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  1. Different techniques are available for colour marking insects and each technique may be suitable for different insect species. Mosquitoes can be marked to determine population size, distribution and flight dis...

    Authors: Niels O Verhulst, Jeanine ACM Loonen and Willem Takken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:200

    Content type: Research

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  2. Hepatic schistosomiasis is considered to be one of the most prevalent forms of chronic liver disease in the world due to its complication of liver fibrosis. The demonstration of the pro-fibrogenic role of angi...

    Authors: Yasmeen M Attia, Essam F Elalkamy, Olfat A Hammam, Soheir S Mahmoud and Aiman S El-Khatib

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:199

    Content type: Research

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  3. An increasing number of countries in Africa and elsewhere are developing national plans for the control of neglected tropical diseases. A key component of such plans is school-based deworming (SBD) for the con...

    Authors: Charles S Mwandawiro, Birgit Nikolay, Jimmy H Kihara, Owen Ozier, Dunstan A Mukoko, Mariam T Mwanje, Anna Hakobyan, Rachel L Pullan, Simon J Brooker and Sammy M Njenga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:198

    Content type: Research

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  4. Ivermectin has longevity reducing effects in several insect species, including disease transmitting mosquitoes after feeding on hosts that have received ivermectin treatment. This has important implications in...

    Authors: Hanano Yamada, Sharon M Soliban, Marc JB Vreysen, Dave D Chadee and Jeremie RL Gilles

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:197

    Content type: Research

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  5. Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is a neglected complication of visceral leishmaniasis (VL)―a deadly, infectious disease that claims approximately 20,000 to 40,000 lives every year. PKDL is thought t...

    Authors: Philippe Desjeux, Raj Shankar Ghosh, Pritu Dhalaria, Nathalie Strub-Wourgaft and Ed E Zijlstra

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:196

    Content type: Meeting report

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  6. It has been suggested that increasing biodiversity, specifically host diversity, reduces pathogen and parasite transmission amongst wildlife (causing a “dilution effect”), whereby transmission amongst efficien...

    Authors: Catherine Bouchard, Guy Beauchamp, Patrick A Leighton, Robbin Lindsay, Denise Bélanger and Nick H Ogden

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:195

    Content type: Research

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  7. Clonorchiasis caused by ingesting improperly prepared fish ranks among the most important but still neglected food-borne parasitic diseases, especially in the People’s Republic of China (P.R. China). To promot...

    Authors: Men-Bao Qian, Ying-Dan Chen, Yue-Yi Fang, Tan Tan, Ting-Jun Zhu, Chang-Hai Zhou, Guo-Fei Wang, Long-Qi Xu and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:194

    Content type: Research

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  8. Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) remains a public health problem in many poor countries. Due to lack of financial resources in these countries, cost-effective strategies are needed for efficient control of ...

    Authors: Judith Tchouomene-Labou, Hugues Nana-Djeunga, Gustave Simo, Guy Roger Njitchouang, Gerard Cuny, Tazoacha Asonganyi and Flobert Njiokou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:193

    Content type: Research

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  9. Owing to pyrethroid resistance in An. gambiae, the carbamate and organophosphate insecticides are currently regarded as alternatives or supplements to pyrethroids for use on mosquito net treatments. Resistance mo...

    Authors: Rock Aïkpon, Fiacre Agossa, Razaki Ossè, Olivier Oussou, Nazaire Aïzoun, Frédéric Oké-Agbo and Martin Akogbéto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:192

    Content type: Research

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  10. Concerning the infection of humans by T. gondii, limited efforts have been directed to the elucidation of the role of horizontal transmission between hosts. One of the main routes of transmission from animals to ...

    Authors: Hugo Vieira Fajardo, Sthefane D’ávila, Ronaldo Rocha Bastos, Carolina Dutra Cyrino, Michelle de Lima Detoni, João Luis Garcia, Leandro Batista das Neves, José Leonardo Nicolau and Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:191

    Content type: Research

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  11. The incidence of tick-borne diseases is increasing in Europe. Sub national information on tick distribution, ecology and vector status is often lacking. However, precise location of infection risk can lead to ...

    Authors: Valerie Obsomer, Marc Wirtgen, Annick Linden, Edwin Claerebout, Paul Heyman, Dieter Heylen, Maxime Madder, Jo Maris, Maude Lebrun, Wesley Tack, Laetitia Lempereur, Thierry Hance and Georges Van Impe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:190

    Content type: Research

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  12. The genetic variability of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis was assessed at intra and interpatient levels of individuals with different clinical manifestations of American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL).

