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  1. The international movement of used tyres is a major factor responsible for global introductions of Aedes invasive mosquitoes (AIMs) (Diptera: Culicidae) that are major disease vectors (e.g. dengue, Zika, chikungu...

    Authors: Thom Dallimore, David Goodson, Sven Batke and Clare Strode

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:91

    Content type: Methodology

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  2. Yellow fever (YF) is a severe, infectious, but non-communicable arboviral hemorrhagic disease. In the last decades, yellow fever virus (YFV) infections have been prevalent in endemic areas in Brazil, affecting...

    Authors: Maria Angélica Monteiro de Mello Mares-Guia, Marco A. Horta, Alessandro Romano, Cíntia D. S. Rodrigues, Marcos C. L. Mendonça, Carolina C. dos Santos, Maria C. Torres, Eliane S. M. Araujo, Allison Fabri, Everton R. de Souza, Roberta O. R. Ribeiro, Fabiana P. Lucena, Luiz C. A. Junior, Rivaldo V. da Cunha, Rita M. R. Nogueira, Patricia C. Sequeira…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:90

    Content type: Research

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  3. The drosophilid Phortica variegata is known as vector of Thelazia callipaeda, the oriental eyeworm native to Asia that has become an emergent zoonotic agent in several European regions. Unlike almost all other ar...

    Authors: Marco Pombi, Valentina Marino, John Jaenike, John Graham-Brown, Ilaria Bernardini, Riccardo P. Lia, Fred Beugnet, Guadalupe Miro and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:89

    Content type: Research

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  4. It is hypothesised that being a blood-feeding ectoparasite, Argulus foliaceus (Linnaeus, 1758), uses similar mechanisms for digestion and host immune evasion to those used by other haematophagous ecdysozoa, inclu...

    Authors: Aisha AmbuAli, Sean J. Monaghan, Kevin McLean, Neil F. Inglis, Michaël Bekaert, Stefanie Wehner and James E. Bron

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:88

    Content type: Research

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  5. Anopheles funestus (s.s.) is a primary vector of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in Africa, a human pathogen that causes almost half a million deaths each year. The population structure of An. funestus

    Authors: Martha A. Kaddumukasa, Jane Wright, Mbanga Muleba, Jenny C. Stevenson, Douglas E. Norris and Maureen Coetzee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:87

    Content type: Research

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  6. An aberrant Ascaris suum infection in a domestic dog in China in 2019 is described for the first time. This pathogen is a common roundworm of pigs with few reported cases in domestic animals. Our findings suggest...

    Authors: Yue Xie, Yunjian Liu, Xiaobin Gu, Xuan Zhou, Xuerong Peng, Ran He, Hongrui Guo, Zhicai Zuo and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:86

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  7. Lipid metabolism is pivotal for the growth of apicomplexan parasites. Lipid synthesis requires bulk carbon skeleton acyl-CoAs, the transport of which depends on the acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP). In Neospora ca...

    Authors: Bingxin Zhou, Yong Fu, Heng Zhang, Xianmei Wang, Gaowei Jin, Jianhai Xu, Qun Liu and Jing Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:85

    Content type: Research

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  8. Infection with the apicomplexan protozoan parasite T. gondii can cause severe and potentially fatal cerebral and ocular disease, especially in immunocompromised individuals. The anticoccidial ionophore drug monen...

    Authors: Bintao Zhai, Jun-Jun He, Hany M. Elsheikha, Jie-Xi Li, Xing-Quan Zhu and Xiaoye Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:84

    Content type: Research

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  9. Historical European exploration and colonization resulted in the introduction of four species of rodents to the Australian continent from Eurasia: the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus, the black rat, R. rattus, the P...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Lance A. Durden and Renfu Shao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:83

    Content type: Research

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  10. Felids (domestic and wild cats) are important in the epidemiology of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii because they are the only hosts that can excrete the environmentally resistant oocysts. We conducted a systemati...

