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  1. Short report

    Canine tick-borne diseases in pet dogs from Romania

    Tick-borne diseases are of substantial concern worldwide for animals as well as humans. Dogs have been a human companion for millennia, and their significant impact on human life renders disease in dogs to be ...

    Martin O. Andersson, Conny Tolf, Paula Tamba, Mircea Stefanache, Jonas Waldenström, Gerhard Dobler and Lidia Chițimia-Dobler

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:155

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  2. Letter to the Editor

    Skin snips have no role in programmatic evaluations for onchocerciasis elimination: a reply to Bottomley et al.

    A critique of the recommendation that skin snips be used for post-MDA surveillance of formerly endemic onchocerciasis areas is provided. After considering several fundamental aspects of the use of this methodo...

    Mark L. Eberhard, Ed W. Cupp, Charles R. Katholi, Frank O. Richards and Thomas R. Unnasch

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:154

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  3. Research

    A new method for in vitro feeding of Rhipicephalus australis (formerly Rhipicephalus microplus) larvae: a valuable tool for tick vaccine development

    Rhipicephalus microplus is a hard tick that has a major impact on cattle health in tropical and subtropical regions because it feeds on cattle and is implicated in the transmission of ...

    Jos J. A. Trentelman, Jos A. G. M. Kleuskens, Jos van de Crommert and Theo P. M. Schetters

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:153

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  4. Research

    A new paradigm for Aedes spp. surveillance using gravid ovipositing sticky trap and NS1 antigen test kit

    Dengue remains a serious public health problem in Southeast Asia and has increased 37-fold in Malaysia compared to decades ago. New strategies are urgently needed for early detection and control of dengue epid...

    Sai Ming Lau, Tock H. Chua, Wan-Yussof Sulaiman, Sylvia Joanne, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Shamala Devi Sekaran, Karuthan Chinna, Balan Venugopalan and Indra Vythilingam

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:151

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  5. Research

    Co-circulation of West Nile virus and distinct insect-specific flaviviruses in Turkey

    Active vector surveillance provides an efficient tool for monitoring the presence or spread of emerging or re-emerging vector-borne viruses. This study was undertaken to investigate the circulation of flavivir...

    Koray Ergünay, Nadine Litzba, Annika Brinkmann, Filiz Günay, Yasemen Sarıkaya, Sırrı Kar, Serra Örsten, Kerem Öter, Cristina Domingo, Özge Erisoz Kasap, Aykut Özkul, Luke Mitchell, Andreas Nitsche, Bülent Alten and Yvonne-Marie Linton

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:149

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  6. Research

    Secreted phospholipase A2 of Clonorchis sinensis activates hepatic stellate cells through a pathway involving JNK signalling

    Secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) is a protein secreted by Clonorchis sinensis and is a component of excretory and secretory products (CsESPs). Phospholipase A2 is well known for its role in liver fibrosis and in...

    Yinjuan Wu, Ye Li, Mei Shang, Yu Jian, Caiqin Wang, Adham Sameer A. Bardeesi, Zhaolei Li, Tingjin Chen, Lu Zhao, Lina Zhou, Ai He, Yan Huang, Zhiyue Lv, Xinbing Yu and Xuerong Li

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:147

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  7. Research

    Mapping the spatial distribution of the Japanese encephalitis vector, Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles, 1901 (Diptera: Culicidae) within areas of Japanese encephalitis risk

    Japanese encephalitis (JE) is one of the most significant aetiological agents of viral encephalitis in Asia. This medically important arbovirus is primarily spread from vertebrate hosts to humans by the mosqui...

    Joshua Longbottom, Annie J. Browne, David M. Pigott, Marianne E. Sinka, Nick Golding, Simon I. Hay, Catherine L. Moyes and Freya M. Shearer

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:148

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  8. Research

    Immune recognition of salivary proteins from the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus differs according to the genotype of the bovine host

    Males of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus produce salivary immunoglobulin-binding proteins and allotypic variations in IgG are associated with tick loads in bovines. These findings indicate that antibody r...

    Gustavo Rocha Garcia, Sandra Regina Maruyama, Kristina T. Nelson, José Marcos Chaves Ribeiro, Luiz Gustavo Gardinassi, Antonio Augusto Mendes Maia, Beatriz Rossetti Ferreira, Frans N. J. Kooyman and Isabel K. F. de Miranda Santos

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:144

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  9. Research

    Genetic characterization of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato) ticks from dogs in Portugal

    The taxonomic status of the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu stricto) is a subject of on-going debate; there is a consensus that populations of this tick species should be referred to as R. sanguine...

