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  1. Content type: Meeting report

    The first Mongolian-Japanese Joint Conference on "Echinococcosis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention in Mongolia" was held in Ulaanbaatar on June 4th, 2009. It was the first chance for Mongolian experts (clinici...

    Authors: A Gurbadam, D Nyamkhuu, G Nyamkhuu, A Tsendjav, O Sergelen, B Narantuya, Z Batsukh, G Battsetseg, B Oyun-Erdene, B Uranchimeg, D Otgonbaatar, D Temuulen, E Bayarmaa, D Abmed, S Tsogtsaikhan, A Usukhbayar…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:8

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  2. Content type: Short report

    For disease surveillance and mapping within large-scale control programmes, RDTs are becoming popular. For intestinal schistosomiasis, a commercially available urine-dipstick which detects schistosome circulat...

    Authors: CJ Standley, NJS Lwambo, CN Lange, HC Kariuki, M Adriko and JR Stothard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:7

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  3. Content type: Research

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been known to exist in northwest Ethiopia (Humera-Metema lowlands) since the early 1970s associated with large scale agricultural development activities, often resulting in outb...

    Authors: Teshome Gebre-Michael, Meshesha Balkew, Nega Berhe, Asrat Hailu and Yalemtsehay Mekonnen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:6

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  4. Content type: Review

    The recent publication of the Schistosoma japonicum and S. mansoni genomes has expanded greatly the opportunities for post-genomic schistosomiasis vaccine research. Immunomics protein microarrays provide an excel...

    Authors: Patrick Driguez, Denise L Doolan, Alex Loukas, Philip L Felgner and Donald P McManus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:4

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  5. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to address the role of chickens as bloodmeal sources for female Lutzomyia longipalpis and to test whether chicken blood is harmful to Leishmania parasite development within the sand flie...

    Authors: Mauricio RV Sant'Anna, Alexandre Nascimento, Bruce Alexander, Erin Dilger, Reginaldo R Cavalcante, Hector M Diaz-Albiter, Paul A Bates and Rod J Dillon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:3

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  6. Content type: Research

    Artemether/Lumefantrine (Coartem®) has been used as a first-line treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection since 2004 in Ethiopia. In the present study the therapeutic efficacy of artemether/lum...

    Authors: Ashenafi Assefa, Moges Kassa, Gemechu Tadese, Hussen Mohamed, Abebe Animut and Tesfayae Mengesha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:1

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  7. Content type: Short report

    Myiasis is a pathological condition in humans and animals caused by various species of dipterous larvae. Myiasis which occurs in a newborn baby is referred as neonatal myiasis. It is a rare condition and there...

    Authors: Nazni Wasi Ahmad, Anuar Ismail, John Jeffery, Sa'diyah Ibrahim, Azahari Abdul Hadi, Mohd Noor Ibrahim, Heo Chong Chin and Lee Han Lim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:63

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  8. Content type: Research

    Leishmania parasites must overcome several barriers to achieve transmission by their sand fly vectors. One of the earliest threats is exposure to enzymes during blood meal digestion. Trypsin-like enzymes appear t...

    Authors: Mauricio RV Sant'Anna, Hector Diaz-Albiter, Murad Mubaraki, Rod J Dillon and Paul A Bates

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:62

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  9. Content type: Short report

    This study reports for the first time on the distribution, host preference and infection rates of malaria vectors in Mauritania. It was conducted during an outbreak of Rift valley fever. Three anopheline speci...

    Authors: Ibrahima Dia, Hampate Ba, Sid Ahmed Ould Mohamed, Diawo Diallo, Baidy Lo and Mawlouth Diallo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:61

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  10. Content type: Research

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in the highlands of Ethiopia, and almost always caused by Leishmania aethiopica. Hitherto, Addis Ababa (the capital city of Ethiopia) was not considered endemic for CL, mai...

    Authors: Wossenseged Lemma, Girume Erenso, Endalamaw Gadisa, Meshesha Balkew, Teshome Gebre-Michael and Asrat Hailu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:60

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  11. Content type: Short report

    The entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae isolate IP 46, originating from a soil sample collected in 2001 in the Cerrado of Central Brazil, was tested for its ability to reduce the survival of adult male...

