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  1. Phosphofructokinase (ATP: D-fructose-6-phosphate-1-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.11, PFK) is of primary importance in the regulation of glycolytic flux. This enzyme has been extensively studied from mammalian s...

    Authors: Bechan Sharma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:227

    Content type: Research

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  2. Although schistosomiasis is generally considered a rural phenomenon, infections have been reported within urban settings. Based on observations of high prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection in schools withi...

    Authors: Selpha Opisa, Maurice R Odiere, Walter GZO Jura, Diana MS Karanja and Pauline NM Mwinzi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:226

    Content type: Research

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  3. Among the European cyprinids, tench, Tinca tinca (L.), and the pathological effects their cestodes may effect, have received very little or no attention. Most literature relating to Monobothrium wageneri Nybelin,...

    Authors: Bahram Sayyaf Dezfuli, Luisa Giari, Samantha Squerzanti, Alice Lui, Massimo Lorenzoni, Sidika Sakalli and Andrew P Shinn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:225

    Content type: Research

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  4. Transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) have been considered an important strategy for disrupting the malaria transmission cycle, especially for Plasmodium vivax malaria, which undergoes gametocytogenesis earlier d...

    Authors: Hui Feng, Li Zheng, Xiaotong Zhu, Gege Wang, Yanyan Pan, Ying Li, Yimei Yang, Yahui Lin, Liwang Cui and Yaming Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:224

    Content type: Research

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  5. Due to the success of the national schistosomiasis control programme in China, transmission has been sufficiently reduced in many areas to severely limit identification of areas at risk by conventional snail s...

    Authors: Le-Ping Sun, You-Sheng Liang, Hong-Hui Wu, Zeng-Xi Tian, Jian-Rong Dai, Kun Yang, Qing-Biao Hong, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Guo-Jing Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:223

    Content type: Research

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  6. Considering the fact that the dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, has a great potential to become the vector of Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) for humans, the present study aimed to describe the distribution of th...

    Authors: Luís Flávio da Silva Costa, Pablo Henrique Nunes, João Fábio Soares, Marcelo Bahia Labruna and Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:222

    Content type: Research

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  7. The knowledge of mosquito species diversity and the level of anthropophily exhibited by each species in a region are of great importance to the integrated vector control. Culicine species are the primary vecto...

    Authors: Xiao-Bo Liu, Qi-Yong Liu, Yu-Hong Guo, Jing-Yi Jiang, Dong-Sheng Ren, Guang-Chao Zhou, Can-Jun Zheng, Yan Zhang, Jing-Li Liu, Zhi-Fang Li, Yun Chen, Hong-Sheng Li, Lindsay C Morton, Hua-Zhong Li, Qun Li and Wei-Dong Gu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:221

    Content type: Research

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  8. Although widely used in medicine, the application of three-dimensional (3D) imaging to parasitology appears limited to date. In this study, developmental stages of a marine fish haemogregarine, Haemogregarina cur...

    Authors: Polly M Hayes, David F Wertheim, Nico J Smit, Alan M Seddon and Angela J Davies

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:219

    Content type: Short report

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  9. The present study was conducted to investigate the serological survey of Toxoplasma antibodies in local.horses from three major regions: a neighbourhood of a city in the North (Sidi Thabet), a neighbourhood of a ...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Ramzi Bergaoui, Rym Essid, Karim Aoun and Aida Bouratbine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:218

    Content type: Research

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  10. Tsetse flies and trypanosomiasis are among several factors that constrain livestock development in Tanzania. Over the years Rufiji District was excluded from livestock production owing to tsetse fly infestatio...

    Authors: Imna I Malele, Henry B Magwisha, Hamisi S Nyingilili, Kamilius A Mamiro, Elipidius J Rukambile, Joyce W Daffa, Eugene A Lyaruu, Lupakisyo A Kapange, Gideon K Kasilagila, Nicodemus K Lwitiko, Halifa M Msami and Elikira N Kimbita

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:217

    Content type: Research

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  11. Leishmania (Vianna) braziliensis, Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi are important parasites in the scenario of leishmaniasis in Brazil. During the life cycle of these parasit...

