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Table 2 Detection of vector-borne pathogens in various life stages of L. cervi

From: Vertical transmission of Bartonella schoenbuchensis in Lipoptena cervi

Description L. cervi life stage Samples A. phagocytophilum Rickettsia spp. R. helvetica Bartonella spp. B. schoenbuchensis
Red deer Wingless male 97 49 (51%) 6 (6%) 3 (3%) 56 (58%) 2 (2%)
Wingless female 125 70 (56%) 18 (14%) 7 (6%) 95 (76%) 3 (2%)
Developed pupae 2 - - - - -
Roe deer Wingless male 7 - - - 2 (29%) -
Wingless female 13 - - - 2 (15%) -
Developed pupae 1 - - - - -
Free-ranging Winged male 52 1 (2%) 2 (4%) - 6 (12%) 1 (2%)
Winged female 42 1 (2%) 3 (7%) 1 (2%) 9 (21%) 5 (12%)
Dissection Developing larvae 7 - - - 6 (86%) 5 (71%)
Remnants from females 6 2 (33%) - - 6 (100%) -
Total   352 123 29 11 182 16