Phylogenetic relationship of Protostrongylus rufescens with other nematodes. Concatenated amino acid sequence data for all protein-encoding mitochondrial genes of Protostrongylus rufescens (bold) and other metastrongyloids, including Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, An. costaricensis, An. vasorum, Metastrongylus pudendotectus and M. salmi (metastrongyloids), as well as other concatenated sequence data representing different superfamilies, including Ancylostoma caninum and Necator americanus (hookworms; ancylostomatoids); Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus axei (trichostrongyloids); Oesophagostomum dentatum and Strongylus vulgaris (strongyloids); and Strongyloides stercoralis (a rhabditid outgroup) were analyzed using Bayesian inference. The numbers above each tree branch represent the statistical support for each node (based on posterior probability [pp] score). GenBank accession numbers are in round brackets.