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Table 2 Univariate analysis of risk factors for Wuchereria bancrofti antigenemia in Séké Pembé

From: A case study of risk factors for lymphatic filariasis in the Republic of Congo

  Total (774) Negative ICT (%) Positive ICT (%) P Males Negative ICT (%) Positive ICT (%) P Females Negative ICT (%) Positive ICT (%) P
Bed nets             
 No 196 155 (79.1) 41 (20.9) 0.123 131 104 (79.7) 27 (20.6) 0.436 65 51 (78.5) 14 (21.5) 0.018
 Yes 578 485 (83.9) 93 (16.1)   223 169 (75.8) 54 (24.2)   355 316 (89.0) 39 (11.0)  
Latrines             
 No 274 213 (77.7) 61 (22.3) 0.007 128 92 (71.9) 36 (28.1) 0.077 146 121 (82.9) 25 (17.1) 0.042
 Yes 500 427 (85.4) 73 (14.6)   226 181 (80.1) 45 (19.9)   274 246 (89.8) 28 (10.2)  
Water source             
 River 285 236 (82.8) 49 (17.2) 0.946 131 99 (75.6) 32 (24.4) 0.596 154 137 (89.0) 17 (11.0) 0.458
 Public pump 489 404 (82.6) 85 (17.4)   223 174 (78.0) 49 (22.0)   266 230 (86.5) 36 (13.5)  
Hunting and/or fishing*             
 No 368 321 (87.2) 47 (12.8) 0.003 134 114 (58.1) 20 (17.9) 0.007 234 207 (88.5) 27 (11.5) 0.549
 Yes 370 292 (78.9) 78 (21.1)   200 145 (72.5) 55 (27.5)   170 147 (86.5) 23 (13.5)  
Occasionally sleeping in the bush* (Men only, N = 334)             
 No NA NA NA - 222 190 (85.6) 32 (14.4) <0.001 NA NA NA -
 Yes      112 69 (61.6) 43 (38.4)      
Anti-helminthic drugs within the last year             
 No 639 526 (82.3) 113 (17.7) 0.553 292 222 (76.0) 70 (24.0) 0.289 347 304 (87.6) 43 (12.4) 0.760
 Yes 135 114 (84.4) 21 (15.6)   62 51 (82.3) 11 (17.7)   73 63 (86.3) 10 (13.7)  
Distance to the field* (km, mean ± standard deviation) 3.6 ± 1.4 3.7 ± 1.4 3.8 ± 1.5 0.535 3.7 ± 1.5 3.7 ± 1.4 3.7 ± 1.5 0.935 3.6 ± 1.4 3.6 ± 1.4 3.8 ± 1.5 0.428
  1. *N = 738 (36 missing data).
  2. 1 data missing.