    Authors: Mahbobeh Montazeri, Tahereh Mikaeili Galeh, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Samira Dodangeh, Javad Javidnia, Mehdi Sharif and Ahmad Daryani

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:82

    Content type: Review

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  11. Sphaerothecum destruens is an obligate intracellular fish parasite which has been identified as a serious threat to freshwater fishes. Taxonomically, S. destruens belongs to the order Dermocystida within the clas...

    Authors: Salma Sana, Emilie A. Hardouin, Richard Paley, Tiantian Zhang and Demetra Andreou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:81

    Content type: Research

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  12. The use of semiochemicals in odour-based traps for surveillance and control of vector mosquitoes is deemed a new and viable component for integrated vector management programmes. Over 114 semiochemicals have b...

    Authors: Madelien Wooding, Yvette Naudé, Egmont Rohwer and Marc Bouwer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:80

    Content type: Review

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  13. Culicoides biting midges are potential vectors of different pathogens. However, especially for eastern Europe, there is a lack of knowledge on the host-feeding patterns of this vector group. Therefore, this study...

    Authors: Alexandru Tomazatos, Hanna Jöst, Jonny Schulze, Marina Spînu, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Daniel Cadar and Renke Lühken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:79

    Content type: Research

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  14. Illnesses transmitted by Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika comprise a considerable global burden; mosquito control is the primary public health tool to reduce disease transmissio...

    Authors: Rachel Sippy, Galo E. Rivera, Valeria Sanchez, Froilán Heras, Bianca Morejón, Efraín Beltrán, Robert S. Hikida, María A. López-Latorre, Alex Aguirre, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra, David A. Larsen and Marco Neira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:78

    Content type: Research

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  15. The bacterium Coxiella burnetii is the etiological agent of Q fever and is mainly transmitted via inhalation of infectious aerosols. DNA of C. burnetii is frequently detected in ticks, but the role of ticks as ve...

    Authors: Sophia Körner, Gustavo R. Makert, Katja Mertens-Scholz, Klaus Henning, Martin Pfeffer, Alexander Starke, Ard M. Nijhof and Sebastian Ulbert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:75

    Content type: Research

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  16. The Dicrocoeliidae are digenetic trematodes mostly parasitic in the bile ducts and gall bladder of various avian and mammalian hosts. Until recently their systematics was based on morphological data only. Due ...

    Authors: Suleman, Mian Sayed Khan, Vasyl V. Tkach, Nehaz Muhammad, Dong Zhang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Jun Ma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:74

    Content type: Research

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  17. Lyme disease (LD) is an increasing public health threat in temperate zones of the northern hemisphere, yet relatively few methods exist for reducing LD risk in endemic areas. Disrupting the LD transmission cyc...

    Authors: Jérôme Pelletier, Jean-Philippe Rocheleau, Cécile Aenishaenslin, Francis Beaudry, Gabrielle Dimitri Masson, L. Robbin Lindsay, Nicholas H. Ogden, Catherine Bouchard and Patrick A. Leighton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:73

    Content type: Research

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  18. Canine heartworm disease, caused by Dirofilaria immitis, has global veterinary importance. In Australia, the prevalence of canine heartworm infection decreased markedly following the introduction of over-the-coun...

    Authors: Bronwyn Orr, Gemma Ma, Wei Ling Koh, Richard Malik, Jacqui M. Norris, Mark E. Westman, Denise Wigney, Graeme Brown, Michael P. Ward and Jan Šlapeta

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:69

    Content type: Research

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  19. The malaria elimination plan of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is jeopardized by the increasing number of Plasmodium vivax infections and emergence of parasite strains with reduced susceptibility to the front...

    Authors: Huguette Gaelle Ngassa Mbenda, Meilian Wang, Jian Guo, Faiza Amber Siddiqui, Yue Hu, Zhaoqing Yang, Veerayuth Kittichai, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Yaming Cao, Lubin Jiang and Liwang Cui

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:67

    Content type: Research

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  20. Ornithodoros turicata is an important vector of both human and veterinary pathogens. One primary concern is the global spread of African swine fever virus and the risk of its re-emergence in the Americas through ...

