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  1. Human African Trypanosomiasis is still a public health threat in Cameroon. To assess Trypanosoma brucei strains circulating in the Fontem sleeping sickness focus, we conducted a genetic structure study using micr...

    Authors: Gustave Simo, Guy Roger Njitchouang, Tresor Tito Tanekou Melachio, Flobert Njiokou, Gerard Cuny and Asonganyi Tazoacha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:156

    Content type: Research

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  2. Alternative splicing (AS) of mRNA is a vital mechanism for enhancing genomic complexity in eukaryotes. Spliced isoforms of the same gene can have diverse molecular and biological functions and are often differ...

    Authors: Sahar Abubucker, Samantha N McNulty, Bruce A Rosa and Makedonka Mitreva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:151

    Content type: Research

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  3. Fascioliasis is an important and neglected disease of humans and other mammals, caused by trematodes of the genus Fasciola. Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica are valid species that infect humans and animals, but...

    Authors: Guo-Hua Liu, Robin B Gasser, Neil D Young, Hui-Qun Song, Lin Ai and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:150

    Content type: Research

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  4. The Triatomini and Rhodniini (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) tribes include the most diverse Chagas disease vectors; however, the phylogenetic relationships within the tribes remain obscure. This study provides the mo...

    Authors: Silvia Andrade Justi, Claudia A M Russo, Jacenir Reis dos Santos Mallet, Marcos Takashi Obara and Cleber Galvão

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:149

    Content type: Research

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  5. In the process of hepatic fibrosis, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) can be activated by many inflammatory cytokines. The transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is one of the main profibrogenic mediators. Recentl...

    Authors: Dandan Zhu, Xue He, Yinong Duan, Jinling Chen, Jianxin Wang, Xiaolei Sun, Hongyan Qian, Jinrong Feng, Wei Sun, Feifan Xu and Lingbo Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:148

    Content type: Research

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  6. The African horse sickness epizootic in Senegal in 2007 caused considerable mortality in the equine population and hence major economic losses. The vectors involved in the transmission of this arbovirus have n...

    Authors: Maryam Diarra, Moussa Fall, Assane G Fall, Aliou Diop, Momar Talla Seck, Claire Garros, Thomas Balenghien, Xavier Allène, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Renaud Lancelot, Iba Mall, Mame Thierno Bakhoum, Ange Michel Dosum, Massouka Ndao, Jérémy Bouyer and Hélène Guis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:147

    Content type: Research

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  7. Lymphatic filariasis caused by Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia spp. is a public health problem in developing countries. To monitor bancroftian filariasis infections, Circulating Filarial Antigen (CFA) test is comm...

    Authors: Anna Albers, Erliyani Sartono, Sitti Wahyuni, Maria Yazdanbakhsh, Rick M Maizels, Ute Klarmann-Schulz, Kenneth Pfarr and Achim Hoerauf

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:146

    Content type: Research

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  8. Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonosis, being a cause of congenital disease and abortion in animals and humans. DNA vaccination as a promising vaccine remains a challenge for an improved delivery system.

    Authors: Hua Cong, Quan Yuan, Qunli Zhao, Lingxiao Zhao, Huiquan Yin, Huaiyu Zhou, Shenyi He and Zhiyu Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:145

    Content type: Research

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  9. The genus Haematopinus contains 21 species of blood-sucking lice, parasitizing both even-toed ungulates (pigs, cattle, buffalo, antelopes, camels and deer) and odd-toed ungulates (horses, donkeys and zebras). The...

    Authors: Simon D Song, Stephen C Barker and Renfu Shao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:144

    Content type: Research

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  10. Dengue virus infection manifests in three distinct forms in humans: dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, and dengue shock syndrome. Infection with the virus is a fatal disease; no vaccine is available and p...

