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  1. The aims of this study were to evaluate the host-tick-pathogen interface of Babesia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in restored areas in both questing and host-attached Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulat...

    Authors: Cornelia Silaghi, Dietlinde Woll, Dietmar Hamel, Kurt Pfister, Monia Mahling and Martin Pfeffer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:191

    Content type: Research

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  2. Toxoplasma gondii is prevalent in most areas of the world and may cause abortions or neonatal complications in humans. As the only definitive host, cats play an important role in the epidemiology of the disease. ...

    Authors: Quan Wang, Wei Jiang, Yong-Jun Chen, Chun-Ying Liu, Jin-lei Shi and Xin-tong Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:190

    Content type: Research

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  3. The reduction of malaria parasite transmission by preventing human-vector contact is critical in lowering disease transmission and its outcomes. This underscores the need for effective and long lasting arthrop...

    Authors: Eliningaya J Kweka, Stephen Munga, Aneth M Mahande, Shandala Msangi, Humphrey D Mazigo, Araceli Q Adrias and Jonathan R Matias

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:189

    Content type: Research

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  4. Anopheles funestus is one of the major malaria vectors in tropical Africa. Because of several cycles of drought events that occurred during the 1970s, this species had disappeared from many parts of sahelian Afri...

    Authors: Badara Samb, Ibrahima Dia, Lassana Konate, Diego Ayala, Didier Fontenille and Anna Cohuet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:188

    Content type: Research

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  5. In this study, a total of 426 human faecal samples were examined for the presence of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar, Entamoeba moshkovskii infection via a combination of microscopic examination and neste...

    Authors: Romano Ngui, Lorainne Angal, Siti Aminah Fakhrurrazi, Yvonne Lim Ai Lian, Lau Yee Ling, Jamaiah Ibrahim and Rohela Mahmud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:187

    Content type: Research

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  6. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite with a significant impact on human health. Inside the mammalian and avian hosts, the parasite can undergo rapid development or remain inactive in the cysts. The mech...

    Authors: Jielin Wang, Xiaolei Liu, Boyin Jia, Huijun Lu, Shuai Peng, Xianyu Piao, Nan Hou, Pengfei Cai, Jigang Yin, Ning Jiang and Qijun Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:186

    Content type: Research

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  7. The Natural History Museum (NHM) is developing a repository for schistosomiasis-related material, the Schistosomiasis Collection at NHM (SCAN) as part of its existing Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratory (WW...

    Authors: Aidan M Emery, Fiona E Allan, Muriel E Rabone and David Rollinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:185

    Content type: Short report

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  8. The highest annual incidence of human tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Sweden ever recorded by the Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control (SMI) occurred last year, 2011. The number of TBE cases rec...

    Authors: Thomas GT Jaenson, Marika Hjertqvist, Tomas Bergström and Åke Lundkvist

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:184

    Content type: Review

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  9. Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is caused by Leishmania infantum in all Mediterranean countries. The Leishmania parasite is transmitted by the bite of a corresponding sand fly vector and primarily maintained ...

    Authors: Omar Hamarsheh, Abedalmajeed Nasereddin, Safa Damaj, SamIr Sawalha, Hanan Al-Jawabreh, Kifaya Azmi, Ahmad Amro, Suheir Ereqat, Ziad Abdeen and Amer Al-Jawabreh

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:183

    Content type: Research

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  10. Schistosome and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are recognized as major global public health problems, causing severe and subtle morbidity, including significant educational and nutritional effects ...

    Authors: Pauline NM Mwinzi, Susan P Montgomery, Chrispin O Owaga, Mariam Mwanje, Erick M Muok, John G Ayisi, Kayla F Laserson, Erick M Muchiri, W Evan Secor and Diana MS Karanja

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:182

    Content type: Research

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  11. Anaplasma phagocytophilum infects a wide variety of hosts and causes granulocytic anaplasmosis in humans, horses and dogs and tick-borne fever in ruminants. Infection with A. phagocytophilum results in the modifi...

    Authors: Ruth C Galindo, Nieves Ayllón, Katja Strašek Smrdel, Mariana Boadella, Beatriz Beltrán-Beck, María Mazariegos, Nerea García, José M Pérez de la Lastra, Tatjana Avsic-Zupanc, Katherine M Kocan, Christian Gortazar and José de la Fuente

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:181

    Content type: Research

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  12. Anaplasma phagocytophilum , the causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis, affects several species of wild and domesticated mammals, including horses. We used direct and indirect methods to compare and evaluat...

