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  1. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are the primary method of malaria prevention. However, the widespread resistance to pyrethroids among major malaria vector species represents a significant threat to the ...

    Authors: Welbeck A. Oumbouke, Mark Rowland, Alphonsine A. Koffi, Ludovic P. A. Alou, Soromane Camara and Raphael N’Guessan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:544

    Content type: Research

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  2. Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis are major intestinal pathogens that can cause diarrheal diseases in humans, especially children. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is another parasite which can cause gastrointes...

    Authors: Fuchang Yu, Dongfang Li, Yankai Chang, Yayun Wu, Zhenxin Guo, Liting Jia, Jinling Xu, Junqiang Li, Meng Qi, Rongjun Wang and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:543

    Content type: Research

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  3. Larvae of Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) dwell in host organs for a long time but elicit only a mild inflammatory response, which indicates that the resolution of host inflammation is necessary for parasite...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Chuan-Shan Zhang, Bin-Bin Fang, Zhi-De Li, Liang Li, Xiao-Juan Bi, Wen-Ding Li, Ning Zhang, Ren-Yong Lin and Hao Wen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:542

    Content type: Research

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  4. Dengue is an arbovirus disease that threatens approximately 200 million people annually worldwide. Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) is anthropophilic mosquito, extremely well adapted to the urban enviro...

    Authors: Rafael Piovezan, Alexandre Visockas, Thiago Salomão de Azevedo, Cláudio José Von Zuben and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:541

    Content type: Research

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  5. Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness globally. The WHO has recommended the SAFE (Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvements) strategy to eliminate trachoma as a pu...

    Authors: Forest M. Altherr, Andrew W. Nute, Mulat Zerihun, Eshetu Sata, Aisha E. P. Stewart, Demelash Gessese, Berhanu Melak, Tigist Astale, Gedefaw Ayenew, E. Kelly Callahan, Melsew Chanyalew, Bizuayehu Gashaw, Lance A. Waller, Zerihun Tadesse and Scott D. Nash

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:540

    Content type: Research

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  6. Malaria vector control and research rely heavily on monitoring mosquito populations for the development of resistance to public health insecticides. One standard method for determining resistance in adult mosq...

    Authors: Sean Tomlinson, Henrietta Carrington Yates, Ambrose Oruni, Harun Njoroge, David Weetman, Martin J. Donnelly and Arjen E Van’t Hof

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:539

    Content type: Research

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  7. Acanthamoeba is well known to produce a blinding keratitis and serious brain infection known as encephalitis. Effective treatment is problematic, and can continue up to a year, and even then, recurrence can ensue...

    Authors: Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Stephen K. Roberts, Timothy Yu Yee Ong, Mohammad Ridwane Mungroo, Areeba Anwar and Naveed Ahmed Khan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:538

    Content type: Research

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  8. It has been reported that there are more than ten antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) belonging to the cecropin family in Musca domestica; however, few of them have been identified, and the functions of the other molec...

    Authors: Jian Peng, Zhaoying Wu, Weiwei Liu, Huiling Long, Guiming Zhu, Guo Guo and Jianwei Wu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:537

    Content type: Research

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  9. Knowledge of Ixodes ricinus tick distribution is critical for surveillance and risk management of transmissible tick-borne diseases such as Lyme borreliosis. However, as the ecology of I. ricinus is complex, and ...

    Authors: Rita Ribeiro, Jude I. Eze, Lucy Gilbert, G. R. William Wint, George Gunn, Alastair Macrae, Jolyon M. Medlock and Harriet Auty

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:536

    Content type: Research

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  10. Red deer (Cervus elaphus) are a common wild definitive host for liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) that have been the subject of limited diagnostic surveillance. This study aimed to explore the extent to which copro...

    Authors: Andrew S. French, Ruth N. Zadoks, Philip J. Skuce, Gillian Mitchell, Danielle K. Gordon-Gibbs and Mark A. Taggart

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:535

    Content type: Research

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  11. Malaria, one of the largest health burdens worldwide, is caused by Plasmodium spp. infection. Upon infection, the host’s immune system begins to clear the parasites. However, Plasmodium species have evolved to es...

