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  1. Resistance to chemical insecticides plus high morbidity rates have lead to rising interest in fungi as candidates for biocontrol agents of mosquito vectors. In most studies fungal infections have been induced ...

    Authors: Alberto M García-Munguía, Javier A Garza-Hernández, Eduardo A Rebollar-Tellez, Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez and Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:24

    Content type: Research

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  2. The entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana have demonstrated effectiveness against anopheline larvae in the laboratory. However, utilising these fungi for the control of anopheline l...

    Authors: Tullu Bukhari, Willem Takken and Constantianus JM Koenraadt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:23

    Content type: Research

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  3. Theileria parasites cause a benign infection of cattle in parts of Australia where they are endemic, but have, in recent years, been suspected of being responsible for a number of outbreaks of disease in cattle n...

    Authors: Joseph Kamau, Albertus J de Vos, Matthew Playford, Bashir Salim, Peter Kinyanjui and Chihiro Sugimoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:22

    Content type: Research

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  4. Mass chemotherapy with praziquantel is the main control strategy for schistosomiasis in Mali. However, in the national control programme for schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis, infants and pres...

    Authors: Abdoulaye Dabo, Haroun Mahamat Badawi, Boubacar Bary and Ogobara K Doumbo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:21

    Content type: Research

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  5. This year-long study evaluated the effectiveness of a strategy involving selective deltamethrin spraying and community education for control of Chagas disease vectors in domestic units located in rural communi...

    Authors: Mario J Grijalva, Anita G Villacís, Sofía Ocaña-Mayorga, César A Yumiseva and Esteban G Baus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:20

    Content type: Research

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  6. Glossina fuscipes, a riverine species of tsetse, is the major vector of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) in sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the population dynamics, and specifically the temporal stability, o...

    Authors: Richard Echodu, Jon S Beadell, Loyce M Okedi, Chaz Hyseni, Serap Aksoy and Adalgisa Caccone

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:19

    Content type: Research

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  7. The tsetse fly Glossina palpalis gambiensis is the main vector of sleeping sickness (Human African Trypanosomiasis - HAT) in West Africa, in particular in littoral Guinea where this disease is currently very acti...

    Authors: Moise S Kagbadouno, Mamadou Camara, Jérémy Bouyer, Fabrice Courtin, Mory F Onikoyamou, Chris J Schofield and Philippe Solano

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  8. In The Netherlands, the incidence of Lyme borreliosis is on the rise. Besides its causative agent, Borrelia burgdorferi s.l., other potential pathogens like Rickettsia, Babesia and Ehrlichia species are present i...

    Authors: Ellen Tijsse-Klasen, Jac J Jacobs, Arno Swart, Manoj Fonville, Johan H Reimerink, Afke H Brandenburg, Joke WB van der Giessen, Agnetha Hofhuis and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  9. The dual problems of rising insecticide resistance in the malaria vectors and increasing human malaria cases since 2001 in southern Mozambique are cause for serious concern. The selection of insecticides for u...

    Authors: R Graham Kloke, Eduardo Nhamahanga, Richard H Hunt and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:16

    Content type: Research

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  10. Epidermal pseudotumours from Hippoglossoides dubius and Acanthogobius flavimanus in Japan and gill lesions in Limanda limanda from the UK have been shown to be caused by phylogenetically related protozoan parasit...

    Authors: MA Freeman, M Eydal, M Yoshimizu, K Watanabe, AP Shinn, K Miura and K Ogawa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:15

    Content type: Research

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  11. There are few data on the prevalence of schistosomiasis in Darfur. We conducted this study in response to reports of 15 laboratory confirmed cases of schistosomiasis and visible haematuria among children from ...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Abdeljbar Eldaw, Samir Hadziabduli, Emmanuel Kailie, Mohamed D Omer, Alam E Mohammed, Tanole Jamshed, Elmonshawe A Mohammed, Ali Mergani, Gafar A Ali, Khalid Babikir, Abdulrahman Adem and Farouq Hashim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:14

    Content type: Research

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  12. Re-emergence of schistosomiasis in regions of China where control programs have ceased requires development of molecular-genetic tools to track gene flow and assess genetic diversity of Schistosoma populations. W...

