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  1. Schistosomiasis japonica, caused by contact with Schistosoma japonicum cercaria-infested water when washing, bathing or production, remains a major public-health concern in China. The purpose of the present study...

    Authors: You-Sheng Liang, Wei Wang, Yun-Tian Xing, Hong-Jun Li, Yong-Liang Xu, Xue-Hui Shen, Guo-Li Qu, You-Zi Li and Jian-Rong Dai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:209

    Content type: Research

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  2. The successful suppression of a target insect population using the sterile insect technique (SIT) partly depends on the premise that the laboratory insects used for mass rearing are genetically compatible with...

    Authors: Givemore Munhenga, Basil D Brooke, Tobias F Chirwa, Richard H Hunt, Maureen Coetzee, Danny Govender and Lizette L Koekemoer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:208

    Content type: Research

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  3. The high transmission potential of species belonging to the monogenean parasite genus Gyrodactylus, coupled with their high fecundity, allows them to rapidly colonise new hosts and to increase in number. One gyro...

    Authors: Adam J Brooker, Mayra I Grano Maldonado, Stephen Irving, James E Bron, Matthew Longshaw and Andrew P Shinn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:207

    Content type: Research

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  4. Oncomelania hupensis robertsoni is the sole intermediate host for Schistosoma japonicum in western China. Given the close co-evolutionary relationships between snail host and parasite, there is interest in unders...

    Authors: Anne-Kathrin Hauswald, Justin V Remais, Ning Xiao, George M Davis, Ding Lu, Margaret J Bale and Thomas Wilke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:206

    Content type: Research

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  5. Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic parasite that causes eosinophilic meningitis in humans. The most common source of infection with A. cantonensis is the consumption of raw or undercooked mollusks (e.g., s...

    Authors: Rui Chen, QunBo Tong, Yi Zhang, Di Lou, QingMing Kong, Shan Lv, MingMing Zhuo, LiYong Wen and ShaoHong Lu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:204

    Content type: Short report

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  6. The need to discover new treatments for human schistosomiasis has been an important driver for molecular research on schistosomes, a major breakthrough being the publication of the Schistosoma mansoni and Schisto...

    Authors: Anthony John Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:203

    Content type: Primer

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  7. Anopheles nili is a major vector of malaria in the humid savannas and forested areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the population genetic structure and evolutionary dynamics of this species is important fo...

    Authors: Ashley Peery, Maria V Sharakhova, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Cyrille Ndo, Mylene Weill, Frederic Simard and Igor V Sharakhov

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:202

    Content type: Research

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  8. Praziquantel has been used as first-line drug for chemotherapy of schistosomiasis since 1984. Besides praziquantel, artemether and artesunate have also been used for the control of this infectious disease sinc...

    Authors: Rong Liu, Hui-Fen Dong, Yi Guo, Qin-Ping Zhao and Ming-Sen Jiang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:201

    Content type: Research

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  9. Human and animal fascioliasis poses serious public health problems in South America. In Venezuela, livestock infection represents an important veterinary problem whereas there appear to be few human cases repo...

    Authors: M Dolores Bargues, L Carolina González, Patricio Artigas and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:200

    Content type: Research

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  10. Giardia duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. are among the most common intestinal human protozoan parasites worldwide and they are frequently reported in captive non-human primates (NHP). From a public health point of v...

    Authors: Federica Berrilli, Cristina Prisco, Klaus G Friedrich, Pilar Di Cerbo, David Di Cave and Claudio De Liberato

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:199

    Content type: Research

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  11. The prevalence of spotted fever group rickettsial infection in dogs from a remote indigenous community in the Northern Territory (NT) was determined using molecular tools. Blood samples collected from 130 dogs...

    Authors: Sze-Fui Hii, Steven R Kopp, Mary F Thompson, Caroline A O'Leary, Robert L Rees and Rebecca J Traub

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:198

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the accidental ingestion of the eggs of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. AE occurs frequently in rural western China due to the poor levels of hygiene,...

    Authors: Donald P McManus, Zhengzhi Li, Shukun Yang, Darren J Gray and Yu Rong Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:196

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Intestinal parasitic infections represent a public health problem in Tajikistan, but epidemiological evidence is scarce. The present study aimed at assessing the extent of helminths and intestinal protozoa inf...

    Authors: Barbara Matthys, Mohion Bobieva, Gulzira Karimova, Zulfira Mengliboeva, Vreni Jean-Richard, Malika Hoimnazarova, Matluba Kurbonova, Laurent K Lohourignon, Jürg Utzinger and Kaspar Wyss

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:195

    Content type: Research

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  14. Recently, there have been attempts to understand the molecular epidemiology of Sarcoptes scabiei, to evaluate the gene flow between isolates of S. scabiei from different hosts and geographic regions. However, to ...

    Authors: Francis Gakuya, Luca Rossi, Jackson Ombui, Ndichu Maingi, Gerald Muchemi, William Ogara, Ramón C Soriguer and Samer Alasaad

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:193

    Content type: Research

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  15. Vector borne disease (VBD) emergence is a complex and dynamic process. Interactions between multiple disciplines and responsible health and environmental authorities are often needed for an effective early war...

