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  1. Genetic resistance against benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics is widespread in cyathostomins, the commonest group of intestinal parasitic nematodes of horses. Studies of BZ-resistant nematodes of sheep, particul...

    Authors: Sarah L Lake, Jacqueline B Matthews, Ray M Kaplan and Jane E Hodgkinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S6

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  2. Hookworm is still one of the three main soil-transmitted helminths prevalent in China, and 39 million cases infected with hookworm were estimated in China in 2006.

    Authors: Qi Zheng, Ying Chen, Hao-Bing Zhang, Jia-Xu Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:44

    Content type: Review

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  3. Hard ticks have been identified as important vectors of rickettsiae causing the spotted fever syndrome. Tick-borne rickettsiae are considered to be emerging, but only limited data are available about their pre...

    Authors: Hein Sprong, Peter R Wielinga, Manoj Fonville, Chantal Reusken, Afke H Brandenburg, Fred Borgsteede, Cor Gaasenbeek and Joke WB van der Giessen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:41

    Content type: Research

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  4. Severe side effects following ivermectin treatment of onchocerciasis in areas of co-endemicity with loaisis have been an impediment for the work of the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) in fo...

    Authors: Samuel Wanji, Nicholas Tendongfor, Theolbald Nji, Mathias Esum, Julious N Che, Armand Nkwescheu, Fifen Alassa, Geremy Kamnang, Peter A Enyong, Mark J Taylor, Achim Hoerauf and David W Taylor

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:39

    Content type: Research

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  5. Mass drug administration (MDA) is the emphasis of an ongoing global lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination program by the World Health Organization, in which the entire 'at risk' human population is treated ann...

    Authors: Corey L Brelsfoard, William St Clair and Stephen L Dobson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:38

    Content type: Research

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  6. Human infection by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium affects more than 50 million people worldwide, particularly in underdeveloped and developing countries. Cysticercosis which arises from larval encystation can be...

    Authors: Carolina R Almeida, Patricia H Stoco, Glauber Wagner, Thaís CM Sincero, Gianinna Rotava, Ethel Bayer-Santos, Juliana B Rodrigues, Maísa M Sperandio, Antônio AM Maia, Elida PB Ojopi, Arnaldo Zaha, Henrique B Ferreira, Kevin M Tyler, Alberto MR Dávila, Edmundo C Grisard and Emmanuel Dias-Neto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:35

    Content type: Research

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  7. Insects are exposed to a wide range of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses) and have interconnected powerful immune reactions. Although insects lack an acquired immune system they have well-...

    Authors: Eloi S Garcia, Daniele P Castro, Marcela B Figueiredo, Fernando A Genta and Patrícia Azambuja

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:33

    Content type: Review

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  8. A wide range of unicellular eukaryotes have now been shown to undergo a form of programmed cell death (PCD) that resembles apoptosis; exhibiting morphological and, in some cases, biochemical markers typical of...

    Authors: Shashini C Arambage, Karen M Grant, Ian Pardo, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright and Hilary Hurd

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:32

    Content type: Research

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  9. Since its discovery, HIV/AIDS has arguably captured more attention among the Chinese biomedical research community than most other infectious diseases. Traditional parasitic diseases, on the other hand, are pe...

    Authors: Li-Guang Tian, Peter Steinmann, Jia-Xu Chen, Shao-Hong Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:31

    Content type: Research

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  10. Triatoma infestans is the main vector of Chagas disease in the Gran Chaco region of South America. The traditional spraying technique used for the application of pyrethroid insecticides has shown low efficiency i...

    Authors: Ivana Amelotti, Silvia S Catalá and David E Gorla

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:30

    Content type: Research

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  11. The study aims to determine the role of domestic dogs in transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in eastern Sudan. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 10 villages along the River Rahad in eastern Sudan to...

    Authors: Mo'awia M Hassan, Omran F Osman, Fathi MA El-Raba'a, Henk DFH Schallig and Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:26

    Content type: Research

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  12. Phlebotomine sandflies are the vectors of etiological agents of leishmaniases in several areas of the world. In the Neotropical Region, the biodiversity of these insects is more than other regions, probably du...

    Authors: José Dilermando Andrade Filho, Paula Cavalcante Lamy Serra e Meira, Cristiani de Castilho Sanguinette and Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:25

    Content type: Research

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  13. Habitat fragmentation may result in the reduction of diversity of parasite communities by affecting population size and dispersal pattern of species. In the flood plain of the Yangtze River in China, many lake...

    Authors: Wen X Li, Pin Nie, Gui T Wang and Wei J Yao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:22

    Content type: Research

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  14. Third-stage infective larvae (L3) of hookworms are in an obligatory state of developmental arrest that ends upon entering the definitive host, where they receive a signal that re-activates development. Recover...

    Authors: Joshua E Kiss, Xin Gao, Joseph M Krepp and John M Hawdon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:21

    Content type: Research

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  15. The control of onchocerciasis in the African region is currently based mainly on the mass drug administration of ivermectin. Whilst this has been found to limit morbidity, it does not stop transmission. In the...

    Authors: Daniel A Boakye, Eric Fokam, Anita Ghansah, Josef Amakye, Michael D Wilson and Charles A Brown

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:20

    Content type: Research

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  16. Anopheles gambiae plant-sugar feeding was thought to be rare and physiologically optional. Unlike adult females, males have no alternative source of energy and soon die with only water, yet they might be competen...

    Authors: Richard E Gary Jr, James W Cannon III and Woodbridge A Foster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:19

    Content type: Research

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  17. Schistosoma mansoni uses Biomphalaria glabrata as an intermediate host during its complex life cycle. In the snail, the parasite initially transforms from a miracidium into a mother sporocyst and during this proc...

