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  1. Content type: Short report

    Currently, several PCR based diagnostic assays have been developed to improve the detection of pathogenic trypanosomes. These tests include use of species specific primers, single and nested PCRs' based on pri...

    Authors: Samuel M Thumbi, Francis A McOdimba, Reuben O Mosi and Joseph O Jung'a

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:46

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  2. Content type: Research

    Chromosomal inversions have been considered to be potentially important barriers to gene flow in many groups of animals through their effect on recombination suppression in heterokaryotypic individuals. Invers...

    Authors: Kija R Ng'habi, Claudio R Meneses, Anthony J Cornel, Michel A Slotman, Bart GJ Knols, Heather M Ferguson and Gregory C Lanzaro

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:45

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  3. Content type: Research

    The incidence of tick-borne encephalitis showed a dramatic spike in several countries in Europe in 2006, a year that was unusually cold in winter but unusually warm and dry in summer and autumn. In this study ...

    Authors: Sarah E Randolph, Loreta Asokliene, Tatjana Avsic-Zupanc, Antra Bormane, Caroline Burri, Lise Gern, Irina Golovljova, Zdenek Hubalek, Natasa Knap, Maceij Kondrusik, Anne Kupca, Milan Pejcoch, Veera Vasilenko and Milda Žygutiene

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:44

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  4. Content type: Research

    The chances of a schistosome cercaria encountering a suitable definitive host may be enhanced by emergence from the molluscan intermediate host with maximal glycogen stores and by an appropriate chronobiologic...

    Authors: Alice Norton, David Rollinson, Louisa Richards and Joanne Webster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:43

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  5. Content type: Research

    The use of repellent materials from plants against nuisance insects is common with great potential to compliment existing malaria control programmes and this requires evaluation in the field. Ocimum plant spec...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Franklin W Mosha, Asanterabi Lowassa, Aneth M Mahande, Michael J Mahande, Charles P Massenga, Filemoni Tenu, Ester E Lyatuu, Michael A Mboya and Emmanuel A Temu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:42

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  6. Content type: Review

    Blastocystis is a prevalent enteric protozoan that infects a variety of vertebrates. Infection with Blastocystis in humans has been associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, fatigue, skin rash, and ...

    Authors: Kenneth F Boorom, Huw Smith, Laila Nimri, Eric Viscogliosi, Gregory Spanakos, Unaiza Parkar, Lan-Hua Li, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Ülgen Z Ok, Saovanee Leelayoova and Morris S Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:40

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  7. Content type: Research

    Screening doors, windows and eaves of houses should reduce house entry by eusynanthropic insects, including the common African house mosquito Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus and other culicines. In the pre-interve...

    Authors: Matthew J Kirby, Philippa West, Clare Green, Momodou Jasseh and Steve W Lindsay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:41

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  8. Content type: Research

    The city of Doha in Qatar has a high density of feral cats and there is a high risk of toxoplasmosis for the resident human population. No data currently exist for the prevalence of infection with Toxoplasma gond...

    Authors: Marawan A Abu-Madi, Naema Al-Molawi and Jerzy M Behnke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:39

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  9. Content type: Erratum

    In our recently published article "Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. in Brazil and the impact of the Sao Francisco River in the speciation of this sand fly vector" by Iliano V. Coutinho-Abreu et al. a sentence located i...

    Authors: Iliano V Coutinho-Abreu, Ivan V Sonoda, Jose A Fonseca, Marcia A Melo, Valdir Q Balbino and Marcelo Ramalho-Ortigão

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:37

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:16

  10. Content type: Research

    Protein kinases are key enzymes that regulate a wide range of cellular processes, including cell-cycle progression, transcription, DNA replication and metabolic functions. These enzymes catalyse the transfer o...

    Authors: Min Hu, Nicole LaRonde-LeBlanc, Paul W Sternberg and Robin B Gasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:34

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  11. Content type: Short report

    As part of an ongoing program assessing the biodiversity and impacts of parasites in Arctic ungulates we examined 72 fecal samples from muskoxen on Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada for Giardia and Cryp...