    Authors: Ning Xiao, Justin Remais, Paul J Brindley, Dongchuan Qiu, Robert Spear, Yang Lei and David Blair

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:13

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Head lice infestation is an infection of the scalp and skin which causes blood loss, discomfort, and social and psychological distress with the possibility of secondary bacterial infections occurring at scratc...

    Authors: Sadia Mahmud, Gregory Pappas and Wilbur C Hadden

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:11

    Content type: Research

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  14. The proboscis is an essential head appendage in insects that processes gustatory code during food intake, particularly useful considering that blood-sucking arthropods routinely reach vessels under the host sk...

    Authors: Emi Maekawa, Hiroka Aonuma, Bryce Nelson, Aya Yoshimura, Fumio Tokunaga, Shinya Fukumoto and Hirotaka Kanuka

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:10

    Content type: Research

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  15. Dengue fever transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, is one of the most rapidly spreading insect borne diseases, stimulating the search for alternatives to current control measures. The dengue vector A. aegypt...

    Authors: Adriano R Paula, Aline T Carolino, Cátia O Paula and Richard I Samuels

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:8

    Content type: Research

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  16. Ancylostoma caninum third-stage larvae are the non-feeding infective stage of this parasite and are able to infect potential hosts via different infection routes. Since percutaneous infection is one of the most i...

    Authors: Daniela Franke, Christina Strube, Christian Epe, Claudia Welz and Thomas Schnieder

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:7

    Content type: Research

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  17. Taenia taeniaeformis and the related zoonotic cestode Echinococcus multilocularis both infect the water vole Arvicola terrestris. We investigated the effect of age, spatio-temporal and season-related factors on t...

    Authors: Pierre Burlet, Peter Deplazes and Daniel Hegglin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:6

    Content type: Research

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  18. Organophosphates and pyrethroids are used widely in Brazil to control Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue viruses, under the auspices of the National Programme for Dengue Control. Resistance to these insecti...

    Authors: Estelita Pereira Lima, Marcelo Henrique Santos Paiva, Ana Paula de Araújo, Éllyda Vanessa Gomes da Silva, Ulisses Mariano da Silva, Lúcia Nogueira de Oliveira, Antonio Euzébio G Santana, Clarisse Nogueira Barbosa, Clovis C de Paiva Neto, Marilia OF Goulart, Craig Stephen Wilding, Constância Flávia Junqueira Ayres and Maria Alice V de Melo Santos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:5

    Content type: Research

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  19. Tick carrier proteins are able to bind, transport, and store host-blood heme, and thus they function also as antioxidants. Nevertheless, the role of carrier proteins in ticks is not fully understood. Some of t...

    Authors: Jarmila Dupejova, Jan Sterba, Marie Vancova and Libor Grubhoffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:4

    Content type: Research

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  20. Taenia solium life cycle includes humans as definitive hosts and pigs as intermediate hosts. One of the measures to stop the life cycle of this parasite is by vaccination of pigs. In experiments performed in pigs...

    Authors: Joel Martinez-Ocaña, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Rina G de Kaminsky, Pablo Maravilla and Ana Flisser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:3

    Content type: Short report

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  21. The mode of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) transmission in the Great Lakes basin is largely unknown. In order to assess the potential role of macroinvertebrates in VHSV transmission, Diporeia spp., a g...

    Authors: Mohamed Faisal and Andrew D Winters

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:2

    Content type: Short report

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  22. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are the main vectors of dengue viruses to humans. Understanding their biology and interactions with the pathogen are prerequisites for development of dengue transmission control strategie...

    Authors: Jennifer Juhn, Unsar Naeem-Ullah, Bruno Augusto Maciel Guedes, Asif Majid, Judy Coleman, Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta, Waseem Akram, Anthony Amade James and Osvaldo Marinotti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:1

    Content type: Research

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  23. American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is a re-emerging disease in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is important to understand both the vector and disease distribution to help design control strategies. As a...

