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Table 14 Larval site characteristics of the European and Middle Eastern DVS.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

Species Light intensity Salinity Turbidity Movement Vegetation
  Helio-philic Helio-phobic High (brackish) Low (fresh) Clear Polluted Still or stagnant Flowing Higher plants, algae etc No Veg
An. atroparvus 1         2  
An. labranchiae     1       
An. messeae      1   1 1 1 1
An. sacharovi 1   3 3    2 2 1  
An. sergentii 1 3 2 6 3 1 4 4 6  
An. superpictus 4   1 1 4   2 3 3 1
  1. No TAG summary was available for these species. Numbers indicate the number of studies that found larvae under each listed circumstance.