    Authors: Luzia MC Côrtes, Roger MM Silva, Bernardo AS Pereira, Camila Guerra, Angela C Zapata, Felio J Bello, Léa C Finkelstein, Maria F Madeira, Reginaldo P Brazil, Suzana Côrte-Real and Carlos R Alves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:216

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Insecticide resistance jeopardizes the control of mosquito populations and mosquito-borne disease control, which creates a major public health concern. Two-dimensional electrophoresis identified one protein se...

    Authors: Wenbin Tan, Xiao Wang, Peng Cheng, Lijuan Liu, Haifang Wang, Maoqing Gong, Xin Quan, Honggang Gao and Changliang Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:215

    Content type: Research

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  13. Toxoplasma gondii is an important protozoan parasite infecting humans and almost all warm-blooded animals. As the only definitive host, cats play a crucial role in the transmission of T. gondii infection by shedd...

    Authors: Song-Ming Wu, Xing-Quan Zhu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Bao-Quan Fu, Jia Chen, Jian-Fa Yang, Hui-Qun Song, Ya-Biao Weng and De-He Ye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:214

    Content type: Research

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  14. Infection with the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii causes serious public health problems and is of great economic importance worldwide. Protection from acute toxoplasmosis is known to be mediated by CD8+ T cells, but...

    Authors: Xi-Meng Sun, Jun Zou, Elashram Saeed AA, Wen-Chao Yan, Xian-Yong Liu, Xun Suo, Heng Wang and Qi-Jun Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:213

    Content type: Research

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  15. The evaluation of malaria transmission intensity is a crucial indicator for estimating the burden of malarial disease. In this respect, entomological and parasitological methods present limitations, especially...

    Authors: Jean Biram Sarr, Eve Orlandi-Pradines, Sonia Fortin, Cheikh Sow, Sylvie Cornelie, François Rogerie, Soihibou Guindo, Lassana Konate, Thierry Fusaï, Gilles Riveau, Christophe Rogier and Franck Remoue

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:212

    Content type: Research

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  16. The rapid growth of Qatar in the last two decades has been associated with an enormous expansion of building programs in its cities and in the provision of new service industries. This in turn has attracted a ...

    Authors: Marawan A Abu-Madi, Jerzy M Behnke, Ahmed Ismail, Nada Al-Olaqi, Kefah Al-Zaher and Roda El-Ibrahim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:211

    Content type: Research

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  17. Authors: Marianne E Sinka, Yasmin Rubio-Palis, Sylvie Manguin, Anand P Patil, Will H Temperley, Peter W Gething, Thomas Van Boeckel, Caroline W Kabaria, Ralph E Harbach and Simon I Hay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:210

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:72

  18. Schistosomiasis japonica, caused by contact with Schistosoma japonicum cercaria-infested water when washing, bathing or production, remains a major public-health concern in China. The purpose of the present study...

    Authors: You-Sheng Liang, Wei Wang, Yun-Tian Xing, Hong-Jun Li, Yong-Liang Xu, Xue-Hui Shen, Guo-Li Qu, You-Zi Li and Jian-Rong Dai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:209

    Content type: Research

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  19. The successful suppression of a target insect population using the sterile insect technique (SIT) partly depends on the premise that the laboratory insects used for mass rearing are genetically compatible with...

    Authors: Givemore Munhenga, Basil D Brooke, Tobias F Chirwa, Richard H Hunt, Maureen Coetzee, Danny Govender and Lizette L Koekemoer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:208

    Content type: Research

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  20. The high transmission potential of species belonging to the monogenean parasite genus Gyrodactylus, coupled with their high fecundity, allows them to rapidly colonise new hosts and to increase in number. One gyro...

    Authors: Adam J Brooker, Mayra I Grano Maldonado, Stephen Irving, James E Bron, Matthew Longshaw and Andrew P Shinn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:207

    Content type: Research

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  21. Oncomelania hupensis robertsoni is the sole intermediate host for Schistosoma japonicum in western China. Given the close co-evolutionary relationships between snail host and parasite, there is interest in unders...

    Authors: Anne-Kathrin Hauswald, Justin V Remais, Ning Xiao, George M Davis, Ding Lu, Margaret J Bale and Thomas Wilke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:206

    Content type: Research

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  22. Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic parasite that causes eosinophilic meningitis in humans. The most common source of infection with A. cantonensis is the consumption of raw or undercooked mollusks (e.g., s...