    Authors: Youmna M’ghirbi, Hèla Yaïch, Abderazek Ghorbel and Ali Bouattour

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:180

    Content type: Research

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  13. Aelurostrongylus abstrusus is currently regarded as the main metastrongyloid infesting domestic cats, whereas the reports of Troglostrongylus spp. in domestic and wild felids largely remain anecdotic. This paper ...

    Authors: Emanuele Brianti, Gabriella Gaglio, Salvatore Giannetto, Giada Annoscia, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Donato Traversa and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:178

    Content type: Research

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  14. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is among the most important vector borne diseases of humans in Europe and is currently identified as a major health problem in many countries. TBE endemic zones have expanded over...

    Authors: Ashild Andreassen, Solveig Jore, Piotr Cuber, Susanne Dudman, Torstein Tengs, Ketil Isaksen, Hans Olav Hygen, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Gabriel Ånestad, Preben Ottesen and Kirsti Vainio

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:177

    Content type: Research

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  15. Sarcoptic mange caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei is a worldwide disease affecting both humans and animals. Here we report the molecular characterization and evaluation of a recombinant S. scabiei tropomyosin ...

    Authors: Runhui Zhang, Quwu Jise, Wanpeng Zheng, Yongjun Ren, Xiang Nong, Xuhang Wu, Xiaobin Gu, Shuxian Wang, Xuerong Peng, Songjia Lai and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:176

    Content type: Research

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  16. The causative agent of yellow fever is an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family transmitted by infected Aedes mosquitoes, particularly in Africa. In the Central African Republic since 2006, cases have been notifie...

    Authors: Carine Ngoagouni, Basile Kamgang, Alexandre Manirakiza, Auguste Nangouma, Christophe Paupy, Emmanuel Nakoune and Mirdad Kazanji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:175

    Content type: Short report

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  17. Human and animal fascioliasis is emerging in many world regions, among which Andean countries constitute the largest regional hot spot and Peru the country presenting more human endemic areas. A survey was und...

    Authors: M Dolores Bargues, Patricio Artigas, Messaoud Khoubbane, Pedro Ortiz, Cesar Naquira and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:174

    Content type: Research

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  18. Malaria is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium. It is one of the leading causes of illness and death in the world. It is a major public health problem in Ethiopia. Over the past years, the disea...

    Authors: Abebe Alemu, Dagnachew Muluye, Mikrie Mihret, Meaza Adugna and Melkamu Gebeyaw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:173

    Content type: Research

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  19. Thyroid hormones (TH) modulate growth, development and differentiation and metabolic processes by interacting with thyroid hormone receptors (THRs). The purpose of this study was to identify a novel thyroid ho...

    Authors: Chunhui Qiu, Shengfa Liu, Yang Hong, Zhiqiang Fu, Meimei Wei, Dezhou Ai and Jiaojiao Lin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:172

    Content type: Research

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  20. The tick-borne apicomplexan bovine parasite Theileria annulata is endemic in many tropical and temperate areas, including Minorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). Real-time PCR is widely used for the detection of pirop...

    Authors: Amaia Ros-García, Antoni Nicolás, Ana L García-Pérez, Ramón A Juste and Ana Hurtado

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:171

    Content type: Research

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  21. South Hungary is being monitored for the northward spreading of thermophilic ixodid species, therefore ticks were collected from cattle and wild ruminants (red, fallow and roe deer) in the autumn of 2011.

    Authors: Sándor Hornok and Gábor Horváth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:170

    Content type: Short report

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  22. The life cycle of the brachylaimid trematode species Renylaima capensis, infecting the urinary system of the shrew Myosorex varius (Mammalia: Soricidae: Crocidosoricinae) in the Hottentots Holland Nature Reserve,...

    Authors: Wilhelm F Sirgel, Patricio Artigas, M Dolores Bargues and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:169

    Content type: Research

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  23. Giardia duodenalis is a common protozoan parasite of humans and animals. Genetic characterization of single loci indicates the existence of eight groups called assemblages, which differ in their host distribution...

    Authors: Katsuhisa Takumi, Arno Swart, Theo Mank, Erica Lasek-Nesselquist, Marianne Lebbad, Simone M Cacciò and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:168

    Content type: Research

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  24. Ixodes granulatus is widely distributed in various countries of Southeast Asia and Taiwan. Although this tick species is presumed to be the vector for the enzoonotic transmission of Borrelia spirochetes in the Ta...

