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  1. Trematode communities often consist of different species exploiting the same host population, with two or more trematodes sometimes co-occuring in the same host. A commonly used diagnostic method to detect lar...

    Authors: Ana Born-Torrijos, Robert Poulin, Juan Antonio Raga and Astrid Sibylle Holzer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:243

    Content type: Research

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  2. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease affecting ~200 million people worldwide. Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni are two relatively closely related schistosomes (blood flukes), and the causative agents of u...

    Authors: Tulio D L Campos, Neil D Young, Pasi K Korhonen, Ross S Hall, Stefano Mangiola, Andrew Lonie and Robin B Gasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:242

    Content type: Research

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  3. The African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) has refocused its goals on the elimination of infection where possible, seemingly achievable by 15–17 years of annual mass distribution of ivermectin in ...

    Authors: Hugo C Turner, Martin Walker, Thomas S Churcher and María-Gloria Basáñez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:241

    Content type: Research

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  4. Both helminth and malaria infections result in a highly polarized immune response characterized by IgE production. This study aimed to investigate the total serum IgE profile in vivo as a measure of Th2 immune re...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Afework Kassu, Mengistu Legesse, Berhanu Erko, Demise Nigussie, Techalew Shimelis, Yeshambel Belyhun, Beyene Moges, Fusao Ota and Daniel Elias

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:240

    Content type: Research

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  5. Toxoplasmosis, being one of the TORCH’s infections in pregnant women, is caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite. This parasitic infection in pregnancy congenitally causes severe...

    Authors: Hemah Andiappan, Veeranoot Nissapatorn, Nongyao Sawangjaroen, Waenurama Chemoh, Yee Ling Lau, Thulasi Kumar, Subashini Onichandran, Chitkasaem Suwanrath and Verapol Chandeying

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:239

    Content type: Research

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  6. The Triatoma brasiliensis complex is a monophyletic group, comprising three species, one of which includes two subspecific taxa, distributed across 12 Brazilian states, in the caatinga and cerrado biomes. Members...

    Authors: Jane Costa, L Lynnette Dornak, Carlos Eduardo Almeida and A Townsend Peterson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:238

    Content type: Research

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  7. Ticks can transmit a number of pathogens to humans and domestic animals. Tick borne diseases (TBDs), which may lead to organ failure and death have been recently reported in China. 98.75% of the total cases (>...

    Authors: Zhuo Chen, Qin Liu, Ji-Qi Liu, Bian-Li Xu, Shan Lv, Shang Xia and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:237

    Content type: Research

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  8. PermaNet® 3.0 is an insecticide synergist-combination long-lasting insecticidal net designed to have increased efficacy against malaria vectors with metabolic resistance, even when combined with kdr. The current ...

    Authors: Samson T Awolola, Adedapo O Adeogun, Judith B Olojede, Adedayo O Oduola, Isaac O Oyewole and Chioma N Amajoh

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:236

    Content type: Research

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  9. In recent years, it has been well documented that gut flora not only influence mosquito physiology, but also significantly alter vector competency. Although, salivary gland and gut constitute key partners of t...

    Authors: Punita Sharma, Swati Sharma, Rakesh Kumar Maurya, Tanwee Das De, Tina Thomas, Suman Lata, Namita Singh, Kailash Chand Pandey, Neena Valecha and Rajnikant Dixit

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:235

    Content type: Research

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  10. In search of new antiparasitic agents for overcoming the limitations of current leishmaniasis chemotherapy, we have previously shown that 6-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (6BIO) and several other 6-substituted analogues...

    Authors: Antonia Efstathiou, Nicolas Gaboriaud-Kolar, Despina Smirlis, Vassilios Myrianthopoulos, Konstantina Vougogiannopoulou, Alexandros Alexandratos, Marina Kritsanida, Emmanuel Mikros, Ketty Soteriadou and Alexios-Leandros Skaltsounis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:234

    Content type: Research

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  11. In France as elsewhere in Europe the most prevalent TBD in humans is Lyme borreliosis, caused by different bacterial species belonging to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex and transmitted by the most import...

    Authors: Jean-François Cosson, Lorraine Michelet, Julien Chotte, Evelyne Le Naour, Martine Cote, Elodie Devillers, Marie-Lazarine Poulle, Dominique Huet, Maxime Galan, Julia Geller, Sara Moutailler and Muriel Vayssier-Taussat

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:233

    Content type: Research

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  12. The triatomine, Rhodnius prolixus, is a major vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease in Latin America. It has a strictly blood-sucking habit in all life stages, ingesting large amounts...