    Authors: Rui Chen, QunBo Tong, Yi Zhang, Di Lou, QingMing Kong, Shan Lv, MingMing Zhuo, LiYong Wen and ShaoHong Lu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:204

    Content type: Short report

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  23. The need to discover new treatments for human schistosomiasis has been an important driver for molecular research on schistosomes, a major breakthrough being the publication of the Schistosoma mansoni and Schisto...

    Authors: Anthony John Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:203

    Content type: Primer

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  24. Anopheles nili is a major vector of malaria in the humid savannas and forested areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the population genetic structure and evolutionary dynamics of this species is important fo...

    Authors: Ashley Peery, Maria V Sharakhova, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Cyrille Ndo, Mylene Weill, Frederic Simard and Igor V Sharakhov

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:202

    Content type: Research

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  25. Praziquantel has been used as first-line drug for chemotherapy of schistosomiasis since 1984. Besides praziquantel, artemether and artesunate have also been used for the control of this infectious disease sinc...

    Authors: Rong Liu, Hui-Fen Dong, Yi Guo, Qin-Ping Zhao and Ming-Sen Jiang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:201

    Content type: Research

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  26. Human and animal fascioliasis poses serious public health problems in South America. In Venezuela, livestock infection represents an important veterinary problem whereas there appear to be few human cases repo...

    Authors: M Dolores Bargues, L Carolina González, Patricio Artigas and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:200

    Content type: Research

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  27. Giardia duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. are among the most common intestinal human protozoan parasites worldwide and they are frequently reported in captive non-human primates (NHP). From a public health point of v...

    Authors: Federica Berrilli, Cristina Prisco, Klaus G Friedrich, Pilar Di Cerbo, David Di Cave and Claudio De Liberato

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:199

    Content type: Research

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  28. The prevalence of spotted fever group rickettsial infection in dogs from a remote indigenous community in the Northern Territory (NT) was determined using molecular tools. Blood samples collected from 130 dogs...

    Authors: Sze-Fui Hii, Steven R Kopp, Mary F Thompson, Caroline A O'Leary, Robert L Rees and Rebecca J Traub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:198

    Content type: Short report

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  29. Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the accidental ingestion of the eggs of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. AE occurs frequently in rural western China due to the poor levels of hygiene,...

    Authors: Donald P McManus, Zhengzhi Li, Shukun Yang, Darren J Gray and Yu Rong Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:196

    Content type: Short report

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  30. Intestinal parasitic infections represent a public health problem in Tajikistan, but epidemiological evidence is scarce. The present study aimed at assessing the extent of helminths and intestinal protozoa inf...

    Authors: Barbara Matthys, Mohion Bobieva, Gulzira Karimova, Zulfira Mengliboeva, Vreni Jean-Richard, Malika Hoimnazarova, Matluba Kurbonova, Laurent K Lohourignon, Jürg Utzinger and Kaspar Wyss

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:195

    Content type: Research

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  31. Recently, there have been attempts to understand the molecular epidemiology of Sarcoptes scabiei, to evaluate the gene flow between isolates of S. scabiei from different hosts and geographic regions. However, to ...

    Authors: Francis Gakuya, Luca Rossi, Jackson Ombui, Ndichu Maingi, Gerald Muchemi, William Ogara, Ramón C Soriguer and Samer Alasaad

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:193

    Content type: Research

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  32. Vector borne disease (VBD) emergence is a complex and dynamic process. Interactions between multiple disciplines and responsible health and environmental authorities are often needed for an effective early war...

    Authors: Marieta Braks, Joke van der Giessen, Mirjam Kretzschmar, Wifrid van Pelt, Ernst-Jan Scholte, Chantal Reusken, Hervé Zeller, Wim van Bortel and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:192

    Content type: Review

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  33. Traditionally, efficient flea-borne transmission of Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, was thought to be dependent on a process referred to as blockage in which biofilm-mediated growth of the bacteri...

    Authors: Anna M Schotthoefer, Scott W Bearden, Jennifer L Holmes, Sara M Vetter, John A Montenieri, Shanna K Williams, Christine B Graham, Michael E Woods, Rebecca J Eisen and Kenneth L Gage

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:191

    Content type: Research

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  34. Phlebotomus papatasi is a natural vector of Leishmania major, which causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in many countries. Simple sequence repeats (SSRs), or microsatellites, are common in eukaryotic genomes and are s...

