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  1. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is an economically important tick of cattle involved in the transmission of Babesia bovis, the etiological agent of bovine babesiosis. Commercial anti-tick vaccines based on th...

    Authors: Reginaldo G Bastos, Massaro W Ueti, Donald P Knowles and Glen A Scoles

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:111

    Content type: Research

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  2. Schistosomiasis remains a major public health problem in endemic countries and is caused by infections with any one of three primary schistosome species. Although there are no vaccines available to date, this ...

    Authors: Xuefeng Wang, Lei Zhang, Ying Chi, Jason Hoellwarth, Sha Zhou, Xiaoyun Wen, Lei He, Feng Liu, Calvin Wu and Chuan Su

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:109

    Content type: Research

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  3. Hemoparasites, like malaria and schistosomes, are constantly faced with the challenges of storing and detoxifying large quantities of heme, released from their catabolism of host erythrocytes. Heme is an essen...

    Authors: Shu Qin Toh, Amber Glanfield, Geoffrey N Gobert and Malcolm K Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:108

    Content type: Review

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  4. Apoptosis is a normal component of the development and health of multicellular organisms. However, apoptosis is now considered a prerogative of unicellular organisms, including the trypanosomatids of the genera T...

    Authors: Despina Smirlis, Michael Duszenko, Antonio Jiménez Ruiz, Effie Scoulica, Patrick Bastien, Nicolas Fasel and Ketty Soteriadou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:107

    Content type: Review

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  5. Fatalities caused by parasitic infections often occur as a result of tissue injury that results from a form of host-cell death known as apoptosis. However, instead of being pathogenic, parasite-induced apoptos...

    Authors: Anne-Lise Bienvenu, Elena Gonzalez-Rey and Stephane Picot

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:106

    Content type: Review

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  6. Apoptosis is a precisely regulated process of cell death which occurs widely in multicellular organisms and is essential for normal development and immune defences. In recent years, interest has grown in the o...

    Authors: Laura C Pollitt, Nick Colegrave, Shahid M Khan, Mohammed Sajid and Sarah E Reece

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:105

    Content type: Review

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  7. The execution of the apoptotic death program in metazoans is characterized by a sequence of morphological and biochemical changes that include cell shrinkage, presentation of phosphatidylserine at the cell sur...

    Authors: Antonio Jiménez-Ruiz, Juan Fernando Alzate, Ewan Thomas MacLeod, Carsten Günter Kurt Lüder, Nicolas Fasel and Hilary Hurd

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:104

    Content type: Review

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  8. Tick parasitism is a major impediment for cattle production in many parts of the world. The southern cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, is an obligate hematophagous parasite of domestic and wild an...

    Authors: Danett K Brake, Stephen K Wikel, Jason P Tidwell and Adalberto A Pérez de León

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:103

    Content type: Research

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  9. Ticks act as vectors of many pathogens of domestic animals and humans. Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Europe is transmitted by the ixodid tick vector Ixodes ricinus. A. phagocytophilum causes a disease with diverse...

    Authors: Katja Strašek Smrdel, Mojca Serdt, Darja Duh, Nataša Knap and Tatjana Avšič Županc

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:102

    Content type: Short report

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  10. Cattle fever ticks, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus and R. (B.) annulatus, vector bovine and equine babesiosis, and have significantly expanded beyond the permanent quarantine zone established in South Texas....

    Authors: Jeanne M Freeman, Ronald B Davey, Lowell S Kappmeyer, Diane M Kammlah and Pia U Olafson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:101

    Content type: Research

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  11. The 6th Meeting of the Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF6) was held 1-3 June, 2010 in Seoul, Korea, with 150 participants from 38 countries. The year 2010 marks the midpoint between the fir...

    Authors: David Addiss

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:100

    Content type: Meeting report

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  12. Lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis are debilitating diseases caused by filarial nematodes. Disease pathogenesis is induced by inflammatory responses following the death of the parasite. Wolbachia endosymbion...

    Authors: Kelly L Johnston, Bo Wu, Ana Guimarães, Louise Ford, Barton E Slatko and Mark J Taylor

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:99

    Content type: Research

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  13. The rapid socio-economic development in Qatar in the last two decades has encouraged a mass influx of immigrant workers, the majority of whom originate from countries with low socio-economic levels, inadequate...

