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  1. The cysteine proteinases in papaya latex have been shown to have potent anthelmintic properties in monogastric hosts such as rodents, pigs and humans, but this has not been demonstrated in ruminants.

    Authors: David J Buttle, Jerzy M Behnke, Yvonne Bartley, Hany M Elsheikha, David J Bartley, Martin C Garnett, Alison A Donnan, Frank Jackson, Ann Lowe and Ian R Duce
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:36
  2. The emergence of zoonoses is due both to changes in human activities and to changes in their natural wildlife cycles. One of the most significant vector-borne zoonoses in Europe, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE),...

    Authors: Elinor R Godfrey and Sarah E Randolph
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:35
  3. Mosquito salivary proteins are involved in several biological processes that facilitate their blood feeding and have also been reported to elicit an IgG response in vertebrates. A growing number of studies hav...

    Authors: A Fontaine, A Pascual, I Diouf, N Bakkali, S Bourdon, T Fusai, C Rogier and L Almeras
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:33
  4. Internal transcribed spacer one (ITS1) of the ribosomal DNA is known to be a suitable target for PCR-based detection of trypanosomes. The analysis of this region provides a multi-species-specific diagnosis by ...

    Authors: Bashir Salim, Mohammed A Bakheit, Joseph Kamau, Ichiro Nakamura and Chihiro Sugimoto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:31
  5. The Sesse Islands, in the Ugandan portion of Lake Victoria, have long been considered a low transmission zone for intestinal schistosomiasis. Based on observations of high prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infect...

    Authors: Claire J Standley, Moses Adriko, Fred Besigye, Narcis B Kabatereine and Russell J Stothard
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:29
  6. Wolbachia is an intracellular bacterium that has been stably transinfected into the mosquito vector of dengue, Aedes aegypti. This inherited infection causes a range of metabolic and phenotypic alterations in the...

    Authors: Luciano A Moreira, Yixin H Ye, Karly Turner, Darryl W Eyles, Elizabeth A McGraw and Scott L O'Neill
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:28
  7. The influence of inflammation on the number of trophozoites and on the murine amoebic liver abscess area following infection with Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar was evaluated. Immunohistochemistry and digita...

    Authors: Cássia Abadia Xavier Costa, Thaisa Helena Silva Fonseca, Fabrício Marcus Silva Oliveira, Joseph Fabiano Guimaraes Santos, Maria Aparecida Gomes and Marcelo Vidigal Caliari
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:27
  8. Mechanisms concerning life or death decisions in protozoan parasites are still imperfectly understood. Comparison with higher eukaryotes has led to the hypothesis that caspase-like enzymes could be involved in...

    Authors: Benoît Meslin, Habib Zalila, Nicolas Fasel, Stephane Picot and Anne-Lise Bienvenu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:26
  9. Pre-adult stages of malaria vectors in semi-arid areas are confronted with highly variable and challenging climatic conditions. The objective of this study was to determine which larval habitat types are most ...

    Authors: Albert O Mala, Lucy W Irungu, Josephat I Shililu, Ephantus J Muturi, Charles C Mbogo, Joseph K Njagi and John I Githure
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:25
  10. Resistance to chemical insecticides plus high morbidity rates have lead to rising interest in fungi as candidates for biocontrol agents of mosquito vectors. In most studies fungal infections have been induced ...

    Authors: Alberto M García-Munguía, Javier A Garza-Hernández, Eduardo A Rebollar-Tellez, Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez and Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:24
  11. The entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana have demonstrated effectiveness against anopheline larvae in the laboratory. However, utilising these fungi for the control of anopheline l...

    Authors: Tullu Bukhari, Willem Takken and Constantianus JM Koenraadt
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:23
  12. Theileria parasites cause a benign infection of cattle in parts of Australia where they are endemic, but have, in recent years, been suspected of being responsible for a number of outbreaks of disease in cattle n...

    Authors: Joseph Kamau, Albertus J de Vos, Matthew Playford, Bashir Salim, Peter Kinyanjui and Chihiro Sugimoto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:22
  13. Mass chemotherapy with praziquantel is the main control strategy for schistosomiasis in Mali. However, in the national control programme for schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis, infants and pres...

    Authors: Abdoulaye Dabo, Haroun Mahamat Badawi, Boubacar Bary and Ogobara K Doumbo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:21
  14. This year-long study evaluated the effectiveness of a strategy involving selective deltamethrin spraying and community education for control of Chagas disease vectors in domestic units located in rural communi...

    Authors: Mario J Grijalva, Anita G Villacís, Sofía Ocaña-Mayorga, César A Yumiseva and Esteban G Baus
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:20
  15. Glossina fuscipes, a riverine species of tsetse, is the major vector of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) in sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the population dynamics, and specifically the temporal stability, o...

