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Table 3 Summary of positive infection with Babesia canis based on PCR and IFA tests results

From: Prevention of Babesia canis in dogs: efficacy of a fixed combination of permethrin and fipronil (Effitix®) using an experimental transmission blocking model with infected Dermacentor reticulatus ticks

Group* Animal ID PCR IFA Blood smear** Infected***
Results for experiment 1
Group 1 Untreated 1-1-1 POS POS POS YES
1-1-2 POS POS POS YES
1-1-3 POS POS POS YES
1-1-4 POS POS POS YES
1-1-5 POS POS POS YES
1-1-6 POS POS - YES
1-1-7 POS POS POS YES
Infected = 100%
Group 2 Treated on day −28 1-2-1 NEG NEG - NO
1-2-2 POS POS POS YES
1-2-3 NEG NEG - NO
1-2-4 NEG NEG - NO
1-2-5 NEG NEG - NO
1-2-6 NEG NEG - NO
1-2-7 POS NEG - NO
Infected = 14.3%
Group 3 Treated on day −21 1-3-1 NEG NEG - NO
1-3-2 NEG NEG - NO
1-3-3 NEG NEG - NO
1-3-4 POS NEG - NO
1-3-5 NEG NEG - NO
1-3-6 NEG NEG - NO
1-3-7 NEG NEG - NO
Infected = 0%
Group 4 Treated on day −14 1-4-1 NEG NEG - NO
1-4-2 NEG NEG NEG NO
1-4-3 NEG NEG - NO
1-4-4 NEG NEG - NO
1-4-5 NEG NEG - NO
1-4-6 NEG NEG NEG NO
1-4-7 NEG NEG - NO
Infected = 0%
Group 5 Treated on day −7 1-5-1 NEG NEG - NO
1-5-2 NEG NEG - NO
1-5-3 NEG NEG - NO
1-5-4 NEG NEG - NO
1-5-5 POS NEG - NO
1-5-6 POS POS POS YES
1-5-7 NEG NEG - NO
Infected = 14.3%
Results for experiment 2
Group 1 Untreated 2-1-1 POS NEG POS NO
2-1-2 POS POS POS YES
2-1-3 POS NEG POS NO
2-1-4 POS POS POS YES
2-1-5 POS POS POS YES
2-1-6 POS POS POS YES
2-1-7 POS POS POS YES
2-1-8 POS POS POS YES
Infected = 75%
Group 2 Treated on day −2 2-2-1 NEG NEG NEG NO
2-2-2 NEG NEG NEG NO
2-2-3 NEG NEG NEG NO
2-2-4 NEG NEG NEG NO
2-2-5 NEG NEG NEG NO
2-2-6 NEG NEG NEG NO
2-2-7 NEG NEG NEG NO
2-2-8 NEG NEG NEG NO
Infected = 0%
  1. *Experiment 1: Group 1: untreated dogs ; Group 2: treated on day −28; Group 3: treated on day −21; Group 4: treated on day −14; Group 5: treated on day −7.
  2. Experiment 2: Group 1: untreated dogs ; Group 2: treated on day −2.
  3. All groups were infested with ticks on Day 0.
  4. **Blood smear only prepared if clinical signs observed.
  5. ***Dogs declared positive if both IFA and PCR are positive.
  6. POS: dog with a positive IFA or PCR or blood smear analysis.
  7. NEG: dog with a negative IFA or PCR or blood smear analysis.