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  1. Transmission of canine leishmaniasis (CanL), a severe infection caused by L. infantum, usually occurs through the sand fly bite to the vertebrate host. A venereal route of transmission has also been suggested, bu...

    Authors: Laura Manna, Orlando Paciello, Rossella Della Morte and Angelo Elio Gravino
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:216
  2. Chhattisgarh state in central India is highly endemic for malaria and contributes about 13% of annually reported malaria cases in the country with predominance of P. falciparum. Entomological investigations were ...

    Authors: Nutan Nanda, Rajendra M Bhatt, Shri N Sharma, Pallab K Rana, Narayani P Kar, Akash Sharma and Tridibes Adak
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:215
  3. Usually the analysis of the various developmental stages of Trypanosoma cruzi in the experimentally infected vertebrate and invertebrate hosts is based on the morphological observations of tissue fragments from a...

    Authors: Cristina Henriques, Daniele P Castro, Leonardo HF Gomes, Eloi S Garcia and Wanderley de Souza
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:214
  4. Biting midges of the Obsoletus species complex of the ceratopogonid genus Culicoides were assumed to be the major vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV) in northern and central Europe during the 2006 outbreak of bluet...

    Authors: Kathrin Lehmann, Doreen Werner, Bernd Hoffmann and Helge Kampen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:213
  5. Malaria is a major public health problem in Ghana. We present a site-specific entomological study of malaria vectors and transmission indices as part of an effort to develop a site for the testing of improved ...

    Authors: David P Tchouassi, Isabella A Quakyi, Ebenezer A Addison, Kwabena M Bosompem, Michael D Wilson, Maxwell A Appawu, Charles A Brown and Daniel A Boakye
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:212
  6. A survey of adult anopheline mosquito diversities, collected from September 2009 to August 2010, was conducted in a malaria endemic area of western Thailand. Two anopheline species complexes, Dirus and Minimus...

    Authors: Chatchai Tananchai, Rungarun Tisgratog, Waraporn Juntarajumnong, John P Grieco, Sylvie Manguin, Atchariya Prabaripai and Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:211
  7. Laboratory studies of host-seeking olfactory behaviour in sandflies have largely been restricted to the American visceral leishmaniasis vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. In comparison, almost nothing is known about t...

    Authors: Mara C Pinto, Daniel P Bray, Alvaro E Eiras, Henrique P Carvalheira and Camila P Puertas
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:210
  8. The spread of wildlife pathogens into new geographical ranges or populations is a conservation concern for endangered species. Cystodiscus australis and Cystodiscus axonis are two species of myxosporean parasites...

    Authors: Ashlie Hartigan, Lee Peacock, Alex Rosenwax, David N Phalen and Jan Šlapeta
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:208
  9. During recent periods, the islands of the Republic of Seychelles experienced many diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, Bancroft’s filaria and malaria. Mosquitoes transmit the agents that cause these diseases....

    Authors: Gilbert Le Goff, Philippe Boussès, Simon Julienne, Cécile Brengues, Nil Rahola, Gérard Rocamora and Vincent Robert
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:207
  10. Habitat and food supply loss and disruption, together with man’s pursuit of the animal’s unique horn pose significant threats to the charismatic rhinoceros. Filarial worms have been thought to cause cutaneous ...

    Authors: Matthew Mutinda, Moses Otiende, Francis Gakuya, Linus Kariuki, Vincent Obanda, David Ndeere, Ephantus Ndambiri, Edward Kariuki, Isaac Lekolool, Ramón C Soriguer, Luca Rossi and Samer Alasaad
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:206
  11. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite infecting almost all warm-blooded animals, including birds, with a worldwide distribution. Surveys of T. gondii infection in wild birds have been reported ...

    Authors: Yi-Ming Tian, Fei-Yan Dai, Si-Yang Huang, Zu-Hong Deng, Gang Duan, Dong-Hui Zhou, Jian-Fa Yang, Ya-Biao Weng, Xing-Quan Zhu and Feng-Cai Zou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:205
  12. Entomopathogenic fungi, particularly those belonging to the genera Metarhizium and Beauveria have shown great promise as arthropod vector control tools. These agents, however, have not been evaluated against flea...