    Authors: Richard Echodu, Jon S Beadell, Loyce M Okedi, Chaz Hyseni, Serap Aksoy and Adalgisa Caccone
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:19
  16. The tsetse fly Glossina palpalis gambiensis is the main vector of sleeping sickness (Human African Trypanosomiasis - HAT) in West Africa, in particular in littoral Guinea where this disease is currently very acti...

    Authors: Moise S Kagbadouno, Mamadou Camara, Jérémy Bouyer, Fabrice Courtin, Mory F Onikoyamou, Chris J Schofield and Philippe Solano
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:18
  17. In The Netherlands, the incidence of Lyme borreliosis is on the rise. Besides its causative agent, Borrelia burgdorferi s.l., other potential pathogens like Rickettsia, Babesia and Ehrlichia species are present i...

    Authors: Ellen Tijsse-Klasen, Jac J Jacobs, Arno Swart, Manoj Fonville, Johan H Reimerink, Afke H Brandenburg, Joke WB van der Giessen, Agnetha Hofhuis and Hein Sprong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:17
  18. The dual problems of rising insecticide resistance in the malaria vectors and increasing human malaria cases since 2001 in southern Mozambique are cause for serious concern. The selection of insecticides for u...

    Authors: R Graham Kloke, Eduardo Nhamahanga, Richard H Hunt and Maureen Coetzee
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:16
  19. Epidermal pseudotumours from Hippoglossoides dubius and Acanthogobius flavimanus in Japan and gill lesions in Limanda limanda from the UK have been shown to be caused by phylogenetically related protozoan parasit...

    Authors: MA Freeman, M Eydal, M Yoshimizu, K Watanabe, AP Shinn, K Miura and K Ogawa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:15
  20. There are few data on the prevalence of schistosomiasis in Darfur. We conducted this study in response to reports of 15 laboratory confirmed cases of schistosomiasis and visible haematuria among children from ...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Abdeljbar Eldaw, Samir Hadziabduli, Emmanuel Kailie, Mohamed D Omer, Alam E Mohammed, Tanole Jamshed, Elmonshawe A Mohammed, Ali Mergani, Gafar A Ali, Khalid Babikir, Abdulrahman Adem and Farouq Hashim
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:14
  21. Re-emergence of schistosomiasis in regions of China where control programs have ceased requires development of molecular-genetic tools to track gene flow and assess genetic diversity of Schistosoma populations. W...

    Authors: Ning Xiao, Justin Remais, Paul J Brindley, Dongchuan Qiu, Robert Spear, Yang Lei and David Blair
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:13
  22. Head lice infestation is an infection of the scalp and skin which causes blood loss, discomfort, and social and psychological distress with the possibility of secondary bacterial infections occurring at scratc...

    Authors: Sadia Mahmud, Gregory Pappas and Wilbur C Hadden
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:11
  23. The proboscis is an essential head appendage in insects that processes gustatory code during food intake, particularly useful considering that blood-sucking arthropods routinely reach vessels under the host sk...

    Authors: Emi Maekawa, Hiroka Aonuma, Bryce Nelson, Aya Yoshimura, Fumio Tokunaga, Shinya Fukumoto and Hirotaka Kanuka
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:10
  24. Dengue fever transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, is one of the most rapidly spreading insect borne diseases, stimulating the search for alternatives to current control measures. The dengue vector A. aegypt...

    Authors: Adriano R Paula, Aline T Carolino, Cátia O Paula and Richard I Samuels
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:8
  25. Ancylostoma caninum third-stage larvae are the non-feeding infective stage of this parasite and are able to infect potential hosts via different infection routes. Since percutaneous infection is one of the most i...

    Authors: Daniela Franke, Christina Strube, Christian Epe, Claudia Welz and Thomas Schnieder
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:7
  26. Taenia taeniaeformis and the related zoonotic cestode Echinococcus multilocularis both infect the water vole Arvicola terrestris. We investigated the effect of age, spatio-temporal and season-related factors on t...

    Authors: Pierre Burlet, Peter Deplazes and Daniel Hegglin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:6
  27. Organophosphates and pyrethroids are used widely in Brazil to control Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue viruses, under the auspices of the National Programme for Dengue Control. Resistance to these insecti...

    Authors: Estelita Pereira Lima, Marcelo Henrique Santos Paiva, Ana Paula de Araújo, Éllyda Vanessa Gomes da Silva, Ulisses Mariano da Silva, Lúcia Nogueira de Oliveira, Antonio Euzébio G Santana, Clarisse Nogueira Barbosa, Clovis C de Paiva Neto, Marilia OF Goulart, Craig Stephen Wilding, Constância Flávia Junqueira Ayres and Maria Alice V de Melo Santos
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:5
  28. Tick carrier proteins are able to bind, transport, and store host-blood heme, and thus they function also as antioxidants. Nevertheless, the role of carrier proteins in ticks is not fully understood. Some of t...

