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  1. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are major public health problems in developing countries where they contribute to suffering of populations living in poor settings. As part of a research project started in S...

    Authors: Sammy M Njenga, Charles S Mwandawiro, Erastus Muniu, Mariam T Mwanje, Fatma M Haji and Moses J Bockarie

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:175

    Content type: Research

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  2. Two studies were conducted to evaluate and compare the efficacy of imidacloprid + moxidectin and selamectin topical solutions against the KS1 flea strain infesting cats. In both studies the treatment groups we...

    Authors: Michael W Dryden, Patricia A Payne, Vicki Smith and Joe Hostetler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:174

    Content type: Research

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  3. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in western China, and becoming an important public health concern. Infected dogs are the main reservoir for Leishmania infantum, and a potential sentinel for human VL in end...

    Authors: Li-min Shang, Wei-ping Peng, Hong-tao Jin, Ding Xu, Ni-na Zhong, Wen-long Wang, You-xi Wu and Quan Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:173

    Content type: Research

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  4. Schistosomiasis remains an important public health problem throughout tropical and subtropical countries. Humans are infected through contact with water contaminated with schistosome cercariae. Therefore, issu...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Chuan-Xin Yu, Xu-Ren Yin, Wei Zhang, Chun-Yan Qian, Li-Jun Song, Xue-Dan Ke, Yong-Liang Xu, Wei He and Guo-Qun Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:172

    Content type: Research

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  5. Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. It is a threat for public health worldwide and its primary vector Aedes aegypti is becoming resistant to chemical insecticides. These factors have encour...

    Authors: Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva, Javier A Garza-Hernandez, Alberto M Garcia-Munguia, Patricia Tamez-Guerra, Annabel FV Howard and Mario A Rodriguez-Perez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:171

    Content type: Research

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  6. Chagas disease is a neglected illness, with limited treatments, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Two drugs are prescribed to treat the disease, nifurtimox and benznidazole, which have been previously rep...

    Authors: Ana M Mejía-Jaramillo, Geysson J Fernández, Lina Palacio and Omar Triana-Chávez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:169

    Content type: Research

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  7. Toxoplasma gondii has been shown to trigger strong cellular immune responses to heterologous antigens expressed by the parasite in the inbred mouse model [1]. We studied the immune response induced by T. gondii a...

    Authors: Jun Zou, Xiao-Xi Huang, Guang-Wen Yin, Ye Ding, Xian-Yong Liu, Heng Wang, Qi-Jun Chen and Xun Suo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:168

    Content type: Research

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  8. Clinical manifestation due to infection by Toxoplasma gondii is closely linked to the infecting strain of the parasite. Several genetic markers are available to determinate its genotype but few of them are able t...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Rym Ben-Abdallah, Emna Siala, Imen Ben-Abda, Olfa Souissi, Karim Aoun and Aida Bouratbine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:167

    Content type: Short report

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  9. The heat stress suffered by Leishmania sp during its digenetic life-cycle is a key trigger for its stage differentiation. In Leishmania subgenera two classes of HSP70 genes differing in their 3' UTR were describe...

    Authors: César A Ramírez, José M Requena and Concepción J Puerta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:166

    Content type: Research

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  10. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic infection of humans and animals, caused by the opportunistic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa. Infection in pregnant women may lead to aborti...

    Authors: Peng Zhou, Zhaoguo Chen, Hai-Long Li, Haihong Zheng, Shenyi He, Rui-Qing Lin and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:165

    Content type: Review

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  11. Research is now focused on identification of sensitive and specific diagnostic tests for early identification of schistosomal infection and evaluation of chemotherapy in field situations in China.

    Authors: Cen Wang, Lin Chen, Xuren Yin, Wanquan Hua, Min Hou, Minjun Ji, Chuanxin Yu and Guanling Wu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:164

    Content type: Research

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  12. Cercariae of schistosomes employ bioactive molecules for penetration into their hosts. These are released from specialized unicellular glands upon stimuli from host skin. The glands were previously well-descri...