    Authors: Susan J Kutz, RC Andrew Thompson, Lydden Polley, Kami Kandola, John Nagy, Caroline M Wielinga and Brett T Elkin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:32

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  12. Content type: Short report

    The majority of filarial nematodes harbour Wolbachia endobacteria, including the major pathogenic species in humans, Onchocerca volvulus, Brugia malayi and Wuchereria bancrofti. These obligate endosymbionts have ...

    Authors: Jeremy M Foster, Sanjay Kumar, Louise Ford, Kelly L Johnston, Renata Ben, Carlos Graeff-Teixeira and Mark J Taylor

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:31

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  13. Content type: Review

    Intestinal helminth infections of livestock and humans are predominantly controlled by treatment with three classes of synthetic drugs, but some livestock nematodes have now developed resistance to all three c...

    Authors: Jerzy M Behnke, David J Buttle, Gillian Stepek, Ann Lowe and Ian R Duce

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:29

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  14. Content type: Review

    Trichinella infection results in formation of a capsule in infected muscles. The capsule is a residence of the parasite which is composed of the nurse cell and fibrous wall. The process of nurse cell formation is...

    Authors: Zhiliang Wu, Lj Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Isao Nagano and Yuzo Takahashi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:27

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  15. Content type: Research

    Since a large focus of human infection with Plasmodium knowlesi, a simian malaria parasite naturally found in long-tailed and pig tailed macaques, was reported in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo, it was pertinent to st...

    Authors: Indra Vythilingam, Yusuf M NoorAzian, Tan Cheong Huat, Adela Ida Jiram, Yusof M Yusri, Abdul H Azahari, Ismail NorParina, Abdullah NoorRain and Sulaiman LokmanHakim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:26

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  16. Content type: Review

    Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are highly prevalent in Brazil and represent a challenge to veterinarians and public health workers, since some diseases are of great zoonotic potential. Dogs are affected ...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:25

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  17. Content type: Review

    Vectors of trypanosomiasis – tsetse (Glossinidae) in Africa, kissing-bugs (Triatominae) in Latin America – are very different insects but share demographic characteristics that render them highly vulnerable to...

    Authors: Chris J Schofield and John P Kabayo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:24

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  18. Content type: Research

    Although numerous studies on parasites of the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L. have been conducted in the North Atlantic, comparative analyses on local cod parasite faunas are virtually lacking. The present study is...

    Authors: Diana Perdiguero-Alonso, Francisco E Montero, Juan Antonio Raga and Aneta Kostadinova

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:23

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  19. Content type: Research

    Trypanosoma brucei is a haemoflagellate pathogen of man, wild animals and domesticated livestock in central and southern Africa. In all life cycle stages this parasite has a single mitochondrion that contains a u...

    Authors: Mélanie Bonhivers, Nicolas Landrein, Marion Decossas and Derrick R Robinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:21

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  20. Content type: Research

    American Trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi which currently infects approximately 16 million people in the Americas causing high morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of American trypan...

    Authors: Milene H de Moraes, Alessandra A Guarneri, Fabiana P Girardi, Juliana B Rodrigues, Iriane Eger, Kevin M Tyler, Mário Steindel and Edmundo C Grisard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:20

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  21. Content type: Short report

    In previous studies it was determined that the stable isotope 13-carbon can be used as a semen label to detect mating events in the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis. In this paper we describe the use of an a...

    Authors: Michelle EH Helinski, Rebecca C Hood, Doris Gludovacz, Leo Mayr and Bart GJ Knols

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:19

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  22. Content type: Research

    Human onchocerciasis or river blindness, caused by the filarial nematode Onchocerca volvulus, is currently controlled using the microfilaricidal drug, ivermectin. However, ivermectin does not kill adult O. volvul...

