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  1. Hyalomma aegyptium is a hard-tick with a typical three-host life cycle. The main hosts are Palearctic tortoises of genus Testudo. However, other hosts can be used by immature ticks for feeding in natural conditio...

    Authors: Anamaria I Paștiu, Ioana A Matei, Andrei D Mihalca, Gianluca D’Amico, Mirabela O Dumitrache, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Attila D Sándor, Menelaos Lefkaditis, Călin M Gherman and Vasile Cozma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:301

    Content type: Research

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  2. Current efforts are underway to quantify the chemical concentration in a treated air space that elicits a spatial repellent (deterrent) response in a vector population. Such information will facilitate identif...

    Authors: Nicole Achee, Penny Masuoka, Philip Smith, Nicholas Martin, Theeraphap Chareonviryiphap, Suppaluck Polsomboon, Joko Hendarto and John Grieco

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:300

    Content type: Research

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  3. Ivermectin and albendazole are used in annual mass drug administration (MDA) for the lymphatic filariasis elimination programmes in African countries co-endemic for onchocerciasis, but have additional impact o...

    Authors: Khalfan A Mohammed, Rinki M Deb, Michelle C Stanton and David H Molyneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:299

    Content type: Research

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  4. Praziquantel is the drug of choice in preventive chemotherapy targeting schistosomiasis. Increasing large-scale administration of praziquantel requires monitoring of drug efficacy to detect early signs of deve...

    Authors: Katarina Stete, Stefanie J Krauth, Jean T Coulibaly, Stefanie Knopp, Jan Hattendorf, Ivan Müller, Laurent K Lohourignon, Winfried V Kern, Eliézer K N’Goran and Jürg Utzinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:298

    Content type: Research

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  5. Anaemia is known to be one of the outcomes of parasitic infection and it may result in impaired cognitive development, reduced physical work capacity and in severe cases increased risk of mortality, particular...

    Authors: Million Getachew, Delenesaw Yewhalaw, Ketema Tafess, Yehenew Getachew and Ahmed Zeynudin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:296

    Content type: Research

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  6. The tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus is the species with the largest worldwide distribution and is proven to be involved in the transmission of pathogens such as Babesia canis, Ehrlichia canis, Coxiella burnetii, Ri...

    Authors: Flávio Augusto Sanches Politi, Glyn Mara Figueira, Andréa Mendez Araújo, Bruno Rodrigues Sampieri, Maria Izabel Camargo Mathias, Matias Pablo Juan Szabó, Gervásio Henrique Bechara, Lourdes Campaner dos Santos, Wagner Vilegas and Rosemeire Cristina Linhari Rodrigues Pietro

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:295

    Content type: Research

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  7. Between 1994 and 2009, a threefold increase has been observed in consultations of general practitioners for tick bites and Lyme disease in The Netherlands. The objective of this study was to determine whether ...

    Authors: Hein Sprong, Agnetha Hofhuis, Fedor Gassner, Willem Takken, Frans Jacobs, Arnold J H van Vliet, Marijn van Ballegooijen, Joke van der Giessen and Katsuhisa Takumi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:294

    Content type: Research

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  8. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are responsible for a huge public health burden, however treatment options are limited. The discovery and development of novel efficacious drugs or drug combinations ...

    Authors: Jennifer Keiser, Lucienne Tritten, Roberto Adelfio and Mireille Vargas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:292

    Content type: Research

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  9. Ehrlichia species are the etiological agents of emerging and life-threatening tick-borne human zoonoses that inflict serious and fatal infections in companion animals and livestock. The aim of this paper was to p...

    Authors: Alejandro Cabezas Cruz, Erich Zweygarth, Mucio Flavio Barbosa Ribeiro, Julia Angelica Gonçalves da Silveira, Jose de la Fuente, Libor Grubhoffer, James J Valdés and Lygia Maria Friche Passos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:291

    Content type: Research

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  10. Aedes albopictus is a vector for several fatal arboviruses in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. The midgut of the mosquito is the first barrier that pathogens must overcome to establish infection an...

    Authors: Leonardo Saboia-Vahia, Andre Borges-Veloso, Patricia Cuervo, Magno Junqueira, Camila Mesquita-Rodrigues, Constanca Britto, Gilberto Barbosa Domont and Jose Batista De Jesus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:290

    Content type: Research

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  11. The growing development of pyrethroid resistance constitutes a serious threat to malaria control programmes and if measures are not taken in time, resistance may compromise control efforts in the foreseeable f...

    Authors: Ludovic P Ahoua Alou, Alphonsine A Koffi, Maurice A Adja, Serge B Assi, Philippe K Kouassi and Raphael N’Guessan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:289

    Content type: Research

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  12. Toxocarosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Toxocara canis (T. canis) and/or Toxocara cati (T. cati), two worldwide distributed roundworms which are parasites of canids and felids, respectively. Infections of hum...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Durant, Leonid M Irenge, Renata Fogt-Wyrwas, Catherine Dumont, Jean-Pierre Doucet, Bernard Mignon, Bertrand Losson and Jean-Luc Gala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:288

    Content type: Research

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  13. Mosquito coils, vaporizer mats and emanators confer protection against mosquito bites through the spatial action of emanated vapor or airborne pyrethroid particles. These products dominate the pest control mar...

    Authors: Sheila B Ogoma, Sarah J Moore and Marta F Maia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:287

    Content type: Review

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  14. Although adult mosquito vectors of sylvatic arbovirus [yellow fever (YFV), dengue-2 (DENV-2) and chikungunya (CHIKV)] have been studied for the past 40 years in southeastern Senegal, data are still lacking on ...

    Authors: Diawo Diallo, Cheikh T Diagne, Kathryn A Hanley, Amadou A Sall, Michaela Buenemann, Yamar Ba, Ibrahima Dia, Scott C Weaver and Mawlouth Diallo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:286

    Content type: Research

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  15. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis (CNM) has been described in the hard tick Ixodes ricinus and rodents as well as in some severe cases of human disease. The aims of this study were to identify DNA of CNM in smal...

    Authors: Cornelia Silaghi, Dietlinde Woll, Monia Mahling, Kurt Pfister and Martin Pfeffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:285

    Content type: Research

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  16. The Asian bush mosquito, Aedes japonicus japonicus, a potential vector of several viruses, was first detected in Germany in 2008 on the Swiss-German border. In the following years, this invasive species apparentl...

    Authors: Helge Kampen, Dorothee Zielke and Doreen Werner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:284

    Content type: Research

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  17. Anopheles funestus s.s., one of the major malaria vectors in sub-Saharan Africa, belongs to a group of eleven African species that are morphologically similar at the adult stage, most of which do not transmit mal...

    Authors: Kwang Shik Choi, Lizette L Koekemoer and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:283

    Content type: Research

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  18. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel strategy which amplifies DNA with high sensitivity and rapidity under isothermal conditions. In the present study, the performance of the repetitive ins...

    Authors: Boniface Namangala, Lottie Hachaambwa, Kiichi Kajino, Aaron S Mweene, Kyouko Hayashida, Martin Simuunza, Humphrey Simukoko, Kennedy Choongo, Pamela Chansa, Shabir Lakhi, Ladslav Moonga, Amos Chota, Joseph Ndebe, Mutale Nsakashalo-Senkwe, Elizabeth Chizema, Lackson Kasonka…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:282

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) remains as one of the most neglected tropical diseases with over 60% of the world’s total VL cases occurring in the Indian subcontinent. Due to the invasive risky procedure and tech...

    Authors: Md Gulam Musawwir Khan, Khondaker Rifat Hasan Bhaskar, Md Abdus Salam, Tania Akther, Gerd Pluschke and Dinesh Mondal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:280

    Content type: Research

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  20. Toxoplasma gondii is a highly prevalent protozoan parasite infecting a wide range of animals and humans. The epidemiological and biological diversity of T. gondii has resulted in a high genetic variation and unus...

    Authors: Jia Chen, Zhong-Yuan Li, Dong-Hui Zhou, Guo-Hua Liu and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:279

    Content type: Research

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  21. Intestinal schistosomiasis continues to be a significant cause of morbidity among communities located around Lake Victoria and on its islands. Although epidemiological surveys have been conducted in other area...