    Authors: Omar Hamarsheh and Ahmad Amro

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:189

    Content type: Research

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  35. In the Veneto region (north-eastern Italy) an entomological surveillance system has been implemented since the introduction of the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) in 1991. During the routine monitoring ac...

    Authors: Gioia Capelli, Andrea Drago, Simone Martini, Fabrizio Montarsi, Mauro Soppelsa, Nicola Delai, Silvia Ravagnan, Luca Mazzon, Francis Schaffner, Alexander Mathis, Marco Di Luca, Roberto Romi and Francesca Russo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:188

    Content type: Short report

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  36. The saliva of haematophagous arthropods contains an array of anti-haemostatic, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory molecules that contribute to the success of the blood meal. The saliva of haematophagous ar...

    Authors: Albin Fontaine, Ibrahima Diouf, Nawal Bakkali, Dorothée Missé, Frédéric Pagès, Thierry Fusai, Christophe Rogier and Lionel Almeras

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:187

    Content type: Review

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  37. Helminth infection may modulate the expression of Toll like receptors (TLR) in dendritic cells (DCs) and modify the responsiveness of DCs to TLR ligands. This may regulate aberrant intestinal inflammation in h...

    Authors: ShuMin Sun, XueLin Wang, XiuPing Wu, Ying Zhao, Feng Wang, XiaoLei Liu, YanXia Song, ZhiLiang Wu and MingYuan Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:186

    Content type: Review

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  38. In the Canary Islands there are no previous data about tapeworms (Cestoda) of rodents. In order to identify the hymenolepidid species present in these hosts, a survey of 1,017 murine (349 Rattus rattus, 13 Rattus...

    Authors: Pilar Foronda, Mercedes López-González, Mariano Hernández, Voitto Haukisalmi and Carlos Feliu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:185

    Content type: Research

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  39. Chemical and behavioural ecology of mosquitoes plays an important role in the development of chemical cue based vector control. To date, studies available have focused on evaluating mosquito attractants and re...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Eunice A Owino, Beda J Mwang'onde, Aneth M Mahande, Mramba Nyindo and Franklin Mosha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:184

    Content type: Research

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  40. Native mosquito repellent plants have a good potential for integrated mosquito control in local settings. Ocimum forskolei, Lamiaceae, is used in Eritrea as a spatial mosquito repellent inside houses, either thro...

    Authors: Teun Dekker, Rickard Ignell, Maedot Ghebru, Robert Glinwood and Richard Hopkins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:183

    Content type: Research

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  41. Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are important tick-borne bacteria maintained in nature by transmission between ticks and vertebrate hosts. However, the potential role of lizards as hosts has not bee...

    Authors: Anna Ekner, Krzysztof Dudek, Zofia Sajkowska, Viktória Majláthová, Igor Majláth and Piotr Tryjanowski

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:182

    Content type: Research

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  42. There is little information on the social perception of malaria and the use of prevention methods in Cameroon. This study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and management of malaria in households livi...

    Authors: Cyrille Ndo, Benjamin Menze-Djantio and Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:181

    Content type: Research

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  43. Clonorchiasis, caused by Clonorchis sinensis, is one of the major parasitic zoonoses in China, particularly in China's southern Guangdong province where the prevalence of C. sinensis infection in humans is high. ...

    Authors: Rui-Qing Lin, Jian-Dong Tang, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song, Si-Yang Huang, Jia-Xu Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Han Zhang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:180

    Content type: Research

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  44. The urinary metabolic fingerprint of a patent Schistosoma mansoni infection in the mouse has been characterized using spectroscopic methods. However, the temporal dynamics of metabolic alterations have not been s...

    Authors: Jia V Li, Jasmina Saric, Yulan Wang, Jennifer Keiser, Jürg Utzinger and Elaine Holmes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:179

    Content type: Research

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  45. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has a significant burden of lymphatic filariasis (LF) caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti. A major impediment to the expansion of the LF elimination programme is the...

    Authors: Louise A Kelly-Hope, Brent C Thomas, Moses J Bockarie and David H Molyneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:178

    Content type: Research

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