    Authors: Ladslaus L Mnyone, Kija R Ng’habi, Humphrey D Mazigo, Abdul A Katakweba and Issa N Lyimo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:204
  13. Synthetic odour baits present an unexploited potential for sampling, surveillance and control of malaria and other mosquito vectors. However, application of such baits is impeded by the unavailability of robus...

    Authors: Wolfgang R Mukabana, Collins K Mweresa, Philemon Omusula, Benedict O Orindi, Renate C Smallegange, Joop JA van Loon and Willem Takken
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:202
  14. The Malanga sleeping sickness focus of the Democratic Republic of Congo has shown an epidemic evolution of disease during the last century. However, following case detection and treatment, the prevalence of th...

    Authors: Gustave Simo, Barberine Silatsa, Njiokou Flobert, Pascal Lutumba, Philemon Mansinsa, Joule Madinga, Emile Manzambi, Reginald De Deken and Tazoacha Asonganyi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:201
  15. The composition of parasite communities in two cyprinid species in southern France – native and threatened Parachondrostoma toxostoma and introduced Chondrostoma nasus – was investigated. In sympatry, these two s...

    Authors: Andrea Šimková, Petra Navrátilová, Martina Dávidová, Markéta Ondračková, Melthide Sinama, Rémi Chappaz, André Gilles and Caroline Costedoat
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:200
  16. Temperature is known to induce changes in mosquito physiology, development, ecology, and in some species, vector competence for arboviruses. Since colonized mosquitoes are reared under laboratory conditions th...

    Authors: Brittany L Dodson, Laura D Kramer and Jason L Rasgon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:199
  17. Changes in the production of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a 36 kd protein involved in protein synthesis, within intestinal epithelia can provide an early indication of deviations to normal functi...

    Authors: Bahram Sayyaf Dezfuli, Luisa Giari, Alice Lui, Samantha Squerzanti, Giuseppe Castaldelli, Andrew Paul Shinn, Maurizio Manera and Massimo Lorenzoni
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:198
  18. Development of large scale agro-industries are subject to serious environmental modifications. In malaria endemic areas this would greatly impact on the transmission paradigm. Two cross-sectional entomological...

    Authors: Jude D Bigoga, Ferdinand M Nanfack, Parfait H Awono-Ambene, Salomon Patchoké, Jean Atangana, Vitalis S Otia, Etienne Fondjo, Roger S Moyou and Rose GF Leke
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:197
  19. To clarify the extent and putative transmission zone of bovine fasciolosis on the slopes of Mount Elgon, Uganda, conjoint parasitological and malacological surveys, inclusive of inspection of animals at slaugh...

    Authors: Alison Howell, Lawrence Mugisha, Juliet Davies, E James LaCourse, Jennifer Claridge, Diana JL Williams, Louise Kelly-Hope, Martha Betson, Narcis B Kabatereine and J Russell Stothard
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:196
  20. Dengue virus, which is transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes is the most important emerging viral disease, infecting more than 50 million people annually. Currently used sticky traps are useful tools for monito...

    Authors: Eloína Maria Mendonça de Santos, Maria Alice Varjal de Melo-Santos, Claudia Maria Fontes de Oliveira, Juliana Cavalcanti Correia and Cleide Maria Ribeiro de Albuquerque
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:195
  21. In this article, we review the epidemiology of East Coast fever (ECF), a tick-borne infection of cattle, in Kenya. The major factors associated with epidemiology of ECF include the agro-ecological zone (AEZ), ...

    Authors: John Gachohi, Rob Skilton, Frank Hansen, Priscilla Ngumi and Philip Kitala
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:194
  22. The epidemiology of malaria in the Senegal River Gorgol valley, southern Mauritania, requires particular attention in the face of ongoing and predicted environmental and climate changes. While “malaria cases” ...

    Authors: Sunkaru Touray, Hampâté Bâ, Ousmane Bâ, Mohamedou Koïta, Cheikh B Ould Ahmed Salem, Moussa Keïta, Doulo Traoré, Ibrahima Sy, Mirko S Winkler, Jürg Utzinger and Guéladio Cissé
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:193
  23. Cat fleas, Ctenocephalides felis, are one of the most common ectoparasites infesting dogs and their environments. This study evaluated the efficacy of imidacloprid + pyriproxyfen (PPF) (Advantage® II for Dogs) an...