    Authors: Lucky Ronald Runtuwene, Eiji Konishi, Atsushi Yamanaka, Yoshihiro Makino, Yutaka Suzuki, Tomohiko Takasaki, Ichiro Kurane, Takashi Kobayashi and Yuki Eshita

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:143

    Content type: Research

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  11. Puf proteins act as translational regulators and affect many cellular processes in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms. Although Puf proteins have been well characterized in many model systems, little is know...

    Authors: Min Liu, Jun Miao, Tingkai Liu, William J Sullivan Jr, Liwang Cui and Xiaoguang Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:141

    Content type: Research

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  12. Wolbachia endosymbionts are a proven target for control of human disease caused by filarial nematodes. However, little is known about the occurrence of Wolbachia in taxa closely related to the superfamily Filario...

    Authors: Jeremy M Foster, Frédéric Landmann, Louise Ford, Kelly L Johnston, Sarah C Elsasser, Albrecht I Schulte-Hostedde, Mark J Taylor and Barton E Slatko

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:140

    Content type: Short report

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  13. American tegumentary leishmaniasis is a serious Brazilian public health problem. This diseases is attributed to seven species of Leishmania, however, the majority of cases are associated with Leishmania brazilien...

    Authors: Morgana Michele Cavalcanti de Souza Leal Diniz, Fredy Galvis Ovallos, Claudia Maria de Castro Gomes, Cecilia de Oliveira Lavitschka and Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:139

    Content type: Research

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  14. Schistosomiasis remains a serious public health problem in affected countries, and routine, highly sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic methods are lacking. We evaluated two immunodiagnostic techniques for ...

    Authors: Yu-Chun Cai, Jun-Fang Xu, Peter Steinmann, Shao-Hong Chen, Yan-Hong Chu, Li-Guang Tian, Mu-Xin Chen, Hao Li, Yan Lu, Ling-Ling Zhang, Yang Zhou and Jia-Xu Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:138

    Content type: Research

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  15. The dynamics of mosquito populations depends on availability of suitable surface water for oviposition. It is well known that suitable management of mosquito larval habitats in the sub-Saharan countries, parti...

    Authors: Renaud Govoetchan, Virgile Gnanguenon, Euloge Ogouwalé, Frédéric Oké-Agbo, Roseric Azondékon, Arthur Sovi, Roseline Attolou, Kefilath Badirou, Ramziyath Agbanrin Youssouf, Razaki Ossè and Martin Akogbéto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:137

    Content type: Research

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  16. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a serious public health challenge in Brazil and dogs are considered to be the main urban reservoir of the causative agent. The culling of animals to control VL in some countries ...

    Authors: Deborah Bittencourt Mothé Fraga, Edimilson Domingos da Silva, Luciano Vasconcellos Pacheco, Lairton Souza Borja, Isaac Queiroz de Oliveira, Wendel Coura-Vital, Glória Regina Monteiro, Geraldo Gileno de Sá Oliveira, Selma Maria Bezerra Jerônimo, Alexandre Barbosa Reis and Patrícia Sampaio Tavares Veras

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:136

    Content type: Short report

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  17. Canine leishmaniasis is a vector-borne zoonotic disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum. In Romania between 1955 and 2013, no cases of human autochthonous visceral leishmaniasis were reported...

    Authors: Viorica Mircean, Mirabela Oana Dumitrache, Mircea Mircean, Pompei Bolfa, Adriana Györke and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:135

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  18. The Taenia solium cysticercosis-taeniasis complex is a Neglected Tropical Disease of significant public health importance in many impoverished communities worldwide. The parasite is suspected to be endemic in Lao...

    Authors: Anna Okello, Amanda Ash, Chattouphone Keokhamphet, Emma Hobbs, Boualam Khamlome, Pierre Dorny, Lian Thomas and John Allen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:134

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a very successful parasite that can infect virtually all warm blooded animals with a worldwide distribution. It causes a large range of clinical manifestations in both humans and ...

