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  1. Lysine lactylation (Kla) is a novelposttranslational modification (PTM) identified in histone and nonhistone proteins of several eukaryotic cells that directly activates gene expression and DNA replication. Ho...

    Authors: Wei Zhao, Helin Yu, Xiaona Liu, Tingting Wang, Yinning Yao, Qixin Zhou, Xiaozi Zheng and Feng Tan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:180
  2. Tick hemolymph bathes internal organs, acts as an exchange medium for nutrients and cellular metabolites, and offers protection against pathogens. Hemolymph is abundant in proteins. However, there has been lim...

    Authors: Lei Liu, Fen Yan, Lu Zhang, Zhi-feng Wu, De-yong Duan and Tian-yin Cheng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:179
  3. About two out of three Ethiopians are at risk of malaria, a disease caused by the parasites Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Anopheles stephensi, an invasive vector typically found in South Asia and th...

    Authors: Elizabeth Waymire, Sowmya Duddu, Solomon Yared, Dejene Getachew, Dereje Dengela, Sarah R. Bordenstein, Meshesha Balkew, Sarah Zohdy, Seth R. Irish and Tamar E. Carter
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:178
  4. Schistosomiasis, an acute and chronic parasitic disease, causes substantial morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Iron is an essential constituent of numerous macromolecules...

    Authors: Fanyuan Zeng, Cun Yi, Wei Zhang, Shaoyun Cheng, Chengsong Sun, Fang Luo, Zheng Feng and Wei Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:177
  5. Several studies have described the effects of human tumor necrosis factor alpha (hTNF-α) on Schistosoma mansoni. hTNF-α affects the worm’s development, metabolism, egg-laying, gene expression and protein phosphor...

    Authors: Ednilson Hilário Lopes-Junior, Claudio Romero Bertevello, Gilbert de Oliveira Silveira, Camila Banca Guedes, Gratchela Dutra Rodrigues, Viviane Sousa Ribeiro, Murilo Sena Amaral, Cristina Takami Kanamura, Pedro Luiz Silva Pinto, Rodrigo Ferreira Krüger, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida and Katia Cristina Oliveira
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:176
  6. The Plasmodium zygote-to-ookinete developmental transition is an essential step for establishing an infection in the mosquito vector, and antigens expressed during this stage are potential targets for transmissio...

    Authors: Peng-peng Wang, Xuefeng Jiang, Jie Bai, Fan Yang, Xinxin Yu, Yudi Wu, Wenqi Zheng, Yongzhe Zhang, Liwang Cui, Fei Liu, Xiaotong Zhu and Yaming Cao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:175
  7. Among live wild mammals adapted to urban and peri-urban habitats in Europe, members of the families Felidae, Mustelidae and Sciuridae deserve special attention as pathogen reservoirs because all of these famil...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, Sándor A. Boldogh, Nóra Takács, Jenő Kontschán, Sándor Szekeres, Endre Sós, Attila D. Sándor, Yuanzhi Wang and Barbara Tuska-Szalay
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:174
  8. Dengue is prevalent worldwide and is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Temperature is a strong driver of dengue transmission. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms.

    Authors: Zhuanzhuan Liu, Ye Xu, Yudi Li, Shihong Xu, Yiji Li, Ling Xiao, Xiaoguang Chen, Cheng He and Kuiyang Zheng
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:173
  9. Clonorchiasis, an infectious disease caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis, may lead to the development of liver and gallbladder diseases, and even cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). However, the pathogenesis, hos...

    Authors: Yang-Yuan Qiu, Qiao-Cheng Chang, Jun-Feng Gao, Ming-Jia Bao, Hai-Tao Luo, Jin-Ho Song, Sung-Jong Hong, Rui-Feng Mao, Yun-Yi Sun, Ying-Yu Chen, Ming-Yuan Liu, Chun-Ren Wang and Xiao-Lei Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:172
  10. In the eco-epidemiological context of Japanese encephalitis (JE), geo-environmental features influence the spatial spread of the vector (Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Giles 1901) density, vector infection, and JE case...

    Authors: Mei-De Liu, Chun-Xiao Li, Jing-Xia Cheng and Tong-Yan Zhao
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:171
  11. Cryptosporidium parvum is a zoonotic parasite and member of the phylum Apicomplexa with unique secretory organelles, including a rhoptry, micronemes and dense granules that discharge their contents during parasit...

