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  1. Schistosomiasis remains a major health problem at global and national levels, contributing to the vulnerability of the poor people in Sudan. Southern Kordofan is affected by Schistosomiasis but the disease pre...

    Authors: Alaa Hammad Ali Abou-Zeid, Tigani Abdullah Abkar and Rashid Osman Mohamed

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:133

    Content type: Research

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  2. Blastocystis sp. is a common intestinal parasite found in faecal sample surveys. Several studies have implicated human-to-human, zoonotic and waterborne transmissions by Blastocystis sp. However, there has been n...

    Authors: Li Ii Lee, Tan Tian Chye, Biraj Man Karmacharya and Suresh Kumar Govind

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:130

    Content type: Research

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  3. For many years social economic status has been used as an indicator to characterize malaria treatment seeking behaviors of communities and their adherence to malaria control programs. The present study was the...

    Authors: Asanterabi Lowassa, Humphrey D Mazigo, Aneth M Mahande, Beda J Mwang’onde, Shandala Msangi, Michael J Mahande, Epiphania E Kimaro, Eliapenda Elisante and Eliningaya J Kweka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:129

    Content type: Research

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  4. Capillaria aerophila, Capillaria boehmi and Trichuris vulpis are trichuroid nematodes affecting wild and companion animals all over the World. The canine intestinal whipworm, T. vulpis, is the most common and wel...

    Authors: Angela Di Cesare, Giuseppe Castagna, Silvana Meloni, Domenico Otranto and Donato Traversa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:128

    Content type: Short report

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  5. Historical studies have indicated that An. gambiae s.s. is the predominant malaria vector species in Bobo-Dioulasso the second biggest city of Burkina Faso (West Africa). However, over the last decade, An. arabie...

    Authors: Roch K Dabiré, Moussa Namountougou, Simon P Sawadogo, Lassina B Yaro, Hyacinthe K Toé, Ali Ouari, Louis-Clément Gouagna, Frédéric Simard, Fabrice Chandre, Thierry Baldet, Chris Bass and Abdoulaye Diabaté

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:127

    Content type: Research

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  6. The snail Neotricula aperta transmits Mekong schistosomiasis in southern Laos and Cambodia, with about 1.5 million people at risk of infection. Plans are under consideration for at least 12 hydroelectric power da...

    Authors: Stephen W Attwood and E Suchart Upatham

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:126

    Content type: Research

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  7. Most epidemiological studies on tick-borne pathogens involve collection of ticks from the environment. An efficient collection method is essential for large sample pools. Our main aim was to evaluate the effic...

    Authors: Călin M Gherman, Andrei D Mihalca, Mirabela O Dumitrache, Adriana Györke, Ioan Oroian, Mignon Sandor and Vasile Cozma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:125

    Content type: Research

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  8. Thelazia callipaeda eyeworms are transmitted by the non-biting insect vector Phortica variegata in Europe and infest the conjunctiva(s) of several mammalians, including dogs and humans. Infested hosts might remai...

    Authors: Lisete Vieira, Filipa T Rodrigues, Álvaro Costa, Duarte Diz-Lopes, João Machado, Teresa Coutinho, Joana Tuna, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Luís Cardoso and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:124

    Content type: Research

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  9. The mosquito Culex quinquefasciatu s, a widespread insect in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, is a vector of multiple arboviruses and parasites, and is considered an important risk to human and vet...

    Authors: Andre Borges-Veloso, Leonardo Saboia-Vahia, Patricia Cuervo, Renata C Pires, Constança Britto, Nilma Fernandes, Claudia M d’Avila-Levy and Jose B De Jesus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:123

    Content type: Research

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  10. Studies on malaria vector ecology and development/evaluation of vector control strategies often require measures of mosquito life history traits. Assessing the fecundity of malaria vectors can be carried out b...

    Authors: Ali Mollahosseini, Marie Rossignol, Cédric Pennetier, Anna Cohuet, António dos Anjos, Fabrice Chandre and Hamid Reza Shahbazkia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:122

    Content type: Research

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  11. Many cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) have been recorded in the Jenin District based on their clinical appearance. Here, their parasites have been characterized in depth.