    Authors: Marawan A Abu-Madi, Jerzy M Behnke and Sanjay H Doiphode

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:98

    Content type: Research

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  14. Stunting and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections including ascariasis, trichuriasis and hookworm remain major public health problems in school-age pupils in developing countries. The objectives of this ...

    Authors: Yu Shang, Lin-Hua Tang, Shui-Sen Zhou, Ying-Dan Chen, Yi-Chao Yang and Shao-Xiong Lin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:97

    Content type: Research

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  15. One hundred and fifteen patients with symptoms suggestive of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) according to Rome III criteria and 209 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms different from IBS (control) were iden...

    Authors: Maria Elena Ramirez-Miranda, Rosaura Hernandez-Castellanos, Eduardo Lopez-Escamilla, David Moncada, Alfredo Rodriguez-Magallan, Carlos Pagaza-Melero, Alberto Gonzalez-Angulo, Ana Flisser, Simon Kawa-Karasik and Pablo Maravilla

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:96

    Content type: Short report

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  16. Densonucleosis viruses are the etiological agents of insect's disease. We have reported the isolation of densovirus from India and its distribution among the natural populations of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes across...

    Authors: Aruna Sivaram, Pradip V Barde, Mangesh D Gokhale, Dinesh K Singh and Devendra T Mourya

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:95

    Content type: Research

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  17. In visceral leishmaniasis (VL), phlebotomine vectors are the main target to reduce for control measures. An attempt has been taken to delineate the association between Phlebotomous argentipes and housing characte...

    Authors: Shreekant Kesari, Gouri Sankar Bhunia, Vijay Kumar, Algarswamy Jeyaram, Alok Ranjan and Pradeep Das

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:94

    Content type: Research

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  18. Studies on biting behaviours and infectivity status of insect vectors are pre-requisites in understanding the epidemiology of the vector- borne diseases and planning effective control measures. A longitudinal ...

    Authors: Monsuru A Adeleke, Chiedu F Mafiana, Sammy O Sam-Wobo, Ganiyu O Olatunde, Uwem F Ekpo, Olaoluwa P Akinwale and Laurent Toe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:93

    Content type: Research

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  19. Genetic modification of mosquitoes offers a promising strategy for the prevention and control of mosquito-borne diseases. For such a strategy to be effective, it is critically important that engineered strains...

    Authors: Constantianus JM Koenraadt, Matthias Kormaksson and Laura C Harrington

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:92

    Content type: Research

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  20. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are an important tool for controlling malaria. Much attention has been devoted to determine both the effect of LLINs on the reduction of Plasmodium infection rate and on cli...

    Authors: Benjamin G Koudou, Hala Ghattas, Clémence Essé, Christian Nsanzabana, Fabian Rohner, Jürg Utzinger, Brian E Faragher and Andres B Tschannen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:91

    Content type: Research

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  21. The Dicer and Argonaute(AGO) proteins within the small RNA regulatory pathways (SRRPs) play an indispensable role in regulation of gene expression. In this study, we analyzed two genes, Dicer and Argonaute, from

    Authors: Rong Luo, Xiangyang Xue, Zhangxun Wang, Jun Sun, Ying Zou and Weiqing Pan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:90

    Content type: Research

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  22. Commentary and discussion on a recent paper promoting the use of Nothobranchius guentheri, a small African annual fish from the Island of Zanzibar as a tool to control mosquito larvae in temporary bodies of fresh...

    Authors: Martin Reichard, Brian R Watters, Rudolf H Wildekamp, Rainer Sonnenberg, Béla Nagy, Matej Polačik, Stefano Valdesalici, Alessandro Cellerino, Barry J Cooper, Holger Hengstler, John Rosenstock and Ian Sainthouse

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:89

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  23. The resistance of Ae. aegypti to insecticides is already widespread and continues to develop. It represents a serious problem for programmes aimed at the control and prevention of dengue in tropical countries. In...

    Authors: Frédéric Darriet, Sébastien Marcombe, Manuel Etienne, André Yébakima, Philip Agnew, Marie-Michelle Yp-Tcha and Vincent Corbel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:88

    Content type: Research

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  24. Mosquito-borne diseases are still a major health risk in many developing countries, and the emergence of multi-insecticide-resistant mosquitoes is threatening the future of vector control. Therefore, new tools...

