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  1. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel strategy which amplifies DNA with high sensitivity and rapidity under isothermal conditions. In the present study, the performance of the repetitive ins...

    Authors: Boniface Namangala, Lottie Hachaambwa, Kiichi Kajino, Aaron S Mweene, Kyouko Hayashida, Martin Simuunza, Humphrey Simukoko, Kennedy Choongo, Pamela Chansa, Shabir Lakhi, Ladslav Moonga, Amos Chota, Joseph Ndebe, Mutale Nsakashalo-Senkwe, Elizabeth Chizema, Lackson Kasonka…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:282

    Content type: Short report

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  2. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) remains as one of the most neglected tropical diseases with over 60% of the world’s total VL cases occurring in the Indian subcontinent. Due to the invasive risky procedure and tech...

    Authors: Md Gulam Musawwir Khan, Khondaker Rifat Hasan Bhaskar, Md Abdus Salam, Tania Akther, Gerd Pluschke and Dinesh Mondal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:280

    Content type: Research

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  3. Toxoplasma gondii is a highly prevalent protozoan parasite infecting a wide range of animals and humans. The epidemiological and biological diversity of T. gondii has resulted in a high genetic variation and unus...

    Authors: Jia Chen, Zhong-Yuan Li, Dong-Hui Zhou, Guo-Hua Liu and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:279

    Content type: Research

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  4. Intestinal schistosomiasis continues to be a significant cause of morbidity among communities located around Lake Victoria and on its islands. Although epidemiological surveys have been conducted in other area...

    Authors: Maurice R Odiere, Fredrick O Rawago, Maurice Ombok, William Evan Secor, Diana MS Karanja, Pauline NM Mwinzi, Patrick J Lammie and Kimberly Won

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:278

    Content type: Research

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  5. Essential oils are currently studied for the control of different disease vectors, because of their efficacy on targeted organisms. In the present investigation, the larvicidal potential of essential oil extra...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Annadurai Senthilkumar and Venugopalan Venkatesalu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:277

    Content type: Short report

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  6. In Tanzania, the first cases of schistosomiasis were reported in the early 19th century. Since then, various studies have reported prevalences of up to 100% in some areas. However, for many years, there have b...

    Authors: Humphrey D Mazigo, Fred Nuwaha, Safari M Kinung’hi, Domenica Morona, Angela Pinot de Moira, Shona Wilson, Jorg Heukelbach and David W Dunne

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:274

    Content type: Review

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  7. Toxoplasmosis, caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, has been a serious clinical and veterinary problem. Effective DNA vaccines against T. gondii can prevent and control the sp...

    Authors: Min Meng, Shenyi He, Guanghui Zhao, Yang Bai, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong, Gang Lu, Qunli Zhao and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:273

    Content type: Research

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  8. Since the World Health Assembly’s (Resolution WHA 50.29, 1997) call for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis by the year 2020, most of the endemic countries identified have established programmes to meet th...

    Authors: Gilberto Fontes, Anderson Brandão Leite, Ana Rachel Vasconcelos de Lima, Helen Freitas, John Patrick Ehrenberg and Eliana Maria Mauricio da Rocha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:272

    Content type: Review

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  9. Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii and at least one-third of the world’s population has detectable T. gondii antibodies. The seroprevalence of T.gondii ranges from 15% to 50% among the Mexican...

    Authors: Ma de la Luz Galvan-Ramirez, Rogelio Troyo, Sonia Roman, Carlos Calvillo-Sanchez and Rosamaria Bernal-Redondo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:271

    Content type: Research

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  10. Culicoides imicola KIEFFER, 1913 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is the principal vector of Bluetongue disease in the Mediterranean basin, Africa and Asia. Previous studies have identified a range of eco-climatic vari...

    Authors: Thibaud Rigot, Annamaria Conte, Maria Goffredo, Els Ducheyne, Guy Hendrickx and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:270

    Content type: Research

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  11. Dengue, chikungunya, malaria, filariasis and Japanese encephalitis are common mosquito-borne diseases endemic to Sri Lanka. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, the major vectors of dengue, were recently shown to ...

