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Table 2 Characteristics of schistosomiasis related documents included in the review; The documents have been stratified by area of focus

From: Schistosomiasis in Malawi: a systematic review

Serial No. Ref. No. Study area of focus/First author name and year Total number of authors Type of document Originating country Place(s) where study was done Funding/Ethicsπ Implementing agencyα
   A. Urinary-human       
1 [23] Pullanikkatil, 2014 5 Research Malawi Zomba Foreign/DHO Local
2 [24] Jourdan, 2013a 7 Research Norway Blantyre Foreign/COM Combined
3 [25] Jourdan, 2013b 1 Research Norway Blantyre Foreign/COM Foreign
4 [26] Logan, 2013 10 Case report England - - n/a
5 [27] Chipeta, 2013 3 Research Malawi Chikhwawa Foreign/COM Local
6 [28] Kjetland, 2012 3 Review Norway - Foreign Foreign
7 [29] Blach, 2012 5 Research Scotland - Foreign Foreign
8 [30] Kayuni, 2012 1 Research Malawi Mangochi Foreign/MOH Local
9 [31] Yildirmak, 2012 4 Case report Turkey - - n/a
10 [32] Kapito-Tembo, 2009 7 Research Malawi Blantyre Foreign/UNC Combined
11 [33] Save the Children, 2008 1 Project report USA Mangochi Foreign/MOH Foreign
12 [34] Yokota, 2007 13 Case report Japan - - n/a
13 [35] Van Delft, 2007 4 Case report Netherlands - - n/a
14 [36] Tsuboi, 2006 10 Case report Japan - - n/a
15 [37] Moore, 2005 2 Letter England - - n/a
16 [38] Tambo, 2004 7 Case report Japan - - n/a
17 [39] Kitayama, 2004 14 Case report Japan - - n/a
18 [40] Nicolas, 1998 5 Letter France - - n/a
19 [41] Silwal, 1997 4 Case report England - - n/a
20 [42] Kjetland, 1996 10 Research Norway Mangochi Foreign/COM Combined
21 [43] Helling-Giese, 1996 12 Research Germany Mangochi Foreign/COM Combined
22 [44] Poggensee, 1996 14 Research Germany Mangochi Foreign/COM Combined
23 [45] Gundersen, 1996 9 Research Norway Mangochi Foreign/COM Combined
24 [46] Cetron, 1996a 9 Research USA Lilongwe Foreign/MOH Combined
25 [47] Potasman, 1996 4 Case report Israel - - n/a
26 [48] TDR News, 1996 1 Letter Switzerland Mangochi - n/a
27 [49] Hunt, 1995 1 Letter England Mangochi - n/a
28 [50] Potasman, 1995 2 Case report Israel - - n/a
29 [51] Herwaldt,1995 5 Case report USA - - n/a
30 [52] Loefler, 1994 1 Letter Kenya Salima - n/a
31 [53] Eulderink, 1994 4 Case report Netherlands - - n/a
32 [54] Pugh, 1993 1 Letter UAE Mangochi - n/a
33 [55] Whitworth, 1993 1 Letter England - - n/a
34 [56] Wolfe, 1993 5 Research Malawi Lilongwe Foreign/NO Foreign
35 [57] Russell, 1993 3 Letter England - - n/a
   B. Urinary – intermediate host       
36 [58] Madsen, 2012 2 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Foreign
37 [59] Madsen, 2011 2 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Combined
38 [60] Evers, 2011 3 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Foreign
39 [61] Kubiriza, 2010 6 Research Uganda Mangochi Foreign Combined
40 [62] Stauffer, 2008a 6 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Foreign
41 [63] Lundeba, 2007 4 Research Zambia Mangochi Foreign Combined
42 [64] Jørgensen, 2007 5 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Foreign
43 [65] Lundeba, 2006 4 Research Zambia Mangochi Foreign Combined
44 [66] Evers, 2006 4 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Foreign
45 [67] Madsen, 2004 6 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Combined
46 [68] Brown, 1996 6 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Combined
47 [69] Chiotha, 1990 1 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Foreign
   C. Urinary – parasite       
   D. Urinary – mixed       
48 [70] Van Bocxlaer, 2014 3 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Foreign
49 [71] Stauffer, 2013 3 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Foreign
50 [72] Stauffer, 2008b 2 Project report USA Mangochi Foreign/MOH Foreign
51 [73] Stauffer,2007 8 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Combined
