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  1. Mosquitoes that bite people outdoors can sustain malaria transmission even where effective indoor interventions such as bednets or indoor residual spraying are already widely used. Outdoor tools may therefore ...

    Authors: Nancy S Matowo, Jason Moore, Salum Mapua, Edith P Madumla, Irene R Moshi, Emanuel W Kaindoa, Stephen P Mwangungulu, Deogratius R Kavishe, Robert D Sumaye, Dickson W Lwetoijera and Fredros O Okumu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:137

    Content type: Research

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  2. Southeast Asia presents a high diversity of Anopheles. Environmental requirements differ for each species and should be clarified because of their influence on malaria transmission potential. Monitoring projects ...

    Authors: Valérie Obsomer, Marc Dufrene, Pierre Defourny and Marc Coosemans

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:136

    Content type: Research

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  3. Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous protozoan parasite that can infect humans and animals. The severity of toxoplasmosis varies according to the immune status of the individual, parasite strain, and host species. I...

    Authors: Hasan Tarık Atmaca, Aycan Nuriye Gazyagcı, Sıla Canpolat and Oguz Kul

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:135

    Content type: Research

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  4. Three species of the genus Cercopithifilaria have been morphologically and molecularly characterized in dog populations in southern Europe: Cercopithifilaria grassii (Noè, 1907), Cercopithifilaria sp. sensu Otran...

    Authors: Domenico Otranto, Antonio Varcasia, Cinzia Solinas, Antonio Scala, Emanuele Brianti, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Giada Annoscia, Coralie Martin, Yasen Mutafchiev and Odile Bain

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:132

    Content type: Research

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  5. Malaria control methods targeting indoor-biting mosquitoes have limited impact on vectors that feed and rest outdoors. Exploiting mosquito olfactory behaviour to reduce blood-feeding outdoors might be a sustai...

    Authors: Lena M Lorenz, Aidan Keane, Jason D Moore, Cristina J Munk, Laura Seeholzer, Antony Mseka, Emmanuel Simfukwe, Joseph Ligamba, Elizabeth L Turner, Lubandwa R Biswaro, Fredros O Okumu, Gerry F Killeen, Wolfgang R Mukabana and Sarah J Moore

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:131

    Content type: Research

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  6. There are major concerns over sustaining the efficacy of current malaria vector control interventions given the rapid spread of resistance, particularly to pyrethroids. This study assessed the bioefficacy of f...

    Authors: Michael Okia, Richard Ndyomugyenyi, James Kirunda, Anatol Byaruhanga, Seraphine Adibaku, Denis K Lwamafa and Fred Kironde

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:130

    Content type: Research

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  7. Although reported sporadically from various countries, feline babesiosis appears to be a significant clinical entity only in South Africa, where Babesia felis is usually incriminated as the causative agent. Babes...

    Authors: Anna-Mari Bosman, Marinda C Oosthuizen, Estelle H Venter, Johan CA Steyl, Tertius A Gous and Barend L Penzhorn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:128

    Content type: Short report

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  8. The transformation of noninfective epimastigotes into infective metacyclic trypomastigotes (metacyclogenesis) is a fundamental step in the life cycle of Trypanosoma cruzi, comprising several morphological and bio...

    Authors: Ethel Bayer-Santos, Narcisa Leal Cunha-e-Silva, Nobuko Yoshida and José Franco da Silveira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:127

    Content type: Research

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  9. Baylisascaris species are intestinal nematodes of skunks, raccoons, badgers, and bears belonging to the genus Ascarididae. Oral uptake of embryonated Baylisascaris sp. eggs by a wide variety of mammals and birds ...

    Authors: Frits Franssen, Kayin Xie, Hein Sprong and Joke van der Giessen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:124

    Content type: Research

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  10. Here we describe a case of paediatric visceral leishmaniasis recorded in an infant initially suspected for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia due to the clinical and haematological presentation. Eventually the pati...