    Authors: Min Li, Xu-Wei Mo, Lin Wang, He Chen, Qing-Li Luo, Hui-Qin Wen, Wei Wei, Ai-Mei Zhang, Jian Du, Fang-Li Lu, Zhao-Rong Lun and Ji-Long Shen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:133

    Content type: Research

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  20. A mosquito repellent has the potential to prevent malaria infection, but there has been few studies demonstrating the effectiveness of combining this strategy with the highly effective long-lasting insecticida...

    Authors: Wakgari Deressa, Yemane Y Yihdego, Zelalem Kebede, Esey Batisso, Agonafer Tekalegne and Getachew A Dagne

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:132

    Content type: Research

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  21. Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) and Long-Lasting Insecticidal nets (LLINs) are major malaria vector control tools in Ethiopia. However, recent reports from different parts of the country showed that populations...

    Authors: Abebe Asale, Yehenew Getachew, Weriessaw Hailesilassie, Niko Speybroeck, Luc Duchateau and Delenasaw Yewhalaw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:131

    Content type: Research

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  22. The arthropod-borne Mayaro virus (MAYV) causes ‘Mayaro fever’, a disease of medical significance, primarily affecting individuals in permanent contact with forested areas in tropical South America. Recently, M...

    Authors: Alda E dos Santos, Ricardo M Kuster, Kristie A Yamamoto, Tiago S Salles, Renata Campos, Marcelo DF de Meneses, Márcia R Soares and Davis Ferreira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:130

    Content type: Research

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  23. Long-lasting insecticide treated blankets (LLIBs) may provide additional protection against malaria where use of long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) is low or impractical such as in disaster or emergency sit...

    Authors: Jovin Kitau, Richard Oxborough, Angela Kaye, Vanessa Chen-Hussey, Evelyn Isaacs, Johnson Matowo, Harparkash Kaur, Stephen M Magesa, Franklin Mosha, Mark Rowland and James Logan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:129

    Content type: Research

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  24. Birds have long been known as carriers of ticks, but data from the literature are lacking on their role as a reservoir in the epidemiology of certain tick-borne disease-causing agents. Therefore, the aim of th...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, Dávid Kováts, Tibor Csörgő, Marina L Meli, Enikő Gönczi, Zsófia Hadnagy, Nóra Takács, Róbert Farkas and Regina Hofmann-Lehmann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:128

    Content type: Research

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  25. Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBD) are caused by a diverse array of pathogens with varying biological behaviors that result in a wide spectrum of clinical presentations and laboratory abnormalities. For many ...

    Authors: Ricardo G Maggi, Adam J Birkenheuer, Barbara C Hegarty, Julie M Bradley, Michael G Levy and Edward B Breitschwerdt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:127

    Content type: Research

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  26. Although many vector-borne diseases are important causes of morbidity and mortality in dogs in tropical areas and potential zoonoses, there is little information on these conditions in Central America.

    Authors: Lanjing Wei, Patrick Kelly, Kate Ackerson, Jilei Zhang, Heba S El-Mahallawy, Bernhard Kaltenboeck and Chengming Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:126

    Content type: Short report

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  27. Schistosomiasis studies in western Kenya have mainly focused on the intestinal form, with evidence of urinary schistosomiasis remaining anecdotal. Detailed disease mapping has been carried out predominantly al...

    Authors: Huldah C Sang, Geoffrey Muchiri, Maurice Ombok, Maurice R Odiere and Pauline NM Mwinzi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:125

    Content type: Research

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  28. Psoroptes cuniculi can parasitise the ear canal of the rabbit, and cause the afflicted animals to cease feeding and become severely debilitated, sometimes resulting in death. In this study, we examined the oxidat...

    Authors: Xiaofei Shang, Dongsheng Wang, Xiaolou Miao, Xuezhi Wang, Jianxi Li, Zhiqiang Yang and Hu Pan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:124

    Content type: Research

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  29. Leishmaniases are divided into cutaneous (CL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). In the Old World, CL is caused by Leishmania (L.) major, L. tropica and L. aethiopica. L. tropica can also visceralize and cause VL. ...