    Authors: Pavilupillai J Jude, Tharmatha Tharmasegaram, Gobika Sivasubramaniyam, Meena Senthilnanthanan, Selvam Kannathasan, Selvarajah Raveendran, Ranjan Ramasamy and Sinnathamby N Surendran

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:269

    Content type: Research

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  12. During the last decades, population densities of Ixodes ricinus and prevalences of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. have increased in different regions in Europe. In the present study, we determined tick abundance and t...

    Authors: Alexandra Schwarz, Václav Hönig, Zuzana Vavrušková, Libor Grubhoffer, Carsten Balczun, Antje Albring and Günter A Schaub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:268

    Content type: Research

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  13. Ticks are among the most important vectors of zoonotic diseases in temperate regions of Europe, with widespread distribution and high densities, posing an important medical risk. Most ticks feed on a variety o...

    Authors: Andrei D Mihalca, Mirabela O Dumitrache, Attila D Sándor, Cristian Magdaş, Miruna Oltean, Adriana Györke, Ioana A Matei, Angela Ionică, Gianluca D’Amico, Vasile Cozma and Călin M Gherman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:266

    Content type: Research

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  14. Parasitic diseases can represent a social and economic problem among disadvantaged people - even in developed countries. Due to the limited data available concerning Europe, the aims of the present study were ...

    Authors: Laura Manganelli, Federica Berrilli, David Di Cave, Lucia Ercoli, Gioia Capelli, Domenico Otranto and Annunziata Giangaspero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:265

    Content type: Short report

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  15. Arthropod-borne viral infections cause several emerging and resurging infectious diseases. Among the diseases caused by arboviruses, chikungunya is responsible for a high level of severe human disease worldwid...

    Authors: Stephane Tchankouo-Nguetcheu, Edouard Bourguet, Pascal Lenormand, Jean-Claude Rousselle, Abdelkader Namane and Valerie Choumet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:264

    Content type: Research

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  16. An in vitro artificial feeding technique for hard ticks is quite useful for studying the tick-pathogen interactions. Here, we report a novel semi-artificial feeding technique for the adult parthenogenetic tick, H...

    Authors: Takeshi Hatta, Takeharu Miyoshi, Makoto Matsubayashi, Md Khyrul Islam, M Abdul Alim, Anisuzzaman, Kayoko Yamaji, Kozo Fujisaki and Naotoshi Tsuji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:263

    Content type: Short report

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  17. In many parts of Africa as in Benin, the main strategies of vector control are based on the scaling-up of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). The need to understa...

    Authors: Gil Germain Padonou, Ghelus Gbedjissi, Anges Yadouleton, Roseric Azondekon, Ossé Razack, Olivier Oussou, Virgile Gnanguenon, Aikpon Rock, Michel Sezonlin and Martin Akogbeto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:262

    Content type: Research

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  18. Kinins liberated from plasma–borne kininogens, are potent innate stimulatory signals. We evaluated whether resistance to infection by Leishmania (L.) chagasi depends on activation of G-protein coupled bradykinin ...

    Authors: Dirlei Nico, Daniel Ferreira Feijó, Naiara Maran, Alexandre Morrot, Julio Scharfstein, Marcos Palatnik and Clarisa Beatriz Palatnik-de-Sousa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:261

    Content type: Short report

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  19. The application of chemical molluscicides is still one of the most effective measures for schistosomiasis control in P. R. China. By applying diverse molluscicide treatment scenarios on different snail densiti...

    Authors: Guo-Jing Yang, Le-Ping Sun, Qing-Biao Hong, Hong-Ru Zhu, Kun Yang, Qi Gao and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:260

    Content type: Research

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  20. Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is targeted for elimination by the Global Programme for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF). The strategy adopted is based on the density dependent phenomenon of Facilitat...

    Authors: Dziedzom K de Souza, Benjamin Koudou, Louise A Kelly-Hope, Michael D Wilson, Moses J Bockarie and Daniel A Boakye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:259

    Content type: Review

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  21. Dirofilaria immitis and Angiostrongylus vasorum are both important potentially fatal canine nematodes with overlapping endemic areas, especially in Europe. The preadult and adult stages of both species are living...

    Authors: Manuela Schnyder and Peter Deplazes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:258

    Content type: Research

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  22. Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii is a primary vector of Plasmodium parasites in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. Adult females of An. cruzii and An. homunculus, which is a secondary malaria vector, are morphologically simil...

