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  1. Research

    Environmental variables associated with anopheline larvae distribution and abundance in Yanomami villages within unaltered areas of the Brazilian Amazon

    Many indigenous villages in the Amazon basin still suffer from a high malaria burden. Despite this health situation, there are few studies on the bionomics of anopheline larvae in such areas. This publication ...

    Jordi Sánchez-Ribas, Joseli Oliveira-Ferreira, John E. Gimnig, Cleomar Pereira-Ribeiro, Maycon Sebastião Alberto Santos-Neves and Teresa Fernandes Silva-do-Nascimento

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:571

    Published on: 16 November 2017

  2. Research

    Re-visiting the detection of porcine cysticercosis based on full carcass dissections of naturally Taenia solium infected pigs

    Taenia solium is a neglected zoonotic parasite. The performances of existing tools for the diagnosis of porcine cysticercosis need further assessment, and their shortcomings call for a...

    Mwelwa Chembensofu, K. E. Mwape, I. Van Damme, E. Hobbs, I. K. Phiri, M. Masuku, G. Zulu, A. Colston, A. L. Willingham, B. Devleesschauwer, A. Van Hul, A. Chota, N. Speybroeck, D. Berkvens, P. Dorny and S. Gabriël

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:572

    Published on: 16 November 2017

  3. Research

    Durability monitoring of long-lasting insecticidal (mosquito) nets (LLINs) in Madagascar: physical integrity and insecticidal activity

    Long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets (LLINs) are highly effective for malaria prevention. However, it is also clear that durability monitoring is essential to predict when, post-distribution, a net populati...

    Sanjiarizaha Randriamaherijaona, Jacky Raharinjatovo and Sébastien Boyer

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:564

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  4. Research

    Establishment of a medium-scale mosquito facility: optimization of the larval mass-rearing unit for Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae)

    Standardized larval rearing units for mosquito production are essential for the establishment of a mass-rearing facility. Two larval rearing units, developed respectively by the Guangzhou Wolbaki Biotech Co. L...

    Dongjing Zhang, Meichun Zhang, Yu Wu, Jeremie R. L. Gilles, Hanano Yamada, Zhongdao Wu, Zhiyong Xi and Xiaoying Zheng

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:569

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  5. Research

    SjCRT, a recombinant Schistosoma japonicum calreticulin, induces maturation of dendritic cells and a Th1-polarized immune response in mice

    It is well known that immunization of radiation-attenuated (RA) schistosoma cercariae or schistosomula can induce high levels of protective immunity against schistosoma cercariae reinfection in many animals. M...

    Lizhen Ma, Dandan Li, Chunxiu Yuan, Xiangqian Zhang, Na Ta, Xiaochao Zhao, Yumei Li and Xingang Feng

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:570

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  6. Research

    Hap2, a novel gene in Babesia bigemina is expressed in tick stages, and specific antibodies block zygote formation

    Bovine babesiosis is a tick-borne disease caused by the protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia. In their host vector, Babesia spp. undergo sexual reproduction. Therefore, the development of sexual stages and th...

    Minerva Camacho-Nuez, Diego Josimar Hernández-Silva, Elizabeth Jacqueline Castañeda-Ortiz, María Elena Paredes-Martínez, Marisol Karina Rocha-Martínez, María Elizbeth Alvarez-Sánchez, Ricardo Francisco Mercado-Curiel, Gabriela Aguilar-Tipacamu and Juan Mosqueda

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:568

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  7. Research

    Efficient high-throughput molecular method to detect Ehrlichia ruminantium in ticks

    Ehrlichia ruminantium is the causal agent of heartwater, a fatal tropical disease affecting ruminants with important economic impacts. This bacterium is transmitted by Amblyomma ticks ...

    Nídia Cangi, Valérie Pinarello, Laure Bournez, Thierry Lefrançois, Emmanuel Albina, Luís Neves and Nathalie Vachiéry

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:566

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  8. Research

    Germacranolide-type sesquiterpene lactones from Smallanthus sonchifolius with promising activity against Leishmania mexicana and Trypanosoma cruzi

    Leishmaniasis and Chagas disease are life-threatening illnesses caused by the protozoan parasites Leishmania spp. and Trypanosoma cruzi, respectively. They are known as “neglected diseases” due to the lack of eff...

    Jerónimo L. Ulloa, Renata Spina, Agustina Casasco, Patricia B. Petray, Virginia Martino, Miguel A. Sosa, Fernanda M. Frank and Liliana V. Muschietti

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:567

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  9. Research

    Mosquito larvicidal activity of Cassia tora seed extract and its key anthraquinones aurantio-obtusin and obtusin

    The edible and medicinal leguminous plant Cassia tora L. (Fabaceae) is known to possess insecticidal properties against a wide range of plant-feeding insects. However, the bioactivity of extracts of this plant an...

    Valentine C. Mbatchou, David P. Tchouassi, Rita A. Dickson, Kofi Annan, Abraham Y. Mensah, Isaac K. Amponsah, Julia W. Jacob, Xavier Cheseto, Solomon Habtemariam and Baldwyn Torto

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:562

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  10. Short report

    Successful long-term maintenance of Mansonella perstans in an in vitro culture system

    Approximately 114 million people are infected with Mansonella perstans in large proportions of Africa. In contrast to other filariae that infect humans, M. perstans-infected individuals show no distinct pathology...

    Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Manuel Ritter, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Chi Anizette Kien, Gandjui Tchamatchoua Victor Narcisse, Fanny Fri Fombad, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Kenneth Pfarr, Laura E. Layland, Achim Hoerauf and Samuel Wanji

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:563

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  11. Short report

    Dirofilaria repens transmission in southeastern Finland

    The spread of vector-borne diseases to new regions has become a global threat due to climate change, increasing traffic, and movement of people and animals. Dirofilaria repens, the canine subcutaneous filarioid n...

    Risto Pietikäinen, Stig Nordling, Sakari Jokiranta, Seppo Saari, Petra Heikkinen, Chris Gardiner, Anne-Marie Kerttula, Tiina Kantanen, Anna Nikanorova, Sauli Laaksonen, Antti Lavikainen and Antti Oksanen

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:561

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  12. Research

    Heat treatment and false-positive heartworm antigen testing in ex vivo parasites and dogs naturally infected by Dirofilaria repens and Angiostrongylus vasorum

    Heartworm antigen testing is considered sensitive and specific. Currently available tests are reported as detecting a glycoprotein found predominantly in the reproductive tract of the female worm and can reach...

    Luigi Venco, Simone Manzocchi, Marco Genchi and Laura H. Kramer

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):476

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  13. Research

    Dirofilaria immitis JYD-34 isolate: whole genome analysis

    Macrocyclic lactone (ML) anthelmintics are used for chemoprophylaxis for heartworm infection in dogs and cats. Cases of dogs becoming infected with heartworms, despite apparent compliance to recommended chemop...

    Catherine Bourguinat, Francois Lefebvre, Johanna Sandoval, Brenda Bondesen, Yovany Moreno and Roger K. Prichard

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):494

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  14. Research

    A diagnostic algorithm for evaluating cases of potential macrocyclic lactone–resistant heartworm

    The emergence of macrocyclic lactone resistance in canine heartworm poses a substantial threat to what is currently the only effective, FDA-approved available method of prevention. Further study of the biotype...

    Andrew R. Moorhead, Christopher C. Evans and Ray M. Kaplan

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):479

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  15. Research

    Clinical benefits of incorporating doxycycline into a canine heartworm treatment protocol

    The objective of heartworm treatment is to improve the clinical condition of the patient and to eliminate pre-cardiac, juvenile, and adult worm stages with minimal complications. Pulmonary thromboembolisms are...

    C. Thomas Nelson, Elizabeth S. Myrick and Thomas A. Nelson

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):515

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  16. Research

    Evaluation of cardiopulmonary and inflammatory markers in dogs with heartworm infection during treatment with the 2014 American Heartworm Society recommended treatment protocol

    Heartworm disease in dogs is a life-threatening parasitic disease. Although adulticide treatment with melarsomine has been proven to be the most effective, complications associated with adulticide treatment ar...

    Won-Kyoung Yoon, Ye-Won Kim, Sang-I L Suh, Ran Choi, Seung-Gon Lee and Changbaig Hyun

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):535

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  17. Research

    Microfilarial reduction following ProHeart® 6 and ProHeart® SR-12 treatment in dogs experimentally inoculated with a resistant isolate of Dirofilaria immitis

    Emerging resistance of heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) to macrocyclic lactone (ML) preventives is an increasing concern for veterinarians, pet owners and animal health companies that supply heartworm preventives...

    Tom L. McTier, Aleah Pullins, Gregory A. Inskeep, Genevieve Gagnon, Huihao Fan, Adam Schoell, Tara Bidgood, Joyce Login and Patrick Meeus

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):485

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  18. Research

    Blocking the transmission of heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) to mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti) by weekly exposure for one month to microfilaremic dogs treated once topically with dinotefuran-permethrin-pyriproxyfen

    This study assessed the influence of a topical ectoparasiticide (dinotefuran-permethrin-pyriproxyfen, DPP, Vectra®3D, Ceva Animal Health) on the acquisition of heartworm microfilariae by mosquitoes exposed to ...

    John W. McCall, Elizabeth Hodgkins, Marie Varloud, Abdelmoneim Mansour and Utami DiCosty

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):511

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  19. Research

    Impact of heat treatment on Dirofilaria immitis antigen detection in shelter dogs

    The diagnosis and management of canine heartworm disease is a growing concern for shelter veterinarians. Although the accuracy of commercial antigen test kits has been widely studied, recent reports have renew...

    Brian A. DiGangi, Carly Dworkin, Jason W. Stull, Jeanette O’Quin, Morgan Elser, Antoinette E. Marsh, Lesli Groshong, Wendy Wolfson, Brandy Duhon, Katie Broaddus, Elise N. Gingrich, Emily Swiniarski and Elizabeth A. Berliner

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):483

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  20. Research

    Does evaluation of in vitro microfilarial motility reflect the resistance status of Dirofilaria immitis isolates to macrocyclic lactones?

    Several reports have confirmed that macrocyclic lactone-resistant isolates of Dirofilaria immitis are circulating in the United States; however, the prevalence and potential impact of drug resistance is unknown. ...

    Mary J. Maclean, Molly D. Savadelis, Ruby Coates, Michael T. Dzimianski, Corey Jones, Cynthia Benbow, Bobby E. Storey, Ray M. Kaplan, Andrew R. Moorhead and Adrian J. Wolstenholme

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):480

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

  21. Research

    Efficacy of oral moxidectin against susceptible and resistant isolates of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs

    Monthly topical and sustained-release injectable formulations of moxidectin are currently marketed; however, an oral formulation, while approved at a dose of 3 μg/kg, is not currently marketed in the United St...

    Tom L. McTier, Robert H. Six, Aleah Pullins, Sara Chapin, John W. McCall, Douglas Rugg, Steven J. Maeder and Debra J. Woods

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10(Suppl 2):482

    Published on: 9 November 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 2

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