    Filipe Dantas-Torres, Carla Maia, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Giada Annoscia, Luís Cardoso and Domenico Otranto

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:133

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  10. Short report

    Prevalence and molecular characterization of canine and feline hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) in northern Italy

    Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas), the agents of infectious anemia, have been reported in dogs and cats. Little data are available on hemoplasma infections in Italy. The aim of this study was to evaluate th...

    Silvia Ravagnan, Erika Carli, Eleonora Piseddu, Graziana Da Rold, Elena Porcellato, Claudia Zanardello, Antonio Carminato, Marta Vascellari and Gioia Capelli

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:132

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  11. Short report

    Histological and parasitological distinctive findings in clinically-lesioned and normal-looking skin of dogs with different clinical stages of leishmaniosis

    Normal-looking skin of dogs with leishmaniosis frequently shows microscopic lesions along with the presence of Leishmania amastigotes. However, histological lesions with or without detection of amastigotes might ...

    Laura Ordeix, Annabel Dalmau, Montsant Osso, Joan Llull, Sara Montserrat-Sangrà and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:121

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  12. Short report

    Dirofilaria immitis in pinnipeds and a new host record

    Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne pathogen that is spreading worldwide, and the associated infection (i.e. dirofilariosis) is becoming a threat to animals and humans living in en...

    Ana Margarida Alho, Inês Marcelino, Vito Colella, Carla Flanagan, Nuno Silva, Jorge Jesus Correia, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Domenico Otranto and Luís Madeira de Carvalho

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:142

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  13. Short report

    Black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas) are natural hosts of Babesia rossi, the virulent causative agent of canine babesiosis in sub-Saharan Africa

    Babesia rossi, which is transmitted by Haemaphysalis spp. and is highly virulent to domestic dogs, occurs only in sub-Saharan Africa. Since dogs are not native to the region, it has be...

    Barend L. Penzhorn, Ilse Vorster, Robert F. Harrison-White and Marinda C. Oosthuizen

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:124

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  14. Short report

    Serological association between Leishmania infantum and sand fly fever Sicilian (but not Toscana) virus in sheltered dogs from southern Portugal

    Phlebotomine sand fly-borne diseases such as leishmanioses and phleboviruses are emerging threats to animal and public health. Canine leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is an endemic zoonosis in Portugal...

    Carla Maia, Sulaf Alwassouf, José Manuel Cristóvão, Nazli Ayhan, André Pereira, Remi N. Charrel and Lenea Campino

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:92

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  15. Short report

    The inflammatory cytokine effect of Pam3CSK4 TLR2 agonist alone or in combination with Leishmania infantum antigen on ex-vivo whole blood from sick and resistant dogs

    A wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and immune responses exist in canine L. infantum infection. Ibizan hounds are more “resistant” to disease than other dog breeds. Recognition of pathogen-associated molec...

    Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Paulina Quirola-Amores, Sara Montserrat-Sangrà, Laura Ordeix, Joan Llull, Alejandra Álvarez-Fernández and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:123

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  16. Short report

    Evaluation of four molecular methods to detect Leishmania infection in dogs

    Canine leishmaniasis, a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum vectored by phlebotomine sand flies, is considered a relevant veterinary and public health problem in various countries, namely in the Medite...

    Andreia Albuquerque, Lenea Campino, Luís Cardoso and Sofia Cortes

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:57

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  17. Research

    Diagnostic performance of ELISA, IFAT and Western blot for the detection of anti-Leishmania infantum antibodies in cats using a Bayesian analysis without a gold standard

    Anti-Leishmania antibodies are increasingly investigated in cats for epidemiological studies or for the diagnosis of clinical feline leishmaniosis. The immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT), the enzyme-linked im...

    Maria Flaminia Persichetti, Laia Solano-Gallego, Angela Vullo, Marisa Masucci, Pierre Marty, Pascal Delaunay, Fabrizio Vitale and Maria Grazia Pennisi

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:119

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  18. Research

    The enzootic life-cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) and tick-borne rickettsiae: an epidemiological study on wild-living small mammals and their ticks from Saxony, Germany

    Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) and rickettsiae of the spotted fever group are zoonotic tick-borne pathogens. While small mammals are confirmed reservoirs for certain Borrelia spp., ...

    Anna Obiegala, Nina Król, Carolin Oltersdorf, Julian Nader and Martin Pfeffer

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:115

    Published on: 13 March 2017

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