    Authors: Camila Lorenz, Tatiani Cristina Marques, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum and Lincoln Suesdek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:257

    Content type: Research

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  23. Theileriosis, caused by Theileria parva, is an economically important disease in Africa. It is a major constraint to the development of the livestock industry in some parts of eastern, central and southern Africa...

    Authors: Walter Muleya, Boniface Namangala, Martin Simuunza, Ryo Nakao, Noboru Inoue, Takashi Kimura, Kimihito Ito, Chihiro Sugimoto and Hirofumi Sawa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:255

    Content type: Research

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  24. Cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) is induced in nature by Wolbachia bacteria, resulting in conditional male sterility. Previous research demonstrated that the two Wolbachia strains (w AlbA and w AlbB) that natural...

    Authors: Maurizio Calvitti, Riccardo Moretti, Amanda R Skidmore and Stephen L Dobson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:254

    Content type: Research

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  25. Malaria is endemic with year-round transmission on Bioko Island. The Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) started in 2004 with the aim to reduce malaria transmission and to ultimately eliminate malaria...

    Authors: Hans J Overgaard, Vamsi P Reddy, Simon Abaga, Abrahan Matias, Michael R Reddy, Vani Kulkarni, Christopher Schwabe, Luis Segura, Immo Kleinschmidt and Michel A Slotman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:253

    Content type: Research

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  26. Malaria parasites actively proliferate in the body of their vertebrate and insect hosts, and are subjected to the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species. The antioxidant defenses of malaria parasites are con...

    Authors: Hirono Masuda-Suganuma, Miho Usui, Shinya Fukumoto, Noboru Inoue and Shin-ichiro Kawazu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:252

    Content type: Short report

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  27. The deer ked (Lipoptena cervi), a hematophagous ectoparasite of Cervids, is currently spreading in Scandinavia. In Norway, keds are now invading the south-eastern part of the country and the abundant and widely d...

    Authors: Knut Madslien, Bjørnar Ytrehus, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Erling J Solberg, Kent Rudi Bråten and Atle Mysterud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:251

    Content type: Research

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  28. Anopheles daciae, a newly described member of the Maculipennis group, was recently reported from western, southern and eastern Europe. Before its recognition, it had commonly been listed under the name of An. mes...

    Authors: Mandy Kronefeld, Marko Dittmann, Dorothee Zielke, Doreen Werner and Helge Kampen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:250

    Content type: Research

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  29. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Sudan. It is caused by Leishmania major parasites and transmitted by Phlebotomus papatasi sandflies. Recently, uncommon clinical manifestations of CL have been reported....

    Authors: Noteila M Khalid, Marium A Aboud, Fathi M Alrabba, Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem and Frederic Tripet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:249

    Content type: Research

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  30. The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis can cause eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans. This nematode’s main definitive hosts are rodents and its intermediate hosts are snails. This parasite was first ...

    Authors: Tainá C C Monte, Raquel O Simões, Ana Paula M Oliveira, Clodoaldo F Novaes, Silvana C Thiengo, Alexandre J Silva, Pedro C Estrela and Arnaldo Maldonado Júnior

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:248

    Content type: Research

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  31. Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus is currently one of the most notorious globally invasive mosquito species. Its medical importance is well documented, and its fast expansion throughout most continents is being monito...

    Authors: Laurent Guillaumot, Reynold Ofanoa, Lucien Swillen, Narendra Singh, Hervé C Bossin and Francis Schaffner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:247

    Content type: Short report

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  32. Culicoides biting midges are incriminated as biological vectors of a number of viruses, e.g. bluetongue virus. In order to define vector-free periods/areas and to assess the vectorial role of the various Culicoid...

    Authors: Christian Kaufmann, Irene C Steinmann, Daniel Hegglin, Francis Schaffner and Alexander Mathis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:246

    Content type: Research

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  33. An examination of the Companion Animal Parasite Council’s (CAPC) canine heartworm data to clarify the spatial prevalence of heartworm in the United States. Factors thought to influence the spatial risk of dise...

    Authors: Heidi E Brown, Laura C Harrington, Phillip E Kaufman, Tanja McKay, Dwight D Bowman, C Thomas Nelson, Dongmei Wang and Robert Lund

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:245

    Content type: Meeting report

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  34. The eel parasitic nematodes Anguillicola crassus (originating from Asia) and Anguillicola novaezelandiae (originating from New Zealand) were both introduced to Europe, but occurred in sympatry only in Lake Bracci...

