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Table 1 Data of sampled cattle and results of histological, molecular and serological analyses for the detection of B. besnoiti infection

From: Bovine besnoitiosis emerging in Central-Eastern Europe, Hungary

Breed Sex (age in years) History Clinical signs Presence of tissue cysts PCR (Ct) ELISA (PP) IFAT (titre) WB
  Bull (2.5) Locally born Leg oedema, skin lesions, orchitis + + (17.7) + (66.17) 3200 +
Charolais Cow (3) Locally born Leg oedema, skin lesions + + (16.7) + (113.95) 3200 +
  Cow (6) Locally born Respiratory signs ne. + (18.4) + (96.37) 3200 ≤ +
  Bull (4) Imported Leg oedema, skin lesions, orchitis + + (24.9) + (78.08) 1600 +
Cow (3.5) Imported Leg oedema, skin lesions + + (17) + (107.95) 3200 ≤ +
Cow (3.5) Imported Leg oedema, skin lesions ne. + (18.4) + (114.84) 3200 ≤ +
Cow (3.5) Imported Leg oedema, skin lesions ne. + (17.6) + (106.54) 3200 ≤ +
Aubrac Calf (0.5) Locally born Nasal discharge, dyspnoea ne. nd. + (90.83) 1600 +
Calf (0.5) Locally born Nasal discharge, dyspnoea ne. nd. + (81.97) 800 +
Calf (0.5) Locally born Nasal discharge, dyspnoea ne. nd. + (95.62) 3200 +
Bull (3.5) Imported None ne. nd. + (92.90) 800 +
  Bull (3.5) Imported None ne. nd. + (72.18) 800 +
  1. Abbreviations: ne. - not evaluated, nd. - not done.