    Authors: Anna Ligasová, Jana Bulantová, Ondřej Šebesta, Martin Kašný, Karel Koberna and Libor Mikeš

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:162

    Content type: Research

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  13. Insecticide treatment of nets, curtains or walls and ceilings of houses represent the primary means for malaria prevention worldwide. Direct personal protection of individuals and households arises from deterr...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Fredros O Okumu, Raphael N'Guessan, Marc Coosemans, Adedapo Adeogun, Sam Awolola, Josiane Etang, Roch K Dabiré and Vincent Corbel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:160

    Content type: Research

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  14. Leishmania killicki was originally described in 1980 in southeast Tunisia. It was also recently reported in Lybia and Algeria. Nevertheless, neither vector nor reservoirs of this parasite are known. The identific...

    Authors: Kaouther Jaouadi, Najoua Haouas, Dhekra Chaara, Mohamed Gorcii, Najla Chargui, Denis Augot, Francine Pratlong, Jean-Pierre Dedet, Selim Ettlijani, Habib Mezhoud and Hamouda Babba

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:159

    Content type: Short report

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  15. The cave fauna of the Brazil is poorly documented, and among the insects those live or frequent caves and their adjacent environments phlebotomine sand flies call for special attention because several species ...

    Authors: Gustavo ML Carvalho, Reginaldo P Brazil, Cristiani C Sanguinette and José D Andrade Filho

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:158

    Content type: Research

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  16. Schistosomiasis japonica (schistosomiasis) is a zoonosis that can seriously affect human health. At present, the immunodiagnostic assays for schistosomiasis detection are time-consuming and require well-traine...

    Authors: Li-Ling Yu, Jian-Zu Ding, Li-Yong Wen, Di Lou, Xiao-Lan Yan, Li-Jun Lin, Shao-Hong Lu, Dan-Dan Lin and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:157

    Content type: Research

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  17. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) have been strongly advocated for use to prevent malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and have significantly reduced human-vector contact. PermaNet® 2.0 is among the five LLINs bran...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Yousif E Himeidan, Aneth M Mahande, Beda J Mwang'onde, Shandala Msangi, Michael J Mahande, Humphrey D Mazigo and Mramba Nyindo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:156

    Content type: Short report

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  18. More than 46 species of mammals can be naturally infected with Schistosoma japonicum in the mainland of China. Mice are permissive and may act as the definitive host of the life cycle. In contrast, rats are less ...

    Authors: Jinbiao Peng, Hongxiao Han, Geoffrey N Gobert, Yang Hong, Weibin Jiang, Xinzhi Wang, Zhiqiang Fu, Jinming Liu, Yaojun Shi and Jiaojiao Lin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:155

    Content type: Research

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  19. The distribution of insecticide treated nets (ITN) has been dramatically scaled up in eastern and central Sudan. Resistance to insecticides has already been reported in this region and there is an urgent need ...

    Authors: Yousif E Himeidan, Muzamil M Abdel Hamid, Christopher M Jones and Hilary Ranson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:154

    Content type: Research

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  20. Intensive anti-malaria campaigns targeting the Anopheles population have demonstrated substantial reductions in adult mosquito density. Understanding the population dynamics of Anopheles mosquitoes throughout the...

    Authors: Michael T White, Jamie T Griffin, Thomas S Churcher, Neil M Ferguson, María-Gloria Basáñez and Azra C Ghani

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:153

    Content type: Research

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  21. As the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) matured into its 10th year of ensuring community involvement in mass annual treatment of onchocerciasis with ivermectin, there was recognition of a need ...

    Authors: William R Brieger, Joseph C Okeibunor, Adenike O Abiose, Samuel Wanji, Elizabeth Elhassan, Richard Ndyomugyenyi and Uche V Amazigo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:152

    Content type: Research

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  22. Implicitly, parasite molecular studies assume temporal genetic stability. In this study we tested, for the first time to our knowledge, the extent of changes in genetic diversity and structure of Sarcoptes mite p...

    Authors: Samer Alasaad, Álvaro Oleaga, Rosa Casais, Luca Rossi, Annarita Molinar Min, Ramón C Soriguer and Christian Gortázar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:151

    Content type: Research

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  23. Cathepsin cysteine proteases play multiple roles in the life cycle of parasites such as food uptake, immune invasion and pathogenesis, making them valuable targets for diagnostic assays, vaccines and drugs. Th...

    Authors: Wenjun Chen, Xiaoyun Wang, Xuerong Li, Xiaoli Lv, Chenhui Zhou, Chuanhuan Deng, Huali Lei, Jingtao Men, Yongxiu Fan, Chi Liang and Xinbing Yu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:149

    Content type: Research

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  24. Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae), eyeworms, are known as the causative agents of thelaziosis, initially described in Asia and, later on, over the last decade, also in some European countries (e.g., It...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Ana Montoya, Leticia Hernández, Diana Dado, María Victoria Vázquez, Marta Benito, Manuel Villagrasa, Emanuelle Brianti and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:148

    Content type: Research

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  25. The life cycle of Taenia pisiformis includes canines as definitive hosts and rabbits as intermediate hosts. Golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) is a rodent that has been successfully used as experimental model ...

    Authors: Elizabeth Toral-Bastida, Adriana Garza-Rodriguez, Diego E Jimenez-Gonzalez, Ramon Garcia-Cortes, Guillermina Avila-Ramirez, Pablo Maravilla and Ana Flisser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:147

    Content type: Short report

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  26. Agrochemicals have been widely used in Pakistan for several years. This exposes mosquito populations, particularly those present around agricultural settings, to an intense selection pressure for insecticide r...

    Authors: Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan, Waseem Akram, Khurram Shehzad and Essam A Shaalan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:146

    Content type: Research

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  27. Sheep scab is caused by Psoroptes ovis and is arguably the most important ectoparasitic disease affecting sheep in the UK. The disease is highly contagious and causes and considerable pruritis and irritation and ...

    Authors: Stewart TG Burgess, Alasdair J Nisbet, Fiona Kenyon and John F Huntley

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:145

    Content type: Research

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  28. Vector control in the highlands of western Kenya has resulted in a significant reduction of malaria transmission and a change in the vectorial system. Climate variability as a result of events such as El Niño ...

    Authors: Ednah N Ototo, Andrew K Githeko, Christine L Wanjala and Thomas W Scott

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:144

    Content type: Research

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  29. Hippobosca longipennis (the 'dog louse fly') is a blood sucking ectoparasite found on wild carnivores such as cheetahs and lions and domesticated and feral dogs in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, including Chin...

    Authors: Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd Rani, Glen T Coleman, Peter J Irwin and Rebecca J Traub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:143

    Content type: Research

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  30. There are few published reports on canine Babesia, Ehrlichia, Anaplasma, Hepatozoon and haemotropic Mycoplasma infections in India and most describe clinical disease in individual dogs, diagnosed by morphological...

    Authors: Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd Rani, Peter J Irwin, Glen T Coleman, Mukulesh Gatne and Rebecca J Traub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:141

    Content type: Research

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  31. Glossina palpalis palpalis (Diptera: Glossinidae) is widespread in west Africa, and is the main vector of sleeping sickness in Cameroon as well as in the Bas Congo Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ho...

    Authors: Trésor Tito Tanekou/TT Melachio, Gustave Simo, Sophie Ravel, Thierry De Meeûs, Sandrine Causse, Philippe Solano, Pascal Lutumba, Tazoacha Asonganyi and Flobert Njiokou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:140

    Content type: Research

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  32. Historically, flea-borne diseases are among the most important medical diseases of humans. Plague and murine typhus are known for centuries while the last years brought some new flea-transmitted pathogens, like R...

    Authors: Gerhard Dobler and Martin Pfeffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:139

    Content type: Review

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  33. Proteomic analysis was performed to identify proteins regulated during infection by Dengue serotypes 1 and 3 in an Aedes albopictus cell line. The potential of these viruses to cause severe disease at primary inf...

    Authors: Sirilaksana Patramool, Pornapat Surasombatpattana, Natthanej Luplertlop, Martial Sévéno, Valérie Choumet, Frédéric Thomas and Dorothée Missé

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:138

    Content type: Research

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  34. The rickettsial bacterium Ehrlichia ruminantium is the causative agent of heartwater in ruminants. A better understanding of the population genetics of its different strains is, however, needed for the developmen...