    Authors: Paloma Helena Fernandes Shimabukuro, Túllio Romão Ribeiro da Silva, Frederico Octávio Ribeiro Fonseca, Luke Anthony Baton and Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:121

    Content type: Research

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  24. Lymphatic filariasis elimination programs are based upon preventative chemotherapy annually in populations with prevalence more than or equal to 1%. The goal is to treat 80% of the eligible, at risk population...

    Authors: Mary H Hodges, Samuel J Smith, Daniel Fussum, Joseph B Koroma, Abdul Conteh, Mustapha Sonnie, Santigie Sesay and Yaobi Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:120

    Content type: Research

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  25. Ticks are vectors of a wide variety of pathogens causing severe diseases in humans and domestic animals. Intestinal digestion of the host blood is an essential process of tick physiology and also a limiting fa...

    Authors: Zdeněk Franta, Helena Frantová, Jitka Konvičková, Martin Horn, Daniel Sojka, Michael Mareš and Petr Kopáček

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:119

    Content type: Research

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  26. Urban agricultural practices are expanding in several cities of the Republic of Benin. This study aims to assess the impact of such practices on transmission of the malaria parasite in major cities of Benin.

    Authors: Anges Yadouléton, Raphael N'Guessan, Hyacinthe Allagbé, Alex Asidi, Michel Boko, Razack Osse, Gil Padonou, Gazard Kindé and Martin Akogbéto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:118

    Content type: Research

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  27. This is the second in a series of three articles documenting the geographical distribution of 41 dominant vector species (DVS) of human malaria. The first paper addressed the DVS of the Americas and the third ...

    Authors: Marianne E Sinka, Michael J Bangs, Sylvie Manguin, Maureen Coetzee, Charles M Mbogo, Janet Hemingway, Anand P Patil, Will H Temperley, Peter W Gething, Caroline W Kabaria, Robi M Okara, Thomas Van Boeckel, H Charles J Godfray, Ralph E Harbach and Simon I Hay

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:117

    Content type: Research

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  28. African Swine Fever Virus has devastated more than the half of the domestic pig population in Madagascar since its introduction, probably in 1997-1998. One of the hypotheses to explain its persistence on the i...

    Authors: Julie Ravaomanana, Vincent Michaud, Ferran Jori, Abel Andriatsimahavandy, François Roger, Emmanuel Albina and Laurence Vial

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:115

    Content type: Research

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  29. Diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) by demonstration of parasites in tissue smears obtained from bone marrow, spleen or lymph nodes is risky, painful, and difficult. The rK-39 strip test is widely used fo...

    Authors: Md Gulam Musawwir Khan, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Milka Patracia Podder, Makoto Itoh, Kazi M Jamil, Rashidul Haque and Yukiko Wagatsuma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:114

    Content type: Short report

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  30. Cysteine proteases have been shown to be highly relevant for Apicomplexan parasites. In the case of Babesia bovis, a tick-transmitted hemoparasite of cattle, inhibitors of these enzymes were shown to hamper intra...

    Authors: María Mesplet, Ignacio Echaide, Mariana Dominguez, Juan J Mosqueda, Carlos E Suarez, Leonhard Schnittger and Monica Florin-Christensen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:113

    Content type: Research

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  31. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is an economically important tick of cattle involved in the transmission of Babesia bovis, the etiological agent of bovine babesiosis. Commercial anti-tick vaccines based on th...

    Authors: Reginaldo G Bastos, Massaro W Ueti, Donald P Knowles and Glen A Scoles

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:111

    Content type: Research

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  32. Malaria is an endemic disease in Yemen and is responsible for 4.9 deaths per 100,000 population per year and 43,000 disability adjusted life years lost. Although malaria in Yemen is caused mainly by Plasmodium fa...

    Authors: Abdulsalam MQ Al-Mekhlafi, Mohammed AK Mahdy, Ahmed A Azazy and Mun Yik Fong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:110

    Content type: Research

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  33. Schistosomiasis remains a major public health problem in endemic countries and is caused by infections with any one of three primary schistosome species. Although there are no vaccines available to date, this ...