    Authors: Jarmila Dupejova, Jan Sterba, Marie Vancova and Libor Grubhoffer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:4
  29. Taenia solium life cycle includes humans as definitive hosts and pigs as intermediate hosts. One of the measures to stop the life cycle of this parasite is by vaccination of pigs. In experiments performed in pigs...

    Authors: Joel Martinez-Ocaña, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Rina G de Kaminsky, Pablo Maravilla and Ana Flisser
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:3
  30. The mode of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) transmission in the Great Lakes basin is largely unknown. In order to assess the potential role of macroinvertebrates in VHSV transmission, Diporeia spp., a g...

    Authors: Mohamed Faisal and Andrew D Winters
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:2
  31. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are the main vectors of dengue viruses to humans. Understanding their biology and interactions with the pathogen are prerequisites for development of dengue transmission control strategie...

    Authors: Jennifer Juhn, Unsar Naeem-Ullah, Bruno Augusto Maciel Guedes, Asif Majid, Judy Coleman, Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta, Waseem Akram, Anthony Amade James and Osvaldo Marinotti
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:1
  32. American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is a re-emerging disease in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is important to understand both the vector and disease distribution to help design control strategies. As a...

    Authors: Paloma Helena Fernandes Shimabukuro, Túllio Romão Ribeiro da Silva, Frederico Octávio Ribeiro Fonseca, Luke Anthony Baton and Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:121
  33. Lymphatic filariasis elimination programs are based upon preventative chemotherapy annually in populations with prevalence more than or equal to 1%. The goal is to treat 80% of the eligible, at risk population...

    Authors: Mary H Hodges, Samuel J Smith, Daniel Fussum, Joseph B Koroma, Abdul Conteh, Mustapha Sonnie, Santigie Sesay and Yaobi Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:120
  34. Ticks are vectors of a wide variety of pathogens causing severe diseases in humans and domestic animals. Intestinal digestion of the host blood is an essential process of tick physiology and also a limiting fa...

    Authors: Zdeněk Franta, Helena Frantová, Jitka Konvičková, Martin Horn, Daniel Sojka, Michael Mareš and Petr Kopáček
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:119
  35. Urban agricultural practices are expanding in several cities of the Republic of Benin. This study aims to assess the impact of such practices on transmission of the malaria parasite in major cities of Benin.

    Authors: Anges Yadouléton, Raphael N'Guessan, Hyacinthe Allagbé, Alex Asidi, Michel Boko, Razack Osse, Gil Padonou, Gazard Kindé and Martin Akogbéto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:118
  36. This is the second in a series of three articles documenting the geographical distribution of 41 dominant vector species (DVS) of human malaria. The first paper addressed the DVS of the Americas and the third ...

    Authors: Marianne E Sinka, Michael J Bangs, Sylvie Manguin, Maureen Coetzee, Charles M Mbogo, Janet Hemingway, Anand P Patil, Will H Temperley, Peter W Gething, Caroline W Kabaria, Robi M Okara, Thomas Van Boeckel, H Charles J Godfray, Ralph E Harbach and Simon I Hay
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:117
  37. African Swine Fever Virus has devastated more than the half of the domestic pig population in Madagascar since its introduction, probably in 1997-1998. One of the hypotheses to explain its persistence on the i...

    Authors: Julie Ravaomanana, Vincent Michaud, Ferran Jori, Abel Andriatsimahavandy, François Roger, Emmanuel Albina and Laurence Vial
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:115
  38. Diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) by demonstration of parasites in tissue smears obtained from bone marrow, spleen or lymph nodes is risky, painful, and difficult. The rK-39 strip test is widely used fo...

    Authors: Md Gulam Musawwir Khan, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Milka Patracia Podder, Makoto Itoh, Kazi M Jamil, Rashidul Haque and Yukiko Wagatsuma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:114
  39. Cysteine proteases have been shown to be highly relevant for Apicomplexan parasites. In the case of Babesia bovis, a tick-transmitted hemoparasite of cattle, inhibitors of these enzymes were shown to hamper intra...

    Authors: María Mesplet, Ignacio Echaide, Mariana Dominguez, Juan J Mosqueda, Carlos E Suarez, Leonhard Schnittger and Monica Florin-Christensen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:113
  40. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is an economically important tick of cattle involved in the transmission of Babesia bovis, the etiological agent of bovine babesiosis. Commercial anti-tick vaccines based on th...

    Authors: Reginaldo G Bastos, Massaro W Ueti, Donald P Knowles and Glen A Scoles
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:111
  41. Malaria is an endemic disease in Yemen and is responsible for 4.9 deaths per 100,000 population per year and 43,000 disability adjusted life years lost. Although malaria in Yemen is caused mainly by Plasmodium fa...

    Authors: Abdulsalam MQ Al-Mekhlafi, Mohammed AK Mahdy, Ahmed A Azazy and Mun Yik Fong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:110

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