    Authors: Ryo Nakao, Joseph W Magona, Lijia Zhou, Frans Jongejan and Chihiro Sugimoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:137

    Content type: Research

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  35. The poultry red mite (PRM), Dermanyssus gallinae (D.g.) is a serious ectoparasitic pest of poultry and potential pathogen vector. The prevalence of D. g. and the prevalence of Salmonella spp. within mites on infe...

    Authors: Afrim Hamidi, Kurtesh Sherifi, Skender Muji, Behlul Behluli, Fatgzim Latifi, Avni Robaj, Rezart Postoli, Claudia Hess, Michael Hess and Olivier Sparagano

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:136

    Content type: Short report

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  36. Only limited information is available about the occurrence of ticks and tick-borne pathogens in public parks, which are areas strongly influenced by human beings. For this reason, Ixodes ricinus were collected in...

    Authors: Sabine Schorn, Kurt Pfister, Holger Reulen, Monia Mahling and Cornelia Silaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:135

    Content type: Research

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  37. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Uganda is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted by anopheline mosquitoes. The mainstay of elimination has been annual mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin and alben...

    Authors: Ruth A Ashton, Daniel J Kyabayinze, Tom Opio, Anna Auma, Tansy Edwards, Gabriel Matwale, Ambrose Onapa, Simon Brooker and Jan H Kolaczinski

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:134

    Content type: Research

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  38. The most recent strategy for schistosomiasis control in the People's Republic of China aims to reduce the likelihood of environmental contamination of schistosome eggs. Despite considerable progress, it is bel...

    Authors: Guo-Jing Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Le-Ping Sun, Feng Wu, Bo Zhong, Dong-Chuan Qiu, Jürg Utzinger and Corey JA Bradshaw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:133

    Content type: Research

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  39. Livestock fascioliasis is a problem throughout Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela, mainly in Andean areas where the disease also appears to affect humans. Transmission patterns and epidemiological scenarios of li...

    Authors: M Dolores Bargues, Patricio Artigas, Messaoud Khoubbane and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:132

    Content type: Research

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  40. Blood flukes within the genus Schistosoma still remain a major cause of disease in the tropics and subtropics and the study of their evolution has been an area of major debate and research. With the advent of mod...

    Authors: Scott P Lawton, Hirohisa Hirai, Joe E Ironside, David A Johnston and David Rollinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:131

    Content type: Review

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  41. Malaria mosquitoes spend a considerable part of their life in the aquatic stage, rendering them vulnerable to interventions directed to aquatic habitats. Recent successes of mosquito larval control have been r...

    Authors: Susan S Imbahale, Collins K Mweresa, Willem Takken and Wolfgang R Mukabana

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:130

    Content type: Research

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  42. Alternative insecticides for the control of malaria and filarial vectors are of paramount need as resistance is increasing among classes of insecticides currently in use in the public health sector. In this st...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Mramba Nyindo, Franklin Mosha and Ary G Silva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:129

    Content type: Research

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  43. The current status of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes and the effects of insecticides on non-target insect species have raised the need for alternative control methods for malaria vectors. Predation has b...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Guofa Zhou, Thomas M Gilbreath III, Yaw Afrane, Mramba Nyindo, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:128

    Content type: Research

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  44. Fibrinogen-related proteins with lectin activity are believed to be part of the tick innate immune system. Several fibrinogen-related proteins have been described and characterised mainly on the basis of their...

    Authors: Jan Sterba, Jarmila Dupejova, Miroslav Fiser, Marie Vancova and Libor Grubhoffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:127

    Content type: Research

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  45. Sand fly saliva has been postulated as a potential vaccine or as a vaccine component within multi component vaccine against leishmaniasis. It is important to note that these studies were performed using long-t...

    Authors: Sami Ben Hadj Ahmed, Belhassen Kaabi, Ifhem Chelbi, Saifeddine Cherni, Mohamed Derbali, Dhafer Laouini and Elyes Zhioua

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:126

    Content type: Research

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