    Authors: Cecilia Stahl Vieira, Peter J Waniek, Débora P Mattos, Daniele P Castro, Cícero B Mello, Norman A Ratcliffe, Eloi S Garcia and Patrícia Azambuja

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:232

    Content type: Research

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  13. Cryptosporidium is an enteric apicomplexan parasite, which can infect yaks, leading to reduction of milk production and poor weight gain. White yak (Bos grunniens) is a unique yak breed inhabiting only in Tianzhu...

    Authors: Si-Yuan Qin, Xiao-Xuan Zhang, Guang-Hui Zhao, Dong-Hui Zhou, Ming-Yang Yin, Quan Zhao and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:230

    Content type: Short report

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  14. The relationship between nutrition and soil-transmitted helminthiasis is complex and warrants further investigation. We conducted a systematic review examining the influence of nutrition on infection and re-in...

    Authors: Peiling Yap, Jürg Utzinger, Jan Hattendorf and Peter Steinmann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:229

    Content type: Review

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  15. The bacterium Wolbachia is a promising agent for the biological control of vector-borne diseases as some strains have the ability to block the transmission of key human disease-causing pathogens. Fast, accurate a...

    Authors: Daniela da Silva Gonçalves, Anna Paula Alvim Cassimiro, Caroline Dantas de Oliveira, Nilton Barnabé Rodrigues and Luciano Andrade Moreira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:228

    Content type: Short report

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  16. Gastro-enteritis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS and children, and Cryptosporidium is the most important parasite implicated. To date, several commercial companies...

    Authors: Techalew Shimelis and Endale Tadesse

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:227

    Content type: Research

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  17. In Europe animal and human infections due to Dirofilaria repens are increasing.

    Authors: Katja Silbermayr, Barbara Eigner, Anja Joachim, Georg G Duscher, Bernhard Seidel, Franz Allerberger, Alexander Indra, Peter Hufnagl and Hans-Peter Fuehrer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:226

    Content type: Short report

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  18. Theileria and Babesia protozoan parasites are transmitted mainly by tick vectors. These parasites cause heavy economic losses to the live-stock industry, as well as affecting the health of wild animals in parasit...

    Authors: Youquan Li, Ze Chen, Zhijie Liu, Junlong Liu, Jifei Yang, Qian Li, Yaqiong Li, Shuangqing Cen, Guiquan Guan, Qiaoyun Ren, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:225

    Content type: Research

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  19. Opisthorchiasis and Opisthorchis viverrini-associated bile duct cancer represent major public health threats in Thailand and Laos. The tegument of this food borne fluke plays pivotal roles in parasite metabolism,...

    Authors: Sirikanda Thanasuwan, Supawadee Piratae, Paul J Brindley, Alex Loukas, Sasithorn Kaewkes and Thewarach Laha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:224

    Content type: Research

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  20. Biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of internationally important arboviruses. To understand the role of Culicoides in the transmission of these viruses, it is e...

    Authors: Claire Garros, Thomas Balenghien, Simon Carpenter, Jean-Claude Delécolle, Rudy Meiswinkel, Aurélie Pédarrieu, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Laetitia Gardès, Nick Golding, James Barber, Miguel Miranda, David Borràs Borràs, Maria Goffredo, Federica Monaco, Nonito Pagès, Soufien Sghaier…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:223

    Content type: Research

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  21. Sand flies remain the only proven vectors of Leishmania spp. but recent implementation of PCR techniques has led to increasing speculation about "alternative vectors", including biting midges. Here, we summarize ...

    Authors: Veronika Seblova, Jovana Sadlova, Simon Carpenter and Petr Volf

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:222

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  22. The threadworm Strongyloides stercoralis, the most neglected helminth, affects an estimated 30-100 million people worldwide. Information on S. stercoralis infection is scarce in tropical and sub-tropical resource...

    Authors: Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Hanspeter Marti, Philipp J Bless, Meng Chuor Char, Sinuon Muth and Peter Odermatt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:221

    Content type: Research

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  23. Sand fly collections were performed to study ecological aspects of the Phlebotominae fauna of the Xakriabá Indigenous Reserve, an area with endemic cutaneous leishmaniasis, located in the state of Minas Gerais...