    Authors: Daniel S Grabner, Kerstin C Dangel and Bernd Sures

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:244

    Content type: Short report

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  35. Dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) represent a global challenge in public health. It is estimated that 50 to 100 million infections occur each year causing approximately 20,000 deaths that ar...

    Authors: Vincent Raquin, Martin Wannagat, Karima Zouache, Catherine Legras-Lachuer, Claire Valiente Moro and Patrick Mavingui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:243

    Content type: Research

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  36. Onchocerca cervipedis is a filarioid nematode of cervids reported from Central America to boreal regions of North America. It is found primarily in subcutaneous tissues of the legs, and is more commonly known as ...

    Authors: Guilherme G Verocai, Manigandan Lejeune, Kimberlee B Beckmen, Cyntia K Kashivakura, Alasdair M Veitch, Richard A Popko, Carmen Fuentealba, Eric P Hoberg and Susan J Kutz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:242

    Content type: Research

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  37. Dictyocaulus species are strongylid nematodes of major veterinary significance in ruminants, such as cattle and cervids, and cause serious bronchitis or pneumonia (dictyocaulosis or “husk”). There has been ongoin...

    Authors: Robin B Gasser, Abdul Jabbar, Namitha Mohandas, Johan Höglund, Ross S Hall, D Timothy J Littlewood and Aaron R Jex

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:241

    Content type: Research

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  38. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of chronic parasitic diseases and related conditions that are the most common diseases among the 2·7 billion people globally living on less than US$2 per day. In ...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Kadu Meribo, Teshome Gebre, Asrat Hailu, Ahmed Ali, Abraham Aseffa and Gail Davey

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:240

    Content type: Review

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  39. This review explores some of the reasons why food webs seem to contain relatively few parasite species when compared to the full diversity of free living species in the system. At present, there are few cohere...

    Authors: Michael VK Sukhdeo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:239

    Content type: Review

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  40. Two concomitant dengue 3 (DEN-3) epidemics occurred in Cape Verde Archipelago and Senegal between September and October 2009. Aedes aegypti was identified as the vector of these epidemics as several DEN-3 virus s...

    Authors: Ibrahima Dia, Cheikh Tidiane Diagne, Yamar Ba, Diawo Diallo, Lassana Konate and Mawlouth Diallo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:238

    Content type: Short report

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  41. In recent years, investigations of Toxoplasma gondii infection in poultry (chickens, ducks, and geese) have been reported worldwide, including China. However, little is known about the prevalence of T. gondii inf...

    Authors: Na Yang, Ming-Yang Mu, Hong-Kui Li, Miao Long and Jian-Bin He

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:237

    Content type: Research

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  42. Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is a vector of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) serotypes 1 and 2 in North America, where these viruses are well-known pathogens of white-tailed deer (WT...

    Authors: Mark G Ruder, Elizabeth W Howerth, David E Stallknecht, Andrew B Allison, Deborah L Carter, Barbara S Drolet, Eyal Klement and Daniel G Mead

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:236

    Content type: Research

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  43. Sugar feeding is critical for survival of malaria vectors and, although discriminative plant feeding previously has been shown to occur in Anopheles gambiae s.s., little is known about the cues mediating attracti...

    Authors: Vincent O Nyasembe, Peter EA Teal, Wolfgang R Mukabana, James H Tumlinson and Baldwyn Torto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:234

    Content type: Research

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  44. Irrigated vegetable farms within the city of Kumasi, Ghana, create hotspots for the breeding of malaria vectors, which could lead to high transmission of malaria. This study investigated the abundance and prod...

    Authors: Yaw A Afrane, Bernard W Lawson, Ruth Brenya, Thomas Kruppa and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:233

    Content type: Research

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  45. Since 2007 Sierra Leone has conducted mass drug administration (MDA) for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) implemented by unpaid community health volunteers (CHVs). Other health campaigns such as Mo...

    Authors: Mary H Hodges, Mustapha Sonnie, Hamid Turay, Abdulai Conteh, Florence MacCarthy and Santigie Sesay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:232

    Content type: Research

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times. Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.