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Table 1 Number and percentage of mortality and knockdown time values of female Phlebotomus papatasi from three different geographical areas in Sudan exposed to four different insecticides (WHO kits) after 24-hours exposure.

From: Insecticide resistance in the sand fly, Phlebotomus papatasi from Khartoum State, Sudan

Sand fly population Insecticide tested No of tested (replicated) Mortality (%) after 24 hours KDT95 (minutes)
Surogia Permethrin (0.75%) 100 (5) 100 193.93
  DDT (4%) 100 (5) 100 84.56
  Malathion (5%) 100 (5) 19 > 24 h
  Propoxur (0.1%) 100 (5) 9 > 24 h
  Control 100 (5) 1  
Rahad Permethrin (0.75%) 100 (5) 100 20.17
Game DDT (4%) 100 (5) 100 15.98
Reserve Malathion (5%) 100 (5) 100 20.69
  Propoxur (0.1%) 100 (5) 100 22.02
  Control 100 (5) 2  
White Nile Permethrin (0.75%) 100 (5) 100 20.16
area DDT (4%) 100 (5) 100 15.98
  Malathion (5%) 100 (5) 100 22.02
  Propoxur (0.1%) 100 (5) 100 21.08
  Control 100 (5) 1  
  1. KDT95 = Knockdown time of females (at Cl 95%)