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Table 2 Important mosquito-borne pathogens that cause disease in humans

From: Development of guidelines for the surveillance of invasive mosquitoes in Europe

Arboviruses Transmission in Europe Important vectors to human
Chikungunya Italy 2007; France 2010 Ae. aegypti, Ae. albopictus
Dengue 1–4 Until early 20th century in southern Europe; Croatia and France 2010, Portugal (Madeira) 2012 Ae. aegypti, Ae. albopictus
Eastern equine encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis, Rift Valley fever Aedes spp., Culex spp.
Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, St Louis encephalitis, Ross River fever, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis Culex spp.
Sindbis Endemic in northern Europe Ae. cinereus, Cx. pipiens
West Nile Endemic in southern Europe Cx. modestus, Cx. pipiens, Cx. perexiguus
Yellow fever Until 19th century, mainly in ports and occasionally inland in southern Europe Ae. aegypti, Ae. africanus, Haemagogus spp.
Plasmodium protozoa   
Malaria Endemic until mid-20th century; since then sporadic cases; epidemic in Greece 2011, 2012 Anopheles spp.