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Table 1 Characteristics and parasitological findings of the study population enrolled in seven schools in rural Honduras ( n= 320)

From: School hygiene and deworming are key protective factors for reduced transmission of soil-transmitted helminths among schoolchildren in Honduras

Characteristics n(%)
Age -mean (SD) 9.76 (1.4)
Girls 154 (48.1%)
Household conditions  
Earthen floor (complete or partial) (n = 317)a 118 (37.2%)
Electricity service 158 (49.8%)
Sanitary facility available 280 (87.5%)
Access to piped water 276 (86.3%)
Practices and STH history  
Habitual or occasional open defecation 91 (28.4%)
Reported regular handwashing 287 (89.7%)
Walked outdoor without shoes 163 (50.9%)
Performed chores outdoor 62 (19.4%)
Reported expelling worms in the past 186 (58.1%)
Recalled previous deworming (n = 310)b 275 (88.7%)
Socio-economic status ( n= 317)c  
Poorest 75 (23.7%)
Very poor 58 (18.3%)
Poor 61 (19.2%)
Less poor 60 (18.9%)
Least poor 63 (19.9%)
Awareness and knowledge about STH  
Lowest awareness 89 (27.8%)
Lower awareness 137 (42.8%)
Higher awareness 22 (6.9%)
Highest awareness 72 (22.5%)
School hygienic conditions d  
Higher level 135 (42.2%)
School deworming schedule  
None or once a year 246 (76.9%)
Twice a year 74 (23.1%)
Parasitic profile  
Overall prevalence of STH infections 232 (72.5%)
Ascaris lumbricoides 97 (30.3%)
Trichuris trichiura 214 (66.9%)
Hookworms 51 (15.9%)
Mixed infections (n = 232) 103 (44.4%)
Moderate-to-heavy infections by Ascaris lumbricoides (n = 97) 58 (59.8%)
Moderate-to-heavy infections by Trichuris trichiura (n = 214) 57 (26.6%)
Moderate-to-heavy infections by hookworms (n = 51) 3 (5.9%)
  1. STH: soil-transmitted helminth.
  2. aThree children did not recall type of floor at home.
  3. bTen children did not recall receiving previous deworming treatment.
  4. cThree missing cases. Socio-economic status score was calculated for 317 children.
  5. dSchools obtaining a scores >6 out 10 were considered having higher level of hygiene.