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  1. Chagas disease in the Amazon region is considered an emerging anthropozoonosis with a predominance of the discrete typing units (DTUs) TcI and TcIV. These DTUs are responsible for cases of acute disease associ...

    Authors: Rosa Amélia Gonçalves Santana, Laylah Kelre Costa Magalhães, Laise Kelman Costa Magalhães, Suzane Ribeiro Prestes, Marcel Gonçalves Maciel, George Allan Villarouco da Silva, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Felipe Rocha de Brito, Leila Inês de Aguiar Raposo Câmara Coelho, João Marcos Barbosa-Ferreira, Jorge Augusto Oliveira Guerra, Henrique Silveira and Maria das Graças Vale Barbosa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:267
  2. Malaria continues to be a major health problem in more than 100 endemic countries located primarily in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. Malaria transmission is a dynamic process and involves...

    Authors: Narayani Prasad Kar, Ashwani Kumar, Om P Singh, Jane M Carlton and Nutan Nanda
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:265
  3. This paper examines the individual factors that influence prevalence rates of canine heartworm in the contiguous United States. A data set provided by the Companion Animal Parasite Council, which contains coun...

    Authors: Dongmei Wang, Dwight D Bowman, Heidi E Brown, Laura C Harrington, Phillip E Kaufman, Tanja McKay, Charles Thomas Nelson, Julia L Sharp and Robert Lund
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:264
  4. Trypanosoma cruzi (Kinetoplastida, Trypanosomatidae) infection is an ancient and widespread zoonosis distributed throughout the Americas. Ecologically, Brazil comprises several distinct biomes: Amazonia, Cerrado,...

    Authors: Valdirene S Lima, Ana M Jansen, Louisa A Messenger, Michael A Miles and Martin S Llewellyn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:263
  5. Malaria transmission in Cameroon is mediated by a plethora of vectors that are heterogeneously distributed across the country depending on the biotope. To effectively guide malaria control operations, regular ...

    Authors: Raymond N Tabue, Thomas Nem, Jean Atangana, Jude D Bigoga, Salomon Patchoke, Frédéric Tchouine, Barrière Y Fodjo, Rose GF Leke and Etienne Fondjo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:262
  6. Filarioids belonging to the genus Cercopithifilaria (Spirurida: Onchocercidae) have been described in dogs in association with Rhipicephalus sanguineus group ticks, which act as their biological vectors. This stu...

    Authors: Helder CE Cortes, Luís Cardoso, Alessio Giannelli, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Domenico Otranto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:261
  7. Mato Grosso do Sul has been undergoing a process of urbanization which results in loss of native vegetation. This withdrawal makes vectors of man and domestic animals closer, causing changes in the epidemiolog...

    Authors: Ana Rachel Oliveira de Andrade, Baldomero Antonio Kato da Silva, Geucira Cristaldo, Sonia Maria Oliveira de Andrade, Antonio Conceição Paranhos Filho, Alisson Ribeiro, Mirella Ferreira da Cunha Santos and Renato Andreotti
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:260
  8. It is well known that different Eimeria maxima strains exhibit significant antigenic variation. However, the genetic basis of these phenotypes remains unclear.

    Authors: Dandan Liu, Jianmei Li, Liqin Cao, Shangshang Wang, Hongxiao Han, Yantao Wu and Jianping Tao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:259
  9. The cases of dengue reported earlier in the late 1990s from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) occurred in the cities of Jeddah and Makkah. Although the kingdom has ample financial resources to establish effect...

    Authors: Al Thabiani Aziz, Salman Abdo Al-Shami, Jazem A Mahyoub, Mesed Hatabbi, Abu Hassan Ahmad and Che Salmah Md Rawi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:258
  10. N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) has been registered for commercial use as an insect repellent for over five decades, and is used widely across the world. Concerns over the safety of DEET first emerged during the 1...

    Authors: Vanessa Chen-Hussey, Ron Behrens and James G Logan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:173
  11. The National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) has been using pirimiphos methyl for the first time for indoor residual spraying (IRS) in Benin. The first round was a success with a significant decrease of entomol...

    Authors: Rock Aïkpon, Michel Sèzonlin, Filémon Tokponon, Mariam Okè, Olivier Oussou, Frédéric Oké-Agbo, Raymond Beach and Martin Akogbéto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:256
  12. Cysteine proteinases (CPs) from papaya (Carica papaya) possess anthelmintic properties against human soil-transmitted helminths (STH, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm), but there is a lack o...

    Authors: Bruno Levecke, David J Buttle, Jerzy M Behnke, Ian R Duce and Jozef Vercruysse
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:255
  13. Alveolar echinococcosis, caused by the metacestode larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis, is a zoonosis of public health significance and is highly prevalent in northwest China. To effectively monitor its t...

    Authors: Xingwei Ni, Donald P McManus, Hongbin Yan, Jifei Yang, Zhongzi Lou, Hongmin Li, Li Li, Mengtong Lei, Jinzhong Cai, Yanlei Fan, Chunhua Li, Quanyuan Liu, Wangui Shi, Xu Liu, Yadong Zheng, Baoquan Fu…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:254
  14. Aedes albopictus is widely distributed across tropical and sub-tropical regions and is associated with the transmission of several arboviruses. Although this species is increasingly relevant to public health due ...

    Authors: Leonardo Saboia-Vahia, Patricia Cuervo, Andre Borges-Veloso, Nathália Pinho de Souza, Constança Britto, Geovane Dias-Lopes and Jose Batista De Jesus
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:253
  15. Dengue virus (DENV) is responsible for up to approximately 300 million infections and an increasing number of deaths related to severe manifestations each year in affected countries throughout the tropics. It ...

    Authors: Daniel M Chisenhall, Rebecca C Christofferson, Michael K McCracken, Ann-Marie F Johnson, Berlin Londono-Renteria and Christopher N Mores
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:252
  16. Most hematophagous insects use host odours as chemical cues. The odour components, some physiological parameters and host attractiveness are affected by several conditions, including infection by parasites, e....

    Authors: Elis PA Batista, Elizangela FM Costa and Alexandre A Silva
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:251
  17. Clonorchiasis is a globally important, neglected food-borne disease caused by Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis), and it is highly related to cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. Increased molecular ev...

    Authors: Mengyu Ren, Lei He, Yan Huang, Qiang Mao, Shan Li, Honglin Qu, Meng Bian, Pei Liang, Xueqing Chen, Jinsi Ling, Tingjing Chen, Chi Liang, Xiaoyun Wang, Xuerong Li and Xinbing Yu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:250
  18. Despite epidemiological importance, few studies have explored whether individual experience and learning could affect the vertebrate host choice of mosquito disease vectors. Here, we investigated whether a fir...

    Authors: Amélie Vantaux, Thierry Lefèvre, Kounbrobr Roch Dabiré and Anna Cohuet
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:249
  19. Monitoring densities of adult mosquito populations is a major challenge in efforts to evaluate the epidemiology of mosquito-borne diseases, and their response to vector control interventions. In the case of ma...

    Authors: Marco Pombi, Wamdaogo M Guelbeogo, Katharina Kreppel, Maria Calzetta, Alphonse Traoré, Antoine Sanou, Hilary Ranson, Heather M Ferguson, N’Fale Sagnon and Alessandra della Torre
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:247
  20. In endemic areas with very low infection prevalence, the frequency and intensity of Echinococcus multilocularis can be extremely low. This necessitates efficient, specific and sensitive molecular tools. We wanted...

    Authors: Øivind Øines, Mats Isaksson, Åsa Hagström, Saraya Tavornpanich and Rebecca K Davidson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:246
  21. The host-seeking activity in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks undergoes rhythmical changes correlated with environmental conditions. Therefore, this study is focused on investigating the activity of adult stages of ...

    Authors: Alicja Buczek, Katarzyna Bartosik and Zbigniew Zając
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:245
  22. Despite the amount of awareness created, waterborne disease still poses threat, especially in developing countries. Due to the scarcity of reported data on waterborne parasites, the consumption of unsafe water...

    Authors: Subashini Onichandran, Thulasi Kumar, Cristina C Salibay, Julieta Z Dungca, Hazel AL Tabo, Norbel Tabo, Tian-Chye Tan, Yvonne AL Lim, Nongyao Sawangjaroen, Sucheep Phiriyasamith, Hemah Andiappan, Init Ithoi, Yee-Ling Lau and Veeranoot Nissapatorn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:244
  23. Trematode communities often consist of different species exploiting the same host population, with two or more trematodes sometimes co-occuring in the same host. A commonly used diagnostic method to detect lar...