    Authors: Felipe Dutra Rêgo, Paloma Helena Fernandes Shimabukuro, Patrícia Flávia Quaresma, Igor Rismo Coelho, Gabriel Barbosa Tonelli, Kelly Medrado Scofield Silva, Ricardo Andrade Barata, Edelberto Santos Dias and Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:220

    Content type: Research

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  24. We review existing information on the epidemiology of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in Panama, with emphasis on the bionomics of anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species. Evidence from Panamanian studie...

    Authors: Larissa C Dutari and Jose R Loaiza

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:218

    Content type: Review

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  25. Topical permethrin treatment is known to prevent feeding of sandflies on dogs. This study investigated the anti-feeding efficacy and the immediate insecticidal efficacy (knock-down effect) of topical treatment...

    Authors: Régis Frenais, Annie Flochlay-Sigognault and Gaëlle Milon-Harnois

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:217

    Content type: Research

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  26. Owing to the harmfulness and seriousness of Schistosomiasis japonica in China, the control and prevention of S. japonica transmission are imperative. As the unique intermediate host of this disease, Oncomelania h...

    Authors: Jin-Yi Wu, Yi-Biao Zhou, Lin-Han Li, Sheng-Bang Zheng, Song Liang, Ashley Coatsworth, Guang-Hui Ren, Xiu-Xia Song, Zhong He, Bin Cai, Jia-Bian You and Qing-Wu Jiang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:216

    Content type: Research

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  27. Ashworthius sidemi, a blood-sucking nematode, is a primary parasite of Asiatic cervides, primarily sika deer (Cervus nippon). As A. sidemi infections are common in bison, red and roe deer, and gastrointestinal ne...

    Authors: Bożena Moskwa, Justyna Bień, Katarzyna Goździk and Władysław Cabaj

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:215

    Content type: Research

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  28. Hytrosaviridae cause salivary gland hypertrophy (SGH) syndrome in some infected tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae). Infected male and female G. pallidipes with SGH have a reduced fecundity and fertility. Due to ...

    Authors: Adly MM Abd-Alla, Carmen Marin, Andrew G Parker and Marc JB Vreysen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:214

    Content type: Short report

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  29. Malaria vector control in Sudan relies mainly on indoor residual spraying (IRS) and the use of long lasting insecticide treated bed nets (LLINs). Monitoring insecticide resistance in the main Sudanese malaria ...

    Authors: Hiba Abdalla, Craig S Wilding, Luisa Nardini, Patricia Pignatelli, Lizette L Koekemoer, Hilary Ranson and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:213

    Content type: Research

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  30. Cryptosporidium baileyi is the dominant Cryptosporidium species in birds causing emerging health problems in the poultry industry, and is also a model to study the biology of Cryptosporidium spp.. IL-17 (also cal...

    Authors: Guang-Hui Zhao, Wen-Yu Cheng, Wan Wang, Yan-Qing Jia, Yan-Qin Fang, Shuai-Zhi Du and San-Ke Yu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:212

    Content type: Research

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  31. Mosquito larval control using chemicals and biological agents is of paramount importance in vector population and disease incidence reduction. A commercial synthetic disinfectant soap was evaluated against lar...

    Authors: France P Mdoe, Gamba Nkwengulila, Mariam Chobu, Lucile Lyaruu, Israel L Gyunda, Saada Mbepera, Rui-De Xue and Eliningaya J Kweka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:211

    Content type: Research

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  32. Mechanical transmission of the major livestock pathogen Trypanosoma vivax by other biting flies than tsetse allows its spread from Africa to the New World. Genetic studies are restricted to a small number of isol...

    Authors: Herakles A Garcia, Adriana C Rodrigues, Carla MF Rodrigues, Zakaria Bengaly, Antonio HH Minervino, Franklin Riet-Correa, Rosangela Z Machado, Fernando Paiva, Jael S Batista, Luis Neves, Patrick B Hamilton and Marta MG Teixeira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:210

    Content type: Research

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  33. The increasing status of insecticide resistant mosquitoes in sub-Saharan Africa is a threatening alert to the existing control efforts. All sibling species of An. gambiae complex have evolved insecticide resistan...

    Authors: France P Mdoe, Sen-Sung Cheng, Shandala Msangi, Gamba Nkwengulila, Shang-Tzen Chang and Eliningaya J Kweka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:209

    Content type: Research

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  34. The dramatic success of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in African countries has been countered by the rapid development of pyrethroid resistance in vector mosquitoes...