    Authors: Vincenzo Lorusso, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Francesco Caprio, Mariano Manzionna, Nicola Santoro, Gad Baneth and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:123

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  11. Leishmaniasis is a group of diseases with a variety of clinical manifestations. The form of the disease is highly dependent on the infective Leishmania species and the immunological status of the host. The infect...

    Authors: Joana Cunha, Eugenia Carrillo, Carmen Sánchez, Israel Cruz, Javier Moreno and Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:122

    Content type: Research

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  12. The trypanosome diversity of the Brush-tailed Bettong (Bettongia penicillata), known locally as the woylie, has been further investigated. At a species level, woylies are critically endangered and have declined b...

    Authors: Craig K Thompson, Adriana Botero, Adrian F Wayne, Stephanie S Godfrey, Alan J Lymbery and RC Andrew Thompson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:121

    Content type: Research

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  13. When compared to the murine permissive host of Schistosoma japonicum, Wistar rats are less susceptible to Schistosoma japonicum infection, and are considered to provide a less suitable microenvironment for parasi...

    Authors: Hongxiao Han, Jinbiao Peng, Yang Hong, Min Zhang, Yanhui Han, Zhiqiang Fu, Yaojun Shi, Jinjun Xu, Jianping Tao and Jiaojiao Lin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:120

    Content type: Research

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  14. As an important contributor to vector-borne diseases in China, in recent years, tick-borne diseases have attracted much attention because of their increasing incidence and consequent significant harm to livest...

    Authors: Xian-Bo Wu, Ren-Hua Na, Shan-Shan Wei, Jin-Song Zhu and Hong-Juan Peng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:119

    Content type: Review

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  15. Contradictory arguments regarding the benefits and harm of insecticides, especially DDT, have caused concerns in different societal circles, threatening to undermine the achievements of the indoor residual spr...

    Authors: Khumbulani W Hlongwana, Edison J Mavundza, Elda P Mohapi, Phillip Kruger, Jasson Urbach, Samson Mukaratirwa and Rajendra Maharaj

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:118

    Content type: Research

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  16. Controlling canine vector-borne diseases (CVBD) is a major concern, since some of these diseases are serious zoonoses. This study was designed to determine seropositivity rates in Spain for agents causing the ...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miró, Ana Montoya, Xavier Roura, Rosa Gálvez and Angel Sainz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:117

    Content type: Research

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  17. Integrated Vector Control (IVC) remains the approach for managing the malaria-causing vector. The study investigated the contribution of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) in the control of malaria by targe...

    Authors: Rita Nartey, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Thomas Kruppa, Sandra Baffour-Awuah, Augustina Annan, Samuel Oppong, Norbert Becker and Kwasi Obiri-Danso

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:116

    Content type: Research

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  18. Phlebotomus chinensis is a primary vector of visceral leishmaniasis; it occurs in various biotopes with a large geographical distribution, ranging from Yangtze River to northeast China. Phlebotomus sichuanensis, ...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Yajun Ma and Jiannong Xu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:115

    Content type: Research

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  19. The scaling up of malaria vector control efforts in Africa has resulted in changing the malaria vectorial systems across different ecological settings. In view of the ongoing trends in vector population dynami...

    Authors: Joseph M Mwangangi, Ephantus J Muturi, Simon M Muriu, Joseph Nzovu, Janet T Midega and Charles Mbogo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:114

    Content type: Research

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  20. Migrant agricultural workers are a group of people living in poverty with poor housing, sanitary conditions and hygiene practices. Little is known about the epidemiology of infection with Toxoplasma gondii in mig...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Federico Campillo-Ruiz and Oliver Liesenfeld

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:113

    Content type: Research

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  21. Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is a geographically widespread anthropozoonosis that is considered a major public health problem in Latin America. Because this parasite presents high genetic variabil...

    Authors: Sonia L Higuera, Felipe Guhl and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:112

    Content type: Short report

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  22. The ability to successfully identify and incriminate pathogen vectors is fundamental to effective pathogen control and management. This task is confounded by the existence of cryptic species complexes. Molecul...

