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Table 1 Defining the dominant Anopheles vector species and species complexes of human malaria in the Americas.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

Anopheline species or species complex White [29] Service [27, 28] Kiszewski [25] Mouchet [26] Exc. Inc. TAG final EO source
albimanus Wiedemann, 1820: An. (Nyssorhynchus) 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3 1 1 1 Rubio-Palis (unpub. obs., 2008), Manguin (unpub. obs., 2009), Fernandez (unpub. obs., 2009), Updated by TAG (2009).
albitarsis*: An. (Nyssorhynchus) 3 3     1 1 [94], [200], Rubio-Palis (unpub. obs., 2009), Manguin (unpub. obs., 2009), Updated by TAG (2009).
aquasalis Curry, 1932: An. (Nyssorhynchus) 2, 3 2, 3 2, 3 2, 3 1 1 1 [26], Rubio-Palis (unpub. obs., 2008).
darlingi Root, 1926: An. (Nyssorhynchus) 2, 3 2, 3 2, 3 2, 3 1 1 1 [26], Rubio-Palis (unpub. obs., 2008), Updated by TAG ( 2009).
freeborni Aitken, 1939: An. (Anopheles) 1 1 1    1 1 [201]
marajoara Galvão & Damasceno, 1942: An. (Nyssorhynchus)    2, 3    1 1 [200], [202], Rubio-Palis (unpub. obs., 2009), Manguin (unpub. obs., 2009).
nuneztovari*: An. (Nyssorhynchus) 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 [26], Rubio-Palis (unpub. obs., 2009), Updated by TAG (2009).
pseudopunctipennis*: An. (Anopheles) 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3 1 1 1 [26, 148], Rubio-Palis (unpub. obs., 2009), Updated by TAG (2009).
quadrimaculatus Say, 1824: An. (Anopheles) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 [201]
  1. * denotes that a "species" is now recognized as a species complex. The exclusive (Exc.) column counts those species identified in all four listed reviews. The inclusive (Inc.) column counts those species identified by any of the four reviews and are therefore the candidate dominant vector species (DVS) considered for mapping. The numbers given in each of the review author columns record the Macdonald malaria epidemiology zone [199] in which the species can be found: 1 - North American; 2 - Central American; 3 - South American. The final DVS species listed were defined during two meetings of a Technical Advisory Group (TAG). EO = Expert opinion.