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Table 3 Tests for clonality applied to the three-locus typing datasets

From: Population-based analyses of Giardia duodenalis is consistent with the clonal assemblage structure

Criterion Human Livestock Cat Dog
Identical genotypes widespread (d) <10-9 10-6 10-4 10-9
Absence of recombinant genotypes (e) <10-4 <10-4 <10-4 <10-4
Linkage disequilibrium (f) 0.38* 0.24* 0.38* 0.42*
Index of association (IA) 1.8 ± 0.00 2.0 ± 0.02 2.0 ± 0.04 1.5 ± 0.02
  1. * P value < 10-4. Italic letters in parentheses corresponds to the same tests in [43]. IA-values which are significantly different from zero indicates that recombination has been rare or absent.