    Authors: Xiaohui Li, Jigang Yin, Dongqiang Wang, Xin Gao, Ying Zhang, Mingbo Wu and Guan Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:170
  12. Strongyloides stercoralis is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions, but reports of infections in central and northern Europe have been recently increasing. Infections occur mainly in humans and dogs. In dog...

    Authors: Maria Sophia Unterköfler, Iris Eipeldauer, Sophie Merz, Nikola Pantchev, Josef Hermann, René Brunthaler, Walter Basso and Barbara Hinney
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:168
  13. Due to high prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in equine helminths, selective treatment is increasingly promoted and in some countries a positive infection diagnosis is mandatory before treatment. Selective...

    Authors: Heike Boelow, Jürgen Krücken, Eurion Thomas, Greg Mirams and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:166
  14. Giardia duodenalis is a common parasitic diarrheal agent in humans, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and multilocus genetic characterization of G. duoden...

    Authors: Yanchen Wu, Lan Yao, Hongshuang Chen, Weizhe Zhang, Yanyan Jiang, Fengkun Yang, Aiqin Liu and Yujuan Shen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:165
  15. Canine leishmaniosis caused by the protozoan Leishmania infantum is a complex infection due to its variable clinical signs and laboratory findings. Therefore, a broad range of techniques is available for diagnosi...

    Authors: Marta Baxarias, Júlia Viñals, Alejandra Álvarez-Fernández, Mª Magdalena Alcover and Laia Solano-Gallego
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:164
  16. There are several screening tools for detecting Leishmania infantum infection in dogs and various preventive measures to protect against it. Some studies have investigated them, but not many have described their ...

    Authors: Marta Baxarias, Josep Homedes, Cristina Mateu, Charalampos Attipa and Laia Solano-Gallego
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:134
  17. Dipilidiosis is a parasitic disease caused by the tapeworm Dipylidium caninum. Fleas and, less frequently, lice act as an intermediate host, and their ingestion is required for infection to occur. While the disea...

    Authors: Julieta Rousseau, Andry Castro, Teresa Novo and Carla Maia
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:131
  18. Feline leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is often associated with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection; however, the role and clinical significance of this coinfection remain unknown. This stud...

    Authors: Vito Priolo, Marisa Masucci, Giulia Donato, Laia Solano-Gallego, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Maria Flaminia Persichetti, Ana Raya-Bermúdez, Fabrizio Vitale and Maria Grazia Pennisi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:107
  19. Cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) results from a multifactorial degenerative process that leads to rupture of the ligament. Vector-borne pathogens (VBP) in dogs can induce joint disease but their role i...

    Authors: María-Dolores Tabar, Javier Tabar, Carolina Naranjo, Laura Altet and Xavier Roura
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:105
  20. Relapsing fever borreliosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Borrelia, inflicting recurrent episodes of fever and spirochetemia in humans. Borrelia persica, the causative agent of relapsin...

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Ann Dvorkin, Bar Ben-Shitrit, Gabriela Kleinerman, Harold Salant, Reinhard K. Straubinger and Yaarit Nachum-Biala
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:102
  21. Dirofilaria immitis is a parasitic nematode endemic in the Mediterranean countries, which causes cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis in wild and domestic animals. Despite being recognized hosts of D. immitis, wild car...

    Authors: Sónia Gomes-de-Sá, Sérgio Santos-Silva, Alícia de Sousa Moreira, Patrícia Ferreira Barradas, Irina Amorim, Luís Cardoso and João R. Mesquita
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:119
  22. Malaria remains one of the most devastating diseases globally, and the control of mosquitoes as the vector is mainly dependent on chemical insecticides. Elevated temperatures associated with future warmer clim...

    Authors: Thomas Peprah Agyekum, John Arko-Mensah, Paul Kingsley Botwe, Jonathan Nartey Hogarh, Ibrahim Issah, Samuel Kweku Dadzie, Duah Dwomoh, Maxwell Kelvin Billah, Thomas Robins and Julius Najah Fobil
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:163
  23. The raccoon Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) (Carnivora; Procyonidae) is one of the most important and most intensively studied invasive mammal species in Europe. Within the last 30 years the raccoon has spread at ...