    Authors: Zahida Zahoor, Angela J Davies, Ruth S Kirk, David Rollinson and Anthony J Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:18

    Content type: Research

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  18. Rickettsia felis is an obligate intracellular bacterium belonging to the spotted fever group, suspected to cause a murine typhus-like illness in humans, with a cosmopolitan distribution. This study was designed t...

    Authors: Gioia Capelli, Fabrizio Montarsi, Elena Porcellato, Giulia Maioli, Carmelo Furnari, Laura Rinaldi, Gaetano Oliva and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 1):S8

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  19. With the spread of pyrethroid resistance in mosquitoes, the combination of an insecticide (carbamate or organophosphate) with a repellent (DEET) is considered as a promising alternative strategy for the treatm...

    Authors: Julien Bonnet, Cédric Pennetier, Stéphane Duchon, Bruno Lapied and Vincent Corbel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:17

    Content type: Research

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  20. The extinction of species across the globe is accelerating, directly or indirectly due to human activities. Biological impoverishment, habitat fragmentation, climate change, increasing toxification, and the ra...

    Authors: A Alonso Aguirre

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  21. Canine leishmaniosis is a severe systemic disease caused by the kinetoplastid protozoan Leishmania infantum, an obligatory intracellular parasite of mammalian macrophages, transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine ...

    Authors: Valentina Foglia Manzillo, Rosa Paparcone, Silvia Cappiello, Roberta De Santo, Paolo Bianciardi and Gaetano Oliva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  22. Canine hepatozoonosis is caused by Hepatozoon canis and Hepatozoon americanum, apicomplexan parasites transmitted to dogs by ingestion of infectious stages. Although the two agents are phylogenetically related, s...

    Authors: Susan E Little, Kelly E Allen, Eileen M Johnson, Roger J Panciera, Mason V Reichard and Sidney A Ewing

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  23. Bartonella spp. are important pathogens in human and veterinary medicine, and bartonellosis is considered as an emerging zoonosis that is being reported with increasing frequency. Of 22 known species and subspeci...

    Authors: Edward B Breitschwerdt and Ricardo G Maggi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  24. Ecological and climatic changes, human and animal population dynamics are among the several factors that have favoured the spread or the (re)introduction and establishment of "novel" vector species and pathoge...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto, Gioia Capelli and Claudio Genchi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  25. Canine leishmaniosis is widespread in South America, where a number of Leishmania species have been isolated or molecularly characterised from dogs. Most cases of canine leishmaniosis are caused by Leishmania inf...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  26. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the basic biology behind transmission of zoonotic infectious diseases harbored by arthropod vectors these diseases remain threatening public health concerns. For...

    Authors: Hiroka Aonuma, Aya Yoshimura, Namal Perera, Naoaki Shinzawa, Hironori Bando, Sugao Oshiro, Bryce Nelson, Shinya Fukumoto and Hirotaka Kanuka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. This case reports the efficacy of metaflumizone plus amitraz spot-on formulation (ProMeris Duo®; Fort Dodge) against generalized demodectic mange. A two year-old male dog presented at clinical examination with po...

    Authors: Viviana D Tarallo, Riccardo P Lia, Mariateresa Sasanelli, Claudia Cafarchia and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:13

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  28. The remarkable mutualistic associations between termites and protists are in large part responsible for the evolutionary success of these eusocial insects. It is unknown when this symbiosis was first establish...

    Authors: George O Poinar Jr

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Ascaris lumbricoides exhibits density-dependent egg production, a process which has a marked impact on both the transmission dynamics and the stability of the parasite population. Evidence suggests that the egg p...

    Authors: Martin Walker, Andrew Hall, Roy M Anderson and María-Gloria Basáñez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:11

    Content type: Research

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  30. The 1st International Symposium on Geospatial Health was convened in Lijiang, Yunnan province, People's Republic of China from 8 to 9 September, 2007. The objective was to review progress made with the applicatio...

    Authors: Xiao-Nong Zhou, Shan Lv, Guo-Jing Yang, Thomas K Kristensen, N Robert Bergquist, Jürg Utzinger and John B Malone

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:10

    Content type: Meeting report

    Published on:

  31. The triatomine bugs are vectors of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. Aggregation behavior plays an important role in their survival by facilitating the location of r...

    Authors: Alicia N Lorenzo Figueiras, Juan R Girotti, Sergio J Mijailovsky and M Patricia Juárez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Since 1987 onchocerciasis control has relied on the donation of ivermectin (Mectizan®, Merck & Co., Inc.) through the Mectizan Donation Programme. Recently, concern has been raised over the appearance of suboptim...

    Authors: Mark J Taylor, Kwablah Awadzi, María-Gloria Basáñez, Nana Biritwum, Daniel Boakye, Boakye Boatin, Moses Bockarie, Thomas S Churcher, Alex Debrah, Geoffrey Edwards, Achim Hoerauf, Sabine Mand, Graham Matthews, Mike Osei-Atweneboana, Roger K Prichard, Samuel Wanji…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:7

    Content type: Meeting report

    Published on:

  33. Little information is available on the immunological aspect of parasitic Gasterophilus intestinalis (Diptera, Oestridae) larvae causing horse gastric myiasis. The objectives of this research were to analyze the p...

    Authors: Liselore Roelfstra, Cornelia A Deeg, Stefanie M Hauck, Christina Buse, Mathieu Membrez, Bruno Betschart and Kurt Pfister

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on: