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Table 5 Larval site characteristics.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

   Light intensity Salinity Turbidity Movement Vegetation
Species Source Helio-
philic
Helio-
phobic
High
(brackish)
Low
(fresh)
Clear Turbid Still or
stagnant
Flowing Higher
plants,
algae etc
No Veg
An. aconitus Summary - - - - 1 1 - 3 2 1
An. aconitus TAG     
An. annularis Summary 1 - - 1 1 1 1 2 7 2
An. annularis TAG   
An. balabacensis Summary - 1 - - - - - - - 1
An. balabacensis TAG       
An. barbirostris* Summary 2 1 - - 4 3 1 1 5 2
An. barbirostris* TAG        
An. culicifacies* Summary 2 - 1 2 3 1 3 3 3 2
An. culicifacies* TAG  
An. dirus* Summary 1 10 - 2 4 3 1 - - 2
An. dirus* TAG      
An. farauti* Summary 1 6 8 14 2 4 2 1 18 2
An. farauti* TAG  
An. flavirostris Summary - 2 - - - - - 2 1 1
An. flavirostris TAG      
An. fluviatilis* Summary 1 - - 1 - - 1 3 2 1
An. fluviatilis* TAG      
An. koliensis Summary - - - 1 - - - - 1 1
An. koliensis TAG      
  1. TAG: = typical, = examples exist.
  2. Numbers indicate the number of studies that found larvae under each listed circumstance. An asterisk (*) denotes that a "species" is now recognised as a species complex.