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  1. West Nile virus (WNV) infection is an emerging zoonotic disease caused by an RNA virus of the genus Flavivirus. WNV is preserved in the environment through cyclic transmission, with mosquitoes, particularly Culex

    Authors: Suria Marlina, Siti Fatimah Muhd Radzi, Rafidah Lani, Khor Chee Sieng, Nurul Farhana Abdul Rahim, Habibi Hassan, Chang Li-Yen, Sazaly AbuBakar and Keivan Zandi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:597
  2. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also called Kala Azar (KA) or black fever in India, claims around 20,000 lives every year. Chemotherapy remains one of the most important tools in the control of VL. Current chemot...

    Authors: Neeloo Singh, Mitali Chatterjee and Shyam Sundar
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:596
  3. Most alphaviruses are arthropod-borne and utilize mosquitoes as vectors for transmission to susceptible vertebrate hosts. This ability to infect both mosquitoes and vertebrates is essential for maintenance of ...

    Authors: Farooq Nasar, Andrew D Haddow, Robert B Tesh and Scott C Weaver
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:595
  4. Phlebotomus orientalis feeds on a variety of wild and domestic animals and transmits Leishmania donovani from hitherto unknown reservoir hosts to humans in extra-domestic habitats in the Metema - Humera lowlands....

    Authors: Wossenseged Lemma, Habte Tekie, Ibrahim Abassi, Meshesha Balkew, Teshome Gebre-Michael, Alon Warburg and Asrat Hailu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:594
  5. Synanthropic rats and mice share the same environment with humans and play an important role in epidemiology of toxoplasmosis; however, there is limited information about prevalence and genetic characterizatio...

    Authors: Chao Yan, Li-Jun Liang, Bei-Bei Zhang, Zhi-Long Lou, Hui-Feng Zhang, Xuan Shen, Yu-Qing Wu, Zi-Mu Wang, Ren-Xian Tang, Lin-Lin Fu and Kui-Yang Zheng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:591
  6. Natural infection with a species of Angiostrongylus has been reported only once in wildcats from central Italy by Biocca in 1957. The causative species of this infection was identified as Angiostrongylus chabaudi

    Authors: Antonio Varcasia, Claudia Tamponi, Emanuele Brianti, Piera Angela Cabras, Roberta Boi, Anna Paola Pipia, Alessio Giannelli, Domenico Otranto and Antonio Scala
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:588
  7. Varestrongylus alces, a lungworm in Eurasian moose from Europe has been considered a junior synonym of Varestrongylus capreoli, in European roe deer, due to a poorly detailed morphological description and the abs...

    Authors: Guilherme G Verocai, Eric P Hoberg, Turid Vikøren, Kjell Handeland, Bjørnar Ytrehus, Andrew M Rezansoff, Rebecca K Davidson, John S Gilleard and Susan J Kutz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:557
  8. A putative new species of Varestrongylus has been recently recognized in wild North American ungulates based on the ITS-2 sequences of larvae isolated from feces during a wide geographic survey. No taxonomic desc...

    Authors: Guilherme G Verocai, Susan J Kutz, Manon Simard and Eric P Hoberg
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:556
  9. Co-infection with S. mansoni and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) has been described in sub-Saharan Africa. However, few community-based studies have been conducted to assess the association between the two...

    Authors: Humphrey D Mazigo, David W Dunne, Shona Wilson, Safari M Kinung’hi, Angela Pinot de Moira, Frances M Jones, Domenica Morona and Fred Nuwaha
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:587
  10. In Brazil, the autochthonous transmission of extra-Amazonian malaria occurs mainly in areas of the southeastern coastal Atlantic Forest, where Anopheles cruzii is the primary vector. In these locations, the popul...

    Authors: Camila Lorenz, Tatiani Cristina Marques, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum and Lincoln Suesdek
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:581
  11. In 2011, a variant of West Nile virus Kunjin strain (WNVKUN) caused an unprecedented epidemic of neurological disease in horses in southeast Australia, resulting in almost 1,000 cases and a 9% fatality rate. We i...

    Authors: Andrew F van den Hurk, Sonja Hall-Mendelin, Cameron E Webb, Cindy S E Tan, Francesca D Frentiu, Natalie A Prow and Roy A Hall
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:586
  12. Strongyloides stercoralis can undergo an alternative autoinfective life cycle in the host, which, in some individuals can lead to a lethal infection. However, due to a number of factors, such as, the majority of ...