    Authors: Yiwei Zhang, Ning Jiang, Ting Zhang, Ran Chen, Ying Feng, Xiaoyu Sang, Na Yang and Qijun Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:534

    Content type: Research

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  12. The maintenance of genomic integrity is the responsibility of a complex network, denominated the DNA damage response (DDR), which controls the lesion detection and DNA repair. The main repair pathways are base...

    Authors: Maria Beatriz S. Mota, Marcelo Alex Carvalho, Alvaro N. A. Monteiro and Rafael D. Mesquita

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:533

    Content type: Review

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  13. Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of Chagas disease, which is endemic to subtropical and tropical Americas. The disease treatment remains partially ineffective, involving therapies directed to the parasite...

    Authors: Ferdinando de Paula Silva, Cássia Mariana Bronzon da Costa, Luiz Miguel Pereira, Diego Fernando Silva Lessa, Dimitrius Leonardo Pitol, João Paulo Mardegan Issa, José Clóvis do Prado Júnior and Ana Amélia Carraro Abrahão

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:532

    Content type: Research

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  14. Scabies, caused by infestation of the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, is one of the most severe ectoparasitic diseases in rabbits. Scabies seriously affects the commercial rabbit breeding, causing severe economic losses....

    Authors: Wenrui Wei, Yongjun Ren, Nengxing Shen, Hongyu Song, Jing Xu, Ruiqi Hua, Haojie Zhang, Christiana Angel, Xiaobin Gu, Liangde Kuang, Yue Xie, Xuerong Peng, Xiaohong Xie and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:530

    Content type: Research

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  15. Some researchers have reported that Toxoplasma gondii can cause serious reproductive impairment in male animals. Specifically, T. gondii destroy the quality of sperm in the epididymis, which affects their sexual ...

    Authors: Yu-Xiang Zheng, Xiu-Xiang Zhang, Jorge A. Hernandez, Yasser S. Mahmmod, Wan-Yi Huang, Gui-Feng Li, Ya-Pei Wang, Xue Zhou, Xiu-Ming Li and Zi-Guo Yuan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:529

    Content type: Research

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  16. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a neglected disease that is spread to humans by the bites of infected female phlebotomine sand flies. Although this vector-borne disease has been eliminated in most parts of Chin...

    Authors: Fangyu Ding, Qian Wang, Jingying Fu, Shuai Chen, Mengmeng Hao, Tian Ma, Canjun Zheng and Dong Jiang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:528

    Content type: Research

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  17. The main clinical forms of leishmaniasis in Bangladesh are visceral leishmaniasis and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis, which are caused by Leishmania donovani. Imported cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is emergin...

    Authors: Md Anik Ashfaq Khan, Rajashree Chowdhury, Rupen Nath, Sören Hansen, Progga Nath, Shomik Maruf, Ahmed Abd El Wahed and Dinesh Mondal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:527

    Content type: Short report

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  18. The oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, is the most efficient vector of the plague. Pyrethroid insecticides such as cypermethrin, cyhalothrin and deltamethrin have been often used to limit plague transmission

    Authors: Nian Liu, Xiangyang Feng, Mei Li and Xinghui Qiu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:526

    Content type: Research

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  19. The present study aimed to identify the national prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in Irish sheep and to conduct a risk analysis assessment based on management and treatment practices in participating flocks. Also,...

    Authors: Maria Pia Munita, Rosemary Rea, Ana Maria Martinez-Ibeas, Noel Byrne, Guy McGrath, Luis Enrique Munita-Corbalan, Mary Sekiya, Grace Mulcahy and Ríona G. Sayers

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:525

    Content type: Research

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  20. Aedes koreicus was detected in northern Italy for the first time in 2011, and it is now well established in several areas as a new invasive mosquito species. Data regarding the influence of temperature on mosquit...

    Authors: Giovanni Marini, Daniele Arnoldi, Frederic Baldacchino, Gioia Capelli, Giorgio Guzzetta, Stefano Merler, Fabrizio Montarsi, Annapaola Rizzoli and Roberto Rosà

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:524

    Content type: Research

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  21. Bovine babesiosis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia and presents a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Disease severity depends on the type of Babesia species infection. Generally, B. bo...