    Authors: Ladslaus L Mnyone, Tanya L Russell, Issa N Lyimo, Dickson W Lwetoijera, Matthew J Kirby and Christian Luz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:59

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  12. Content type: Research

    A microsporidian was previously reported to infect the crustacean parasite, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer, 1837) (Copepoda, Caligidae), on farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in Scotland. The microsporidian...

    Authors: Mark A Freeman and Christina Sommerville

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:58

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  13. Content type: Research

    The cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is involved in the transmission of the protozoan Babesia bovis, the etiological agent of bovine babesiosis. Interactions between ticks and protozoa are poorly u...

    Authors: Reginaldo G Bastos, Massaro W Ueti, Felix D Guerrero, Donald P Knowles and Glen A Scoles

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:57

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  14. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to extend prior studies of molecular detection of Brugia malayi DNA in vector (Aedes aegypti- Liverpool) and non-vector (Culex pipiens) mosquitoes at different times after ingestion ...

    Authors: Sara M Erickson, Kerstin Fischer, Gary J Weil, Bruce M Christensen and Peter U Fischer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:56

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  15. Content type: Research

    Simulum damnosum Theobald sensu lato (s.l.) is the vector of the parasitic filarial worm Onchocerca volvulus Leuckart which causes onchocerciasis. In order to understand the vector population dynamics, a prelimin...

    Authors: Akinola S Oluwole, Uwem F Ekpo, Chiedu F Mafiana, Clement O Adeofun and Olufunmilayo A Idowu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:55

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  16. Content type: Research

    Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) is caused by two trypanosome species, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Current drugs available for the treatment of HAT have significant issues ...

    Authors: Melissa L Sykes and Vicky M Avery

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:54

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  17. Content type: Short report

    During analysis of retrospective community survey data, we identified two patients from Xiji County, south Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region with simultaneous echinococcosis and tuberculosis (TB), representing the...

    Authors: Yu Rong Yang, Darren J Gray, Magda K Ellis, Shu Kun Yang, Philip S Craig and Donald P McManus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:53

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  18. Content type: Short report

    The sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis is the main vector of Leishmania (L.) infantum (Nicolle), the causative agent of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) in the New World. Male Lu. longipalpis have secretory glan...

    Authors: Reginaldo P Brazil, Norath Natalia Caballero and James Gordon C Hamilton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:51

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  19. Content type: Research

    Within the last 25 years, after the introduction of the swimbladder nematode Anguillicoloides crassus from East-Asia to Europe, a body of work has aggregated on the host parasite interactions in the acquired host...

    Authors: Emanuel G Heitlinger, Dominik R Laetsch, Urszula Weclawski, Yu-San Han and Horst Taraschewski

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:48

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  20. Content type: Research

    Tick modulation of host defenses facilitates both blood feeding and pathogen transmission. Several tick species deviate host T cell responses toward a Th2 cytokine profile. The majority of studies of modulatio...

    Authors: Venkata D Boppana, Saravanan Thangamani, Francisco J Alarcon-Chaidez, Adam J Adler and Stephen K Wikel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:47

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  21. Content type: Proceedings

    Since 2002, macrocyclic lactone resistance has been reported in populations of Parascaris equorum from several countries. It is apparent that macrocyclic lactone resistance developed in response to exclusive and/...

    Authors: Craig R Reinemeyer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S8

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  22. Content type: Proceedings

    Given the increasing levels of anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites, parasitologists now recommend traditional treatment approaches to be abandoned and replaced by more sustainable strategies. It is of ...

    Authors: Martin K Nielsen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  23. Content type: Proceedings

    Genetic resistance against benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics is widespread in cyathostomins, the commonest group of intestinal parasitic nematodes of horses. Studies of BZ-resistant nematodes of sheep, particul...

    Authors: Sarah L Lake, Jacqueline B Matthews, Ray M Kaplan and Jane E Hodgkinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  24. Content type: Proceedings

    In the framework of a trial carried out in 2008 in Europe to evaluate the efficacy of major parasiticides against horse cyathostomins, pre- and/or post-treatment Faecal Egg Counts (FEC) were evaluated in a tot...

