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  1. Content type: Research

    West Nile virus (WNV) is a widespread pathogen maintained in an enzootic cycle between mosquitoes and birds with occasional spill-over into dead-end hosts such as horses and humans. Migratory birds are believe...

    Authors: Assane G Fall, Amadou Diaïté, Renaud Lancelot, Annelise Tran, Valérie Soti, Eric Etter, Lassana Konaté, Ousmane Faye and Jérémy Bouyer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:99

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  2. Content type: Research

    Infections with the opisthorchid liver flukes Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini, and O. felineus cause severe health problems globally, particularly in Southeast Asia. Early identification of the infect...

    Authors: Jiufeng Sun, Jin Xu, Pei Liang, Qiang Mao, Yan Huang, Xiaoli Lv, Chuanhuan Deng, Chi Liang, G S de Hoog and Xinbing Yu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:98

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  3. Content type: Research

    Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) are endemic in Sierra Leone confirmed by national mapping in 2008. To better inform planning of preventive chemotherapy strategy, another survey was con...

    Authors: Mary Hodges, Nsa Dada, Anna Wamsley, Jusufu Paye, Emanuel Nyorkor, Mustapha Sonnie, Guy Barnish, Moses Bockarie and Yaobi Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:97

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  4. Content type: Research

    Paragonimiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by an infection with lung flukes that is transmitted through the consumption of undercooked crabs. The disease is often confused with tuberculosis. Paragon...

    Authors: Sylvain G Traoré, Peter Odermatt, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, N'da D Aka, Koffi D Adoubryn, Aka Assoumou, Gilles Dreyfuss and Marina Koussémon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:96

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  5. Content type: Short report

    Schistosomiasis remains a major public health concern that afflicts millions of people worldwide. Low levels of Schistosoma infection require more sensitive diagnostic methods. In this study, a time-resolved fluo...

    Authors: Chun-Yan Qian, Biao Huang, Chuan-Xin Yu, Jue Zhang, Xu-Ren Yin, Jie Wang, Li-Jun Song, Wei Zhang and Xue-Dan Ke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:95

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  6. Content type: Research

    Malaria remains a significant health problem in Yemen with Plasmodium falciparum being the predominant species which is responsible for 90% of the malaria cases. Despite serious concerns regarding increasing drug...

    Authors: Abdulsalam M Al-Mekhlafi, Mohammed AK Mahdy, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Ahmed A Azazy and Mun Yik Fong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:94

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  7. Content type: Research

    Gnathostoma spinigerum larva is pathogenic, causing gnathostomiasis in humans and certain animals, and is prevalent mainly in Asia. Growth and development of Gnathostoma spinigerum larvae in the cyclopoid copepod...

    Authors: Penchom Janwan, Pewpan M Intapan, Oranuch Sanpool, Luxkhana Sadaow, Tongjit Thanchomnang and Wanchai Maleewong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:93

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  8. Content type: Research

    Temperature is a key determinant of environmental suitability for transmission of human malaria, modulating endemicity in some regions and preventing transmission in others. The spatial modelling of malaria en...

    Authors: Peter W Gething, Thomas P Van Boeckel, David L Smith, Carlos A Guerra, Anand P Patil, Robert W Snow and Simon I Hay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:92

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  9. Content type: Research

    The mosquito Aedes aegypti, vector of dengue fever, is a target for control by entomopathogenic fungi. Recent studies by our group have shown the susceptibility of adult A. aegypti to fungal infection by Metarhiz...

    Authors: Adriano R Paula, Aline T Carolino, Carlos P Silva and Richard I Samuels

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:91

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  10. Content type: Research

    The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) was established by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2000 with the goal of eliminating lymphatic filariasis (LF) as a public health problem g...

    Authors: Sammy M Njenga, Charles S Mwandawiro, C Njeri Wamae, Dunstan A Mukoko, Anisa A Omar, Masaaki Shimada, Moses J Bockarie and David H Molyneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:90

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  11. Content type: Research

    The final article in a series of three publications examining the global distribution of 41 dominant vector species (DVS) of malaria is presented here. The first publication examined the DVS from the Americas,...

    Authors: Marianne E Sinka, Michael J Bangs, Sylvie Manguin, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, Anand P Patil, William H Temperley, Peter W Gething, Iqbal RF Elyazar, Caroline W Kabaria, Ralph E Harbach and Simon I Hay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:89

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  12. Content type: Research

    Pregnant women are more susceptible to severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria, which can lead to poor maternal and fetal outcomes. Few data exist on the epidemiology of severe P. falciparum malaria in pregnant wome...

    Authors: Aziem A Ali, Elhassan M Elhassan, Mamoun M Magzoub, Mustafa I Elbashir and Ishag Adam

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:88

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  13. Content type: Research

    The dipstick dye immunoassay (DDIA), recently commercially available in the People's Republic of China (P.R. China), is a rapid and simple test to detect human antibodies against Schistosoma Japonicum. Its perfor...