    Authors: Douglas H Ross, Robert G Arther, Cristiano von Simson, Veronica Doyle and Michael W Dryden
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:192
  24. The aims of this study were to evaluate the host-tick-pathogen interface of Babesia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in restored areas in both questing and host-attached Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulat...

    Authors: Cornelia Silaghi, Dietlinde Woll, Dietmar Hamel, Kurt Pfister, Monia Mahling and Martin Pfeffer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:191
  25. Toxoplasma gondii is prevalent in most areas of the world and may cause abortions or neonatal complications in humans. As the only definitive host, cats play an important role in the epidemiology of the disease. ...

    Authors: Quan Wang, Wei Jiang, Yong-Jun Chen, Chun-Ying Liu, Jin-lei Shi and Xin-tong Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:190
  26. The reduction of malaria parasite transmission by preventing human-vector contact is critical in lowering disease transmission and its outcomes. This underscores the need for effective and long lasting arthrop...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Stephen Munga, Aneth M Mahande, Shandala Msangi, Humphrey D Mazigo, Araceli Q Adrias and Jonathan R Matias
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:189
  27. Anopheles funestus is one of the major malaria vectors in tropical Africa. Because of several cycles of drought events that occurred during the 1970s, this species had disappeared from many parts of sahelian Afri...

    Authors: Badara Samb, Ibrahima Dia, Lassana Konate, Diego Ayala, Didier Fontenille and Anna Cohuet
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:188
  28. In this study, a total of 426 human faecal samples were examined for the presence of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar, Entamoeba moshkovskii infection via a combination of microscopic examination and neste...

    Authors: Romano Ngui, Lorainne Angal, Siti Aminah Fakhrurrazi, Yvonne Lim Ai Lian, Lau Yee Ling, Jamaiah Ibrahim and Rohela Mahmud
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:187
  29. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite with a significant impact on human health. Inside the mammalian and avian hosts, the parasite can undergo rapid development or remain inactive in the cysts. The mech...

    Authors: Jielin Wang, Xiaolei Liu, Boyin Jia, Huijun Lu, Shuai Peng, Xianyu Piao, Nan Hou, Pengfei Cai, Jigang Yin, Ning Jiang and Qijun Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:186
  30. The Natural History Museum (NHM) is developing a repository for schistosomiasis-related material, the Schistosomiasis Collection at NHM (SCAN) as part of its existing Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratory (WW...

    Authors: Aidan M Emery, Fiona E Allan, Muriel E Rabone and David Rollinson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:185
  31. The highest annual incidence of human tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Sweden ever recorded by the Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control (SMI) occurred last year, 2011. The number of TBE cases rec...

    Authors: Thomas GT Jaenson, Marika Hjertqvist, Tomas Bergström and Åke Lundkvist
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:184
  32. Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is caused by Leishmania infantum in all Mediterranean countries. The Leishmania parasite is transmitted by the bite of a corresponding sand fly vector and primarily maintained ...

    Authors: Omar Hamarsheh, Abedalmajeed Nasereddin, Safa Damaj, SamIr Sawalha, Hanan Al-Jawabreh, Kifaya Azmi, Ahmad Amro, Suheir Ereqat, Ziad Abdeen and Amer Al-Jawabreh
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:183
  33. Schistosome and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are recognized as major global public health problems, causing severe and subtle morbidity, including significant educational and nutritional effects ...

    Authors: Pauline NM Mwinzi, Susan P Montgomery, Chrispin O Owaga, Mariam Mwanje, Erick M Muok, John G Ayisi, Kayla F Laserson, Erick M Muchiri, W Evan Secor and Diana MS Karanja
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:182
  34. Anaplasma phagocytophilum infects a wide variety of hosts and causes granulocytic anaplasmosis in humans, horses and dogs and tick-borne fever in ruminants. Infection with A. phagocytophilum results in the modifi...

    Authors: Ruth C Galindo, Nieves Ayllón, Katja Strašek Smrdel, Mariana Boadella, Beatriz Beltrán-Beck, María Mazariegos, Nerea García, José M Pérez de la Lastra, Tatjana Avsic-Zupanc, Katherine M Kocan, Christian Gortazar and José de la Fuente
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:181
  35. Anaplasma phagocytophilum , the causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis, affects several species of wild and domesticated mammals, including horses. We used direct and indirect methods to compare and evaluat...