    Authors: Piermarino Milillo, Albert Boeckh, Rami Cobb, Domenico Otranto, Riccardo P Lia, Stefania Perrucci, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Paola Beraldo, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Janina Demeler, Roberto Bartolini and Donato Traversa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  25. Content type: Proceedings

    For the control of worm infections, the strategic use of anthelmintics, often accompanied by additional farm and/or pasture management procedures, is currently applied on most horse farms in industrialized cou...

    Authors: Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Donato Traversa, Janina Demeler, Karl Rohn, Piermarino Milillo, Sandra Schurmann, Riccardo Lia, Stefania Perrucci, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Paola Beraldo, Helen Barnes, Rami Cobb and Albert Boeckh

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S3

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  26. Content type: Proceedings

    A large survey was carried out in 2008 in Europe to evaluate the efficacy of fenbendazole (FBZ), pyrantel (PYR), ivermectin (IVM) and moxidectin (MOX), i.e. the major anthelmintic molecules used in current pra...

    Authors: Donato Traversa, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Janina Demeler, Piermarino Milillo, Sandra Schürmann, Helen Barnes, Domenico Otranto, Stefania Perrucci, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Paola Beraldo, Albert Boeckh and Rami Cobb

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2(Suppl 2):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 2

  27. Content type: Review

    Hookworm is still one of the three main soil-transmitted helminths prevalent in China, and 39 million cases infected with hookworm were estimated in China in 2006.

    Authors: Qi Zheng, Ying Chen, Hao-Bing Zhang, Jia-Xu Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:44

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  28. Content type: Research

    Hard ticks have been identified as important vectors of rickettsiae causing the spotted fever syndrome. Tick-borne rickettsiae are considered to be emerging, but only limited data are available about their pre...

    Authors: Hein Sprong, Peter R Wielinga, Manoj Fonville, Chantal Reusken, Afke H Brandenburg, Fred Borgsteede, Cor Gaasenbeek and Joke WB van der Giessen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:41

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  29. Content type: Research

    Severe side effects following ivermectin treatment of onchocerciasis in areas of co-endemicity with loaisis have been an impediment for the work of the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) in fo...

    Authors: Samuel Wanji, Nicholas Tendongfor, Theolbald Nji, Mathias Esum, Julious N Che, Armand Nkwescheu, Fifen Alassa, Geremy Kamnang, Peter A Enyong, Mark J Taylor, Achim Hoerauf and David W Taylor

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:39

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  30. Content type: Research

    Mass drug administration (MDA) is the emphasis of an ongoing global lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination program by the World Health Organization, in which the entire 'at risk' human population is treated ann...

    Authors: Corey L Brelsfoard, William St Clair and Stephen L Dobson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:38

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  31. Content type: Research

    Human infection by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium affects more than 50 million people worldwide, particularly in underdeveloped and developing countries. Cysticercosis which arises from larval encystation can be...

    Authors: Carolina R Almeida, Patricia H Stoco, Glauber Wagner, Thaís CM Sincero, Gianinna Rotava, Ethel Bayer-Santos, Juliana B Rodrigues, Maísa M Sperandio, Antônio AM Maia, Elida PB Ojopi, Arnaldo Zaha, Henrique B Ferreira, Kevin M Tyler, Alberto MR Dávila, Edmundo C Grisard and Emmanuel Dias-Neto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:35

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  32. Content type: Review

    Insects are exposed to a wide range of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses) and have interconnected powerful immune reactions. Although insects lack an acquired immune system they have well-...

    Authors: Eloi S Garcia, Daniele P Castro, Marcela B Figueiredo, Fernando A Genta and Patrícia Azambuja

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:33

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  33. Content type: Research

    A wide range of unicellular eukaryotes have now been shown to undergo a form of programmed cell death (PCD) that resembles apoptosis; exhibiting morphological and, in some cases, biochemical markers typical of...

    Authors: Shashini C Arambage, Karen M Grant, Ian Pardo, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright and Hilary Hurd

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2009 2:32

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