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  1. An accurate test for the diagnosis and post-treatment follow-up of patients with schistosomiasis is needed. We assessed the performance of different laboratory parameters, including the up-converting reporter ...

    Authors: Francesca Tamarozzi, Tamara Ursini, Pytsje T. Hoekstra, Ronaldo Silva, Cecilia Costa, Federico Gobbi, Gerardo B. Monteiro, Leonardo Motta, Govert J. van Dam, Paul L. Corstjens, Lisette van Lieshout and Dora Buonfrate

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:149

    Content type: Research

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  2. Scabies is caused by burrowing of the mite Sarcoptes scabiei into the stratum corneum. Currently, diagnosis via routine skin scraping is very difficult, and information on the allergenic identification of S. scab...

    Authors: Nengxing Shen, Yuhang Chen, Wenrui Wei, Lang Xiong, Yuanyuan Tao, Jie Xiao, Song Liu, Xue He, Xiaodi Du, Xiaobin Gu, Yue Xie, Jing Xu, Xuerong Peng and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:148

    Content type: Research

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  3. Among Dermanyssoidea, the chicken red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) and the northern fowl mite (Ornithonyssus sylviarum) are considered to be the cause of high economic losses endured by the poultry industry in the...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, Nóra Takács, Gábor Sipos, Pál Morandini, Attila D. Sándor, Sándor Szekeres, Andrea Grima and Jenő Kontschán

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:147

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Species of Trichinella are globally important foodborne parasites infecting a number of domestic and wild vertebrates, including humans. Free-ranging carnivores can act as sentinel species for detection of Trichi...

    Authors: Rajnish Sharma, N. Jane Harms, Piia M. Kukka, Thomas S. Jung, Sarah E. Parker, Sasha Ross, Peter Thompson, Benjamin Rosenthal, Eric P. Hoberg and Emily J. Jenkins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:146

    Content type: Research

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  5. The prevalence of avian haemosporidian parasites and the factors influencing infection in the Colorado Rocky Mountains are largely unknown. With climate change expected to promote the expansion of vector and a...

    Authors: Marina D. Rodriguez, Paul F. Doherty, Antoinette J. Piaggio and Kathryn P. Huyvaert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:145

    Content type: Research

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  6. Louping ill virus (LIV) and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) are tick-borne flaviviruses that are both transmitted by the major European tick, Ixodes ricinus. Despite the importance of I. ricinus as an arthro...

    Authors: Manon Lemasson, Grégory Caignard, Yves Unterfinger, Houssam Attoui, Lesley Bell-Sakyi, Edouard Hirchaud, Sara Moutailler, Nicholas Johnson, Damien Vitour, Jennifer Richardson and Sandrine A. Lacour

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:144

    Content type: Research

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  7. Capillaria aerophila and Capillaria boehmi parasitize the respiratory system of wild and domestic carnivores. Capillaria aerophila inhabits the trachea and bronchi of dogs and cats, while C. boehmi affects the na...

    Authors: Angela Di Cesare, Simone Morelli, Giulia Morganti, Giulia Simonato, Fabrizia Veronesi, Mariasole Colombo, Michele Berlanda, Wilfried Lebon, Matilde Gallo, Frederic Beugnet and Donato Traversa

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:143

    Content type: Research

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  8. To ensure food security, sub-Saharan Africa has initiated massive water resource development projects, such as irrigated agriculture, in recent years. However, such environmental modifications affect the survi...

    Authors: Dawit Hawaria, Solomon Kibret, Assalif Demissew, Arega Tsegaye, Denekew Bitew, Guiyun Yan and Delenasaw Yewhalaw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:142

    Content type: Research

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  9. Since their detection in 2013, Aedes aegypti has become a widespread urban pest in California. The availability of cryptic larval breeding sites in residential areas and resistance to insecticides pose significan...

    Authors: Lindsey K. Mack, Erin Taylor Kelly, Yoosook Lee, Katherine K. Brisco, Kaiyuan Victoria Shen, Aamina Zahid, Tess van Schoor, Anthony J. Cornel and Geoffrey M. Attardo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:141

    Content type: Research

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  10. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Vicky Wilkinson, Kotaro Takano, David Nichols, Alynn Martin, Roz Holme, David Phalen, Kate Mounsey, Michael Charleston, Alexandre Kreiss, Ruth Pye, Elizabeth Browne, Christina Næsborg-Nielsen, Shane A. Richards and Scott Carver

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:140

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:18

  11. Credelio™ (lotilaner; Elanco) is indicated for the treatment of flea and tick infestations on cats at a recommended lotilaner dose rate of 6–24 mg/kg. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of lotilaner ...

    Authors: Tandy Paarlberg, Daniela Karadzovska and Rainer Helbig

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:139

    Content type: Research

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  12. Chikungunya virus is an alphavirus, primarily transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. In late 2017–2018, an outbreak of chikungunya occurred in Mombasa county, Kenya, and investigations were conducted to...

    Authors: Joel Lutomiah, Francis Mulwa, James Mutisya, Edith Koskei, Solomon Langat, Albert Nyunja, Hellen Koka, Samson Konongoi, Edith Chepkorir, Victor Ofula, Samuel Owaka, Fredrick Eyase and Rosemary Sang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:138

    Content type: Research

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  13. Blood parasites have been the subject of much research, with numerous reports of the presence of microfilariae in the peripheral blood (circulating microfilariae) of birds belonging to many orders. Current lim...

    Authors: Rasa Binkienė, Carolina Romeiro Fernandes Chagas, Rasa Bernotienė and Gediminas Valkiūnas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:137

    Content type: Research

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  14. Tick-borne diseases are common throughout Europe. Ticks transmit pathogens to the host while feeding and together with mosquitoes, they are major vectors of infectious agents worldwide. In recent years, there ...

    Authors: Tania Audino, Alessandra Pautasso, Veronica Bellavia, Valerio Carta, Alessio Ferrari, Federica Verna, Carla Grattarola, Barbara Iulini, Maria Domenica Pintore, Mauro Bardelli, Germano Cassina, Laura Tomassone, Simone Peletto, Valeria Blanda, Alessandra Torina, Maria Caramelli…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:136

    Content type: Research

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  15. Ticks are ectoparasites that feed on blood of a broad taxonomical range of terrestrial and flying vertebrates and are distributed across a wide range of environmental settings. To date, the species identity, d...

    Authors: Qi Zhou, Jiao Li, Xianguang Guo, Jinlong Liu, Qi Song, Xiong Gong, Han Chen, Jianhui Zhang, Jinlei He, Zhiwan Zheng, Dali Chen and Jianping Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:135

    Content type: Short report

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  16. In March 2017, Togo was declared the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to eliminate lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem, but post-validation surveillance has been lacking. In some areas of the co...

    Authors: Monique Ameyo Dorkenoo, Martin Kouame Tchankoni, Degninou Yehadji, Kossi Yakpa, Mawèké Tchalim, Efoe Sossou, Rachel Bronzan and Didier Koumavi Ekouevi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:134

    Content type: Research

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  17. Schistosomiasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease that can lead to adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. To our knowledge, there has been no systematic review and meta-analysis of schistosomiasis duri...

    Authors: Ishag Adam, Nadiah A. ALhabardi, Osama Al-Wutayd and Ammar H. Khamis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:133

    Content type: Review

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  18. Protozoa in the genus Babesia are transmitted to humans through tick bites and cause babesiosis, a malaria-like illness. Vertical transmission of Babesia spp. has been reported in mammals; however, the exact timi...

    Authors: Katarzyna Tołkacz, Anna Rodo, Agnieszka Wdowiarska, Anna Bajer and Małgorzata Bednarska

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:132

    Content type: Research

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  19. Parasites of the genus Trichinella are the pathogenic agents of trichinellosis, which is a widespread and severe foodborne parasitic disease. Trichinella spiralis resides primarily in mammalian skeletal muscle ce...

    Authors: Xiaoxiang Hu, Xiaolei Liu, Chen Li, Yulu Zhang, Chengyao Li, Yanfeng Li, Yingxi Chen, Heng Guo, Xue Bai and Mingyuan Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:130

    Content type: Research

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  20. The departure of the mature larvae of the horse stomach bot fly from the host indicates the beginning of a new infection period. Gasterophilus pecorum is the dominant bot fly species in the desert steppe of the K...

    Authors: Ke Zhang, Heqing Huang, Ran Zhou, Boru Zhang, Chen Wang, Make Ente, Boling Li, Dong Zhang and Kai Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:129

    Content type: Research

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  21. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jack Pilgrim, Stefanos Siozios, Matthew Baylis, Gert Venter, Claire Garros and Gregory D. D. Hurst

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:128

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:100

  22. Studies show that the novel isoxazoline, lotilaner (Credelio™ CAT; Elanco Animal Health), which is administered orally to cats, provides rapid and sustained flea kill for least 1 month following administratio...

    Authors: Kimberly Chappell, Tandy Paarlberg, Wolfgang Seewald, Daniela Karadzovska and Steve Nanchen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:127

    Content type: Research

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  23. Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that has caused major health problems. Variations in dengue virus (DENV) genes are important features of epidemic outbreaks. However, the associations of DEN...

    Authors: Mengmeng Ma, Sean Wu, Zhenjian He, Lihong Yuan, Zhijun Bai, Liyun Jiang, John Marshall, Jiahai Lu, Zhicong Yang and Qinlong Jing

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:126

    Content type: Research

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  24. Dirofilaria repens is a filarioid nematode transmitted by mosquitoes. Adult D. repens are typically localized in the subcutaneous tissue of the host, but other, atypical localizations have also been reported. The...

    Authors: Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Izabela Szasz, Marian Taulescu and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:125

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Xiaodong Weng, Zhiqiang Mu, Xu Wei, Xu Wang, Qingqiu Zuo, Shuo Ma, Youzhong Ding, Xiaoming Wang, Weiping Wu, Philip S. Craig and Zhenghuan Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:124

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:207

  26. Epidemics of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are occurring more frequently and spreading faster and farther than before in many areas of the world. The present study aimed to assess a long-lasting emerging epidem...

    Authors: Taiebeh Karimi, Iraj Sharifi, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Behnaz Aflatoonian, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Ehsan Salarkia, Zahra Babaei, Farzaneh Zarinkar, Fatemeh Sharifi, Nima Hatami, Ahmad Khosravi, Arsalan Eskandari, Elyas Solimani, Mehdi Shafiee, Masoumeh Mozaffari, Amireh Heshmatkhah…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:122

    Content type: Research

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  27. The incidence of Lyme borreliosis varies over time and space through as yet incompletely understood mechanisms. In Europe, Lyme borreliosis is caused by infection with a Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) genospecies, w...

    Authors: Nienke Hartemink, Arnold J. H. van Vliet, Gerrit Gort, Fedor Gassner, Frans Jacobs, Manoj Fonville, Willem Takken and Hein Sprong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:121

    Content type: Research

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  28. Aerial applications of insecticides that target adult mosquitoes are widely used to reduce transmission of West Nile virus to humans during periods of epidemic risk. However, estimates of the reduction in abun...

    Authors: Karen M. Holcomb, Robert C. Reiner and Christopher M. Barker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:120

    Content type: Research

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  29. Most female mosquitoes are anautogenous and must blood feed on a vertebrate host to produce eggs. Prior studies show that the number of eggs females lay per clutch correlates with the volume of blood ingested ...

    Authors: Ruby E. Harrison, Mark R. Brown and Michael R. Strand

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:119

    Content type: Research

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  30. Onchocerciasis (river blindness) and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) are two human neglected tropical diseases that cause major disabilities. Mass administration of drugs targeting the microfilarial stage...

    Authors: Christina A. Bulman, Laura Chappell, Emma Gunderson, Ian Vogel, Brenda Beerntsen, Barton E. Slatko, William Sullivan and Judy A. Sakanari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:118

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Meriam N. Saleh, Kellee D. Sundstrom, Kathryn T. Duncan, Michelle M. Ientile, Julia Jordy, Parna Ghosh and Susan E. Little

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:117

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:595

  32. Flooding is considered to be one of the most important factors contributing to the rebound of Oncomelania hupensis, a small tropical freshwater snail and the only intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum, in en...

    Authors: Jing-Bo Xue, Xin-Yi Wang, Li-Juan Zhang, Yu-Wan Hao, Zhe Chen, Dan-Dan Lin, Jing Xu, Shang Xia and Shi-Zhu Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:116

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. It is important to understand whether the potential impact of pyrethroid resistance on malaria control can be mitigated by switching between different pyrethroids or whether cross-resistance within this insect...

    Authors: C. L. Moyes, R. S. Lees, C. Yunta, K. J. Walker, K. Hemmings, F. Oladepo, P. A. Hancock, D. Weetman, M. J. I. Paine and H. M. Ismail

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:115

    Content type: Research

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  34. Small mammals are important maintenance hosts of ectoparasites as well as reservoir hosts for many arthropod-borne pathogens. In Germany, only a few studies have investigated ectoparasite communities on small ...

    Authors: Anna Obiegala, Leonie Arnold, Martin Pfeffer, Matthias Kiefer, Daniel Kiefer, Carola Sauter-Louis and Cornelia Silaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:112

    Content type: Research

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  35. Asymptomatic Leishmania infections outnumber clinical infections on the Indian subcontinent (ISC), where disease reservoirs are anthroponotic. Diagnostics which detect active asymptomatic infection, which are sui...

    Authors: Sophie I. Owen, Faria Hossain, Prakash Ghosh, Rajashree Chowdhury, Md. Sakhawat Hossain, Chris Jewell, Isra Cruz, Albert Picado, Dinesh Mondal and Emily R. Adams

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:111

    Content type: Research

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  36. The feline lungworm Aelurostrongylus abstrusus affects the lower respiratory tract in cats worldwide. As infections may lead to chronic respiratory changes or even death, preventive treatment in cats with outdoor...

    Authors: Katharina Raue, Nadja Rohdich, Daniela Hauck, Eva Zschiesche, Simone Morelli, Donato Traversa, Angela Di Cesare, Rainer K. A. Roepke and Christina Strube

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:110

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Luana Cristina Farnesi, Fabiano Duarte Carvalho, Anna Paula Canuto Lacerda, Luciano Andrade Moreira and Rafaela Vieira Bruno

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:109

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:21

  38. Echinococcosis, which is caused by the larvae of cestodes of the genus Echinococcus, is a parasitic zoonosis that poses a serious threat to the health of humans and animals globally. Albendazole is the drug of ch...

    Authors: Hai-Jun Gao, Xu-Dong Sun, Yan-Ping Luo, Hua-Sheng Pang, Xing-Ming Ma, Ting Zhang, Tao Jing, Wei Hu, Yu-Juan Shen and Jian-Ping Cao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:108

    Content type: Research

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  39. Spotted fever group rickettsiae represent one of the most diverse groups of vector-borne bacteria, with several human pathogenic species showing an emerging trend worldwide. Most species are vectored by ticks ...

    Authors: Ioana A. Matei, Alexandra Corduneanu, Attila D. Sándor, Angela Monica Ionică, Luciana Panait, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Talida Ivan, Ionel Papuc, Cosmina Bouari, Nicodim Fit and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:107

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus (sensu stricto), is a life-threatening but neglected zoonosis. Glycolytic enzymes are crucial molecules for the survival and devel...

    Authors: Qi Xin, Miaomiao Yuan, Wei Lv, Huanping Li, Xiaoxia Song, Jun Lu and Tao Jing

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Cystic echinococcosis is a parasitic zoonotic disease, which poses a threat to public health and animal husbandry, and causes significant economic losses. Annexins are a family of phospholipid-binding proteins...

    Authors: Hongyu Song, Xue He, Xiaodi Du, Ruiqi Hua, Jing Xu, Ran He, Yue Xie, Xiaobin Gu, Xuerong Peng and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (southern cattle fever tick; SCFT), collectively known as cattle-fever ticks (CFTs), are vectors of protozoal parasites (Babesia bigemin...

    Authors: M. Sofia Agudelo, William E. Grant and Hsiao‑Hsuan Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:102

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics are widely used to control infections with parasitic nematodes, but BZ resistance is an emerging threat among several nematode species infecting humans and animals. In Sudan, B...

    Authors: Khalid M. Mohammedsalih, Jürgen Krücken, Ahmed Bashar, Fathel-Rahman Juma, Abdalhakaim A. H. Abdalmalaik, Amna Khalafalla, Adam Abakar, Gerald Coles and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:101

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Culicoides imicola (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is an important Afrotropical and Palearctic vector of disease, transmitting viruses of animal health and economic significance including African horse sickness and bl...

    Authors: Jack Pilgrim, Stefanos Siozios, Matthew Baylis, Gert Venter, Claire Garros and Gregory D. D. Hurst

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:100

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  45. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Pooja Gupta, C. K. Vishnudas, V. V. Robin and Guha Dharmarajan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:99

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:536

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