    Authors: Brian Patrick Bourke, Tatiane Porangaba Oliveira, Lincoln Suesdek, Eduardo Sterlino Bergo and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:111

    Content type: Research

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  23. Effective diagnostic tools are necessary to monitor and evaluate interruption of Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) transmission. Accurate detection of Wuchereria bancrofti (Wb) microfilaria (mf) is essential to measure t...

    Authors: Catherine Plichart and Aurore Lemoine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:110

    Content type: Short report

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  24. In southern Mexico, malaria transmission is low, seasonal, and persistent. Because many patients are affected by two or more malaria episodes caused by Plasmodium vivax, we carried out a study to determine the ti...

    Authors: Lilia Gonzalez-Ceron, Jianbing Mu, Frida Santillán, Deirdre Joy, Marco A Sandoval, Gerardo Camas, Xinzhuan Su, Elena V Choy and Rene Torreblanca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:109

    Content type: Research

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  25. Schistosoma mansoni infection is a persistent public health problemin many Kenyan communities. Although praziquantel is available, re-infectionafter chemotherapy treatment is inevitable, especially among children...

    Authors: Henry C Kariuki, Henry Madsen, John H Ouma, Anthony E Butterworth, David W Dunne, Mark Booth, Gachuhi Kimani, Joseph K Mwatha, Eric Muchiri and Birgitte J Vennervald

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:107

    Content type: Research

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  26. The recent article by Mohammed et al. demonstrates an impressive effect of ivermectin mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis on the burden of scabies. Partnering scabies research within the evaluation ...

    Authors: Daniel Engelman, Diana L Martin, Roderick J Hay, Olivier Chosidow, James S McCarthy, L Claire Fuller and Andrew C Steer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:106

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  27. Understanding the biology of malaria vector mosquitoes is crucial to understanding many aspects of the disease, including control and future outcomes. The development rates and survival of two Afrotropical mal...

    Authors: Candice L Lyons, Maureen Coetzee and Steven L Chown

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:104

    Content type: Research

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  28. During a two year period, a 27-year-old female veterinarian experienced migraine headaches, seizures, including status epilepticus, and other neurological and neurocognitive abnormalities. Prior to and during ...

    Authors: Ricardo G Maggi, Patricia E Mascarelli, Lauren N Havenga, Vinny Naidoo and Edward B Breitschwerdt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:103

    Content type: Research

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  29. A Hepatozoon parasite was initially reported from a cat in India in 1908 and named Leucocytozoon felis domestici. Although domestic feline hepatozoonosis has since been recorded from Europe, Africa, Asia and Amer...

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Alina Sheiner, Osnat Eyal, Shelley Hahn, Jean-Pierre Beaufils, Yigal Anug and Dalit Talmi-Frank

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:102

    Content type: Research

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  30. Bartonella henselae is a zoonotic, alpha Proteobacterium, historically associated with cat scratch disease (CSD), but more recently associated with persistent bacteremia, fever of unknown origin, arthritic and ne...

    Authors: Ricardo G Maggi, Marna Ericson, Patricia E Mascarelli, Julie M Bradley and Edward B Breitschwerdt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:101

    Content type: Research

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  31. In recent years, several clinical cases and epidemiological studies of feline vector-borne diseases (FVBD) have been reported worldwide. Nonetheless, information on FVBD agents and their prevalence in Portugal...

    Authors: Hugo Vilhena, Verónica L Martinez-Díaz, Luís Cardoso, Lisete Vieira, Laura Altet, Olga Francino, Josep Pastor and Ana C Silvestre-Ferreira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:99

    Content type: Research

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  32. Bartonella species comprise a group of zoonotic pathogens that are usually acquired by vector transmission or by animal bites or scratches.

