# Table 3 Site level bivariate regressions

Variables Descriptive Statistics Coefficient (Std. Error) in Regressions
Mean Range Site mean nymph abundance Site mean adult abundance
Landscape composition variables
Proportion of broad-leaved forest (%) ra = 500 m 24.98 0–94.95 2.84 (0.99)** 1.67 (0.82)*
r = 1000 m 21.66 0.88–80.30 4.14 (1.13)*** 2.75 (0.93)**
r = 1500 m 21.27 1.06–85.32 4.61 (1.14)*** 3.62 (0.91)***
Proportion of coniferous forest (%) r = 500 m 2.13 0–29.18 5.89 (5.01) 3.67 (4.03)
r = 1000 m 3.92 0–86.68 1.13 (1.97) 0.63 (1.60)
r = 1500 m 2.50 0–25.16 14.61 (5.52)** 10.25 (4.42)*
Proportion of crops and pastures (%) r = 500 m 35.25 0–89.34 −0.37 (1.00) −0.10 (0.82)
r = 1000 m 35.72 0.11–77.07 −0.31 (1.25) −0.03 (1.02)
r = 1500 m 40.10 6.70–83.70 −0.61 (1.36) −0.90 (1.10)
Proportion of heathland (%) r = 500 m 0.11 0–1.11 1.78 (102.86) −16.94 (84.09)
r = 1000 m 0.14 0–1.19 −31.32 (109.82) −23.92 (89.91)
r = 1500 m 0.34 0–11.28 −34.64 (16.62)* −18.81 (14.88)
Landscape (forest) configuration variables
The number of forest patches r = 500 m 11.16 0–27.00 −0.03 (0.04) 0.002 (0.03)
r = 1000 m 51.47 6.00–104.00 0.001 (0.01) 0.005 (0.008)
r = 1500 m 124.90 12.00–240.00 0.001 (0.004) 0.002 (0.003)
Forest edge density (m/ha) r = 500 m 21.56 0–76.97 0.03 (0.01)* 0.02 (0.01).
r = 1000 m 9.83 0–48.32 0.06 (0.02)*** 0.06 (0.01)***
r = 1500 m 14.12 0–47.72 0.07 (0.02)*** 0.06 (0.01)***
Area-weighted mean forest shape index r = 500 m 2.06 0–3.5 0.33 (0.37) 0.42 (0.30)
r = 1000 m 2.67 1.02–4.25 0.66 (0.26)* 0.79 (0.20)***
r = 1500 m 3.01 1.05–5.13 0.72 (0.19)*** 0.80 (0.14)***
Area-weighted mean forest patch fractal dimension r = 500 m 1.11 0–1.22 0.01 (1.50) 0.49 (1.24)
r = 1000 m 1.15 1.02–1.23 10.47 (4.32)* 13.13 (3.45)***
r = 1500 m 1.16 1.03–1.24 11.94 (3.77)** 14.71 (2.99)***
Euclidean mean nearest-neighbour distance between forest patches (m) r = 500 m 102.99 0–589.62 −0.02 (0.01)** −0.005 (0.003).
r = 1000 m 89.03 63.88–339.93 −0.04 (0.01)** −0.08 (0.04)*
r = 1500 m 88.64 63.81–195.46 −0.04 (0.01)*** −0.03 (0.01)***
Aggregation index of forest patches r = 500 m 63.13 0–94.25 0.02 (0.01) 0.01 (0.01)
r = 1000 m 59.42 23.94–89.51 0.04 (0.01)** 0.04 (0.01)***
r = 1500 m 57.67 24.22–90.23 0.04 (0.01)*** 0.05 (0.01)***
Soil variables
Drainage degree 2.98 0–6 −0.17 (0.17) 0.06 (0.14)
Proportion of gravel (%) 3.92 0–20.00 −1.51 (3.08) −1.40 (2.52)
Proportion of sand (%) 37.35 0–90.00 1.01 (0.72) 0.74 (0.59)
Proportion of slit (%) 41.92 0–85.00 −0.25 (0.86) −0.14 (0.70)
Proportion of clay (%) 10.92 0–50.00 −5.12 (2.45)* −3.18 (2.05)
Wildlife variables
Categories of shot roe deer number per 1 km² forest 1.98 1.00–5.00 −0.31 (0.18). −0.20 (0.15)
Number of shot roe deer per 1 km² forest 12.09 0–47.29 −0.02 (0.01) −0.01(0.01)
1. Significant variables are highlighted in bold.
2. a r : Buffer zone radius.
3. ***P < 0.001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05; .P < 0.1. 