    Authors: Xuefeng Wang, Lei Zhang, Ying Chi, Jason Hoellwarth, Sha Zhou, Xiaoyun Wen, Lei He, Feng Liu, Calvin Wu and Chuan Su

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:109

    Content type: Research

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  34. Hemoparasites, like malaria and schistosomes, are constantly faced with the challenges of storing and detoxifying large quantities of heme, released from their catabolism of host erythrocytes. Heme is an essen...

    Authors: Shu Qin Toh, Amber Glanfield, Geoffrey N Gobert and Malcolm K Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:108

    Content type: Review

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  35. Apoptosis is a normal component of the development and health of multicellular organisms. However, apoptosis is now considered a prerogative of unicellular organisms, including the trypanosomatids of the genera T...

    Authors: Despina Smirlis, Michael Duszenko, Antonio Jiménez Ruiz, Effie Scoulica, Patrick Bastien, Nicolas Fasel and Ketty Soteriadou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:107

    Content type: Review

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  36. Fatalities caused by parasitic infections often occur as a result of tissue injury that results from a form of host-cell death known as apoptosis. However, instead of being pathogenic, parasite-induced apoptos...

    Authors: Anne-Lise Bienvenu, Elena Gonzalez-Rey and Stephane Picot

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:106

    Content type: Review

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  37. Apoptosis is a precisely regulated process of cell death which occurs widely in multicellular organisms and is essential for normal development and immune defences. In recent years, interest has grown in the o...

    Authors: Laura C Pollitt, Nick Colegrave, Shahid M Khan, Mohammed Sajid and Sarah E Reece

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:105

    Content type: Review

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  38. The execution of the apoptotic death program in metazoans is characterized by a sequence of morphological and biochemical changes that include cell shrinkage, presentation of phosphatidylserine at the cell sur...

    Authors: Antonio Jiménez-Ruiz, Juan Fernando Alzate, Ewan Thomas MacLeod, Carsten Günter Kurt Lüder, Nicolas Fasel and Hilary Hurd

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:104

    Content type: Review

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  39. Tick parasitism is a major impediment for cattle production in many parts of the world. The southern cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, is an obligate hematophagous parasite of domestic and wild an...

    Authors: Danett K Brake, Stephen K Wikel, Jason P Tidwell and Adalberto A Pérez de León

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:103

    Content type: Research

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  40. Ticks act as vectors of many pathogens of domestic animals and humans. Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Europe is transmitted by the ixodid tick vector Ixodes ricinus. A. phagocytophilum causes a disease with diverse...

    Authors: Katja Strašek Smrdel, Mojca Serdt, Darja Duh, Nataša Knap and Tatjana Avšič Županc

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:102

    Content type: Short report

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  41. Cattle fever ticks, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus and R. (B.) annulatus, vector bovine and equine babesiosis, and have significantly expanded beyond the permanent quarantine zone established in South Texas....

    Authors: Jeanne M Freeman, Ronald B Davey, Lowell S Kappmeyer, Diane M Kammlah and Pia U Olafson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:101

    Content type: Research

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  42. The 6th Meeting of the Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF6) was held 1-3 June, 2010 in Seoul, Korea, with 150 participants from 38 countries. The year 2010 marks the midpoint between the fir...

    Authors: David Addiss

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:100

    Content type: Meeting report

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  43. Lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis are debilitating diseases caused by filarial nematodes. Disease pathogenesis is induced by inflammatory responses following the death of the parasite. Wolbachia endosymbion...

    Authors: Kelly L Johnston, Bo Wu, Ana Guimarães, Louise Ford, Barton E Slatko and Mark J Taylor

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:99

    Content type: Research

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  44. The rapid socio-economic development in Qatar in the last two decades has encouraged a mass influx of immigrant workers, the majority of whom originate from countries with low socio-economic levels, inadequate...

    Authors: Marawan A Abu-Madi, Jerzy M Behnke and Sanjay H Doiphode

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2010 3:98

    Content type: Research

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