    Authors: Lena Krayter, Ram A Bumb, Kifaya Azmi, Julia Wuttke, Mariam D Malik, Lionel F Schnur, Poonam Salotra and Gabriele Schönian

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:123

    Content type: Research

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  30. Schistosome eggs are trapped in host liver and elicit severe hepatic granulomatous inflammation, which can lead to periportal fibrosis, portal hypertension, hemorrhage, or even death in the host. It was report...

    Authors: Jifeng Zhu, Zhipeng Xu, Xiaojun Chen, Sha Zhou, Weiwei Zhang, Ying Chi, Wei Li, Xian Song, Feng Liu and Chuan Su

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:122

    Content type: Research

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  31. Ixodes ricinus is a major vector for a range of microbial pathogens and the most prevalent and widely distributed tick species on the European continent, occurring in both natural and urban habitats. Nevertheless...

    Authors: Renata Welc-Falęciak, Maciej Kowalec, Grzegorz Karbowiak, Anna Bajer, Jerzy M Behnke and Edward Siński

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:121

    Content type: Research

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  32. This study describes immunological responses, diagnostic features, follow up and treatment outcomes from seventeen dogs with papular dermatitis due to Leishmania infection diagnosed by cytology or real time-PCR.

    Authors: Gabriella Lombardo, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Tiziana Lupo, Carmen Chicharro and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:120

    Content type: Research

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  33. Canine babesiosis caused by Babesia rossi, transmitted by Haemaphysalis elliptica in South Africa, has also been reported from Nigeria. Although H. leachi (sensu lato) is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, publish...

    Authors: Mathew Adamu, Milana Troskie, David O Oshadu, Dikeledi P Malatji, Barend L Penzhorn and Paul T Matjila

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:119

    Content type: Research

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  34. Leishmania tropica is a causative agent of cutaneous leishmanaisis in the Middle East, North Africa and parts of southeastern Europe. Although transmission of L. tropica has been reported as anthroponotic, in Isr...

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Doni Zivotofsky, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Daniel Yasur-Landau and Ana-Maria Botero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:118

    Content type: Short report

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  35. Hemotropic mycoplasmas are epicellular erythrocytic bacteria that can cause infectious anemia in some mammalian species. Worldwide, hemotropic mycoplasmas are emerging or re-emerging zoonotic pathogens potenti...

    Authors: Patricia E Mascarelli, Michael K Keel, Michael Yabsley, Lisa A Last, Edward B Breitschwerdt and Ricardo G Maggi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:117

    Content type: Research

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  36. Canine vector borne diseases (CVBDs) comprise illnesses caused by a spectrum of pathogens that are transmitted by arthropod vectors. Some dogs have persistent infections without apparent clinical, hematologica...

    Authors: Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Sarah Musulin, Mrudula Varanat, Julie M Bradley and Edward B Breitschwerdt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:116

    Content type: Research

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  37. Feline vector-borne diseases (FVBD) have emerged in recent years, showing a wider geographic distribution and increased global prevalence. In addition to their veterinary importance, domestic cats play a centr...

    Authors: Carla Maia, Cláudia Ramos, Mónica Coimbra, Filipa Bastos, Ângela Martins, Pedro Pinto, Mónica Nunes, Maria Luísa Vieira, Luís Cardoso and Lenea Campino

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:115

    Content type: Research

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  38. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) due to Leishmania infantum is a global zoonosis endemic in more than 70 countries in Europe, North Africa, Asia and America; however, data on this infection is scarce from southern Afr...

    Authors: Hugo Vilhena, Sara Granada, Ana Cristina Oliveira, Henk DFH Schallig, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Luís Cardoso and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:114

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Hepatozoon canis is a protozoan tick-borne pathogen of dogs and wild canids. Hepatozoon spp. have been reported to infect foxes in different continents and recent studies have mostly used the polymerase chain rea...