    Authors: Maurice R Odiere, Fredrick O Rawago, Maurice Ombok, William Evan Secor, Diana MS Karanja, Pauline NM Mwinzi, Patrick J Lammie and Kimberly Won

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:278

    Content type: Research

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  22. Essential oils are currently studied for the control of different disease vectors, because of their efficacy on targeted organisms. In the present investigation, the larvicidal potential of essential oil extra...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Annadurai Senthilkumar and Venugopalan Venkatesalu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:277

    Content type: Short report

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  23. In Tanzania, the first cases of schistosomiasis were reported in the early 19th century. Since then, various studies have reported prevalences of up to 100% in some areas. However, for many years, there have b...

    Authors: Humphrey D Mazigo, Fred Nuwaha, Safari M Kinung’hi, Domenica Morona, Angela Pinot de Moira, Shona Wilson, Jorg Heukelbach and David W Dunne

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:274

    Content type: Review

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  24. Toxoplasmosis, caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, has been a serious clinical and veterinary problem. Effective DNA vaccines against T. gondii can prevent and control the sp...

    Authors: Min Meng, Shenyi He, Guanghui Zhao, Yang Bai, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong, Gang Lu, Qunli Zhao and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:273

    Content type: Research

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  25. Since the World Health Assembly’s (Resolution WHA 50.29, 1997) call for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis by the year 2020, most of the endemic countries identified have established programmes to meet th...

    Authors: Gilberto Fontes, Anderson Brandão Leite, Ana Rachel Vasconcelos de Lima, Helen Freitas, John Patrick Ehrenberg and Eliana Maria Mauricio da Rocha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:272

    Content type: Review

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  26. Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii and at least one-third of the world’s population has detectable T. gondii antibodies. The seroprevalence of T.gondii ranges from 15% to 50% among the Mexican...

    Authors: Ma de la Luz Galvan-Ramirez, Rogelio Troyo, Sonia Roman, Carlos Calvillo-Sanchez and Rosamaria Bernal-Redondo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:271

    Content type: Research

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  27. Culicoides imicola KIEFFER, 1913 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is the principal vector of Bluetongue disease in the Mediterranean basin, Africa and Asia. Previous studies have identified a range of eco-climatic vari...

    Authors: Thibaud Rigot, Annamaria Conte, Maria Goffredo, Els Ducheyne, Guy Hendrickx and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:270

    Content type: Research

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  28. Dengue, chikungunya, malaria, filariasis and Japanese encephalitis are common mosquito-borne diseases endemic to Sri Lanka. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, the major vectors of dengue, were recently shown to ...

    Authors: Pavilupillai J Jude, Tharmatha Tharmasegaram, Gobika Sivasubramaniyam, Meena Senthilnanthanan, Selvam Kannathasan, Selvarajah Raveendran, Ranjan Ramasamy and Sinnathamby N Surendran

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:269

    Content type: Research

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  29. During the last decades, population densities of Ixodes ricinus and prevalences of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. have increased in different regions in Europe. In the present study, we determined tick abundance and t...

    Authors: Alexandra Schwarz, Václav Hönig, Zuzana Vavrušková, Libor Grubhoffer, Carsten Balczun, Antje Albring and Günter A Schaub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:268

    Content type: Research

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  30. Ticks are among the most important vectors of zoonotic diseases in temperate regions of Europe, with widespread distribution and high densities, posing an important medical risk. Most ticks feed on a variety o...

    Authors: Andrei D Mihalca, Mirabela O Dumitrache, Attila D Sándor, Cristian Magdaş, Miruna Oltean, Adriana Györke, Ioana A Matei, Angela Ionică, Gianluca D’Amico, Vasile Cozma and Călin M Gherman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:266

    Content type: Research

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  31. Parasitic diseases can represent a social and economic problem among disadvantaged people - even in developed countries. Due to the limited data available concerning Europe, the aims of the present study were ...

    Authors: Laura Manganelli, Federica Berrilli, David Di Cave, Lucia Ercoli, Gioia Capelli, Domenico Otranto and Annunziata Giangaspero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:265

    Content type: Short report

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  32. Arthropod-borne viral infections cause several emerging and resurging infectious diseases. Among the diseases caused by arboviruses, chikungunya is responsible for a high level of severe human disease worldwid...