    Authors: Kifaya Azmi, Lionel Schnur, Gabriele Schonian, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Francine Pratlong, Fouad El Baidouri, Christophe Ravel, Jean-Pierre Dedet, Suheir Ereqat and Ziad Abdeen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:121

    Content type: Research

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  12. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) caused by Leishmania infantum is an endemic zoonosis in southern European countries. Infected dogs can present rare or atypical forms of the disease and diagnosis can be challenging. T...

    Authors: Carlos Viegas, João Requicha, Carlos Albuquerque, Teresa Sargo, João Machado, Isabel Dias, Maria A Pires, Lenea Campino and Luís Cardoso

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:120

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections, anaemia and malnutrition are major public health problems in school-age children in developing countries. This study was conducted on 289 Orang Asli (aboriginal) sc...

    Authors: Abdulhamid Ahmed, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Abdulelah H Al-Adhroey, Init Ithoi, Awatif M Abdulsalam and Johari Surin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:119

    Content type: Research

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  14. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, which infects almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans, with a worldwide distribution. However, little is known of...

    Authors: Gang Duan, Yi-Ming Tian, Bi-Feng Li, Jian-Fa Yang, Zi-Li Liu, Fei-Zhou Yuan, Xing-Quan Zhu and Feng-Cai Zou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:118

    Content type: Research

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  15. Malaria is a public health problem in Ethiopia, and increasingly so in highland areas, possibly because of global warming. This study describes the distribution, breeding habitat and monthly dynamics of anophe...

    Authors: Abebe Animut, Teshome Gebre-Michael, Meshesha Balkew and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:117

    Content type: Research

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  16. Resistance monitoring is essential in ensuring the success of insecticide based vector control programmes. This study was carried out to assess the susceptibility status of urban populations of Anopheles gambiae ...

    Authors: Adedayo O Oduola, Emmanuel T Idowu, Muyiwa K Oyebola, Adedapo O Adeogun, Judith B Olojede, Olubunmi A Otubanjo and Taiwo S Awolola

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:116

    Content type: Research

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  17. Schistosomiasis is a chronic disease caused by trematode flatworms of the genus Schistosoma. The disease remains a serious public health problem in endemic countries and affects at least 207 million people worldw...

    Authors: Yan Lu, Bin Xu, Chuan Ju, Xiaojin Mo, Shenbo Chen, Zheng Feng, Xiaoning Wang and Wei Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:115

    Content type: Research

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  18. Host feeding patterns of Anopheles minimus in relation to ambient environmental conditions were observed during a 2-year period at Tum Sua Village, located in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, in western Thailand, ...

    Authors: Rungarun Tisgratog, Chatchai Tananchai, Waraporn Juntarajumnong, Siripun Tuntakom, Michael J Bangs, Vincent Corbel and Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:114

    Content type: Research

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  19. The use of insecticides to control malaria vectors is essential to reduce the prevalence of malaria and as a result, the development of insecticide resistance in vector populations is of major concern. Anopheles ...

    Authors: Luisa Nardini, Riann N Christian, Nanette Coetzer, Hilary Ranson, Maureen Coetzee and Lizette L Koekemoer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:113

    Content type: Research

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  20. Acanthamoeba species are the causative agents of fatal granulomatous encephalitis in humans. Haematogenous spread is thought to be a primary step, followed by blood–brain barrier penetration, in the transmission ...

    Authors: Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Junaid Iqbal, Marie-josée Maugueret and Naveed Ahmed Khan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:112

    Content type: Research

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  21. The opossum Didelphis have been considered as natural hosts of Leishmania parasites in the New World, suggesting an important role in the epidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL). Among six extant species that...

    Authors: João Carlos Araujo Carreira, Alba Valéria Machado da Silva, Daniela de Pita Pereira and Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:111

    Content type: Research

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  22. Toxoplasma gondii infection is a global concern, affecting a wide range of warm-blooded animals and humans worldwide, including poultry. Domestic and companion birds are considered to play an important role in th...

    Authors: Wei Cong, Si-Yang Huang, Dong-Hui Zhou, Min-Jun Xu, Song-Ming Wu, Chao Yan, Quan Zhao, Hui-Qun Song and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:110

    Content type: Research

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  23. Chemotherapy with praziquantel (PZQ) is the mainstay of schistosomiasis control. However, there are recent concerns about tolerance or resistance to PZQ, so that monitoring its efficacy in different settings i...