    Authors: Fernanda S Oliveira, Cláudia M Valete-Rosalino, Sandro JB Pacheco, Filipe A Carvalho Costa, Armando O Schubach and Raquel S Pacheco

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:189

    Content type: Research

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  13. Opisthorchis viverrini infection is still one of the public health problems in Thailand. Our recent cohort study conducted in a rural community in central Thailand showed that the incidence rate of O. viverrin...

    Authors: Picha Suwannahitatorn, Saranapoom Klomjit, Tawee Naaglor, Paanjit Taamasri, Ram Rangsin, Saovanee Leelayoova and Mathirut Mungthin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:188

    Content type: Research

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  14. Understanding the variation in prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Lyme Borreliosis Spirochaetes, LBS) and Anaplasma phagocytophilum (causing tick-borne fever in ruminants and human granulocytic ehrlic...

    Authors: Atle Mysterud, William Ryan Easterday, Lars Qviller, Hildegunn Viljugrein and Bjørnar Ytrehus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:187

    Content type: Research

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  15. Sand fly species of the genus Sergentomyia are proven vectors of reptilian Leishmania that are non-pathogenic to humans. However, a consideration of the role of Sergentomyia spp. in the circulation of mammalian l...

    Authors: Jovana Sadlova, Vit Dvorak, Veronika Seblova, Alon Warburg, Jan Votypka and Petr Volf

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:186

    Content type: Research

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  16. Anopheles funestus is one of the major malaria vectors in Africa but research on this species has been restricted due to the lack of viable laboratory colonies. The vectorial capacity of natural populations of An...

    Authors: T Mike Lo and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:184

    Content type: Research

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  17. Although Ixodes spp. are the most common ticks in North-Western Europe, recent reports indicated an expanding geographical distribution of Dermacentor reticulatus in Western Europe. Recently, the establishment of...

    Authors: Edwin Claerebout, Bertrand Losson, Christel Cochez, Stijn Casaert, Anne-Catherine Dalemans, Ann De Cat, Maxime Madder, Claude Saegerman, Paul Heyman and Laetitia Lempereur

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:183

    Content type: Research

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  18. Malaria represents one of the most devastating infectious diseases. The lack of an effective vaccine and the emergence of drug resistance make necessary the development of new effective control methods. The re...

    Authors: Aida Capone, Irene Ricci, Claudia Damiani, Michela Mosca, Paolo Rossi, Patrizia Scuppa, Elena Crotti, Sara Epis, Mauro Angeletti, Matteo Valzano, Luciano Sacchi, Claudio Bandi, Daniele Daffonchio, Mauro Mandrioli and Guido Favia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:182

    Content type: Research

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  19. Severe neurological signs that develop during acute infection by virulent strains of Babesia bovis are associated with sequestration of infected erythrocytes in cerebral capillaries. Serial passage of virulent st...

    Authors: Kerry S Sondgeroth, Terry F McElwain, Andrew J Allen, Annie V Chen and Audrey OT Lau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:181

    Content type: Short report

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  20. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is found in limited endemic foci in Poland. Lack of diagnosis limits disease detection in non-endemic provinces.

    Authors: Pawel Stefanoff, Anna Zielicka-Hardy, Maria Hlebowicz, Ryszard Konior, Dariusz Lipowski, Leszek Szenborn, Joanna Siennicka and Hana Orlikova

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:180

    Content type: Research

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  21. Characterization of mosquito breeding habitats is often accomplished with the goal of guiding larval control interventions as well as the goal of identifying areas with higher disease risk. This characterizati...

    Authors: Denis Valle, Benjamin Zaitchik, Beth Feingold, Keith Spangler and William Pan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:179

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  22. Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii are protozoa with zoonotic and economic importance. Prevalences of antibodies to these agents were assessed in 173 horses from the north of Portugal.

    Authors: Ana Patrícia Lopes, Susana Sousa, JP Dubey, Ana J Ribeiro, Ricardo Silvestre, Mário Cotovio, Henk DFH Schallig, Luís Cardoso and Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:178

    Content type: Short report

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  23. Various genospecies of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) have been identified from patients and animals worldwide. Genospecies-related dissemination of disease has been reported. The present study aimed to e...

    Authors: Qiong Wu, Zhijie Liu, Jidong Wang, Youquan Li, Guiquan Guan, Jifei Yang, Ze Chen, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:177

    Content type: Research

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  24. Anopheles sinensis, Anopheles anthropophagus, Anopheles minimus and Anopheles dirus are the major vectors of malaria transmission in China. Anopheles sinensis is considered a secondary vector due to its relativel...