    Authors: Marieta Braks, Joke van der Giessen, Mirjam Kretzschmar, Wifrid van Pelt, Ernst-Jan Scholte, Chantal Reusken, Hervé Zeller, Wim van Bortel and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:192

    Content type: Review

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  16. Traditionally, efficient flea-borne transmission of Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, was thought to be dependent on a process referred to as blockage in which biofilm-mediated growth of the bacteri...

    Authors: Anna M Schotthoefer, Scott W Bearden, Jennifer L Holmes, Sara M Vetter, John A Montenieri, Shanna K Williams, Christine B Graham, Michael E Woods, Rebecca J Eisen and Kenneth L Gage

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:191

    Content type: Research

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  17. Phlebotomus papatasi is a natural vector of Leishmania major, which causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in many countries. Simple sequence repeats (SSRs), or microsatellites, are common in eukaryotic genomes and are s...

    Authors: Omar Hamarsheh and Ahmad Amro

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:189

    Content type: Research

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  18. In the Veneto region (north-eastern Italy) an entomological surveillance system has been implemented since the introduction of the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) in 1991. During the routine monitoring ac...

    Authors: Gioia Capelli, Andrea Drago, Simone Martini, Fabrizio Montarsi, Mauro Soppelsa, Nicola Delai, Silvia Ravagnan, Luca Mazzon, Francis Schaffner, Alexander Mathis, Marco Di Luca, Roberto Romi and Francesca Russo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:188

    Content type: Short report

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  19. The saliva of haematophagous arthropods contains an array of anti-haemostatic, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory molecules that contribute to the success of the blood meal. The saliva of haematophagous ar...

    Authors: Albin Fontaine, Ibrahima Diouf, Nawal Bakkali, Dorothée Missé, Frédéric Pagès, Thierry Fusai, Christophe Rogier and Lionel Almeras

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:187

    Content type: Review

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  20. Helminth infection may modulate the expression of Toll like receptors (TLR) in dendritic cells (DCs) and modify the responsiveness of DCs to TLR ligands. This may regulate aberrant intestinal inflammation in h...

    Authors: ShuMin Sun, XueLin Wang, XiuPing Wu, Ying Zhao, Feng Wang, XiaoLei Liu, YanXia Song, ZhiLiang Wu and MingYuan Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:186

    Content type: Review

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  21. In the Canary Islands there are no previous data about tapeworms (Cestoda) of rodents. In order to identify the hymenolepidid species present in these hosts, a survey of 1,017 murine (349 Rattus rattus, 13 Rattus...

    Authors: Pilar Foronda, Mercedes López-González, Mariano Hernández, Voitto Haukisalmi and Carlos Feliu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:185

    Content type: Research

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  22. Chemical and behavioural ecology of mosquitoes plays an important role in the development of chemical cue based vector control. To date, studies available have focused on evaluating mosquito attractants and re...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Eunice A Owino, Beda J Mwang'onde, Aneth M Mahande, Mramba Nyindo and Franklin Mosha

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:184

    Content type: Research

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  23. Native mosquito repellent plants have a good potential for integrated mosquito control in local settings. Ocimum forskolei, Lamiaceae, is used in Eritrea as a spatial mosquito repellent inside houses, either thro...

    Authors: Teun Dekker, Rickard Ignell, Maedot Ghebru, Robert Glinwood and Richard Hopkins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:183

    Content type: Research

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  24. Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are important tick-borne bacteria maintained in nature by transmission between ticks and vertebrate hosts. However, the potential role of lizards as hosts has not bee...

    Authors: Anna Ekner, Krzysztof Dudek, Zofia Sajkowska, Viktória Majláthová, Igor Majláth and Piotr Tryjanowski

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:182

    Content type: Research

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  25. There is little information on the social perception of malaria and the use of prevention methods in Cameroon. This study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and management of malaria in households livi...

    Authors: Cyrille Ndo, Benjamin Menze-Djantio and Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:181

    Content type: Research

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  26. Clonorchiasis, caused by Clonorchis sinensis, is one of the major parasitic zoonoses in China, particularly in China's southern Guangdong province where the prevalence of C. sinensis infection in humans is high. ...

    Authors: Rui-Qing Lin, Jian-Dong Tang, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song, Si-Yang Huang, Jia-Xu Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Han Zhang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:180

    Content type: Research

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  27. The urinary metabolic fingerprint of a patent Schistosoma mansoni infection in the mouse has been characterized using spectroscopic methods. However, the temporal dynamics of metabolic alterations have not been s...

    Authors: Jia V Li, Jasmina Saric, Yulan Wang, Jennifer Keiser, Jürg Utzinger and Elaine Holmes

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:179

    Content type: Research

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  28. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has a significant burden of lymphatic filariasis (LF) caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti. A major impediment to the expansion of the LF elimination programme is the...

