Skip to main content
  • Oral presentation
  • Open access
  • Published:

Phlebotomine sand flies on the crossroads of Anatolia: transmitted diseases and vectors

The Western Palearctic (WP) is composed of Europe, Middle East and North Africa. In this territory, the Mediterranean Sea, and the land under the influence of the Mediterranean Sea is the most important geographical character for both migration and dispersion of organisms; especially for invertebrates including sand flies. Anatolia (Asia-Minor) takes place on the crossroads of this area and these events.

The phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) are vectors of several infectious pathogens causing leishmaniases and arbovirus infections due to phleboviruses. Several of these diseases have wide geographical distributions in the WP, and give rise to occasional epidemic outbreaks. In numerous countries, increasing risk factors are making sand fly-borne diseases a major public and veterinary health problem. Many studies on phylogenetic relationship among sand fly taxa, their distribution, population structure and diseases of phlebotomine species have been already published, but there are still many gaps waiting to be filled up in, especially, Anatolia. In this point, scientists have to discuss some deficiencies under cover of geography, history and phylogenetic studies to understand the mechanisms of distribution of both sand fly species and their pathogens in Anatolia.

In this presentation, updates in distribution of sand fly species with state of art maps of EU-VBORNET project, possible new species, leishmaniasis and phleboviruses epidemiology will be discussed with an emphasis on several studies performed by our group between 2000 and present in Anatolia.

Studies were supported by EU-FP7 Edenext project, HU-Scientific Research Foundation and Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Council.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to B Alten.

Rights and permissions

Open Access  This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit

The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kasap Erisoz, O., Belen, A., Alkan, C. et al. Phlebotomine sand flies on the crossroads of Anatolia: transmitted diseases and vectors. Parasites Vectors 7 (Suppl 1), O21 (2014).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: