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Table 1 Trematode infections in cattle in study villages in Arumeru District, Tanzania

From: Trematode infections in cattle in Arumeru District, Tanzania are associated with irrigation

Management Stratum Village n Fasciola gigantica Paramphistome Schistosoma bovis
ZZ Sing'isi 16 11 (69%) 15 (94%) 0 (0%)
  Patandi 16 8 (50%) 8 (50%) 0 (0%)
  Ngyani 16 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  Ndoombo 16 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
ZC Samaria 16 2 (13%) 3 (19%) 1 (6%)
  Kolila 16 2 (13%) 2 (13%) 0 (0%)
  Kitefu 16 1 (6%) 2 (13%) 2 (13%)
  Shishitony 16 0 (0%) 2( 13%) 0 (0%)
  Leguruki 16 0 (0%) 3 (19%) 0 (0%)
ZCI Lekitatu 15 14 (93%) 100 (15%) 1 (7%)
  Makiba 18 15 (83%) 13 (72%) 0 (0%)
  Usa River 16 12 (75%) 12 (75%) 0 (0%)
  Uwiro 16 6 (38%) 7 (44%) 0 (0%)
  Mikungani 16 5 (31%) 4 (25%) 0 (0%)
  Olkung'wado 16 4 (25%) 4 (25%) 0 (0%)
  1. ZZ: Zero-grazing, ZC: Communal grazing without irrigation, ZCI: Communal grazing with irrigation.