    Authors: Hitoshi Kawada, Kazunori Ohashi, Gabriel O Dida, George Sonye, Sammy M Njenga, Charles Mwandawiro and Noboru Minakawa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:208

    Content type: Research

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  35. Blastocystis sp. is one of the most prevalent parasites found in human stool and has been recently considered an opportunistic emerging pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. However, cases of invasive intest...

    Authors: Helena Lúcia Carneiro Santos, Fernando Campos Sodré and Heloisa Werneck de Macedo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:207

    Content type: Short report

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  36. Only simple, point-of-care, assay formats of the Platellia Dengue NS1 Ag-ELISA would be suitable to identify Dengue virus in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in dengue-endemic areas lacking sophisticated laboratory infra...

    Authors: Subhash C Arya and Nirmala Agarwal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:205

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  37. Helminth infections as well as structural alternations in the long-terminal repeat (LTR) regions of HIV-1 are known to contribute to elevated HIV RNA level and enhance HIV-1 diseases progression. However, the ...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Melanie Maier and Uwe Gerd Liebert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:204

    Content type: Research

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  38. Flagellates of the family Trypanosomatidae are obligate endoparasites, which can be found in various hosts. Several genera infect insects and occur as monoxenous parasites especially in representatives of Dipt...

    Authors: Sergei I Fokin, Martina Schrallhammer, Carolina Chiellini, Franco Verni and Giulio Petroni

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:203

    Content type: Research

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  39. In 2012, the new guidelines for the surveillance of IMS in Europe, produced by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), were tested in Belgium. This study aimed at (1) testing the usefuln...

    Authors: Isra Deblauwe, Charlotte Sohier, Francis Schaffner, Laurence Marrama Rakotoarivony and Marc Coosemans

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:201

    Content type: Research

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  40. The increasing global threat of Dengue demands new and easily applicable vector control methods. Ovitraps provide a low-tech and inexpensive means to combat Dengue vectors. Here we describe the development and...

    Authors: Janneke Snetselaar, Rob Andriessen, Remco A Suer, Anne J Osinga, Bart GJ Knols and Marit Farenhorst

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:200

    Content type: Research

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  41. Disease risk maps are important tools that help ascertain the likelihood of exposure to specific infectious agents. Understanding how climate change may affect the suitability of habitats for ticks will improv...

    Authors: Teresa P Feria-Arroyo, Ivan Castro-Arellano, Guadalupe Gordillo-Perez, Ana L Cavazos, Margarita Vargas-Sandoval, Abha Grover, Javier Torres, Raul F Medina, Adalberto A Pérez de León and Maria D Esteve-Gassent

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:199

    Content type: Research

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  42. Entomopathogenic fungi are potential candidates for use in integrated vector management, with recent emphasis aimed at developing adult mosquito control methods. Here we investigated the persistence of the fun...

    Authors: Aline T Carolino, Adriano R Paula, Carlos P Silva, Tariq M Butt and Richard I Samuels

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:198

    Content type: Research

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  43. Cysteine, a sulfur-containing amino acid, plays an important role in a variety of cellular functions such as protein biosynthesis, methylation, and polyamine and glutathione syntheses. In trypanosomatids, glut...

    Authors: Ibeth Romero, Jair Téllez, Lais Eiko Yamanaka, Mario Steindel, Alvaro José Romanha and Edmundo Carlos Grisard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:197

    Content type: Research

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  44. Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan parasite that is able to infect almost all warm blooded animals. In Europe, the domestic cat is the main definitive host. Worldwide, 6 billion people are infected with this pa...

    Authors: Ezio Ferroglio, Fabio Bosio, Anna Trisciuoglio and Stefania Zanet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:196

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. The yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti is essentially a container-inhabiting species that is closely associated with urban areas. This species is a vector of human pathogens, including dengue and yellow fever vi...

    Authors: Hudson VV Tomé, Tales V Pascini, Rômulo AC Dângelo, Raul NC Guedes and Gustavo F Martins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:195

    Content type: Research

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  46. Infective larvae of the worldwide occurring zoonotic roundworm T. canis exhibit a marked affinity to the nervous tissues of paratenic hosts. In humans, most cases of neurotoxocarosis are considered to be caused b...

    Authors: Elisabeth Janecek, Andreas Beineke, Thomas Schnieder and Christina Strube

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2014 7:194

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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