    Authors: Annabel FV Howard, Raphael N'Guessan, Constantianus JM Koenraadt, Alex Asidi, Marit Farenhorst, Martin Akogbéto, Matthew B Thomas, Bart GJ Knols and Willem Takken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:87

    Content type: Research

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  25. The recently developed Multiple Displacement Amplification technique (MDA) allows for the production of a large quantity of high quality genomic DNA from low amounts of the original DNA. The goal of this study...

    Authors: Daniel M Avelar and Pedro M Linardi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:86

    Content type: Short report

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  26. Two lymphatic filariasis endemic communities Mampong and Hwida in Ghana have been regularly monitored for impact on transmission after annual mass drug administration (MDA) with albendazole and ivermectin. Aft...

    Authors: Hilaria Amuzu, Michael D Wilson and Daniel A Boakye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:85

    Content type: Research

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  27. The control efforts on Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate snail host of Schistosoma japonicum, cannot be easily excluded from the integrated approach of schistosomiasis control in China. Application of chemic...

    Authors: Guo-Jing Yang, Wei Li, Le-Ping Sun, Feng Wu, Kun Yang, Yi-Xin Huang and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:84

    Content type: Research

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  28. To implement an Insecticide Resistance Management (IRM) strategy through a randomized controlled trial (phase III), 28 villages were selected in southern Benin. No recent entomological data being available in ...

    Authors: Armel Djènontin, Sahabi Bio-Bangana, Nicolas Moiroux, Marie-Claire Henry, Olayidé Bousari, Joseph Chabi, Razaki Ossè, Sébastien Koudénoukpo, Vincent Corbel, Martin Akogbéto and Fabrice Chandre

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:83

    Content type: Research

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  29. In East Africa, animal trypanosomiasis is caused by many tsetse transmitted protozoan parasites including Trypanosoma vivax, T. congolense and subspecies of T. brucei s.l. (T. b. brucei and zoonotic human infecti...

    Authors: Andrew P Cox, Olga Tosas, Aimee Tilley, Kim Picozzi, Paul Coleman, Geoff Hide and Susan C Welburn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:82

    Content type: Research

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  30. Mixing repellent and organophosphate (OP) insecticides to better control pyrethroid resistant mosquito vectors is a promising strategy developed for bed net impregnation. Here, we investigated the opportunity ...

    Authors: Cédric Pennetier, Joseph Chabi, Thibaud Martin, Fabrice Chandre, Christophe Rogier, Jean-Marc Hougard and Frédéric Pages

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:81

    Content type: Research

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  31. Entomopathogenic fungi, Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana, are promising bio-pesticides for application against adult malaria mosquito vectors. An understanding of the behavioural responses of mosquit...

    Authors: Ladslaus L Mnyone, Constantianus J M Koenraadt, Issa N Lyimo, Monica W Mpingwa, Willem Takken and Tanya L Russell

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:80

    Content type: Research

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  32. The ability of mosquitoes of the genus Aedes and its allies, such as Stegomyia, to transmit diseases such as dengue and yellow fever, makes them important in public health. This study aims to evaluate the use of ...

    Authors: Ary G Silva, Drielle L Almeida, Silas N Ronchi, Amarildo C Bento, Rodrigo Scherer, Alessandro C Ramos and Zilma M A Cruz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:79

    Content type: Research

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  33. A phlebotomine sand fly was noticed in the second floor of an old building in a highly urbanized area of southern Italy. A short-term entomological survey was carried out in the subsequent weeks to this event,...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres, Maria Stefania Latrofa and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:77

    Content type: Short report

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  34. Cats appear to be the primary reservoir host for Bartonella koehlerae, an alpha Proteobacteria that is most likely transmitted among cat populations by fleas (Ctenocephalides felis). Bartonella koehlerae has caus...

    Authors: Edward B Breitschwerdt, Ricardo G Maggi, B Robert Mozayeni, Barbara C Hegarty, Julie M Bradley and Patricia E Mascarelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:76

    Content type: Research

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  35. Odour baited resting boxes are simple, reliable and important tools for sampling malaria vector mosquitoes in surveillance and control programmes in different parts of Africa. To optimize the use of cow urine ...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, ,Beda J Mwang'onde and Aneth M Mahande

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:75

    Content type: Research

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  36. Insecticide use in public health and agriculture presents a dramatic adaptive challenge to target and non-target insect populations. The rapid development of genetically modulated resistance to insecticides is...