    Authors: Jing Xu, Ting Feng, Dan-Dan Lin, Qi-Zhi Wang, Li Tang, Xiao-Hua Wu, Jia-Gang Guo, Rosanna W Peeling and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:87

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  14. Content type: Review

    The LeishVet group has formed recommendations designed primarily to help the veterinary clinician in the management of canine leishmaniosis. The complexity of this zoonotic infection and the wide range of its ...

    Authors: Laia Solano-Gallego, Guadalupe Miró, Alek Koutinas, Luis Cardoso, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Luis Ferrer, Patrick Bourdeau, Gaetano Oliva and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:86

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  15. Content type: Research

    Co-infections of multiple parasite species in hosts may lead to interspecific associations and subsequently shape the structure of a parasite community. However, few studies have focused on these associations ...

    Authors: Anna Faltýnková, Anssi Karvonen and E Tellervo Valtonen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:85

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  16. Content type: Research

    There is increasing evidence for a latitudinal and altitudinal shift in the distribution range of Ixodes ricinus. The reported incidence of tick-borne disease in humans is on the rise in many European countries a...

    Authors: Solveig Jore, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Merete Hofshagen, Hege Brun-Hansen, Anja B Kristoffersen, Karin Nygård, Edgar Brun, Preben Ottesen, Bente K Sævik and Bjørnar Ytrehus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:84

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  17. Content type: Research

    Laser microdissection microscopy (LMM) has potential as a research tool because it allows precise excision of target tissues or cells from a complex biological specimen, and facilitates tissue-specific sample ...

    Authors: Young S Hong, Seokyoung Kang, Manjong Han, Geoffrey N Gobert and Malcolm K Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:83

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  18. Content type: Research

    Malaria in the western Kenya highlands is characterized by unstable and high transmission variability which results in epidemics during periods of suitable climatic conditions. The sensitivity of a site to mal...

    Authors: Christine L Wanjala, John Waitumbi, Guofa Zhou and Andrew K Githeko

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:81

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  19. Content type: Research

    Malaria still represents a significant public health problem in China, and the cases dramatically increased in Central China after 2001. Antifolate resistance in Plasmodium vivax is caused by point mutations in g...

    Authors: Fang Huang, Shuisen Zhou, Shaosen Zhang, Weidong Li and Hongwei Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:80

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  20. Content type: Research

    Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1894) are the main vectors of dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses worldwide. As there is still no vaccine or specific treatment for DENV and C...

    Authors: Basile Kamgang, Sébastien Marcombe, Fabrice Chandre, Elysée Nchoutpouen, Philippe Nwane, Josiane Etang, Vincent Corbel and Christophe Paupy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:79

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  21. Content type: Research

    Infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii may cause liver disease. However, the impact of the infection in patients suffering from liver disease is unknown. Therefore, through a case-control study d...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, José Luis Torres-Berumen, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Oliver Liesenfeld and Miguel Francisco Mercado-Suarez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:75

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  22. Content type: Short report

    In this paper, we report an outbreak of bovine trypanosomiasis in Kurmuk District, Blue Nile State, Sudan that involved an infection with four Trypanosoma species in cattle. The outbreak occurred in June 2010 whe...

    Authors: Bashir Salim, Mohammed A Bakheit, Sir Elkhatim Salih, Joseph Kamau, Ichiro Nakamura, Ryo Nakao and Chihiro Sugimoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:74

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  23. Content type: Research

    Miltefosine, which is the first oral drug licensed for the treatment of leishmaniasis, was recently reported to be a promising lead compound for the synthesis of novel antischistosomal derivatives with potent ...

    Authors: Maha M Eissa, Samia El Bardicy and Menerva Tadros

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:73

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  24. Content type: Review

    The overwhelming majority of animal conservation projects are focused on vertebrates, despite most of the species on Earth being invertebrates. Estimates state that about half of all named species of invertebr...

    Authors: Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Călin Mircea Gherman and Vasile Cozma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:71

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  25. Content type: Research

    Culex spp. mosquitoes are considered to be the most important vectors of West Nile virus (WNV) detected in at least 34 species of mosquitoes in the United States. In North America, Culex pipiens pipiens, Culex pi...

    Authors: Alvaro Diaz-Badillo, Bethany G Bolling, Gerardo Perez-Ramirez, Chester G Moore, Jorge P Martinez-Munoz, America A Padilla-Viveros, Minerva Camacho-Nuez, Alfonso Diaz-Perez, Barry J Beaty and Maria de Lourdes Munoz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:70

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  26. Content type: Research

    Canine leishmaniasis (CanL) is endemic in western China, resulting in important public health problem. It is essential to evaluate the prevalence of canine Leishmania infantum infection for designing control poli...

    Authors: Jun-Yun Wang, Yu Ha, Chun-Hua Gao, Yong Wang, Yue-Tao Yang and Hai-Tang Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:69

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  27. Content type: Research

    Diagnosis of blood borne infectious diseases relies primarily on the detection of the causative agent in the blood sample. Molecular techniques offer sensitive and specific tools for this although considerable...

    Authors: Heba A Ahmed, Ewan T MacLeod, Geoff Hide, Susan C Welburn and Kim Picozzi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:68

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  28. Content type: Research

    Chagas disease is a health threat for many people, mostly those living in Latin America. One of the most important problems in treatment is the limitation of existing drugs. Prodigiosin, produced by Serratia marc...

