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  1. Progress made in the control of malaria vectors globally is largely due to the use of insecticides. However, success in the fight against malaria has slowed down or even stalled due to a host of factors includ...

    Authors: Okechukwu Chukwuekezie, Emmanuel Nwosu, Udoka Nwangwu, Festus Dogunro, Cosmas Onwude, Nneka Agashi, Ebuka Ezihe, Clementina Anioke, Stephen Anokwu, Emelda Eloy, Peter Attah, Francis Orizu, Sylvester Ewo, Angela Okoronkwo, Anumba Joseph, Ijeoma Ikeakor…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:152

    Content type: Research

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  2. RNA interference (RNAi) is an important tool to determine the role of genes. RNAi has been widely used to downregulate target molecules, resulting in the reduction of mRNA for protein expression. Matrix metall...

    Authors: Muhammad Ali-ul-Husnain Naqvi, Hao Li, Wenxiang Gao, Sana Zahra Naqvi, Tahseen Jamil, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:151

    Content type: Research

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  3. Several mosquito collection methods are routinely used in vector control programmes. However, they target different behaviours causing bias in estimation of species diversity and abundance. Given the paucity o...

    Authors: Cintia Cansado-Utrilla, Claire L. Jeffries, Mojca Kristan, Victor A. Brugman, Patrick Heard, Gnepou Camara, Moussa Sylla, Abdoul H. Beavogui, Louisa A. Messenger, Seth R. Irish and Thomas Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:150

    Content type: Research

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  4. Bamboo rats are widely farmed in southern China for meat, but their potential in transmitting pathogens to humans and other farm animals remains unclear.

    Authors: Falei Li, Zhenjie Zhang, Suhui Hu, Wentao Zhao, Jianguo Zhao, Martin Kváč, Yaqiong Guo, Na Li, Yaoyu Feng and Lihua Xiao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:149

    Content type: Research

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  5. Equine trypanosomiasis is a severe and prevalent disease that has the greatest impact globally upon working equids due to its distribution across lower income countries. Morbidity and mortality rates are high;...

    Authors: Alexandra G. Raftery, Saloum Jallow, Robert M. Coultous, Jean Rodgers and David G. M. Sutton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:148

    Content type: Research

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  6. The increased activity of regulatory B cells (Breg) is known to be involved in immunosuppression during helminth infection, which is characterized by inducing IL-10-producing Breg cells. However, the current k...

    Authors: Junli Xiao, Fei Guan, Li Sun, Yijie Zhang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Shengjun Lu and Wenqi Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:147

    Content type: Research

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  7. An outbreak of leishmaniosis was studied in cats and dogs housed together with no separation in an animal shelter in Israel.

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Adam Zuberi, Nirit Zipori-Barki, Laor Orshan, Gabriela Kleinerman, Ayelet Shmueli-Goldin, Michel Bellaiche, Monica Leszkowicz-Mazuz, Harold Salant and Daniel Yasur-Landau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:115

    Content type: Research

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  8. The East Route Project (ERP) of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project (SNWDP) stretches across schistosomiasis endemic and non-endemic areas in China, which may lead to the dispersal of Oncomelania hupensis,...

    Authors: Cheng-song Sun, Fang Luo, Xin Liu, Feng Miao and Wei Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:146

    Content type: Short report

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  9. The dynamics of helminth infection in African elephant populations are poorly known. We examined the effects of age, sex, social structure and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) as primary drive...

    Authors: Edward King’ori, Vincent Obanda, Patrick I. Chiyo, Ramon C. Soriguer, Patrocinio Morrondo and Samer Angelone

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:145

    Content type: Research

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  10. The specific identification of animals through the analysis of faecal DNA is important in many areas of scientific endeavour, particularly in the field of parasitology.

    Authors: Anson V. Koehler, Yan Zhang, Tao Wang, Shane R. Haydon and Robin B. Gasser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:144

    Content type: Methodology

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  11. The porcine coccidium Cystoisospora suis is characterized by a complex life-cycle during which asexual multiplication is followed by sexual development with two morphologically distinct cell types, the micro- and...

    Authors: Anna Sophia Feix, Teresa Cruz-Bustos, Bärbel Ruttkowski and Anja Joachim

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:143

    Content type: Research

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  12. Studying the behavioral response of blood-sucking disease-vector insects to potentially repellent volatile compounds could shed light on the development of new control strategies. Volatiles released by human f...

    Authors: Melanie Ramírez, Mario I. Ortiz, Pablo Guerenstein and Jorge Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:142

    Content type: Research

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  13. Enteric parasites are transmitted in households but few studies have sampled inside households for parasites and none have used sensitive molecular methods.

    Authors: Rojelio Mejia, Victor Seco-Hidalgo, Diana Garcia-Ramon, Evelyn Calderón, Andrea Lopez and Philip J. Cooper

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:141

    Content type: Short report

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  14. Schistosomiasis chemotherapy is largely based on praziquantel (PZQ). Although PZQ is very safe and tolerable, it does not prevent reinfection and emerging resistance is a primary concern. Recent studies have s...

    Authors: Jessica Lobo-Silva, Fernanda J. Cabral, Murilo S. Amaral, Patrícia A. Miyasato, Rafaela Paula de Freitas, Adriana S. A. Pereira, Mariana I. Khouri, Mayra M. F. Barbosa, Pablo I. P. Ramos, Luciana C. C. Leite, Oluwatoyin A. Asojo, Eliana Nakano, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida and Leonardo P. Farias

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:140

    Content type: Short report

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  15. Culicoides biting midges are biological vectors of arboviruses including bluetongue virus (BTV), Schmallenberg virus (SBV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV). Zoos are home to a wide range of ‘at risk’ exoti...

    Authors: Marion E. England, Paul Pearce-Kelly, Victor A. Brugman, Simon King, Simon Gubbins, Fiona Sach, Christopher J. Sanders, Nic J. Masters, Eric Denison and Simon Carpenter

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:139

    Content type: Research

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  16. Schistosomiasis and infection by soil-transmitted helminths are some of the world’s most prevalent neglected tropical diseases. Infection by more than one parasite (co-infection) is common and can contribute t...

    Authors: Nicholas J. Clark, Kei Owada, Eugene Ruberanziza, Giuseppina Ortu, Irenee Umulisa, Ursin Bayisenge, Jean Bosco Mbonigaba, Jean Bosco Mucaca, Warren Lancaster, Alan Fenwick, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães and Aimable Mbituyumuremyi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:138

    Content type: Research

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  17. Routine molecular surveillance for imported drug-resistant malaria parasites to the USA and European Union is an important public health activity. The obtained molecular data are used to help keep chemoprophyl...

    Authors: Mariangela L’Episcopia, Julia Kelley, Dhruviben Patel, Sarah Schmedes, Shashidahar Ravishankar, Michela Menegon, Edvige Perrotti, Abduselam M. Nurahmed, Albadawi A. Talha, Bakri Y. Nour, Naomi Lucchi, Carlo Severini and Eldin Talundzic

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:137

    Content type: Short report

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  18. Australian marsupials harbour a diverse array of helminth parasites. Despite current attempts to assess the extent of this diversity in macropodid hosts, it has been suggested that unique parasite fauna of Aus...

    Authors: Tanapan Sukee, Tony Huynh, Ian Beveridge and Abdul Jabbar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:135

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Insecticide resistance is a growing concern for malaria control and vector control effectiveness relies on assessing it distribution and understanding its evolution.

    Authors: Benoît S. Assogba, Nicole Pasteur, Patrick Makoundou, Sandra Unal, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Pierrick Labbé and Mylène Weill

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:134

    Content type: Research

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  20. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by infection of the larval stage of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. In human CE, the parasites develop and form cysts in internal organs. The ...

    Authors: Zhi-Dan Li, Xiao-Jin Mo, Shuai Yan, Dong Wang, Bin Xu, Jian Guo, Ting Zhang, Wei Hu, Yu Feng, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Zheng Feng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:133

    Content type: Research

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  21. Proving that specific genes are essential for the intracellular viability of Leishmania parasites within macrophages remains a challenge for the identification of suitable targets for drug development. This is es...

    Authors: Daniel Paape, Catriona T. Prendergast, Helen P. Price, Johannes S. P. Doehl and Deborah F. Smith

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:132

    Content type: Research

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  22. Zika virus (ZIKV) is transmitted to humans during the bite of an infected mosquito. In a scenario of globalization and climate change, the frequency of outbreaks has and will increase in areas with competent v...

    Authors: Ricardo Vieira Araujo, Fabiana Feitosa-Suntheimer, Alexander S. Gold, Berlin Londono-Renteria and Tonya M. Colpitts

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:128

    Content type: Methodology

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  23. Psoroptic mange is an important disease in Belgian Blue cattle. Treatment failure of macrocyclic lactones against Psoroptes ovis has been reported, but clear evidence of in vivo resistance is lacking. This study ...

    Authors: Wouter van Mol, Nathalie De Wilde, Stijn Casaert, Zhenzhen Chen, Marieke Vanhecke, Luc Duchateau and Edwin Claerebout

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:127

    Content type: Research

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  24. The present study focuses on both long- and short-term malaria transmission in Eritrea and investigates the risk factors. Annual aggregates of information on malaria cases, deaths, diagnostics and control inte...

    Authors: Selam Mihreteab, Jailos Lubinda, Bingxin Zhao, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Ajlina Karamehic-Muratovic, Aman Goitom, Muhammad Yousaf Shad and Ubydul Haque

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:126

    Content type: Research

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  25. Prevalence of lymphatic filariasis (LF) antigen in American Samoa was 16.5% in 1999. Seven rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) programmes between 2000 and 2006 reduced antigen prevalence to 2.3%. The most...

    Authors: Patricia M. Graves, Sarah Sheridan, Saipale Fuimaono and Colleen L. Lau

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:125

    Content type: Research

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  26. Following publication of the original article [1], the corresponding author flagged that the article had published with two errors.

    Authors: Yaping Hu, Zhiyong Xi, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Wang, Yuhong Guo, Dongsheng Ren, Haixia Wu, Xiaohua Wang, Bin Chen and Qiyong Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:124

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:28

  27. Acanthamoeba spp. are ubiquitous pathogens which cause granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and disseminated infection. Moreover, Acanthamoeba spp. infection of the cornea leads to Acanthamoeba keratitis. Our previ...

    Authors: Karolina Kot, Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Patrycja Kupnicka and Natalia Łanocha-Arendarczyk

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:123

    Content type: Research

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  28. Outbreaks of cyclosporiasis, a diarrheal illness caused by Cyclospora cayetanensis, have been a public health issue in the USA since the mid 1990’s. In 2018, 2299 domestically acquired cases of cyclosporiasis wer...

    Authors: Hediye Nese Cinar, Gopal Gopinath, Helen R. Murphy, Sonia Almeria, Mauricio Durigan, Dajung Choi, AhYoung Jang, Eunje Kim, RaeYoung Kim, Seonju Choi, Jeongu Lee, Yurim Shin, Jieon Lee, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Theresa K. Benedict, Henry S. Bishop…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:122

    Content type: Methodology

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  29. Emerging arboviral diseases like Zika, dengue and chikungunya that are transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, are increasingly threatening human health. Blends of human-like synthetic chemical attractants can b...

    Authors: Tessa M. Visser, Marieke P. de Cock, Hélène Hiwat, Merril Wongsokarijo, Niels O. Verhulst and Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:121

    Content type: Research

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  30. Mosquito-feeding assays that assess transmission of Plasmodium from man-to-mosquito typically use laboratory mosquito colonies. The microbiome and genetic background of local mosquitoes may be different and influ...

    Authors: Wakweya Chali, Temesgen Ashine, Elifaged Hailemeskel, Abrham Gashaw, Temesgen Tafesse, Kjerstin Lanke, Endashaw Esayas, Soriya Kedir, Girma Shumie, Sinknesh Wolde Behaksra, John Bradley, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Hassen Mamo, Beyene Petros, Chris Drakeley, Endalamaw Gadisa…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:120

    Content type: Research

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  31. Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes is a worldwide problem for livestock production, particularly in small ruminants. Assignment of the emergence of resistance using sensitive and relia...

    Authors: Khalid M. Mohammedsalih, Jürgen Krücken, Amna Khalafalla, Ahmed Bashar, Fathel-Rahman Juma, Adam Abakar, Abdalhakaim A. H. Abdalmalaik, Gerald Coles and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:114

    Content type: Research

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  32. Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by the apicomplexan parasite Besnoitia besnoiti, is a chronic and debilitating cattle disease that notably impairs fertility. Acutely infected bulls may develop respiratory signs and o...

    Authors: David González-Barrio, Carlos Diezma-Díaz, Enrique Tabanera, Elena Aguado-Criado, Manuel Pizarro, Marta González-Huecas, Ignacio Ferre, Alejandro Jiménez-Meléndez, Fernando Criado, Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Gema Álvarez-García

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:113

    Content type: Research

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  33. The modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) arises when the support size of a spatial variable affects the relationship between prevalence and environmental risk factors. Its effect on schistosomiasis modelling s...

    Authors: Andrea L. Araujo Navas, Frank Osei, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães, Lydia R. Leonardo and Alfred Stein

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:112

    Content type: Research

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  34. Tick infestations can cause direct deleterious effects to dogs as a result of tick blood-feeding, and indirectly ticks can transmit disease agents that can be detrimental to the health of both dogs and humans....

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Julian Liebenberg, Mirjan Thys and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:100

    Content type: Research

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  35. Ancylostomatids (‘hookworms’) are among the most important zoonotic nematode parasites infecting dogs worldwide. Ancylostoma caninum and Uncinaria stenocephala are two of the most common hookworm species that inf...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Mirjan Thys, Kristina Kryda, Leon Meyer, Susanna Martorell, Thomas Geurden, Leentje Dreesen, Tiago Fernandes and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:99

    Content type: Research

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  36. One randomized, controlled clinical field study was conducted in 18 general veterinary practices throughout the USA to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel oral chewable combination tablet, Simparica Tr...

    Authors: Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir, Tammy Inskeep and Jady Rugg

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:98

    Content type: Research

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  37. The efficacy of a novel oral combination product, Simparica Trio™, containing sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel was evaluated against five tick species that commonly infest dogs in the USA, Amblyomma americanum,...

    Authors: Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir, Sara Chapin, Susan J. Holzmer, Laurel Bowersock, William R. Everett, John Riner, Lori Carter and David Young

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:77

    Content type: Research

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  38. The black-legged (or deer) tick, Ixodes scapularis, commonly infests dogs in the USA and is the vector of important zoonotic pathogens, including Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease. Rapid o...

    Authors: Susan Holzmer, Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir and William Everett

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:76

    Content type: Short report

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  39. A novel chewable oral tablet containing sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel (Simparica Trio™) has recently been developed to provide persistent protection against flea and tick infections for a month, treatment...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Daphne Fias, Sean P. Mahabir and Robert Farkas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:72

    Content type: Research

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  40. Ascarid infections are among the most prevalent intestinal parasitic infections occurring in dogs around the world, with Toxocara canis and Toxascaris leonina commonly observed. Toxocara canis can cause considera...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Kristina Kryda, Mirjan Thys, Susan Holzmer, Laurel Bowersock, Tiago Fernandes, Leon Meyer, Craig Reinemeyer and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:71

    Content type: Research

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  41. Gastrointestinal nematodes are parasites that commonly infect dogs, and infections can be subclinical or may cause considerable clinical disease. Some species are zoonotic and may also cause clinical disease i...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Kristina Kryda, Daphne Fias, Stacey L. Follis, Magda Wozniakiewicz, Sean P. Mahabir and Robert Farkas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:70

    Content type: Research

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  42. Infection with Angiostrongylus vasorum may cause severe clinical disease, even death in dogs, however, due to the often non-specific clinical signs, diagnosis is not always straightforward. Regular prophylactic t...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Mirjan Thys, Padraig Doherty and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:64

    Content type: Research

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  43. Five studies were conducted to evaluate a novel oral combination tablet containing sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel (Simparica Trio™), for efficacy against induced flea infestations, speed of kill and effect...

    Authors: Kristina Kryda, Sean P. Mahabir, Lori Carter, William R. Everett, David R. Young, Leon Meyer, Mirjan Thys, Sara Chapin, Susan J. Holzmer and Csilla Becskei

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:57

    Content type: Research

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  44. Determination of blood-meal hosts in blood-fed female Anopheles mosquitoes is important for evaluating vectorial capacity of vector populations and assessing effectiveness of vector control measures. Sensitive mo...

    Authors: John B. Keven, Georgia Artzberger, Mary L. Gillies, Rex B. Mbewe and Edward D. Walker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:111

    Content type: Methodology

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  45. Camel production in Saudi Arabia is severely affected by various diseases and by inadequate veterinary services. Ticks and tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) affect the health and wellbeing of camels consequently dim...

    Authors: Abdullah D. Alanazi, Viet Linh Nguyen, Mohamed S. Alyousif, Ranju R. S. Manoj, Abdulaziz S. Alouffi, Ridolfi Donato, Alireza Sazmand, Jairo A. Mendoza-Roldan, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:110

    Content type: Research

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  46. Schistosomiasis continues to inflict significant morbidity and mortality in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The disease endemicity overlaps with the transmission of other parasitic diseases....

    Authors: Loc Le, Sabiha Khatoon, Paola Jiménez, Christopher Peterson, Rebecca Kernen, Weidong Zhang, Adebayo J. Molehin, Samra Lazarus, Justin Sudduth, Jordan May, Souvik Karmakar, Juan U. Rojo, Gul Ahmad, Workineh Torben, David Carey, Roman F. Wolf…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:109

    Content type: Short report

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  47. Currently available short read genome assemblies of the tetraploid protozoan parasite Giardia intestinalis are highly fragmented, highlighting the need for improved genome assemblies at a reasonable cost. Long na...

    Authors: Stephen M. J. Pollo, Sarah J. Reiling, Janneke Wit, Matthew L. Workentine, Rebecca A. Guy, G. William Batoff, Janet Yee, Brent R. Dixon and James D. Wasmuth

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:108

    Content type: Research

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  48. Anaplasma ovis is a gram-negative, tick-borne obligate intraerythrocytic pathogen, which causes ovine anaplasmosis in small ruminants worldwide. VirB10 of A. ovis is an integral component of the Type IV Secretion...

    Authors: Muhammad Uzair Mukhtar, Naveed Iqbal, Jifei Yang, Qingli Niu, Shuaiyang Zhao, Zhi Li, Yaru Zhao, Muhammad Rashid, Ze Chen, Guiquan Guan, Zhijie Liu and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:105

    Content type: Research

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  49. School-based deworming programmes are currently the main approach used to control the soil-transmitted helminths (STHs). A key unanswered policy question is whether mass drug administration (MDA) should be tar...

    Authors: Hugo C. Turner and Donald A. P. Bundy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:102

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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