    Authors: Vitor Luís Tenório Mati, Pedro Raso and Alan Lane de Melo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:579
  13. Phlebotomine sandflies are vectors of several pathogens with significant impact for public health. This study was conducted to investigate and characterize phlebovirus and Leishmania infections in vector sandflie...

    Authors: Koray Ergunay, Ozge Erisoz Kasap, Serra Orsten, Kerem Oter, Filiz Gunay, Ayse Zeynep Akkutay Yoldar, Ender Dincer, Bulent Alten and Aykut Ozkul
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:575
  14. Replication factor A (RPA) is a single-strand DNA binding protein involved in DNA replication, recombination and repair processes. It is composed by the subunits RPA-1, RPA-2 and RPA-3; the major DNA-binding a...

    Authors: Paola A Nocua, Cesar A Ramirez, George E Barreto, Janneth González, José M Requena and Concepción J Puerta
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:573
  15. Taxonomy that utilizes morphological characteristics has been the gold standard method to identify mosquito species. However, morphological identification is challenging when the expertise is limited and exter...

    Authors: Abigail Chan, Lee-Pei Chiang, Hapuarachchige C Hapuarachchi, Cheong-Huat Tan, Sook-Cheng Pang, Ruth Lee, Kim-Sung Lee, Lee-Ching Ng and Sai-Gek Lam-Phua
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:569
  16. Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, causes a disease called toxoplasmosis which can sometimes be acquired congenitally by a newborn from an infected mother. This study aimed to determ...

    Authors: Hemah Andiappan, Veeranoot Nissapatorn, Nongyao Sawangjaroen, Myat Htut Nyunt, Yee-Ling Lau, Si Lay Khaing, Khin Myo Aye, Nan Cho Nwe Mon, Tian-Chye Tan, Thulasi Kumar, Subashini Onichandran and Noor Azmi bin Mat Adenan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:564
  17. Freshwater snails are intermediate hosts for a number of trematodes of which some are of medical and veterinary importance. The trematodes rely on specific species of snails to complete their life cycle; hence...

    Authors: Ulrik B Pedersen, Martin Stendel, Nicholas Midzi, Takafira Mduluza, White Soko, Anna-Sofie Stensgaard, Birgitte J Vennervald, Samson Mukaratirwa and Thomas K Kristensen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:536
  18. Dengue fever (DF) is the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral disease affecting humans. The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed a revised classification in 2009 to enable the more effective identification...

    Authors: Jorge O Pozo-Aguilar, Verónica Monroy-Martínez, Daniel Díaz, Jacqueline Barrios-Palacios, Celso Ramos, Armando Ulloa-García, Janet García-Pillado and Blanca H Ruiz-Ordaz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:590
  19. Anopheles sinensis is one of the most important malaria vectors in Asian countries. The rapid spread of insecticide resistance has become a major obstacle for insecticide-based strategies for vector control. Ther...

    Authors: Guoding Zhu, Huayun Zhou, Julin Li, Jianxia Tang, Liang Bai, Weiming Wang, Yaping Gu, Yaobao Liu, Feng Lu, Yuanyuan Cao, Chao Zhang, Sui Xu, Jun Cao and Qi Gao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:582
  20. Despite the expanding worldwide distribution of Aedes albopictu s and its increasing relevance as arboviral vector, current methods to collect adult specimens are not optimal. Improved approaches are thus needed ...

    Authors: Marco Pombi, Frans Jacobs, Niels O Verhulst, Beniamino Caputo, Alessandra della Torre and Willem Takken
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:580
  21. The increased incidence of Lyme disease in Europe necessitates permanent monitoring of the occurrence and activity of its vector. Therefore, in this study, we have investigated the presence and seasonal activi...

    Authors: Alicja Buczek, Dariusz Ciura, Katarzyna Bartosik, Zbigniew Zając and Joanna Kulisz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:562
  22. Cystic echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic infection worldwide caused by metacestodes of Echinococcus gruanulosus. Mebendazole and albendazole are the only two drugs used in the treatment of this disease with cu...