    Authors: Luís Cardoso, Helder CE Cortes, Osnat Eyal, Antónia Reis, Ana Patrícia Lopes, Maria João Vila-Viçosa, Paula A Rodrigues and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:113

    Content type: Research

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  40. Since 2009, the incidence of human leishmaniosis in the SW of the Madrid region has been unusually high. Although dogs are the main reservoir for this disease, a role played by dogs in this outbreak has been r...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Cristina Rupérez, Rocío Checa, Rosa Gálvez, Leticia Hernández, Manuel García, Isabel Canorea, Valentina Marino and Ana Montoya

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:112

    Content type: Research

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  41. Speed Leish K® is used as a serological screening test for Leishmania infection prior to vaccination. Limited comparative serological studies with Speed Leish K® have been performed. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Laia Solano-Gallego, Sergio Villanueva-Saz, Marta Carbonell, Michele Trotta, Tommaso Furlanello and Alda Natale

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:111

    Content type: Research

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  42. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) caused by Leishmania infantum is a widespread endemic disease in SW Europe. This study was designed to determine how veterinarians clinically manage CanL in this region by analysing in...

    Authors: Patrick Bourdeau, Manolis N Saridomichelakis, Ana Oliveira, Gaetano Oliva, Tina Kotnik, Rosa Gálvez, Valentina Foglia Manzillo, Alex F Koutinas, Isabel Pereira da Fonseca and Guadalupe Miró

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:110

    Content type: Research

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  43. The eye fluke Diplostomum pseudospathaceum is a frequent parasite of many fresh-water fish species, among those three-spined sticklebacks, particularly in lakes with lymnaeid snails, its first intermediate hosts....

    Authors: Jörn Peter Scharsack and Martin Kalbe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:109

    Content type: Research

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  44. Chagas disease is a neglected illness caused by the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite, which widely affects American communities. This study attempted to identify T. cruzi genotypes circulating in four indigenous commun...

    Authors: Ana María Mejía-Jaramillo, Luz Adriana Agudelo-Uribe, Juan Carlos Dib, Sylvia Ortiz, Aldo Solari and Omar Triana-Chávez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:108

    Content type: Research

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  45. The relationship between the environment and infection of cattle with trematodes was studied at Arumeru District, Arusha Region, northern Tanzania. Randomly selected villages were grouped into three cattle man...

    Authors: Jahashi Nzalawahe, Ayub A Kassuku, J Russell Stothard, Gerald C Coles and Mark C Eisler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:107

    Content type: Research

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  46. The Anopheles barbirostris group is widely distributed in Southeast Asia. Although seven species have been formally described, a molecular analysis of the rDNA ITS2 and the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene...

    Authors: Claudia Caterina Paredes-Esquivel and Harold Townson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:106

    Content type: Research

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  47. Bravecto™ (fluralaner; MSD Animal Health) is a novel systemic ectoparasiticide for dogs providing long-acting flea- and tick-control after a single oral dose. Scalibor™ Protectorband (deltamethrin; MSD Animal ...

    Authors: Feli M Walther, Petr Fisara, Mark J Allan, Rainer KA Roepke and Martin C Nuernberger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:105

    Content type: Short report

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  48. Blood-feeding arthropods can harm their hosts in many ways, such as through direct tissue damage and anemia, but also by distracting hosts from foraging or watching for predators. Blood-borne pathogens transmi...

    Authors: Jessica L Waite, Autumn R Henry, Jeb P Owen and Dale H Clayton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:104

    Content type: Research

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  49. A better understanding of the ecology and spatial-temporal distribution of malaria vectors is essential to design more effective and sustainable strategies for malaria control and elimination. In a previous st...

    Authors: Nicolas Moiroux, Armel Djènontin, Abdul S Bio-Bangana, Fabrice Chandre, Vincent Corbel and Hélène Guis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:103

    Content type: Research

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