    Authors: Ana Born-Torrijos, Robert Poulin, Juan Antonio Raga and Astrid Sibylle Holzer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:243
  24. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease affecting ~200 million people worldwide. Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni are two relatively closely related schistosomes (blood flukes), and the causative agents of u...

    Authors: Tulio D L Campos, Neil D Young, Pasi K Korhonen, Ross S Hall, Stefano Mangiola, Andrew Lonie and Robin B Gasser
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:242
  25. The African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) has refocused its goals on the elimination of infection where possible, seemingly achievable by 15–17 years of annual mass distribution of ivermectin in ...

    Authors: Hugo C Turner, Martin Walker, Thomas S Churcher and María-Gloria Basáñez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:241
  26. Both helminth and malaria infections result in a highly polarized immune response characterized by IgE production. This study aimed to investigate the total serum IgE profile in vivo as a measure of Th2 immune re...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Afework Kassu, Mengistu Legesse, Berhanu Erko, Demise Nigussie, Techalew Shimelis, Yeshambel Belyhun, Beyene Moges, Fusao Ota and Daniel Elias
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:240
  27. Toxoplasmosis, being one of the TORCH’s infections in pregnant women, is caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite. This parasitic infection in pregnancy congenitally causes severe...

    Authors: Hemah Andiappan, Veeranoot Nissapatorn, Nongyao Sawangjaroen, Waenurama Chemoh, Yee Ling Lau, Thulasi Kumar, Subashini Onichandran, Chitkasaem Suwanrath and Verapol Chandeying
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:239
  28. The Triatoma brasiliensis complex is a monophyletic group, comprising three species, one of which includes two subspecific taxa, distributed across 12 Brazilian states, in the caatinga and cerrado biomes. Members...

    Authors: Jane Costa, L Lynnette Dornak, Carlos Eduardo Almeida and A Townsend Peterson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:238
  29. Ticks can transmit a number of pathogens to humans and domestic animals. Tick borne diseases (TBDs), which may lead to organ failure and death have been recently reported in China. 98.75% of the total cases (>...

    Authors: Zhuo Chen, Qin Liu, Ji-Qi Liu, Bian-Li Xu, Shan Lv, Shang Xia and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:237
  30. PermaNet® 3.0 is an insecticide synergist-combination long-lasting insecticidal net designed to have increased efficacy against malaria vectors with metabolic resistance, even when combined with kdr. The current ...

    Authors: Samson T Awolola, Adedapo O Adeogun, Judith B Olojede, Adedayo O Oduola, Isaac O Oyewole and Chioma N Amajoh
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:236
  31. In recent years, it has been well documented that gut flora not only influence mosquito physiology, but also significantly alter vector competency. Although, salivary gland and gut constitute key partners of t...

    Authors: Punita Sharma, Swati Sharma, Rakesh Kumar Maurya, Tanwee Das De, Tina Thomas, Suman Lata, Namita Singh, Kailash Chand Pandey, Neena Valecha and Rajnikant Dixit
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:235
  32. In search of new antiparasitic agents for overcoming the limitations of current leishmaniasis chemotherapy, we have previously shown that 6-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (6BIO) and several other 6-substituted analogues...

    Authors: Antonia Efstathiou, Nicolas Gaboriaud-Kolar, Despina Smirlis, Vassilios Myrianthopoulos, Konstantina Vougogiannopoulou, Alexandros Alexandratos, Marina Kritsanida, Emmanuel Mikros, Ketty Soteriadou and Alexios-Leandros Skaltsounis
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:234
  33. In France as elsewhere in Europe the most prevalent TBD in humans is Lyme borreliosis, caused by different bacterial species belonging to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex and transmitted by the most import...

    Authors: Jean-François Cosson, Lorraine Michelet, Julien Chotte, Evelyne Le Naour, Martine Cote, Elodie Devillers, Marie-Lazarine Poulle, Dominique Huet, Maxime Galan, Julia Geller, Sara Moutailler and Muriel Vayssier-Taussat
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:233
  34. The triatomine, Rhodnius prolixus, is a major vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease in Latin America. It has a strictly blood-sucking habit in all life stages, ingesting large amounts...