    Authors: Abedaziz M Ahmed, Hana Abbas, Fathi A Mansour, Gasim I Gasim and Ishag Adam

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:108

    Content type: Research

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  24. Malaria re-emerged in the Huang-Huai Plain of central China during 2006–2008, dominated with Anopheles sinensis as a vector. However, there is no information on strategies based on multi-factor analysis to effect...

    Authors: Shui-sen Zhou, Shao-sen Zhang, Jian-jun Wang, Xiang Zheng, Fang Huang, Wei-dong Li, Xian Xu and Hong-wei Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:106

    Content type: Research

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  25. Trypanosoma rangeli is a protozoan that is non-pathogenic for humans and other mammals but causes pathology in the genus Rhodnius. T. rangeli and R. prolixus is an excellent model for studying the parasite-vector...

    Authors: Eloi S Garcia, Daniele P Castro, Marcela B Figueiredo and Patrícia Azambuja

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:105

    Content type: Review

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  26. Dermanyssus gallinae (poultry red mite) is a major threat for the poultry industry and is of significant interest for public health. Identification of D. gallinae can be difficult for scientists not familiar with...

    Authors: Antonella Di Palma, Annunziata Giangaspero, Maria Assunta Cafiero and Giacinto S Germinara

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:104

    Content type: Research

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  27. Treatment of confirmed malaria patients with Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) at remote areas is the goal of many anti-malaria programs. Introduction of effective and affordable malaria Rapid Diagno...

    Authors: Amidou Diarra, Issa Nébié, Alfred Tiono, Souleymane Sanon, Issiaka Soulama, Alphonse Ouédraogo, Adama Gansané, Jean B Yaro, Espérance Ouédraogo, Alfred S Traoré and Sodiomon B Sirima

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:103

    Content type: Research

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  28. The studies reported here were conducted to ascertain the efficacy of imidacloprid/flumethrin incorporated in a slow-release matrix collar, against infestations of dogs by fleas, ticks, mites and lice. Efficac...

    Authors: Dorothee Stanneck, Eva M Kruedewagen, Josephus J Fourie, Ivan G Horak, Wendell Davis and Klemens J Krieger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:102

    Content type: Research

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  29. Current front line malaria vector control methods such as indoor residual spraying (IRS) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), rely upon the preference of many primary vectors to feed and/or rest inside ...

    Authors: Aklilu Seyoum, Chadwick H Sikaala, Javan Chanda, Dingani Chinula, Alex J Ntamatungiro, Moonga Hawela, John M Miller, Tanya L Russell, Olivier J T Briët and Gerry F Killeen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:101

    Content type: Research

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  30. The interplay between global warming and invasive arthropods in temperate zones is of utmost interest in terms of the potential expansions of vector-borne diseases. Up to now, investigations on the recent esta...

    Authors: Stephanie Margarete Thomas, Ulla Obermayr, Dominik Fischer, Juergen Kreyling and Carl Beierkuhnlein

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:100

    Content type: Research

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  31. Flavivirus is a highly heterogeneous viral genus that includes important human pathogens and several viral strains with unknown zoonotic potential. Mosquito-borne flaviviruses have been isolated and characterized...

    Authors: Francesco Cerutti, Mario Giacobini, Andrea Mosca, Ivan Grasso, Luisa Rambozzi, Luca Rossi and Luigi Bertolotti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:99

    Content type: Research

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  32. Sand flies are the only biologically adapted vectors of Leishmania parasites, however, a possible role in the transmission of Leishmania has been proposed for other hematophagous ectoparasites such as ticks. In o...

    Authors: Laia Solano-Gallego, Luca Rossi, Anna Maria Scroccaro, Fabrizio Montarsi, Marco Caldin, Tommaso Furlanello and Michele Trotta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:98

    Content type: Research

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  33. The poultry roundworm Ascaridia galli has reappeared in hens kept for egg production in Sweden after having been almost absent a decade ago. Today this is a frequent intestinal nematode parasite in non-caged layi...

    Authors: Johan Höglund, David A Morrison, Annie Engström, Peter Nejsum and Désirée S Jansson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:97

    Content type: Research

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  34. Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) is a potential malaria vector commonly present at low altitudes in remote areas in Reunion Island. Little attention has been paid to the environmental conditions driving ...

    Authors: Louis Clément Gouagna, Manpionona Rakotondranary, Sebastien Boyer, Guy Lempérière, Jean-Sébastien Dehecq and Didier Fontenille

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:96

    Content type: Research

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  35. Car tires are important habitats for mosquito development because of the high density populations they can harbor and their presence in urban settings. Water in experimental tires was treated with one of three...