    Authors: Li-Lian Chao, Li-Ling Liu and Chien-Ming Shih

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:167

    Content type: Research

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  25. Parasites often face a trade-off between exploitation of host resources and transmission probabilities to the next host. In helminths, larval growth, a major component of adult parasite fitness, is linked to e...

    Authors: Lucile Dianne, Loïc Bollache, Clément Lagrue, Nathalie Franceschi and Thierry Rigaud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:166

    Content type: Research

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  26. African animal trypanosomosis is a major constraint to the rearing of productive livestock in the sub-humid Sudan-Sahel zone of West Africa where cotton is grown. Trypanosomosis is mainly controlled using tryp...

    Authors: Erick O Mungube, Oumar Diall, Maximilian PO Baumann, Antje Hoppenheit, Barbara Hinney, Burkhard Bauer, Yousouf Sanogo, Brehima Maiga, Karl-Hans Zessin, Thomas F Randolph and Peter-Henning Clausen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:164

    Content type: Research

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  27. Since 2008, the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) has been engaged in the implementation of indoor residual spraying (IRS) in Benin. The first and second round was a success with a drastic decrease of ma...

    Authors: Razaki Ossè, Rock Aikpon, Gil Germain Padonou, Olivier Oussou, Anges Yadouléton and Martin Akogbéto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:163

    Content type: Research

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  28. Cattle babesiosis is a tick-borne disease of cattle that has severe economic impact on cattle producers throughout the world’s tropical and subtropical countries. The most severe form of the disease is caused ...

    Authors: Andrew M Heekin, Felix D Guerrero, Kylie G Bendele, Leo Saldivar, Glen A Scoles, Cedric Gondro, Vishvanath Nene, Appolinaire Djikeng and Kelly A Brayton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:162

    Content type: Research

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  29. Hexose transporters (HT) are membrane proteins involved in the uptake of energy-supplying glucose and other hexoses into the cell. Previous studies employing the Differential Display technique have shown that ...

    Authors: Paula F dos Santos, Jerônimo C Ruiz, Rodrigo P P Soares, Douglas S Moreira, Antônio M Rezende, Edson L Folador, Guilherme Oliveira, Alvaro J Romanha and Silvane M F Murta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:161

    Content type: Research

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  30. Leishmania parasites cause human tegumentary and visceral infections that are commonly referred to as leishmaniasis. Despite the high incidence and prevalence of cases, leishmaniasis has been a neglected disease ...

    Authors: Mariana Silva-Almeida, Bernardo Acácio Santini Pereira, Michelle Lopes Ribeiro-Guimarães and Carlos Roberto Alves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:160

    Content type: Review

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  31. The emergence and spread of insecticide resistance in the major African malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Anopheles arabiensis may compromise control initiatives based on insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) ...

    Authors: Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Abebe Asale, Kora Tushune, Yehenew Getachew, Luc Duchateau and Niko Speybroeck

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:159

    Content type: Research

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  32. The efficacy and safety of a combination formulation of 10% imidacloprid + 1.0% moxidectin spot-on (Advocate® for Cats, Bayer Animal Health GmbH, Leverkusen, Germany) was tested in 40 African pygmy hedgehogs (Ate...

    Authors: Kyu-Rim Kim, Kyu-Sung Ahn, Dae-Sung Oh and Sung-Shik Shin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:158

    Content type: Research

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  33. Active case detection through mass community screening is a major control strategy against human African trypanosomiasis (HAT, sleeping sickness) caused by T. brucei gambiense. However, its impact can be limited ...

    Authors: Francesco Checchi, Andrew P Cox, François Chappuis, Gerardo Priotto, Daniel Chandramohan and Daniel T Haydon

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:157

    Content type: Research

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  34. Ixodes ricinus ticks transmit Babesia species to vertebrate hosts. Using molecular tools we were able to detect the presence of this piroplasmid in its vector. The aims of this study were to investigate the preva...

    Authors: Øivind Øines, Jana Radzijevskaja, Algimantas Paulauskas and Olav Rosef

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:156

    Content type: Research

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  35. Tsetse fly-transmitted African animal trypanosomosis causes annual losses that run into billions of dollars. The disease is assumed to cause hunger and poverty in most sub-Saharan countries since it represents...

    Authors: Erick O Mungube, Hervé S Vitouley, Emmanuel Allegye-Cudjoe, Oumar Diall, Zakaria Boucoum, Boucader Diarra, Yousouf Sanogo, Thomas Randolph, Burkhard Bauer, Karl-Hans Zessin and Peter-Henning Clausen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:155

    Content type: Research

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  36. Sleeping sickness, transmitted by G. p. palpalis, is known to be present in the Ivory Coast. G. p. palpalis has recently been reported to occur in several places within the town of Abidjan, including: (i) the Ban...

    Authors: Dramane Kaba, Sophie Ravel, Geneviève Acapovi-Yao, Philippe Solano, Koffi Allou, Henriette Bosson-Vanga, Laetitia Gardes, Eliezer Kouakou N’Goran, Christopher John Schofield, Moussa Koné and Jean-Pierre Dujardin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:153

    Content type: Research

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  37. Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses have not been given high priority in China, although the role of companion animals as reservoirs for zoonotic parasitic diseases has been recognized worldwide. With an incr...

    Authors: Jia Chen, Min-Jun Xu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song, Chun-Ren Wang and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:152

    Content type: Review

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  38. The objective of the study was to determine the sustained effectiveness of 10% imidacloprid (w/w) and 4.5% flumethrin (w/w) incorporated in a slow-release matrix collar in preventing Dipylidium caninum infection ...

    Authors: Josephus J Fourie, Dionne Crafford, Ivan G Horak and Dorothee Stanneck

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:151

    Content type: Research

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  39. Historically, the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh was considered hyperendemic for malaria. To better understand the contemporary malaria epidemiology and to develop new and innovative control strate...

    Authors: Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Sumit Chakma, Wasif A Khan, Gregory E Glass, Abu Naser Mohon, Rubayet Elahi, Laura C Norris, Milka Patracia Podder, Sabeena Ahmed, Rashidul Haque, David A Sack, David J Sullivan Jr and Douglas E Norris

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:150

    Content type: Research

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  40. Ticks are the most important pathogen vectors in Europe. They are known to be influenced by environmental factors, but these links are usually studied at specific temporal or spatial scales. Focusing on Ixodes ri...

    Authors: Sen Li, Paul Heyman, Christel Cochez, Leopold Simons and Sophie O Vanwambeke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:149

    Content type: Research

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  41. The understanding of mosquito immune responses can provide valuable tools for development of novel mosquito control strategies. Aiming the study at insect innate immunity, continuous insect cell lines have bee...

    Authors: Ana Beatriz Ferreira Barletta, Maria Clara L Nascimento Silva and Marcos H Ferreira Sorgine

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:148

    Content type: Research

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  42. Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) biting midges are vectors for a diversity of pathogens including bluetongue virus (BTV) that generate important economic losses. BTV has expanded its range in recent decades,...

    Authors: Josué Martínez-de la Puente, Javier Martínez, Martina Ferraguti, Antonio Morales-de la Nuez, Noemí Castro and Jordi Figuerola

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:147

    Content type: Research

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  43. Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last ...

    Authors: Yu Rong Yang, Archie C A Clements, Darren J Gray, Jo-An M Atkinson, Gail M Williams, Tamsin S Barnes and Donald P McManus

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:146

    Content type: Review

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  44. Microbial ecology of phlebotomine sand flies is not well understood although bacteria likely play an important role in the sand fly biology and vector capacity for Leishmania parasites. In this study, we assessed...

    Authors: Kamila Peterkova-Koci, Maricela Robles-Murguia, Marcelo Ramalho-Ortigao and Ludek Zurek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:145

    Content type: Research

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  45. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is endemic to the Pacific coast of Ecuador, and Nyssomyia trapidoi is considered to be its main vector. Dujardin et al. [1] recorded some differences in body pigmentation and isoenzymatic ...

    Authors: Zapata S, Mejía L, Le Pont F, León R, Pesson B, Ravel C, Bichaud L, Charrel R, Cruaud C, Trueba G and Depaquit J

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:144

    Content type: Research

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  46. Host preference studies in haematophagous insects e.g. Culicoides biting midges are pivotal to assess transmission routes of vector-borne diseases and critical for the development of veterinary contingency plans ...

    Authors: Sandra B Lassen, Søren Achim Nielsen and Michael Kristensen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:143

    Content type: Research

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  47. Leishmania (V.) braziliensis is a causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil. During the parasite life cycle, the promastigotes adhere to the gut of sandflies, to avoid being eliminated with the dejecti...

    Authors: Luzia Monteiro de Castro Côrtes, Mirian Claudia de Souza Pereira, Franklin Souza da Silva, Bernardo Acácio Santini Pereira, Francisco Odêncio de Oliveira Junior, Renata Oliveira de Araújo Soares, Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil, Leny Toma, Carolina Meloni Vicente, Helena Bonciani Nader, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Felio J Bello and Carlos Roberto Alves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2012 5:142

    Content type: Research

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