    Authors: Guoding Zhu, Hui Xia, Huayun Zhou, Julin Li, Feng Lu, Yaobao Liu, Jun Cao, Qi Gao and Jetsumon Sattabongkot

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:176

    Content type: Research

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  25. Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that can pose a serious threat to human health by causing toxoplasmosis. There are no drugs that target the chronic cyst stage of this infection; therefore,...

    Authors: Guanghui Zhao, Aihua Zhou, Gang Lu, Min Meng, Min Sun, Yang Bai, Yali Han, Lin Wang, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong, Qunli Zhao, Xing-Quan Zhu and Shenyi He

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:175

    Content type: Research

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  26. Mass distribution of long-lasting insecticide treated bed nets (LLINs) has led to large increases in LLIN coverage in many African countries. As LLIN ownership levels increase, planners of future mass distribu...

    Authors: Joshua Yukich, Adam Bennett, Joseph Keating, Rudy K Yukich, Matt Lynch, Thomas P Eisele and Kate Kolaczinski

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:174

    Content type: Research

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  27. Recent studies presented two clades (clades I and II) within the major malaria vector, Anopheles funestus s.s. on the mitochondrial DNA. We describe a hydrolysis probe analysis (Taqman assay) method for the rapid...

    Authors: Kwang Shik Choi, Maureen Coetzee and Lizette L Koekemoer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:173

    Content type: Short report

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  28. Malaria vectors which predominantly feed indoors upon humans have been locally eliminated from several settings with insecticide treated nets (ITNs), indoor residual spraying or larval source management. Recen...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Aklilu Seyoum, Chadwick Sikaala, Amri S Zomboko, John E Gimnig, Nicodem J Govella and Michael T White

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:172

    Content type: Review

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  29. Ticks and tick-borne diseases (TBDs) undermine cattle fitness and productivity in the whole of sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. The aim of this study was to document the composition of tick species, asse...

    Authors: Vincenzo Lorusso, Kim Picozzi, Barend MC de Bronsvoort, Ayodele Majekodunmi, Charles Dongkum, Gyang Balak, Augustine Igweh and Susan C Welburn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:171

    Content type: Research

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  30. The Sultanate of Oman’s aquaculture industry is expanding with an on-going assessment of potential new fish species for culture. The king soldier bream, Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål) (Sparidae), is one such specie...

    Authors: Gil Ha Yoon, Sarah Al-Jufaili, Mark A Freeman, James E Bron, Giuseppe Paladini and Andrew P Shinn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:170

    Content type: Research

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  31. Acanthamoeba can interact with a wide range of microorganisms such as viruses, algae, yeasts, protists and bacteria including Legionella pneumophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Vibrio cholerae, Helicobacter pylori,

    Authors: Farzana Abubakar Yousuf, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui and Naveed Ahmed Khan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:169

    Content type: Research

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  32. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite that infects almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans, with a worldwide distribution. There have been limited reports about the seroprevalence of

    Authors: Qiang Miao, Xi Wang, Li-Na She, Ya-Ting Fan, Fei-Zhou Yuan, Jian-Fa Yang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Feng-Cai Zou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:168

    Content type: Research

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  33. Biomphalaria glabrata is the mollusc intermediate host for Schistosoma mansoni, a digenean flatworm parasite that causes human intestinal schistosomiasis. An estimated 200 million people in 74 countries suffer fr...

    Authors: Sara Fneich, Nolwenn Dheilly, Coen Adema, Anne Rognon, Michael Reichelt, Jan Bulla, Christoph Grunau and Céline Cosseau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:167

    Content type: Research

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  34. Anopheles culicifacies sensu lato is an important vector of malaria in Southeast Asia contributing to almost 70% of malaria cases in India. It exists as morphologically similar sibling species A, B, C, D and E wi...

    Authors: Sujatha Sunil, Om P Singh, Nutan Nanda, Kamaraju Raghavendra, BP Niranjan Reddy and Sarala K Subbarao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:166

    Content type: Research

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  35. Human and Animal Trypanosomes are major problems for the socio-economic growth of developing countries like Burkina Faso. Ivermectin is currently used to treat humans in mass drug administration programs in Af...

    Authors: Sié H Pooda, Karine Mouline, Thierry De Meeûs, Zakaria Bengaly and Philippe Solano

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:165

    Content type: Research

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  36. Insecticide thermal fogging (ITF) is a tool to control vector borne diseases. Insecticide application success for vector control has been associated with housing materials and architecture. Vector abundance is...

    Authors: Luis Fernando Chaves, Jose E Calzada, Chystrie Rigg, Anayansi Valderrama, Nicole L Gottdenker and Azael Saldaña

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:164

    Content type: Research

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  37. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite that causes relevant clinical disease in humans and animals. Several studies have been performed in order to understand the interactions between proteins of the para...