    Authors: Patricia E Mascarelli, Ricardo G Maggi, Sarah Hopkins, B Robert Mozayeni, Chelsea L Trull, Julie M Bradley, Barbara C Hegarty and Edward B Breitschwerdt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:98

    Content type: Research

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  33. Infection by two or more canine vector-borne disease (CVBD)-causing pathogens is common in subtropical and tropical regions where vectors are plentiful. Co-infections may potentiate disease pathogenesis, there...

    Authors: Anna Sara De Tommasi, Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Gioia Capelli, Edward B Breitschwerdt and Donato de Caprariis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:97

    Content type: Short report

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  34. Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic pathogenic protozoan parasite, which infects approximately one third of the human population worldwide, causing opportunistic zoonotic toxoplasmosis. The predilection of T. g...

    Authors: Dong-Hui Zhou, Fu-Rong Zhao, Si-Yang Huang, Min-Jun Xu, Hui-Qun Song, Chunlei Su and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:96

    Content type: Research

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  35. Host specificity varies among parasite species. Some parasites are strictly host-specific, others show a specificity for congeneric or non-congeneric phylogenetically related host species, whilst some others a...

    Authors: Andrea Šimková, Martina Dávidová, Ivo Papoušek and Lukáš Vetešník

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:95

    Content type: Research

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  36. Two biological forms of the mosquito Culex pipiens s.s., denoted pipiens and molestus, display behavioural differences that may affect their role as vectors of arboviruses. In this study, the feeding patterns of ...

    Authors: Bruno Gomes, Carla A Sousa, José L Vicente, Leonor Pinho, Isabel Calderón, Eliane Arez, António PG Almeida, Martin J Donnelly and João Pinto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:93

    Content type: Research

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  37. Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774) (Thiaridae), an introduced gastropod mollusc with a wide geographical distribution in the Neotropics, is the intermediate host of the trematode Centrocestus formosanus (Nish...

    Authors: Everton Gustavo Nunes dos Santos, Viviane da Silva Costa and Cláudia Portes Santos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:92

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Sampling malaria vectors and measuring their biting density is of paramount importance for entomological surveys of malaria transmission. Human landing catch (HLC) has been traditionally regarded as a gold sta...

    Authors: Chadwick H Sikaala, Gerry F Killeen, Javan Chanda, Dingani Chinula, John M Miller, Tanya L Russell and Aklilu Seyoum

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:91

    Content type: Research

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  39. Success of sterile insect technique (SIT) is dependent upon the mass rearing and release of quality insects, the production of which is directly related to the suitability of the diet ingredients used. Commerc...

    Authors: Inamullah Khan, Abid Farid and Alam Zeb

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:90

    Content type: Research

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  40. For centuries, immature stages of Dipterans have infested humans and animals, resulting in a pathological condition referred to as myiasis. Myiases are globally distributed but they remain neglected diseases i...

    Authors: Vincent Obanda, Ephantus Muthike Ndambiri, Edward Kingori, Francis Gakuya, Olivia Wesula Lwande and Samer Alasaad

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:89

    Content type: Short report

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  41. Canine leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a parasitic zoonotic disease transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Genus Phlebotomus is the biological vector in the Old World and Lut...

    Authors: Marcos Helhazar, José Leitão, Ana Duarte, Luís Tavares and Isabel Pereira da Fonseca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:88

    Content type: Research

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  42. Physaloptera clausa (Spirurida: Physalopteridae) nematodes parasitize the stomach of the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) and cause weight loss, anorexia and gastric lesions. The present study provides the...

    Authors: Tahmine Gorgani, Soraya Naem, Amir Abbass Farshid and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:87

    Content type: Research

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  43. Blastocystis sp. has a worldwide distribution and is often the most common human intestinal protozoan reported in children and adults in developing countries. The clinical relevance of Blastocystis sp. remains co...

    Authors: Awatif M Abdulsalam, Init Ithoi, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Abdul Hafeez Khan, Abdulhamid Ahmed, Johari Surin and Joon Wah Mak

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2013 6:86

    Content type: Research

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