    Authors: Basil D Brooke and Lizette L Koekemoer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:74

    Content type: Review

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  37. The parasitic mite Varroa destructor is considered the major pest of the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) and responsible for declines in honey bee populations worldwide. Exploiting the full potential of gene ...

    Authors: Ewan M Campbell, Giles E Budge and Alan S Bowman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:73

    Content type: Research

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  38. An increasing knowledge of the global risk of malaria shows that the nations of the Americas have the lowest levels of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax endemicity worldwide, sustained, in part, by substantive i...

    Authors: Marianne E Sinka, Yasmin Rubio-Palis, Sylvie Manguin, Anand P Patil, Will H Temperley, Peter W Gething, Thomas Van Boeckel, Caroline W Kabaria, Ralph E Harbach and Simon I Hay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:72

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:210

  39. The Kato-Katz technique is widely used for the diagnosis of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in epidemiological surveys and is believed to be an inexpensive method. The FLOTAC technique shows a higher sensitivit...

    Authors: Benjamin Speich, Stefanie Knopp, Khalfan A Mohammed, I Simba Khamis, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, David Rollinson and Jürg Utzinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:71

    Content type: Research

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  40. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (sl), the causative agent of Lyme borreliosis, is transmitted by ticks of the genus Ixodes as vector. For identification of Borrelia infections in ticks a TaqMan™ minor groove bind...

    Authors: Christina Strube, Victor M Montenegro, Christian Epe, Elke Eckelt and Thomas Schnieder

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:69

    Content type: Research

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  41. Malaria in South Africa is primarily transmitted by Anopheles funestus Giles. Resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in An. funestus in northern Kwazulu/Natal, South Africa, and in neighbouring areas of southern M...

    Authors: O R Wood, S Hanrahan, M Coetzee, L L Koekemoer and B D Brooke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:67

    Content type: Research

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  42. Tick-borne Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia spp. are considered to be emerging human pathogens, but only limited data are available on their occurrence in Sweden. Two real-time PCR assays followed by nest...

    Authors: Kristofer Severinsson, Thomas G Jaenson, John Pettersson, Kerstin Falk and Kenneth Nilsson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:66

    Content type: Research

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  43. Insecticide treated plastic sheeting (ITPS), sometimes known as durable lining, has potential as a long-lasting insecticidal surface for malaria vector control when used as lining for interior walls and ceilings ...

    Authors: Fabrice Chandre, Roch K Dabire, Jean-Marc Hougard, Luc S Djogbenou, Seth R Irish, Mark Rowland and Raphael N'Guessan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:65

    Content type: Research

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  44. Intestinal schistosomiasis is often widespread among the populations living around Lake Victoria and on its islands. The Sesse Island group (containing some 84 islands), however, is typically assumed to be a l...

    Authors: Claire J Standley, Moses Adriko, Moses Arinaitwe, Aaron Atuhaire, Francis Kazibwe, Alan Fenwick, Narcis B Kabatereine and J Russell Stothard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:64

    Content type: Research

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  45. Hemoglobin is a rich source of biologically active peptides, some of which are potent antimicrobials (hemocidins). A few hemocidins have been purified from the midgut contents of ticks. Nonetheless, how antimi...

    Authors: Carlos E Cruz, Andréa C Fogaça, Ernesto S Nakayasu, Cláudia B Angeli, Rodrigo Belmonte, Igor C Almeida, Antônio Miranda, Maria Terêsa M Miranda, Aparecida S Tanaka, Glória R Braz, Charles S Craik, Eric Schneider, Conor R Caffrey and Sirlei Daffre

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:63

    Content type: Research

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  46. Expert opinion-derived disability weights are widely employed for estimating the global burden of diseases and injuries. For chronic diseases such as soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis, it has ...

    Authors: Kathrin Ziegelbauer, Peter Steinmann, Hui Zhou, Zun-Wei Du, Jin-Yong Jiang, Thomas Fürst, Tie-Wu Jia, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Jürg Utzinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:61

    Content type: Research

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