionally distributed in Asia, with high fatality. Constructing the transmission model of SFTS could help provide c...

    Authors: Nan Zhang, Xiao-Qing Cheng, Bin Deng, Jia Rui, Luxia Qiu, Zeyu Zhao, Shengnan Lin, Xingchun Liu, Jingwen Xu, Yao Wang, Meng Yang, Yuanzhao Zhu, Jiefeng Huang, Chan Liu, Weikang Liu, Li Luo…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:237

    Content type: Research

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  48. Previously, twelve Rickettsia species were identified in ticks, fleas, sheep keds (Melophagus ovinus), bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) and a tick-bitten patient in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in ...

    Authors: Gang Liu, Shanshan Zhao, Wenbo Tan, Sándor Hornok, Wumei Yuan, Ligu Mi, Suwen Wang, Zhiqiang Liu, Yanyan Zhang, Wurelihazi Hazihan, Xinli Gu and Yuanzhi Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:204

    Content type: Short report

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