    Authors: Joanna Hildebrand, Agnieszka Perec-Matysiak, Marcin Popiołek, Dorota Merta, Izabella Myśliwy and Katarzyna Buńkowska-Gawlik
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:162
  24. Among protozoan parasites in the genus Babesia, Babesia bigemina is endemic and widespread in the East African region while the status of the more pathogenic Babesia bovis remains unclear despite the presence of ...

    Authors: Naftaly W. Githaka, Richard P. Bishop, Jan Šlapeta, David Emery, Edward K. Nguu and Esther G. Kanduma
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:161
  25. Different trapping devices and attractants are used in the mosquito surveillance programs currently running in Europe. Most of these devices target vector species belonging to the genera Culex or Aedes, and no st...

    Authors: Michela Bertola, Diletta Fornasiero, Sofia Sgubin, Luca Mazzon, Marco Pombi and Fabrizio Montarsi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:160
  26. Ivermectin (IVM) is one of the most important and widely used anthelmintics in veterinary medicine. However, its efficacy is increasingly compromised by widespread resistance, and the exact mechanism of IVM re...

    Authors: Waresi Tuersong, Caixian Zhou, Simin Wu, Peixi Qin, Chunqun Wang, Wenda Di, Lu Liu, Hui Liu and Min Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:159
  27. The nematode Parascaris univalens is one of the most prevalent parasitic pathogens infecting horses but anthelmintic resistance undermines treatment approaches. The molecular mechanisms underlying drug activity a...

    Authors: Faruk Dube, Andrea Hinas, Shweta Roy, Frida Martin, Magnus Åbrink, Staffan Svärd and Eva Tydén
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:158
  28. Primary infection of Toxoplasma gondii can cause serious abnormal pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriage and stillbirth. Inhibitory molecule B7-H4 is abundantly expressed in dendritic cells (DCs) and plays an imp...

    Authors: Xinyue Sun, Hongbing Xie, Haixia Zhang, Zhidan Li, Houbao Qi, Chunyan Yang, Xianbing Liu, Liqin Ren, Yuzhu Jiang and Xuemei Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:157
  29. The city of Guangzhou has been the epicenter of dengue fever in China since the 1990s, with Aedes albopictus being the primary vector. The main method used to control vectors and prevent dengue fever has been the...

    Authors: Xueli Zheng, Zihao Zheng, Shanshan Wu, Yong Wei, Lei Luo, Daibin Zhong and Guofa Zhou
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:156
  30. Myanmar is one of the six countries in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) of Southeast Asia. Malaria vectors comprise many Anopheles species, which vary in abundance and importance in malaria transmission among d...

    Authors: Daibin Zhong, Pyae Linn Aung, Maung Maung Mya, Xiaoming Wang, Qian Qin, Myat Thu Soe, Guofa Zhou, Myat Phone Kyaw, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Liwang Cui and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:155
  31. The activation of immune response driven by the eggs of Schistosoma japonicum and the subsequent secretions is the culprit behind granulomatous inflammation and liver fibrosis. Evidence suggests that PKCλ/ι parti...

    Authors: Congjin Mei, Yingying Yang, Panpan Dong, Lijun Song, Yonghua Zhou, Yongliang Xu and Chuanxin Yu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:154
  32. The population of wild felids is large and stable in Romania with many carnivore habitats being protected. Felids can be infected with a wide variety of cardio-pulmonary nematodes and can act as reservoirs of ...

    Authors: Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Raul Alexandru Pop, Andrei Daniel Mihalca and Călin Mircea Gherman
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:153
  33. Animal African trypanosomiasis, or nagana, is a veterinary disease caused by African trypanosomes transmitted by tsetse flies. In Africa, Trypanosoma congolense is one of the most pathogenic and prevalent causes ...

    Authors: Sara Silva Pereira, Kawira Mathenge, Daniel Masiga and Andrew Jackson
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:152
  34. More than one-third of the total world population is infected by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). T. gondii has been linked to various diseases, such as cancer, mental disorders, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), et...

    Authors: Kehui Zhu, Kun Liu, Junsi Huang, Xueqiong Weng, Qiaoyun Chen, Tianyu Gao, Kebing Chen, Chunxia Jing, Jing Wang and Guang Yang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:151
  35. Taenia solium typically affects resource-poor communities where pigs are allowed to roam freely, and sanitation and hygiene levels are suboptimal. Sustainable, long-term strategies are urgently needed to control ...

