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Table 1 Nocturnal activity (%), onset, maximum peak and offset time (Zeitgeber Time ± SEM) and 1-way ANOVA of the experiments depicted on Figure 1

From: Effects of temperature and photoperiod on daily activity rhythms of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae)

   Nocturnal activity Onset time Max peak time Offset time
VALUES 30°C 62.7 ± 4.2 10 ± 0.2 12.4 ± 0.2 14.7 ± 0.3
25°C 52.3 ± 3.7 8.7 ± 0.3 12.7 ± 0.2 14.4 ± 0.3
20°C 36 ± 2.0 7.7 ± 0.2 12.3 ± 0.1 13.9 ± 0.1
Statistical analysis 1-way ANOVA F2,94 = 20.09 P < 0.001 F2,94 = 13.11 P < 0.001 H = 2.442b P = 0.2949b H = 5.636b P = 0.0597b
25°C vs 30°C NS a NS a NS c NS c
25°C vs 20°C P< 0.001a NS a NS c NS c
  30°C vs 20°C P< 0.001a P< 0.001a NS c NS c
  1. aBonferroni’s Multiple Comparison Test.
  2. bKruskal-Wallis 1-way ANOVA (nonparametric test).
  3. cDunn’s Multiple Comparison Test (nonparametric test).