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Table 1 Association between signalment, size, origin, health status and travel history between dogs that were seropositive and seronegative to any of the tick borne diseases tested a

From: Survey of selected tick-borne diseases in dogs in Finland

Characteristic Categories Seropositive (N = 29) Seronegative (N = 311) Univariate p-valueb
N (%) N (%)
Origin South 0 156 (96.3) <0.001
East 1 (4) 24 (96)
West 10 (10.9) 82 (89.1)
Oulu 0 28 (100)
Lapland 0 12 (100)
Åland 12 (60) 8 (40)
Missing data   1
Age ≤2 years 6 (5.6) 101 (94.4) 0.49
  2-8 years 18 (9.6) 170 (90.4)  
  >8 years 4 (9.1) 40 (90.9)  
  Missing data   1  
Sex Male Intact 7 (5.1) 130 (94.9) 0.3896
  Male castrated 2 (12.5) 14 (87.5  
  Female intact 12 (7.9) 139 (92.1)  
  Female spayed 3 (14.3) 18 (85.7)  
  Missing data 5 10  
Size <10 kg 10 (15.2) 56 (84.8) 0.0747
  10-25 kg 8 (9.6) 75 (90.4)  
  >25 kg 10 (5.7) 165 (94.3)  
  Missing data 1 15  
Travel history abroad Yes 4 (14.8) 23 (85.2) 0.6179
  No 19 (11.4) 147 (88.6)  
  Missing data   141  
Health status Healthy 28 (10.0) 251 (90) 0.0652
  Sick 1 (1.6) 60 (98.4)  
  Missing data 19 (40.4) 51 (54.8)  
  1. aAll data presented as number of dogs (%). bUnivariate analysis performed with Fisher’s exact test. Results statistically significant are highlighted in bold.