Volume 7 Supplement 1

Proceedings of the 1st Conference on Neglected Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases (EurNegVec): with Management Committee and Working Group Meetings of the COST Action TD1303

Open Access

Anopheles maculipennis complex-responsible for the re-emergence of malaria in Romania?

Parasites & Vectors20147(Suppl 1):P15

https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-S1-P15

Published: 1 April 2014

Between 2010 and 2012, in Iaûi City of Romania 5 species belonging to the complex Anopheles maculipennis were identified by PCR: A. melanoon, A. labranchiae, A.atroparvus, A. messeae and A. maculipennis sp. The last three species were involved in the transmission of malaria in Romania between 1892 and 1961. The species A. labranchiae was signalled for the first time in Romania, being considered as the main vector of malaria in Europe. The identified samples of Anopheles labranchiae were two stage IV larvae, concluding with the adaptation of the species to the climate of Iaûi City. Using a new mathematical model realized and implemented by ourselves, based on the construction of a function of interpolation of Lagrange polynomial type, we realized an extrapolation of the evolution of temperatures for the year 2030, demonstrating the existence of favourable conditions of development of both the vector and the malaria parasite. Therefore, it was a temperature raise by 0.72°C in the whole country, as compared to the period of malaria eradication in Romania, and the extrapolation of the evolution of temperatures in the year 2030 showed a raise by 0.8°C, result which coincides with the prognosis made by prestigious research institutes: NIES, CSIRO, HCCPR, MPIM and NCAR, which show a raise by 0.8-1.7° in 2030. In Iaûi City, the prognosis made for 2030 shows an average of 24°C for this year in the spring-summer months, temperature which is ideal for the development of the life cycle of mosquitoes, but also for the development of the parasite inside the vector.

Taking into account the fact that Iasi, as a cultural city, hosts many foreign students who are carriers of Plasmodium, coming from malaria endemic areas, and the immigration of the population for work in countries of the African continent, the human reservoir of Plasmodium will be permanently maintained. Correlating the three factors implicated in the transmission of malaria: favourable environmental conditions, presence of the vector and of the human reservoir, we could highlight the growing risk of the re-emergence of malaria in Romania.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Clinics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, "Ion Ionescu de la Brad" University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine

Copyright

© Ivănescu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Advertisement