    Authors: Hee J. Kim, Aparna Krishnavajhala, Brittany A. Armstrong, Adalberto A. Pérez de León, Serhii Filatov, Pete D. Teel and Job E. Lopez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:66

    Content type: Research

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  21. In three randomized, controlled laboratory efficacy studies, the efficacy in the prevention of patent infections of a topical combination of imidacloprid 10%/moxidectin 1% (Advocate® spot-on formulation for ca...

    Authors: Lea Heuer, Gabriele Petry, Matthias Pollmeier, Roland Schaper, Katrin Deuster, Holger Schmidt, Katrin Blazejak, Christina Strube, Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Manuela Schnyder, Janina McKay-Demeler, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Sandra Mangold-Gehring and Claudia Böhm

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:65

    Content type: Research

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  22. Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that infects over 200 million people worldwide. Control measures can benefit from improved surveillance methods in freshwaters, with environmental DNA (eDNA) sur...

    Authors: Hind Alzaylaee, Rupert A. Collins, Asilatu Shechonge, Benjamin P. Ngatunga, Eric R. Morgan and Martin J. Genner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:63

    Content type: Methodology

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  23. Red Vent Syndrome (RVS), a haemorrhagic inflammation of the vent region in Atlantic salmon, is associated with high abundance of Anisakis simplex (s.s.) third-stage larvae (L3) in the vent region. Despite evidenc...

    Authors: Alexander J. Kent, Campbell C. Pert, Robert A. Briers, Karen Diele and Sonja Rueckert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:62

    Content type: Research

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  24. Zoonotic onchocerciasis is a vector-borne disease, which involves many animal species, including large ungulates, boars, dogs, and sporadically, humans. So far, 39 cases of zoonotic onchocerciasis have been re...

    Authors: Maria Wesołowska, Hanna Zając-Pytrus, Aleksander Masny, Wiktoria Pytrus, Brygida Knysz, Elzbieta Golab and Rusłan Sałamatin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:61

    Content type: Short report

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  25. Ascariasis, caused by Ascaris suum, is an important soil-transmitted parasitic disease of pigs worldwide. It leads to significant economic losses in the pork industry, as a consequence of low feed conversion effi...

    Authors: Youle Zheng, Yue Xie, Peter Geldhof, Johnny Vlaminck, Guangxu Ma, Robin B. Gasser and Tao Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:60

    Content type: Short report

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  26. Trichomonas vaginalis is the causative agent of trichomoniasis, which is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. Trichomoniasis has a high incidence and prevalence and is associated with s...

    Authors: Mirna Samara Dié Alves, Raquel Nascimento das Neves, Ângela Sena-Lopes, Micaela Domingues, Angela Maria Casaril, Natália Vieira Segatto, Thaís Cristina Mendonça Nogueira, Marcus Vinicius Nora de Souza, Lucielli Savegnago, Fabiana Kömmling Seixas, Tiago Collares and Sibele Borsuk

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:59

    Content type: Research

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  27. Trichinella nematodes are globally distributed food-borne pathogens, in which Trichinella spiralis is the most common species in China. Microsatellites are a powerful tool in population genetics and phylogeograph...

    Authors: Ting-Ting Li, Bin Tang, Xue Bai, Xue-Lin Wang, Xue-Nong Luo, Hong-Bin Yan, Hong-Fei Zhu, Hong Jia, Xiao-Lei Liu and Ming-Yuan Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:58

    Content type: Methodology

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  28. Eimeria spp. are responsible for chicken coccidiosis which is the most important enteric protozoan disease resulting in tremendous economic losses in the poultry industry. Understanding the interaction between th...

    Authors: Hong-Liang Chen, Xin-Yu Zhao, Guang-Xun Zhao, Hai-Bin Huang, Hao-Rui Li, Chun-Wei Shi, Wen-Tao Yang, Yan-Long Jiang, Jian-Zhong Wang, Li-Ping Ye, Quan Zhao, Chun-Feng Wang and Gui-Lian Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:56

    Content type: Research

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  29. Nyssorhynchus darlingi (also known as Anopheles darlingi) is the primary malaria vector in the Amazon River Basin. In Brazil, analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously detected three major pop...

    Authors: Virginia M. Chu, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Timothy E. Moore, Kevin J. Emerson, Carl D. Schlichting and Jan E. Conn

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:55

    Content type: Research

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  30. Wolbachia pipientis are bacterial endosymbionts of arthropods currently being implemented as biocontrol agents to reduce the global burden of arboviral diseases. Some strains of Wolbachia, when introduced into Ae...

    Authors: O’mezie Ekwudu, Gregor J. Devine, John G. Aaskov and Francesca D. Frentiu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:54

    Content type: Short report

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  31. Aedes-borne diseases such as dengue and chikungunya constitute constant threats globally. In Tanzania, these diseases are transmitted by Aedes aegypti, which is widely distributed in urban areas, but whose ecolog...

    Authors: Najat F. Kahamba, Alex J. Limwagu, Salum A. Mapua, Betwel J. Msugupakulya, Dickson S. Msaky, Emmanuel W. Kaindoa, Halfan S. Ngowo and Fredros O. Okumu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:53

    Content type: Research

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  32. The Spirorchiidae is a family of blood flukes parasitizing turtles. Spirorchiids may cause a wide range of inflammatory reactions in the vascular system of their host being frequently implicated with stranding...

    Authors: Mario Santoro, Erica Marchiori, Rudi Cassini, Michele Drigo, Doriana Iaccarino, Fabio Di Nocera, Barbara Degli Uberti, Giovanna De Luca, Marianna D’Amore, Cinzia Centelleghe, Mario Pietrobelli and Federica Marcer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:52

    Content type: Research

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  33. Different immune mechanisms are capable of killing developmental stages of filarial nematodes and these mechanisms are also likely to vary between the primary and a challenge infection. However, the lack of a ...

    Authors: Valerine C. Chunda, Manuel Ritter, Ayukenchengamba Bate, Narcisse V. T. Gandjui, Mathias E. Esum, Fanny F. Fombad, Abdel J. Njouendou, Patrick W. C. Ndongmo, Mark J. Taylor, Achim Hoerauf, Laura E. Layland, Joseph D. Turner and Samuel Wanji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:51

    Content type: Research

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  34. The genus Onchocerca Diesing, 1841 includes species of medical importance, such as O. volvulus (Leuckart, 1893), which causes river blindness in the tropics. Recently, zoonotic onchocercosis has been reported in ...

    Authors: Shigehiko Uni, Ahmad Syihan Mat Udin, Takeshi Agatsuma, Kerstin Junker, Weerachai Saijuntha, Naruemon Bunchom, Masako Fukuda, Coralie Martin, Emilie Lefoulon, Amandine Labat, Faisal Ali Anwarali Khan, Van Lun Low, Phaik Leng Cheah, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Rosli Ramli, Daicus Martin Belabut…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:50

    Content type: Research

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  35. Cystic echinococcosis is a chronic disease caused by infection with the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. The parasite’s ability to establish persistent infection is partly due to its evolving immune evasion str...

    Authors: Shengkui Cao, Wenci Gong, Xiaofan Zhang, Meng Xu, Ying Wang, Yuxin Xu, Jianping Cao, Yujuan Shen and Jiaxu Chen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:49

    Content type: Research

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  36. Melanic (dark) morphs have been barely reported in peridomestic and sylvatic conditions for Triatoma infestans, the most important vector of Chagas disease in the Southern Cone of South America. Adults with dark ...

    Authors: Julieta Nattero, Ana Laura Carbajal de la Fuente, Romina Valeria Piccinali, Miriam Cardozo, Claudia Susana Rodríguez and Liliana Beatriz Crocco

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:47

    Content type: Research

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  37. The tick Haemaphysalis longicornis exhibits two separate reproductive populations: bisexual and parthenogenetic, which have diploid and triploid karyotypes, respectively. The parthenogenetic population can underg...

    Authors: Zhao-Xi Qiu, Yuan Li, Meng-Meng Li, Wen-Ying Wang, Tian-Tian Zhang and Jing-Ze Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:46

    Content type: Research

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  38. Microcotyle erythrini van Beneden & Hesse, 1863 (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea) and other closely related species of the genus are often considered as cryptic. Records in hosts other than the type-host with no speci...

    Authors: María Víllora-Montero, Ana Pérez-del-Olmo, Simona Georgieva, Juan Antonio Raga and Francisco Esteban Montero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:45

    Content type: Research

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  39. Leishmania spp. are digenetic parasites capable of infecting humans and causing a range of diseases collectively known as leishmaniasis. The main mechanisms involved in the development and permanence of this path...

    Authors: Lucas Gentil Azevedo, Artur Trancoso Lopo de Queiroz, Aldina Barral, Luciane Amorim Santos and Pablo Ivan Pereira Ramos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:44

    Content type: Research

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  40. According to scientific recommendations, paratransgenesis is one of the solutions for improving the effectiveness of the Global Malaria Eradication Programme. In paratransgenesis, symbiont microorganisms are u...

    Authors: Majid Asgari, Mahdokht Ilbeigikhamsehnejad, Elham Rismani, Navid Dinparast Djadid and Abbasali Raz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:42

    Content type: Research

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  41. Naegleria fowleri is a free-living amoeba that causes an opportunistic fatal infection known as primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) in humans. Cysteine proteases produced by the amoeba may play critical rol...

    Authors: Thị Lam Thái, Jung-Mi Kang, Hương Giang Lê, Jinyoung Lee, Won Gi Yoo, Ho-Joon Shin, Woon-Mok Sohn and Byoung-Kuk Na

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:41

    Content type: Research

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  42. Haemonchus contortus, a blood-feeding parasite, is constantly surrounded by large quantities of heme released from the catabolism of host red blood cells. To cope with the toxicity of free heme, H. contortus need...

    Authors: Jing-Ru Zhou, Dan-Ru Bu, Xian-Feng Zhao, Fei Wu, Xue-Qiu Chen, Heng-Zhi Shi, Chao-Qun Yao, Ai-Fang Du and Yi Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:40

    Content type: Research

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  43. Feline cryptosporidiosis is an increasing problem, especially in catteries. In humans, close contact with cats could be a potential source of infection although the risk of contracting cryptosporidiosis caused...

    Authors: Laura Rojas-Lopez, Kristin Elwin, Rachel M. Chalmers, Heidi L. Enemark, Jessica Beser and Karin Troell

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:39

    Content type: Research

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  44. The parasitic flatworm Clonorchis sinensis inhabits the biliary tree of humans and other piscivorous mammals. This parasite can survive and thrive in the bile duct, despite exposure to bile constituents and host ...

    Authors: Marziyeh Anari, Andreas J. Stroehlein, Ross S. Hall, Bill C. H. Chang, Robin B. Gasser and Neil D. Young

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:38

    Content type: Research

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  45. There is on-going debate about scale-up of lymphatic filariasis treatment to include urban areas. Determining Wuchereria bancrofti transmission is more complex in these settings and entomological methodologies su...

    Authors: Rogers Nditanchou, Ruth Dixon, Dung Pam, Sunday Isiyaku, Christian Nwosu, Safiya Sanda, Elena Schmidt, Benjamin Koudou and David Molyneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:37

    Content type: Methodology

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  46. Ticks transmit the highest variety of pathogens impacting human and animal health worldwide. It is now well established that ticks also harbour a microbial complex of coexisting symbionts, commensals and patho...

    Authors: Thomas Pollet, Hein Sprong, Emilie Lejal, Aleksandra I. Krawczyk, Sara Moutailler, Jean-Francois Cosson, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat and Agustín Estrada-Peña

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:36

    Content type: Review

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  47. The recent detection of the South Asian malaria vector Anopheles stephensi in Ethiopia and other regions in the Horn of Africa has raised concerns about its potential impact on malaria transmission. We report her...

    Authors: Meshesha Balkew, Peter Mumba, Dereje Dengela, Gedeon Yohannes, Dejene Getachew, Solomon Yared, Sheleme Chibsa, Matthew Murphy, Kristen George, Karen Lopez, Daniel Janies, Sae Hee Choi, Joseph Spear, Seth R. Irish and Tamar E. Carter

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:35

    Content type: Research

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