    Authors: Inge Van Damme, Ian Pray, Kabemba E. Mwape, Chiara Trevisan, Fien Coudenys, Chishimba Mubanga, Chembesofu Mwelwa, Victor Vaernewyck, Pierre Dorny, Seth E. O’Neal and Sarah Gabriël
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:150
  36. Diplozoidae are monogenean (Monogenea: Polyopisthocotylea) fish parasites characterised by a unique life history: two larvae permanently fuse into an X-shaped “Siamese” organism. Taxonomy and phylogeny of Dipl...

    Authors: Cui-Lan Hao, Kadirden Arken, Munira Kadir, Wen-Run Zhang, Meng-Jie Rong, Nian-Wen Wei, Yan-Jun Liu and Cheng Yue
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:149

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:169

  37. The lack of information on behavioural patterns of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus has become a significant limitation in vector control and disease management programmes. Therefore, the current study was focu...

    Authors: Rasika Dalpadado, Deepika Amarasinghe, Nayana Gunathilaka and Nalin Ariyarathna
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:148
  38. Authors: Émilie Bouchard, Rajnish Sharma, Adrián Hernández-Ortiz, Kayla Buhler, Batol Al-Adhami, Chunlei Su, Heather Fenton, Géraldine-G. Gouin, James D. Roth, Chloé Warret Rodrigues, Carla Pamak, Audrey Simon, Nicholas Bachand, Patrick Leighton and Emily Jenkins
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:146

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:115

  39. Vector-borne diseases are on the rise on a global scale, which is anticipated to further accelerate because of anthropogenic climate change. Resource-limited regions are especially hard hit by this increment w...

    Authors: Juliane Hartke, Friederike Reuss, Isabelle Marie Kramer, Axel Magdeburg, Isra Deblauwe, Reshma Tuladhar, Ishan Gautam, Meghnath Dhimal and Ruth Müller
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:145
  40. We have reported the positive association of the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) axis with liver fibrosis induced by Schistosoma japonicum (Sj) infection, and TLR4 signaling controlled this axis....

    Authors: Zhang Qi, Chen Lan, Ji Xiaofang, Tang Juanjuan, Fu Cheng, Huang Ting, Shen Erxia and Li Zi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:144
  41. The olfactory system plays a crucial role in regulating insect behaviors. The detection of odorants is mainly mediated by various odorant receptors (ORs) that are expressed in the dendrites of olfactory neuron...

    Authors: Zhengbo He, Zhengrong Yu, Xingfei He, Youjin Hao, Liang Qiao, Shihui Luo, Jingjing Zhang and Bin Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:143
  42. Strongyloidiasis, a nematode infection which is mainly caused by Strongyloides stercoralis in humans, can lead to a fatal syndrome in immunocompromised individuals. Its diagnosis is challenging due to the absence...

    Authors: Francesca Tamarozzi, Silvia Stefania Longoni, Cristina Mazzi, Eleonora Rizzi, Rahmah Noordin and Dora Buonfrate
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:142
  43. Ticks and tick-borne diseases constitute a real threat for the livestock industry, which is increasing in Angola. In addition, ticks are vectors of zoonoses of public health concern, and scarce information is ...

    Authors: Ana M. Palomar, Israel Molina, Cristina Bocanegra, Aránzazu Portillo, Fernando Salvador, Milagros Moreno and José A. Oteo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:140
  44. Soft ticks (Ixodida: Argasidae) are medically important ectoparasites that mainly feed on birds and mammals, which play a key role in their geographic distribution and dispersion. Despite their importance, stu...

    Authors: Abid Ali, Muhammad Numan, Mehran Khan, Ome Aiman, Sebastián Muñoz-Leal, Lidia Chitimia-Dobler, Marcelo B. Labruna and Ard M. Nijhof
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:138
  45. The primary disease vectors for dengue virus (DENV) transmission between humans are the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, with Ae. aegypti population size strongly correlated with DENV outbreaks. Whe...

    Authors: Lie Cheng, Wei-Liang Liu, Matthew P. Su, Shu-Chen Huang, Jen-Ren Wang and Chun-Hong Chen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:137
  46. Information on the altitudinal distribution of the hard ticks Amblyomma aureolatum and Amblyomma ovale in Brazil is scarce and mainly limited to occasional records. In this study we report our evaluation of recor...

    Authors: João L. H. Faccini, Hélio F. Santos, Lívio M. Costa-Junior, Socrates F. Costa-Neto, Wagner S. Tassinari and Hermes R. Luz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:136

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