    Authors: Arlindo G Macêdo Junior, Jair P Cunha Junior, Thyago HS Cardoso, Murilo V Silva, Fernanda M Santiago, João S Silva, Carlos P Pirovani, Deise AO Silva, José R Mineo and Tiago WP Mineo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:163

    Content type: Research

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  38. Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease with high morbidity and mortality in the world. Currently, the treatment of this disease depends almost exclusively on praziquantel (PZQ); however, the emergence...

    Authors: Jian Liu, David H Dyer, Jingdong Cheng, Jipeng Wang, Shuqi Wang, Zhong Yang, Xiaoning Wang and Wei Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:162

    Content type: Research

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  39. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite that can modulate host responses and presumably host behavior. Host responses as well as pathogenesis vary depending on the parasite strains that are responsible for...

    Authors: Boyin Jia, Huijun Lu, Quan Liu, Jigang Yin, Ning Jiang and Qijun Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:161

    Content type: Research

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  40. Leishmaniasis is a clinically and epidemiologically diverse zoonotic disease caused by obligatory, intracellular protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most widely distributed...

    Authors: Nigatu Kebede, Steve Oghumu, Alemayehu Worku, Asrat Hailu, Sanjay Varikuti and Abhay R Satoskar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:160

    Content type: Research

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  41. The recent detection of Rickettsia felis DNA in dogs in Australia suggests that dogs are potential mammalian reservoir hosts for this emerging rickettsia. To date, there is no published report addressing the sero...

    Authors: Sze-Fui Hii, Mohammad Y Abdad, Steven R Kopp, John Stenos, Robert L Rees and Rebecca J Traub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:159

    Content type: Research

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  42. The haemotropic mycoplasmas Mycoplasma haemofelis and Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum cause feline infectious anaemia with infection rates in feline populations reflecting widespread subclinical infection. Cli...

    Authors: Angeles Sánchez-Pérez, Graeme Brown, Richard Malik, Stephen J Assinder, Katherine Cantlon, Christine Gotsis, Samantha Dunbar and Stuart T Fraser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:158

    Content type: Research

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  43. Animal and human infection with multiple parasite species is the norm rather than the exception, and empirical studies and animal models have provided evidence for a diverse range of interactions among parasit...

    Authors: Laith Yakob, Gail M Williams, Darren J Gray, Kate Halton, Juan Antonio Solon and Archie CA Clements

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:157

    Content type: Research

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  44. Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMPs) are a multifunctional family of proteins that orchestrate extracellular matrix turnover, tissue remodelling and other cellular processes. In parasitic helminths, s...

    Authors: Cinzia Cantacessi, Andreas Hofmann, Darren Pickering, Severine Navarro, Makedonka Mitreva and Alex Loukas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:156

    Content type: Research

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  45. Malaria has been endemic in Guangzhou for more than 50 years. The goal of this study was to use a negative binomial regression to identify the relationship between meteorological variables and malaria reported...

    Authors: Tiegang Li, Zhicong Yang and Ming Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:155

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  46. The obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii can interfere with host cell signaling pathways, alter host defense systems and cell cycle control, and establish a chronic infection in the central nervous s...

    Authors: Min-Jun Xu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Alasdair J Nisbet, Si-Yang Huang, Yi-Fan Fan and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:154

    Content type: Research

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  47. Parasitic nematodes (roundworms) of small ruminants and other livestock have major economic impacts worldwide. Despite the impact of the diseases caused by these nematodes and the discovery of new therapeutic ...

    Authors: Florian Roeber, Aaron R Jex and Robin B Gasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:153

    Content type: Review

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  48. The prevalence of infection with the three common soil-transmitted helminths (i.e. Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and hookworm) in Bolivia is among the highest in Latin America. However, the spatial d...

    Authors: Frédérique Chammartin, Ronaldo GC Scholte, John B Malone, Mara E Bavia, Prixia Nieto, Jürg Utzinger and Penelope Vounatsou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:152

    Content type: Research

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  49. Estimating the abundance of Culicoides using light traps is influenced by a large variation in abundance in time and place. This study investigates the optimal trapping strategy to estimate the abundance or prese...

    Authors: Carsten Kirkeby, Anders Stockmarr, René Bødker and Peter Lind

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:151

    Content type: Short report

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  50. Cat fleas, Ctenocephalides felis, are known biological vectors for Rickettsia felis. Rickettsial transmission can be vertical via transovarial transmission within a flea population, as well as horizontal between ...

    Authors: Chutima Thepparit, Supanee Hirunkanokpun, Vsevolod L Popov, Lane D Foil and Kevin R Macaluso

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:149

    Content type: Short report

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