    Authors: Cecilia Stahl Vieira, Peter J Waniek, Débora P Mattos, Daniele P Castro, Cícero B Mello, Norman A Ratcliffe, Eloi S Garcia and Patrícia Azambuja
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:232
  35. Cryptosporidium is an enteric apicomplexan parasite, which can infect yaks, leading to reduction of milk production and poor weight gain. White yak (Bos grunniens) is a unique yak breed inhabiting only in Tianzhu...

    Authors: Si-Yuan Qin, Xiao-Xuan Zhang, Guang-Hui Zhao, Dong-Hui Zhou, Ming-Yang Yin, Quan Zhao and Xing-Quan Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:230
  36. The relationship between nutrition and soil-transmitted helminthiasis is complex and warrants further investigation. We conducted a systematic review examining the influence of nutrition on infection and re-in...

    Authors: Peiling Yap, Jürg Utzinger, Jan Hattendorf and Peter Steinmann
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:229
  37. The bacterium Wolbachia is a promising agent for the biological control of vector-borne diseases as some strains have the ability to block the transmission of key human disease-causing pathogens. Fast, accurate a...

    Authors: Daniela da Silva Gonçalves, Anna Paula Alvim Cassimiro, Caroline Dantas de Oliveira, Nilton Barnabé Rodrigues and Luciano Andrade Moreira
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:228
  38. Gastro-enteritis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS and children, and Cryptosporidium is the most important parasite implicated. To date, several commercial companies...

    Authors: Techalew Shimelis and Endale Tadesse
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:227
  39. In Europe animal and human infections due to Dirofilaria repens are increasing.

    Authors: Katja Silbermayr, Barbara Eigner, Anja Joachim, Georg G Duscher, Bernhard Seidel, Franz Allerberger, Alexander Indra, Peter Hufnagl and Hans-Peter Fuehrer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:226
  40. Theileria and Babesia protozoan parasites are transmitted mainly by tick vectors. These parasites cause heavy economic losses to the live-stock industry, as well as affecting the health of wild animals in parasit...

    Authors: Youquan Li, Ze Chen, Zhijie Liu, Junlong Liu, Jifei Yang, Qian Li, Yaqiong Li, Shuangqing Cen, Guiquan Guan, Qiaoyun Ren, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:225
  41. Opisthorchiasis and Opisthorchis viverrini-associated bile duct cancer represent major public health threats in Thailand and Laos. The tegument of this food borne fluke plays pivotal roles in parasite metabolism,...

    Authors: Sirikanda Thanasuwan, Supawadee Piratae, Paul J Brindley, Alex Loukas, Sasithorn Kaewkes and Thewarach Laha
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:224
  42. Biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of internationally important arboviruses. To understand the role of Culicoides in the transmission of these viruses, it is e...

    Authors: Claire Garros, Thomas Balenghien, Simon Carpenter, Jean-Claude Delécolle, Rudy Meiswinkel, Aurélie Pédarrieu, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Laetitia Gardès, Nick Golding, James Barber, Miguel Miranda, David Borràs Borràs, Maria Goffredo, Federica Monaco, Nonito Pagès, Soufien Sghaier…
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:223
  43. Sand flies remain the only proven vectors of Leishmania spp. but recent implementation of PCR techniques has led to increasing speculation about "alternative vectors", including biting midges. Here, we summarize ...

    Authors: Veronika Seblova, Jovana Sadlova, Simon Carpenter and Petr Volf
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:222
  44. The threadworm Strongyloides stercoralis, the most neglected helminth, affects an estimated 30-100 million people worldwide. Information on S. stercoralis infection is scarce in tropical and sub-tropical resource...

    Authors: Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Hanspeter Marti, Philipp J Bless, Meng Chuor Char, Sinuon Muth and Peter Odermatt
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:221
  45. Sand fly collections were performed to study ecological aspects of the Phlebotominae fauna of the Xakriabá Indigenous Reserve, an area with endemic cutaneous leishmaniasis, located in the state of Minas Gerais...

    Authors: Felipe Dutra Rêgo, Paloma Helena Fernandes Shimabukuro, Patrícia Flávia Quaresma, Igor Rismo Coelho, Gabriel Barbosa Tonelli, Kelly Medrado Scofield Silva, Ricardo Andrade Barata, Edelberto Santos Dias and Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:220

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