    Authors: Cong-Shan Liu, Hao-Bing Zhang, Wen Lei, Chao-Wei Zhang, Bin Jiang, Qi Zheng, Jian-Hai Yin and Xiu-Min Han
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:589
  23. Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by the apicomplexan Besnoitia besnoiti, is a chronic and debilitating disease considered as emerging in Europe. In Spain, Portugal and France it is endemic and foci of infection were r...

    Authors: Alessia L Gazzonis, Gema Alvarez Garcia, Sergio A Zanzani, Giovanni Garippa, Luca Rossi, Marco Maggiora, Valter Dini, Anna Invernizzi, Mario Luini, Vito M Tranquillo, Luis Ortega Mora and Maria Teresa Manfredi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:585
  24. A new species of Ehrlichia, phylogenetically distant from E. ruminantium, was found in 2010 infecting cattle in Canada. In 2012 and 2013, we reported the in vitro propagation, molecular and ultrastructural charac...

    Authors: Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, James J Valdés and José de la Fuente
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:584
  25. Marching towards the elimination of schistosomiasis in China, both the incidence and prevalence have witnessed profound decline over the past decades, with the strategy shifting from morbidity control to trans...

    Authors: Feng-hua Gao, Eniola Michael Abe, Shi-zhu Li, Li-juan Zhang, Jia-Chang He, Shi-qing Zhang, Tian-ping Wang, Xiao-nong Zhou and Jing Gao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:578
  26. Phlebotomus papatasi vectors zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. Previous expression of recombinant P. papatasi acetylcholinesterase (PpAChE1) revealed 85% amino acid sequence identity to mosquito AChE and identifi...

    Authors: Kevin B Temeyer, Fan Tong, Maxim M Totrov, Alexander P Tuckow, Qiao-hong Chen, Paul R Carlier, Adalberto A Pérez de León and Jeffrey R Bloomquist
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:577
  27. Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite capable of infecting all warm-blooded animals. Humans can become infected by ingesting infective oocysts from the environment or contaminated ...

    Authors: Clare M Hamilton, Frank Katzer, Amy Beierschmitt, Esteban Soto, Elisabeth A Innes and Patrick J Kelly
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:571
  28. Schistosomiasis remains an important public health problem that undermines social and economic development in tropical regions of the world, mainly Sub-Saharan Africa. We are not aware of any systematic review...

    Authors: Peter Makaula, John R Sadalaki, Adamson S Muula, Sekeleghe Kayuni, Samuel Jemu and Paul Bloch
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:570
  29. Blood parasites of the genus Karyolysus Labbé, 1894 (Apicomplexa: Adeleida: Karyolysidae) represent the protozoan haemogregarines found in various genera of lizards, including Lacerta, Podarcis, Darevskia (Lacert...

    Authors: Božena Haklová-Kočíková, Adriana Hižňanová, Igor Majláth, Karol Račka, David James Harris, Gábor Földvári, Piotr Tryjanowski, Natália Kokošová, Beáta Malčeková and Viktória Majláthová
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:555
  30. Although a number of new species of Babesia/Theileria have been described recently, there are still relatively few reports of species from Africa. In this study based on the evaluation of morphology and phylogene...

    Authors: Anna Bajer, Mohammed Alsarraf, Małgorzata Bednarska, Eman ME Mohallal, Ewa J Mierzejewska, Jolanta Behnke-Borowczyk, Sammy Zalat, Francis Gilbert and Renata Welc-Falęciak
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:572
  31. The great diversity of bat haemosporidians is being uncovered with the help of molecular tools. Yet most of these studies provide only snapshots in time of the parasites discovered. Polychromophilus murinus, a ma...

    Authors: Fardo Witsenburg, Franziska Schneider and Philippe Christe
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:566
  32. Pioneering research on “Mediterranean Kala-Azar” carried out by Adler and Theodor early in the past century (~1930s) had identified Catania city (Sicily) as a major focus of the disease nowadays known as zoono...

    Authors: Oscar Lisi, Vera D’Urso, Valerio Vaccalluzzo, Gioia Bongiorno, Cristina Khoury, Francesco Severini, Trentina Di Muccio, Marina Gramiccia, Luigi Gradoni and Michele Maroli
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:560
  33. Right open reading frame protein kinase 3 (RIOK-3) belongs to the atypical kinase family. Unlike the other two members, RIOK-1 and RIOK-2, which are conserved from Archaea to humans, RIOK-3 occurs only in mult...

