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Table 1 Mortality of V. destructor and the degree of gene knockdown under different RNAi experimental conditions.

From: Gene-knockdown in the honey bee mite Varroa destructor by a non-invasive approach: studies on a glutathione S-transferase

Treatment Application Route Survival at 48 h (%) Vd GSTMu knockdown (%)a
dsRNA in 0.9% NaCl topical droplet 79 (n = 14) 0% (n = 3)
dsRNA in 0.2% Triton-X100 topical droplet 0 (n = 6) n/d
distilled water immersion 0 (n = 15) n/a
0.2% Triton-X100 immersion 0 (n = 15) n/a
0.9% NaCl immersion 80 (n = 15) n/a
dsRNA in 0.9% NaCl immersion 76 (n = 21) 87 ± 0.7% (3)
dsRNA injection 50 (n = 62) 96 ± 3.7% (4)
  1. a n/d, not determined; n/a, not appropriate; data presented mean ± SEM