    Authors: Youmna M’ghirbi, Hèla Yaïch, Abderazek Ghorbel and Ali Bouattour
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:180
  36. Aelurostrongylus abstrusus is currently regarded as the main metastrongyloid infesting domestic cats, whereas the reports of Troglostrongylus spp. in domestic and wild felids largely remain anecdotic. This paper ...

    Authors: Emanuele Brianti, Gabriella Gaglio, Salvatore Giannetto, Giada Annoscia, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Donato Traversa and Domenico Otranto
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:178
  37. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is among the most important vector borne diseases of humans in Europe and is currently identified as a major health problem in many countries. TBE endemic zones have expanded over...

    Authors: Ashild Andreassen, Solveig Jore, Piotr Cuber, Susanne Dudman, Torstein Tengs, Ketil Isaksen, Hans Olav Hygen, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Gabriel Ånestad, Preben Ottesen and Kirsti Vainio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:177
  38. Sarcoptic mange caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei is a worldwide disease affecting both humans and animals. Here we report the molecular characterization and evaluation of a recombinant S. scabiei tropomyosin ...

    Authors: Runhui Zhang, Quwu Jise, Wanpeng Zheng, Yongjun Ren, Xiang Nong, Xuhang Wu, Xiaobin Gu, Shuxian Wang, Xuerong Peng, Songjia Lai and Guangyou Yang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:176
  39. The causative agent of yellow fever is an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family transmitted by infected Aedes mosquitoes, particularly in Africa. In the Central African Republic since 2006, cases have been notifie...

    Authors: Carine Ngoagouni, Basile Kamgang, Alexandre Manirakiza, Auguste Nangouma, Christophe Paupy, Emmanuel Nakoune and Mirdad Kazanji
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:175
  40. Human and animal fascioliasis is emerging in many world regions, among which Andean countries constitute the largest regional hot spot and Peru the country presenting more human endemic areas. A survey was und...

    Authors: M Dolores Bargues, Patricio Artigas, Messaoud Khoubbane, Pedro Ortiz, Cesar Naquira and Santiago Mas-Coma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:174
  41. Malaria is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium. It is one of the leading causes of illness and death in the world. It is a major public health problem in Ethiopia. Over the past years, the disea...

    Authors: Abebe Alemu, Dagnachew Muluye, Mikrie Mihret, Meaza Adugna and Melkamu Gebeyaw
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:173
  42. Thyroid hormones (TH) modulate growth, development and differentiation and metabolic processes by interacting with thyroid hormone receptors (THRs). The purpose of this study was to identify a novel thyroid ho...

    Authors: Chunhui Qiu, Shengfa Liu, Yang Hong, Zhiqiang Fu, Meimei Wei, Dezhou Ai and Jiaojiao Lin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:172
  43. The tick-borne apicomplexan bovine parasite Theileria annulata is endemic in many tropical and temperate areas, including Minorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). Real-time PCR is widely used for the detection of pirop...

    Authors: Amaia Ros-García, Antoni Nicolás, Ana L García-Pérez, Ramón A Juste and Ana Hurtado
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:171
  44. South Hungary is being monitored for the northward spreading of thermophilic ixodid species, therefore ticks were collected from cattle and wild ruminants (red, fallow and roe deer) in the autumn of 2011.

    Authors: Sándor Hornok and Gábor Horváth
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:170
  45. The life cycle of the brachylaimid trematode species Renylaima capensis, infecting the urinary system of the shrew Myosorex varius (Mammalia: Soricidae: Crocidosoricinae) in the Hottentots Holland Nature Reserve,...

    Authors: Wilhelm F Sirgel, Patricio Artigas, M Dolores Bargues and Santiago Mas-Coma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:169
  46. Giardia duodenalis is a common protozoan parasite of humans and animals. Genetic characterization of single loci indicates the existence of eight groups called assemblages, which differ in their host distribution...

    Authors: Katsuhisa Takumi, Arno Swart, Theo Mank, Erica Lasek-Nesselquist, Marianne Lebbad, Simone M Cacciò and Hein Sprong
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:168
  47. Ixodes granulatus is widely distributed in various countries of Southeast Asia and Taiwan. Although this tick species is presumed to be the vector for the enzoonotic transmission of Borrelia spirochetes in the Ta...

    Authors: Li-Lian Chao, Li-Ling Liu and Chien-Ming Shih
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:167

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