    Authors: Stephane Tchankouo-Nguetcheu, Edouard Bourguet, Pascal Lenormand, Jean-Claude Rousselle, Abdelkader Namane and Valerie Choumet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:264

    Content type: Research

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  33. An in vitro artificial feeding technique for hard ticks is quite useful for studying the tick-pathogen interactions. Here, we report a novel semi-artificial feeding technique for the adult parthenogenetic tick, H...

    Authors: Takeshi Hatta, Takeharu Miyoshi, Makoto Matsubayashi, Md Khyrul Islam, M Abdul Alim, Anisuzzaman, Kayoko Yamaji, Kozo Fujisaki and Naotoshi Tsuji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:263

    Content type: Short report

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  34. In many parts of Africa as in Benin, the main strategies of vector control are based on the scaling-up of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). The need to understa...

    Authors: Gil Germain Padonou, Ghelus Gbedjissi, Anges Yadouleton, Roseric Azondekon, Ossé Razack, Olivier Oussou, Virgile Gnanguenon, Aikpon Rock, Michel Sezonlin and Martin Akogbeto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:262

    Content type: Research

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  35. Kinins liberated from plasma–borne kininogens, are potent innate stimulatory signals. We evaluated whether resistance to infection by Leishmania (L.) chagasi depends on activation of G-protein coupled bradykinin ...

    Authors: Dirlei Nico, Daniel Ferreira Feijó, Naiara Maran, Alexandre Morrot, Julio Scharfstein, Marcos Palatnik and Clarisa Beatriz Palatnik-de-Sousa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:261

    Content type: Short report

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  36. The application of chemical molluscicides is still one of the most effective measures for schistosomiasis control in P. R. China. By applying diverse molluscicide treatment scenarios on different snail densiti...

    Authors: Guo-Jing Yang, Le-Ping Sun, Qing-Biao Hong, Hong-Ru Zhu, Kun Yang, Qi Gao and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:260

    Content type: Research

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  37. Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is targeted for elimination by the Global Programme for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF). The strategy adopted is based on the density dependent phenomenon of Facilitat...

    Authors: Dziedzom K de Souza, Benjamin Koudou, Louise A Kelly-Hope, Michael D Wilson, Moses J Bockarie and Daniel A Boakye

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:259

    Content type: Review

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  38. Dirofilaria immitis and Angiostrongylus vasorum are both important potentially fatal canine nematodes with overlapping endemic areas, especially in Europe. The preadult and adult stages of both species are living...

    Authors: Manuela Schnyder and Peter Deplazes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:258

    Content type: Research

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  39. Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii is a primary vector of Plasmodium parasites in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. Adult females of An. cruzii and An. homunculus, which is a secondary malaria vector, are morphologically simil...

    Authors: Camila Lorenz, Tatiani Cristina Marques, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum and Lincoln Suesdek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:257

    Content type: Research

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  40. Malaria parasites actively proliferate in the body of their vertebrate and insect hosts, and are subjected to the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species. The antioxidant defenses of malaria parasites are con...

    Authors: Hirono Masuda-Suganuma, Miho Usui, Shinya Fukumoto, Noboru Inoue and Shin-ichiro Kawazu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:252

    Content type: Short report

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  41. The deer ked (Lipoptena cervi), a hematophagous ectoparasite of Cervids, is currently spreading in Scandinavia. In Norway, keds are now invading the south-eastern part of the country and the abundant and widely d...

    Authors: Knut Madslien, Bjørnar Ytrehus, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Erling J Solberg, Kent Rudi Bråten and Atle Mysterud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:251

    Content type: Research

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  42. Anopheles daciae, a newly described member of the Maculipennis group, was recently reported from western, southern and eastern Europe. Before its recognition, it had commonly been listed under the name of An. mes...

    Authors: Mandy Kronefeld, Marko Dittmann, Dorothee Zielke, Doreen Werner and Helge Kampen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:250

    Content type: Research

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  43. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Sudan. It is caused by Leishmania major parasites and transmitted by Phlebotomus papatasi sandflies. Recently, uncommon clinical manifestations of CL have been reported....

    Authors: Noteila M Khalid, Marium A Aboud, Fathi M Alrabba, Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem and Frederic Tripet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:249

    Content type: Research

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