    Authors: Louise A Kelly-Hope, Brent C Thomas, Moses J Bockarie and David H Molyneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:178

    Content type: Research

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  29. This research was carried out to develop a reliable monoclonal antibody (MoAb)-based sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of active Fasciola gigantica infection in both serum and s...

    Authors: Zeinab A Demerdash, Tarek M Diab, Ibrahim R Aly, Salwa H Mohamed, Faten S Mahmoud, Mona K Zoheiry, Wafaa A Mansour, Mohy E Attia and Azza E El-Bassiouny

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:176

    Content type: Research

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  30. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are major public health problems in developing countries where they contribute to suffering of populations living in poor settings. As part of a research project started in S...

    Authors: Sammy M Njenga, Charles S Mwandawiro, Erastus Muniu, Mariam T Mwanje, Fatma M Haji and Moses J Bockarie

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:175

    Content type: Research

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  31. Two studies were conducted to evaluate and compare the efficacy of imidacloprid + moxidectin and selamectin topical solutions against the KS1 flea strain infesting cats. In both studies the treatment groups we...

    Authors: Michael W Dryden, Patricia A Payne, Vicki Smith and Joe Hostetler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:174

    Content type: Research

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  32. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in western China, and becoming an important public health concern. Infected dogs are the main reservoir for Leishmania infantum, and a potential sentinel for human VL in end...

    Authors: Li-min Shang, Wei-ping Peng, Hong-tao Jin, Ding Xu, Ni-na Zhong, Wen-long Wang, You-xi Wu and Quan Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:173

    Content type: Research

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  33. Schistosomiasis remains an important public health problem throughout tropical and subtropical countries. Humans are infected through contact with water contaminated with schistosome cercariae. Therefore, issu...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Chuan-Xin Yu, Xu-Ren Yin, Wei Zhang, Chun-Yan Qian, Li-Jun Song, Xue-Dan Ke, Yong-Liang Xu, Wei He and Guo-Qun Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:172

    Content type: Research

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  34. Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. It is a threat for public health worldwide and its primary vector Aedes aegypti is becoming resistant to chemical insecticides. These factors have encour...

    Authors: Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva, Javier A Garza-Hernandez, Alberto M Garcia-Munguia, Patricia Tamez-Guerra, Annabel FV Howard and Mario A Rodriguez-Perez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:171

    Content type: Research

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  35. Chagas disease is a neglected illness, with limited treatments, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Two drugs are prescribed to treat the disease, nifurtimox and benznidazole, which have been previously rep...

    Authors: Ana M Mejía-Jaramillo, Geysson J Fernández, Lina Palacio and Omar Triana-Chávez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:169

    Content type: Research

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  36. Toxoplasma gondii has been shown to trigger strong cellular immune responses to heterologous antigens expressed by the parasite in the inbred mouse model [1]. We studied the immune response induced by T. gondii a...

    Authors: Jun Zou, Xiao-Xi Huang, Guang-Wen Yin, Ye Ding, Xian-Yong Liu, Heng Wang, Qi-Jun Chen and Xun Suo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:168

    Content type: Research

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  37. Clinical manifestation due to infection by Toxoplasma gondii is closely linked to the infecting strain of the parasite. Several genetic markers are available to determinate its genotype but few of them are able t...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Rym Ben-Abdallah, Emna Siala, Imen Ben-Abda, Olfa Souissi, Karim Aoun and Aida Bouratbine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:167

    Content type: Short report

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  38. The heat stress suffered by Leishmania sp during its digenetic life-cycle is a key trigger for its stage differentiation. In Leishmania subgenera two classes of HSP70 genes differing in their 3' UTR were describe...

    Authors: César A Ramírez, José M Requena and Concepción J Puerta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:166

    Content type: Research

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  39. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic infection of humans and animals, caused by the opportunistic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa. Infection in pregnant women may lead to aborti...

    Authors: Peng Zhou, Zhaoguo Chen, Hai-Long Li, Haihong Zheng, Shenyi He, Rui-Qing Lin and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:165

    Content type: Review

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  40. Research is now focused on identification of sensitive and specific diagnostic tests for early identification of schistosomal infection and evaluation of chemotherapy in field situations in China.

    Authors: Cen Wang, Lin Chen, Xuren Yin, Wanquan Hua, Min Hou, Minjun Ji, Chuanxin Yu and Guanling Wu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:164

    Content type: Research

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  41. Cercariae of schistosomes employ bioactive molecules for penetration into their hosts. These are released from specialized unicellular glands upon stimuli from host skin. The glands were previously well-descri...

    Authors: Anna Ligasová, Jana Bulantová, Ondřej Šebesta, Martin Kašný, Karel Koberna and Libor Mikeš

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:162

    Content type: Research

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  42. Insecticide treatment of nets, curtains or walls and ceilings of houses represent the primary means for malaria prevention worldwide. Direct personal protection of individuals and households arises from deterr...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Fredros O Okumu, Raphael N'Guessan, Marc Coosemans, Adedapo Adeogun, Sam Awolola, Josiane Etang, Roch K Dabiré and Vincent Corbel

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:160

    Content type: Research

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