    Authors: Jinming Wang, Aihong Liu, Shangdi Zhang, Shandian Gao, Muhammad Rashid, Youquan Li, Junlong Liu, Quanying Ma, Zhi Li, Zhijie Liu, Jianxun Luo, Guiquan Guan and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:523

    Content type: Research

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  22. Insecticides formulated into products that target Anopheles mosquitos have had an immense impact on reducing malaria cases in Africa. However, resistance to currently used insecticides is spreading rapidly and th...

    Authors: Jessica Williams, Lori Flood, Giorgio Praulins, Victoria A. Ingham, John Morgan, Rosemary Susan Lees and Hilary Ranson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:522

    Content type: Research

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  23. Sarcoptic mange is a contagious skin disease of wild and domestic mammals caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Reports of sarcoptic mange in wildlife increased worldwide in the second half of the 20th century, e...

    Authors: Simone Roberto Rolando Pisano, Fridolin Zimmermann, Luca Rossi, Simon Capt, Ezgi Akdesir, Roland Bürki, Florin Kunz, Francesco Carlo Origgi and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:521

    Content type: Research

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  24. Cysticercosis caused by the metacestode larval stage of Taenia hydatigena is a disease of veterinary and economic importance. A considerable level of genetic variation among isolates of different intermediate hos...

    Authors: John A. Ohiolei, Joshua Luka, Guo-Qiang Zhu, Hong-Bin Yan, Li Li, Abdullahi A. Magaji, Mughees A. Alvi, Yan-Tao Wu, Jian-Qiu Li, Bao-Quan Fu and Wan-Zhong Jia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:520

    Content type: Research

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  25. Troglostrongylus brevior is a lungworm of wild felids that recently has been recognized as agent of severe respiratory disease in domestic cats in Mediterranean and Balkan countries. Nevertheless, the information...

    Authors: Anastasia Diakou, Simone Morelli, Dimitris Dimzas, Angela Di Cesare, Gioia Capelli, Chiara Parrinello, Matthias Pollmeier, Roland Schaper and Donato Traversa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:519

    Content type: Short report

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  26. Trachoma, caused by ocular Chlamydia trachomatis, is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. Sudan first reported trachoma in the 1930s and has since been consistently endemic. Ocular C. trachomatis ...

    Authors: Abdulazeem Abdulsalam Ibrahim Alkhidir, Martin J. Holland, Wafa Ibrahim Elhag, Charlotte A. Williams, Judith Breuer, Abdah Elfatih Elemam, Khalid Mohamed Khalid El Hussain, Mohammed Elfatih Hussein Ournasseir and Harry Pickering

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:518

    Content type: Research

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  27. Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by the cyst-forming apicomplexan parasite Besnoitia besnoiti, is a chronic and debilitating cattle disease that continues to spread in Europe in the absence of control tools. In this s...

    Authors: Alejandro Jiménez-Meléndez, María Fernández-Álvarez, Alexandra Calle, Miguel Ángel Ramírez, Carlos Diezma-Díaz, Patricia Vázquez-Arbaizar, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Gema Álvarez-García

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:517

    Content type: Research

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  28. Haemoproteus parasites (Haemosporida, Haemoproteidae) are cosmopolitan in birds and recent molecular studies indicate enormous genetic diversity of these pathogens, which cause diseases in non-adapted avian hosts...

    Authors: Mikas Ilgūnas, Carolina Romeiro Fernandes Chagas, Dovilė Bukauskaitė, Rasa Bernotienė, Tatjana Iezhova and Gediminas Valkiūnas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:516

    Content type: Research

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  29. Strongyloidiasis is a health problem in Vietnam, but appropriate information is still limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, geographical distribution, epidemiological aspects, symptom...

    Authors: Nguyen Van De, Pham Ngoc Minh, Le Van Duyet and Santiago Mas-Coma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:515

    Content type: Research

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  30. Accurate diagnosis of urogenital schistosomiasis is vital for surveillance and control programmes. While a number of diagnostic techniques are available there is a need for simple, rapid and highly sensitive p...