    Authors: Wang Yuan, Yingying Liu, James B Lok, Jonathan D Stoltzfus, Robin B Gasser, Weiqiang Lei, Rui Fang, Junlong Zhao and Min Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:561
  34. Malaria vector control is in need of new tools to face its current challenges such as the spread of pyrethroid-resistance and the increase of outdoor feeding mosquitoes. New strategies such as spatial repellen...

    Authors: Mgeni Mohamed Tambwe, Edgar Mtaki Mbeyela, Brian Migamyo Massinda, Sarah Jane Moore and Marta Ferreira Maia
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:550
  35. Porcine cysticercosis is an emerging agricultural problem in sub-Saharan Africa. This has been documented primarily through cross-sectional studies, however detailed knowledge of the transmission dynamics of t...

    Authors: Uffe Christian Braae, Pascal Magnussen, Faustin Lekule, Wendy Harrison and Maria Vang Johansen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:574
  36. Fluralaner (Bravecto™) is a novel systemic insecticide and acaricide that provides long persistent antiparasitic activity following a single administration at the minimum dose of 25 mg/kg body weight.

    Authors: Janina Taenzler, Christina Wengenmayer, Heike Williams, Josephus Fourie, Eva Zschiesche, Rainer KA Roepke and Anja R Heckeroth
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:567
  37. Small mammals are crucial for the life history of ixodid ticks, but their role and importance in the transmission cycle of tick-borne pathogens is mostly unknown. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis (CNM) and Anap...

    Authors: Anna Obiegala, Martin Pfeffer, Kurt Pfister, Tim Tiedemann, Claudia Thiel, Anneliese Balling, Carolin Karnath, Dietlinde Woll and Cornelia Silaghi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:563
  38. Complexes of cryptic species are common in several taxa and this is also the case in the Anopheles genus, a group including all known human malaria vectors. The Anopheles albitarsis complex comprises at least nin...

    Authors: Nathalia Giglio Fontoura, Alejandra Saori Araki, Renata Van Der Maas Azevedo, Allan Kardec Ribeiro Galardo, Alexandre Afranio Peixoto and José Bento Pereira Lima
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:559
  39. Since 1997, human-biting ticks submitted to the Department of Defense Human Tick Test Kit Program (HTTKP) of the US Army Public Health Command have been tested for pathogens by PCR. We noted differences in the...

    Authors: Ellen Stromdahl, Sarah Hamer, Sarah Jenkins, Lynne Sloan, Phillip Williamson, Erik Foster, Robyn Nadolny, Chad Elkins, Mary Vince and Bobbi Pritt
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:553
  40. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite that infects a wide variety of warm-blooded hosts, including humans. Limited information about T. gondii infection in bats is available in China. The objec...

    Authors: Si-Yuan Qin, Wei Cong, Ye Liu, Nan Li, Ze-Dong Wang, Fu-Kai Zhang, Si-Yang Huang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Quan Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:558
  41. Ixodes scapularis is the most common tick species in North America and a vector of important pathogens that cause diseases in humans and animals including Lyme disease, anaplasmosis and babesiosis. Tick defensins...

    Authors: Miray Tonk, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, James J Valdés, Ryan OM Rego, Tereza Chrudimská, Martin Strnad, Radek Šíma, Lesley Bell-Sakyi, Zdeněk Franta, Andreas Vilcinskas, Libor Grubhoffer and Mohammad Rahnamaeian
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:554
  42. Malaria is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa with considerable burden for human health. Major insecticide resistance mechanisms such as kdr R and ace-1 R ...

    Authors: Benoît S Assogba, Luc S Djogbénou, Jacques Saizonou, Pascal Milesi, Laurette Djossou, Innocent Djegbe, Welbeck A Oumbouke, Fabrice Chandre, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Mylene Weill and Michel Makoutodé
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:548
  43. Insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.l is a major concern to malaria vector control programmes. In West Africa, resistance is mainly due to target–site insensitivity arising from a single point mutation....

    Authors: Rock Aïkpon, Michel Sèzonlin, Razaki Ossè and Martin Akogbéto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:568
  44. Snail intermediate hosts play a pivotal role in maintaining the life cycles of trematodes, including Opisthorchis viverrini. We investigated the emergence patterns of O. viverrini cercariae infecting Bithynia sia...

    Authors: Nadda Kiatsopit, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Kulthida Kopolrat, Ross H Andrews and Trevor N Petney
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:551

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