    Authors: Carlos Genes, Eduard Baquero, Fernando Echeverri, Juan D Maya and Omar Triana

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:66

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  29. Content type: Research

    In this study, carried out in the Camargue region (France), we combined entomological data with geomatic and modelling tools to assess whether the location of breeding sites may explain the spatial distributio...

    Authors: Priscilla Cailly, Thomas Balenghien, Pauline Ezanno, Didier Fontenille, Céline Toty and Annelise Tran

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:65

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  30. Content type: Research

    In recent years, surveys of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs have been reported worldwide, including China. However, little is known about the prevalence of T. gondii in pet dogs in Northwest China. In the pre...

    Authors: Song-Ming Wu, Si-Yang Huang, Bao-Quan Fu, Guang-Yuan Liu, Jia-Xu Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Zi-Guo Yuan, Dong-Hui Zhou, Ya-Biao Weng, Xing-Quan Zhu and De-He Ye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:64

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  31. Content type: Research

    The immune system of ticks is stimulated to produce many pharmacologically active molecules during feeding and especially during pathogen invasion. The family of cationic peptides - defensins - represents a sp...

    Authors: Tereza Chrudimská, Jiřina Slaninová, Nataliia Rudenko, Daniel Růžek and Libor Grubhoffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:63

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  32. Content type: Research

    Melatonin has immunomodulatory effects but very little is known about its influence in protozoan infections, such as Entamoeba histolytica, which causes amoebiasis, a disease with significant morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Aline C França-Botelho, Juliana L França, Fabrício MS Oliveira, Eduardo L Franca, Adenilda C Honório-França, Marcelo V Caliari and Maria A Gomes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:62

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  33. Content type: Research

    Awareness for flea- and tick-borne infections has grown in recent years and the range of microorganisms associated with these ectoparasites is rising. Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of Cat Scratch Disea...

    Authors: Ellen Tijsse-Klasen, Manoj Fonville, Fedor Gassner, Ard M Nijhof, Emil KE Hovius, Frans Jongejan, Willem Takken, Johan R Reimerink, Paul AM Overgaauw and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:61

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  34. Content type: Review

    The last review on Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in dogs was published almost ten years ago. Since then, this zoonotic tick-borne arbovirus has been geographically spreading and emerging in many regions in Eur...

    Authors: Martin Pfeffer and Gerhard Dobler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:59

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  35. Content type: Research

    The Namangan Region in the Pap District, located in Eastern Uzbekistan is the main focus of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Uzbekistan. In total, 28 cases of human VL were registered during 2006-2008 in this re...

    Authors: Dmitriy A Kovalenko, Shavkat A Razakov, Evgeny N Ponirovsky, Alon Warburg, Rokhat M Nasyrova, Valentina I Ponomareva, Aziza A Fatullaeva, Abdelmajeed Nasereddin, Eyal Klement, Mohammad Z Alam, Lionel F Schnur, Charles L Jaffe, Gabriele Schönian and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:58

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  36. Content type: Short report

    Diagnosis and follow up of CanL is difficult since the range of clinical signs is varied and seroprevalence is high in endemic areas. The aims of this study were: i) demonstrate the advantages of Leishmania qPCR ...

    Authors: Verónica Martínez, Javier Quilez, Armand Sanchez, Xavier Roura, Olga Francino and Laura Altet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:57

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  37. Content type: Research

    Leishmania infantum is a widespread parasite that affects dogs and humans worldwide. It is transmitted primarily by phlebotomine sand flies, but recently there has been much discussion on the role of the brown do...

    Authors: Filipe Dantas-Torres, Maria Stefania Latrofa and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:56

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  38. Content type: Research

    Hepatozoon canis is a widespread tick-borne protozoan affecting dogs. The diagnosis of H. canis infection is usually performed by cytology of blood or buffy coat smears, but this method may not be sensitive. Our ...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Stefania Weigl, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Dorothee Stanneck, Donato Decaprariis, Gioia Capelli and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:55

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  39. Content type: Review

    Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are of major socioeconomic importance worldwide. Although many studies have provided insights into CVBDs, there has been limited exploration of fundamental molecular aspect...

    Authors: Robin B Gasser, Cinzia Cantacessi, Bronwyn E Campbell, Andreas Hofmann and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:53

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  40. Content type: Research

    In Europe most dogs with clinical leishmaniosis are treated with leishmanicides, typically antimonials combined with allopurinol and good clinical recovery is observed in a high number of these dogs. Through x...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Rosa Gálvez, Cristeta Fraile, Miguel A Descalzo and Ricardo Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:52

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  41. Content type: Research

    Canine babesiosis (or piroplasmosis) is endemic in northern Portugal, but molecularly confirmed cases of infection with small piroplasms have not been reported in the country. Three German shepherd dogs - a bi...

    Authors: Paula Brilhante Simões, Luís Cardoso, Manuela Araújo, Yael Yisaschar-Mekuzas and Gad Baneth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:50

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