    Authors: Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Benjamin L Makepeace, Alfons Renz, Vincent N Tanya, Lawrence Fleckenstein, David Ekale and Alexander J Trees

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:18

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  23. Content type: Research

    An important advantage of pyrethroid-treated nets over untreated nets is that once nets become worn or holed a pyrethroid treatment will normally restore protection. The capacity of pyrethroids to kill or irri...

    Authors: SR Irish, R N'Guessan, PM Boko, C Metonnou, A Odjo, M Akogbeto and M Rowland

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:17

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  24. Content type: Research

    Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the principal vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi in the Americas, and constitutes a complex of species. Various studies have suggested an incipient speciati...

    Authors: Iliano V Coutinho-Abreu, Ivan V Sonoda, Jose A Fonseca, Marcia A Melo, Valdir Q Balbino and Marcelo Ramalho-Ortigão

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:16

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  25. Content type: Research

    Reliable and consistent methods are required for the identification and classification of freshwater snails belonging to the genus Bulinus (Gastropoda, Planorbidae) which act as intermediate hosts for schistosome...

    Authors: Richard A Kane, J Russell Stothard, Aidan M Emery and David Rollinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:15

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  26. Content type: Research

    Mass drug administration (MDA) has been one of the strategies endorsed by the World Health Assembly for lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination. Many factors, however, affect the acceptability of the MDA in the ...

    Authors: Maria Lourdes E Amarillo, Vicente Y Belizario Jr, Jewel T Sadiang-abay, Stephanie Anne M Sison and Ariane Marie S Dayag

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:14

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  27. Content type: Review

    Lymphatic filariasis, caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and B. timori is a public health problem of considerable magnitude of the tropics and subtropics. Presently 1.3 billion people are at risk of ly...

    Authors: Goutam Chandra

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:13

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  28. Content type: Research

    Human and canine leishmaniasis (CanL) by Leishmania infantum is endemic in Italy, with a high percentage of infected asymptomatic animals. However, the immune response mechanisms underlying the clinical presentat...

    Authors: Maria A Panaro, Olga Brandonisio, Donato de Caprariis, Pasqua Cavallo, Antonia Cianciulli, Vincenzo Mitolo and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:10

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  29. Content type: Research

    In the context of a Sterile Insect Technique programme, the occurrence of multiple insemination in the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis Patton was studied using a novel labelling system with the stable isoto...

    Authors: Michelle EH Helinski, Rebecca C Hood and Bart GJ Knols

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:9

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  30. Content type: Research

    Ticks of the species Ixodes ricinus are the main vectors of Lyme Borreliosis and Tick-borne Encephalitis – two rapidly emerging diseases in Europe. Repellents provide a practical means of protection against tick ...

    Authors: Ulrich Schwantes, Hans Dautel and Gerd Jung

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:8

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  31. Content type: Research

    Ticks are vectors for a variety of viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases in human and domestic animals. To survive and reproduce ticks feed on host blood, yet our understanding of the intestinal proteolytic ...

    Authors: Daniel Sojka, Zdeněk Franta, Martin Horn, Ondřej Hajdušek, Conor R Caffrey, Michael Mareš and Petr Kopáček

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:7

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  32. Content type: Research

    Trypanosoma brucei undergoes genetic exchange in its insect vector, the tsetse fly, by an unknown mechanism. The difficulties of working with this experimental system of genetic exchange have hampered investigati...

    Authors: Wendy Gibson, Lori Peacock, Vanessa Ferris, Katherine Williams and Mick Bailey

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:4

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  33. Content type: Review

    Mathematical models developed for describing the dynamics of transmission, infection, disease and control of lymphatic filariasis (LF) gained momentum following the 1997 World Health Assembly resolution and th...

    Authors: Subramanian Swaminathan, Pani P Subash, Ravi Rengachari, Krishnamoorthy Kaliannagounder and Das K Pradeep

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:2

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  34. Content type: Review

    The prehistory of African trypanosomiasis indicates that the disease may have been an important selective factor in the evolution of hominids. Ancient history and medieval history reveal that African trypanoso...

    Authors: Dietmar Steverding

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2008 1:3

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