    Authors: Carlos F Marina, J Guillermo Bond, José Muñoz, Javier Valle, Nelva Chirino and Trevor Williams

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:95

    Content type: Research

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  36. Mosquitoes’ response to artificial lights including color has been exploited in trap designs for improved sampling of mosquito vectors. Earlier studies suggest that mosquitoes are attracted to specific wavelen...

    Authors: David P Tchouassi, Rosemary Sang, Catherine L Sole, Armanda DS Bastos, Lee W Cohnstaedt and Baldwyn Torto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:94

    Content type: Research

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  37. Over the last few decades, canine and feline thelaziosis caused by Thelazia callipaeda eye worms has gained the attention of the veterinary community due to the spread of this ocular infestation in geographical a...

    Authors: Bruna Motta, Manuela Schnyder, Fabrizio Solari Basano, Fabio Nägeli, Catherine Nägeli, Brigitte Schiessl, Egidio Mallia, Riccardo P Lia, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:85

    Content type: Research

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  38. Mosquito-borne viruses are transmitted to human hosts via blood-feeding behavior of female mosquitoes. Female mosquitoes seek a host to take blood meals (host-seeking behavior). In order to prevent virus infectio...

    Authors: Yuki Fukumitsu, Keiichi Irie, Tomomitsu Satho, Hitoshi Aonuma, Hamady Dieng, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Yukihiko Nakashima, Kenichi Mishima, Nobuhiro Kashige and Fumio Miake

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:92

    Content type: Short report

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  39. For parasites with complex life cycles, size at transmission can impact performance in the next host, thereby coupling parasite phenotypes in the two consecutive hosts. However, a handful of studies with paras...

    Authors: Daniel P Benesh and Nina Hafer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:90

    Content type: Research

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  40. Recent data from Ghana indicates that after seven rounds of annual mass drug administration (MDA) there is still sustained transmission albeit at low levels in certain areas where Anopheles melas, An. gambiae s.s...

    Authors: Josephine Ughasi, Hilaria Esiawonam Bekard, Maimouna Coulibaly, Delphina Adabie-Gomez, John Gyapong, Maxwell Appawu, Michael David Wilson and Daniel Adjei Boakye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:89

    Content type: Research

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  41. Canine hookworm infection is endemic in Southeast Asian countries with a prevalence ranging from 70% to 100%, with zoonotic transmission representing a potentially significant public health concern. However, t...

    Authors: Mohammed AK Mahdy, Yvonne AL Lim, Romano Ngui, MR Siti Fatimah, Seow H Choy, Nan J Yap, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Jamaiah Ibrahim and Johari Surin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:88

    Content type: Research

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  42. The Leishmaniases are a group of clinically diverse diseases caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania. To distinguish between species is crucial for correct diagnosis and prognosis as well as for treatment dec...

    Authors: Jose M Requena, Carmen Chicharro, Lineth García, Rudy Parrado, Concepción J Puerta and Carmen Cañavate

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:87

    Content type: Research

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  43. Understanding the relationship between Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmission and health outcomes requires accurate estimates of exposure to infectious mosquitoes. However, measures of exposure such as mosqui...

    Authors: Nyaguara Amek, Nabie Bayoh, Mary Hamel, Kim A Lindblade, John E Gimnig, Frank Odhiambo, Kayla F Laserson, Laurence Slutsker, Thomas Smith and Penelope Vounatsou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:86

    Content type: Research

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  44. Among ocular vector-borne pathogens, Onchocerca volvulus, the agent of the so-called “river blindness”, affects about 37 million people globally. Other Onchocerca spp. have been sporadically reported as zoonotic ...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Zafer Cebeci, Baris Yeniad, Nesimi Buyukbabani, Ozden Buyukbaba Boral, Andrea Gustinelli, Trimèche Mounir, Yasen Mutafchiev and Odile Bain

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:84

    Content type: Research

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  45. Culex pipiens L. is the most widespread mosquito vector in temperate regions including North Africa. Cx. pipiens has two recognized forms or biotypes; pipiens and molestus are morphologically indistinguishable wi...

    Authors: Fadila Amraoui, Mhamed Tijane, Mhammed Sarih and Anna-Bella Failloux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:83

    Content type: Research

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