52 [74] Stauffer, 2006 8 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Combined
53 [75] Madsen, 2001 5 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Combined
   E. Intestinal – human       
54 [76] Phiri, 2000 4 Research Malawi Blantyre/Chiradzulu Local/COM Combined
   F. Intestinal – intermediate host       
   G. Intestinal – parasite       
55 [77] Dacombe, 2007 7 Research England Karonga Foreign/COM Foreign
56 [78] Chitsulo, 1990 3 Research Malawi Lilongwe Foreign/MOH Combined
   H. Intestinal – mixed       
57 [79] GAHI¥, 2002 1 Review England Malawi¥ Foreign/NO Foreign
   I. Both – human       
58 [19] Teesdale, 1985 2 Review Malawi Malawi§ Foreign Combined
59 [20] Bowie, 2004 5 Research Malawi Malawiμ Foreign/MOH Combined
60 [80] Berezowska, 2012 5 Research Switzerland Blantyre/Lilongwe Foreign/MOH Combined
61 [81] Msyamboza, 2010 5 Research Malawi Southern Malawi± Foreign/MOH Combined
62 [82] Redman, 2010 4 Review Scotland Malawi Foreign Foreign
63 [83] Naus, 2003 5 Research Netherlands Blantyre Foreign/COM Combined
64 [84] Gordon, 2003 6 Research Malawi Blantyre Foreign/COM Foreign
65 [85] Kayuni, 2003 1 Research Malawi MalawiΩ Local/COM Local
66 [86] Bloch, 2003 2 Research Denmark Likoma Foreign/MOH Combined
67 [87] Jackson, 2003 3 Research England - Foreign Foreign
68 [88] Randall, 2002 12 Research England Karonga Foreign/COM Combined
69 [89] Trachtenberg, 2002 6 Research USA - Foreign Foreign
70 [90] Salanitri, 2002 3 Case report Australia - - n/a
71 [91] Waldman, 2001 4 Case report England - - n/a
72 [92] Cooke, 1999 4 Case report England - - n/a
73 [93] Hall, 1999 9 Research England Mangochi Foreign/MOH Foreign
74 [94] MacLachlan, 1997 2 Research Ireland Zomba Foreign/NO Combined
75 [95] Hipgrave, 1997 4 Case report Australia - - n/a
76 [96] Jelinek, 1996 3 Case report Germany - - n/a
77 [97] Ager, 1996 4 Research Malawi Mangochi Foreign/NO Combined
78 [98] Wiselka, 1993 2 Case report England - - n/a
79 [99] Ager, 1992 1 Research Malawi Mangochi Foreign/NO Foreign
80 [100] Wolff, 1989 2 Project report Malawi Lilongwe/Zomba Foreign/MOH Combined
   J. Both – intermediate host    USA Mangochi Foreign Foreign
81 [101] Stauffer, 2012 2 Research     
82 [102] Phiri, 2002 1 Research Malawi Mangochi Foreign Local
83 [103] Msukwa, 1997 1 Research Malawi Mangochi Foreign Foreign
   K. Both – parasite       
   L. Both – mixed      Foreign/COM  
84 [104] Poole, 2014 8 Research England Chikhwawa   Combined
85 [105] Madsen, 2006 6 Research Denmark Mangochi Foreign Combined
86 [106] Danida, 2000 1 Project report Denmark Mangochi Foreign/MOH Foreign
87 [107] Stauffer, 1997 8 Research USA Mangochi Foreign Combined
88 [108] Cetron,1996b 3 Letter USA Lilongwe - n/a
89 [109] Wiselka, 1988 4 Research England Lilongwe Foreign/NO Foreign
  1. §Blantyre, Chikhwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Lilongwe, Machinga, Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima and Zomba.
  2. μBalaka, Chikhwawa, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Kasungu, Lilongwe, Machinga, Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Nsanje, Ntcheu, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo and Zomba.
  3. ±Blantyre, Chikhwawa, Chiradzulu, Mwanza, Phalombe and Thyolo.
  4. ΩBalaka, Chikhwawa, Dedza, Karonga, Mangochi, Mchinji, Mzimba and Thyolo.
  5. ¥GAHI (Global Atlas of Helminth Infections): Chitipa, Karonga, Rumphi, Mzimba, Nkhata Bay, Kasungu, Mchinji, Ntchisi, Dowa, Lilongwe, Dedza, Salima, Ntcheu, Mangochi, Balaka, Machinga, Zomba, Blantyre, Chikhwawa, Nsanje and Mulanje.
  6. πDHO=District Health Office; COM=College of Medicine; MOH=Ministry of Health; UNC=University of North Carolina; NO=Not Obtained.
  7. αImplementing agency: Foreign=only foreign institution involved; Local=only Malawian institution involved; Combined=both foreign and Malawian institution involved; n/a=not applicable.