    Authors: Penelope Rostron, Tom Pennance, Faki Bakar, David Rollinson, Stefanie Knopp, Fiona Allan, Fatma Kabole, Said M. Ali, Shaali M. Ame and Bonnie L. Webster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:514

    Content type: Short report

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  31. Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is an important and neglected vector-borne zoonotic disease with an expanding known distribution. The ecology of the disease is complex and poorly understood, impai...

    Authors: Ivo Elliott, Isabelle Pearson, Prabin Dahal, Nigel V. Thomas, Tamalee Roberts and Paul N. Newton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:513

    Content type: Review

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  32. Parasites of deep-sea fishes from the South-East Pacific (SPO) are poorly known. Of c.1030 species of fish found in this area, 100–150 inhabit the deep-sea (deeper than 200 m). Only six articles concerning metazo...

    Authors: Luis A. Ñacari, Fabiola A. Sepúlveda, Ruben Escribano and Marcelo E. Oliva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:512

    Content type: Research

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  33. The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti is a public health concern in the USA, especially in the wake of emergent diseases such as Zika and chikungunya. Aedes aegypti populations dwindled after the invasion of A...

    Authors: Kristen A. Hopperstad, Michael H. Reiskind, Paul E. Labadie and Martha O. Burford Reiskind

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:511

    Content type: Research

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  34. Apicomplexan parasites of the genus Cryptosporidium infect a wide range of animal species as well as humans. Cryptosporidium spp. can cause life threatening diarrhea especially in young animals, children, immunoc...

    Authors: Zohre Firoozi, Alireza Sazmand, Alireza Zahedi, Akram Astani, Ali Fattahi-Bafghi, Narges Kiani-Salmi, Behnam Ebrahimi, Arefeh Dehghani-Tafti, Una Ryan and Fateme Akrami-Mohajeri

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:510

    Content type: Short report

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  35. Haemaphysalis longicornis is the major tick affecting dogs in most of the East Asia/Pacific region and has recently been detected in a number of areas of the USA. This tick is a vector for a number of pathogens o...

    Authors: Kenji Oda, Wakako Yonetake, Takeshi Fujii, Andrew Hodge, Robert H. Six, Steven Maeder and Douglas Rugg

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:509

    Content type: Research

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  36. New candidate protective antigens for tick vaccine development may be identified by selecting and testing antigen candidates that play key biological functions. After blood-feeding, tick midgut overexpresses p...

    Authors: Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez, Raúl Manzano-Román, Prosper Obolo-Mvoulouga and Ana Oleaga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:508

    Content type: Research

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  37. The identification and characterization of epitopes facilitate the discovery and development of new therapeutics, vaccines and diagnostics for infectious diseases. In this study, we developed a glutathione S-t...

    Authors: Li Ma, Wenrong Zhao, Xunya Hou, Mengmeng Liu, Yanna Li, Li Shen and Xindong Xu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:507

    Content type: Research

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  38. Chagas disease (CD) is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and is transmitted by triatomine insects. Clinical manifestations vary according to the phase of the disease. Cutaneous manifestations are...

    Authors: Lucia Rangel-Gamboa, Lirio López-García, Francisco Moreno-Sánchez, Irma Hoyo-Ulloa, María Elisa Vega-Mémije, Nancy Mendoza-Bazán, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Angélica Olivo-Díaz, Guiehdani Villalobos and Fernando Martínez-Hernández

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:506

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Countries of eastern Europe are considered, due to several risk factors, more vulnerable to infections with newly (re)emerging pathogens. During the last decade, in several European countries, reports of autoc...

    Authors: Mirabela Oana Dumitrache, Angela Monica Ionică, Eugeniu Voinițchi, Nicolai Chavdar and Gianluca D’Amico

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:505

    Content type: Short report

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  40. Triatomine bugs are vectors of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes Chagas disease. Rhodnius pallescens is a major vector of Chagas disease in Panama. Understanding the microbial ecology of dise...

    Authors: Troy J. Kieran, Kaylee M. H. Arnold, Jesse C. Thomas IV, Christina P. Varian, Azael Saldaña, Jose E. Calzada, Travis C. Glenn and Nicole L. Gottdenker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:504

    Content type: Research

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  41. National deworming programmes rely almost exclusively on mass drug administration (MDA) to children to control morbidity caused by these parasitic infections. The provision of other interventions, consisting o...

    Authors: Kalkidan Mekete, Alison Ower, Julia Dunn, Heven Sime, Gemechu Tadesse, Ebba Abate, Nebiyu Nigussu, Fikreselasie Seife, Emily McNaughton, Roy Malcolm Anderson and Anna Elizabeth Phillips

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:503

    Content type: Research

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  42. Cryptosporidium viatorum is a minor Cryptosporidium pathogen in humans. Currently, there is limited information regarding the prevalence and genotypes of C. viatorum in animals in China.

    Authors: Yi-Wei Chen, Wen-Bin Zheng, Nian-Zhang Zhang, Bin-Ze Gui, Qiu-Yan Lv, Jia-Qi Yan, Quan Zhao and Guo-Hua Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:502

    Content type: Short report

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  43. Malaria still has a devastating impact on public health and welfare in Cameroon. Despite the increasing number of studies conducted on disease prevalence, transmission patterns or treatment, there are to date,...

    Authors: Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Cyrille Ndo, Flobert Njiokou, Jude D. Bigoga, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Josiane Etang, Albert Same Ekobo and Charles S. Wondji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:501

    Content type: Review

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  44. The hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis (Ixodidae) is widely distributed in East Asia, China, Australia and New Zealand. It can transmit many infectious pathogens, including the causative agents of human ricketts...

    Authors: Muhammad Irfan Malik, Mohsin Nawaz, Yanan Wang, Houshuang Zhang, Jie Cao, Yongzhi Zhou, Ibrahim A. Hassan, Md. Nazrul Islam, Muhammad Naveed Anwar and Jinlin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:500

    Content type: Research

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  45. Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease, targeted by the World Health Organization for reduction in morbidity by 2020. It is caused by parasitic flukes that spread through contamination of local water ...

    Authors: Benjamin S. Collyer, Hugo C. Turner, T. Déirdre Hollingsworth and Matt J. Keeling

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:499

    Content type: Research

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  46. Sound knowledge of the abundance and distribution of intermediate host snails is key to understanding schistosomiasis transmission and to inform effective interventions in endemic areas.

    Authors: Muriel Rabone, Joris Hendrik Wiethase, Fiona Allan, Anouk Nathalie Gouvras, Tom Pennance, Amina Amadou Hamidou, Bonnie Lee Webster, Rabiou Labbo, Aidan Mark Emery, Amadou Djirmay Garba and David Rollinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:498

    Content type: Research

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  47. Strongyloidiasis is a soil-borne helminthiasis, which, in spite of the up to 370 million people currently estimated to be infected with its causing agent, the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis, is frequently ove...

    Authors: Siyu Zhou, Dorothee Harbecke and Adrian Streit

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:496

    Content type: Methodology

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  48. Our study aimed to assess the diversity of the species of Anaplasmataceae in Senegal that infect animals and ticks in three areas: near Keur Momar Sarr (northern region), Dielmo and Diop (Sine Saloum, central reg...

    Authors: Mustapha Dahmani, Bernard Davoust, Masse Sambou, Hubert Bassene, Pierre Scandola, Tinhinene Ameur, Didier Raoult, Florence Fenollar and Oleg Mediannikov

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:495

    Content type: Research

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  49. Epidemics of dengue, chikungunya and Zika are a growing threat to areas where Aedes aegypti are present. The efficacy of chemical control of Ae. aegypti is threatened by the increasing frequency of insecticide re...

    Authors: Jesus Pinto, Miriam Palomino, Leonardo Mendoza-Uribe, Carmen Sinti, Kelly A. Liebman and Audrey Lenhart

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:494

    Content type: Research

    Published on: